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Слова для образования специальных вопросов

who – кто

who(m) – кто; кого

what – что; какой

when – когда

why – почему

which – который; какой

where – где; куда

why – почему

how – как

whose – чей

T e s t

PLURAL make plural form

1. a baby 2. a pencil

A babys A penciles

B babies B pencils

3. a man 4. an umbrella

A man A umbrellas

B men B umbrellaes

C mans C umbrells

5. a boy 6. a city

A boys A citys

B boies B cities

C boyes C cityes

7. a mouse 8. a postman

A mousse A postmans

B mice B postman

C mouss C postmen

9. a fox 10. a fish

A fox A fish

B foxes B fishes

C foxs C fishs

11. money 12. a photo

A moneys A photoes

B – B photos

C moneies C phtes

13. a knife 14. a child

A knifes A childs

B knifs B childes

C knives C children

15. a foot 16. news

A foots A newes

B addresses B news

C address C –

17. advice 18. a roof

A advices A roofs

B advises B rooves

C – C roofes

У р о к 2

Grammar: 1 There is / are

2 The Numeral.

3 Modal Verbs.

Oral topics: Days of the Week. Seasons.

Первичные тренировочные упражнения (аудиторные) Звуковые упражнения

1 Произнесите следующие слова с сонантом [1]; а) в начальной, б) конечной ŭ в) срединной позициях. Соблюдайте апикально-альвеолярную артикуляцию сонанта. Следите за различиями по мягкости между предвокальным и поствокальным [l].

a) lit

lid

li:v

li:p

les

lip

hiv

li:d

li:f

let

list

livz

li:vz

list

left

6) tel

pil

zi:l

belt

fild

del

bil

si:l

nelt

kild

в)`fæmili

`elifənt

'delikit

`emili

`eligənt

`deligit

2 Сравните длительность сонанта [I] в следующих парах слов.

fi:l – fil æ1– el

si:l – sil mæl – mel

mi:l – mil væl – vel

3 Соблюдайте особенности произнесения сочетаний взрывного согласного с боковым сонантом [1].

bli:k glimps pli:z kli:n blæk glæd plæm klæm bles glen plæt klæp

4 Произнесите следующие односложные слова с дифтонгом [ei], соблюдая отчетливую артикуляцию ядра и слабую, менее от­четливую артикуляцию второго элемента дифтонга.

mei

nei

sei

bei

dei

eil

eid

lei

kei

pei

slei

gei

eim

eid3

Правила чтения согласной буквы s:

В начале слова и после глухих

согласных

Между гласными, после гласных и

звонких согласных

В сочетаниях

sh

ss

[s]

[z]

[]

[s]

see, sky

caps, books

lamps, cats

sorry, sister

plans, boys

dolls, pens

noisy, dogs

seas, has

shelf, sheet

dish, she

fish, shake

less

mass

kiss

miss

Ex. 1 Read the following words. Mind the rules of reading:

shave, smoke, choose, stage, seas, finish, nose, use, fuse, push, bees, speak, desk, has, sake, deeds, notes, says, sells, likes, state, is, lesson, gives, works, plays, does, buys, listens, tins, days, rose, pencils, flash, bags, shows, mash, hooks, as, rules.

Modal Verbs (can, may, must)

Ex. 2 Express agreement. Use the modal verb can as in the model:

Model: – Helen is a good pianist.

– That's right. She can play the piano well.

1 Mary is a very good typist. 2 Mr Smith is a good chess player. 3 Betty is a good singer. 4 Mr Green is a good writer. 5 Jack is a good footballer. 6 Helen is a good cook. 7 Mr Smith is a good teacher. 8 Mr Robinson is a good speaker.

Ex. 3 Say that you or the other person can't do whatever is asked. Use the prompts in brackets:

Model: – Read this text, please, (difficult)

– I'm sorry I can't read this text. It's difficult.

1 Can you collect some information on this subject? (busy) 2 Can he do it in time? (a lot of work) 3 Can they spend Sunday with us? (to London) 4 Can John stay for the night? (to the theatre). 5 Can you tell me his telephone number? (don’t know) 6 Can you make this cake now? (no fruit) 7 Can we stay at this hotel? (full) 8 Can we get a taxi to Kings Gross from here? (busy place) 9 Can Ted meet me at the station? (at work) 10 Can you think of a better plan? (no idea).

Ex. 4 Ask for additional information about the statements below. Answer the questions using can. Follow the model:

Model: – Mr Brooks speaks many languages.

(Rus sian/Chinese)

– Can he speak Russian?

– No, he can't. But he can speak Chinese.

1 Jack is a good sportsman. (tennis/cricket) 2 Simon is ready to finish the work. (in two days/in a week) 3 The Jacksons are staying with us for some time. (a week/the week-end) 4 I am fond of traveling. (abroad every year/to the seaside every year) 5 It's difficult to get him on the phone. (in the evening/in the morning) 6 I'm going to write a letter to him. (today/tomorrow)

Ex. 5 Ask for additional information:

Model: – I can't play tennis, (what games)

– What games can you play?

1 You can't take all the books, (which books) 2 She can't finish the work tonight. (when) 3 You can't keep the dictionary long. (how long) 4 I can't agree with you. (why) 5 I can't visit Peter tonight. (when) 6 We can't stay at this hotel. (where) 7 He can't help me. (why)

Конструкция there is / are, употребление there is / are:

Случаи употребления

Сообщение о наличии в данном месте какого-либо предмета или лица

Примеры

There is a library in this street.

На этой улице находится (есть) библиотека

There are a lot of books on the desk.

На парте (находится) много книг

Утвердительные, вопросительные и отрицательные предложения с there is / are:

There

is

isn’t

are

aren’t

a chair

two beds

in this room

Is

Are

there

a chair

two beds

in this room?

How many

chairs

are there here?

Ex. 6 Comment on the use of the sentences with the introductory there.

1 There are three rooms, a kitchen and a bathroom in our flat.

2 There is a nice picture on the wall in my room.

3 There are a lot of flowers in the vase on the table.

4 There are some magazines on my desk.

5 There is a small table and two armchairs near it in the corner of the room.

6 There are a few French newspapers on the small table.

7 There are few English books in my home library. I must buy some more books.

8 There are plenty of toys in my younger brother’s room.

NUMERALS:

Cardinal

Ordinal

1 one 11 eleven 21 twenty-one

2 two 12 twelve 22 twenty-two

3 three 13 thirteen 30 thirty

4 four 14 fourteen 40 forty

5 five 15 fifteen 50 fifty

6 six 16 sixteen 60 sixty

7 seven 17 seventeen 70 seventy

8 eight 18 eighteen 80 eighty

9 nine 19 nineteen 90 ninety

10 ten 20 twenty 100 a (one) hundred

1st the first

2nd the second

3rd the third

4th the fourth

5th the fifth

11th the eleventh

12th the twelfth

15th the fifteenth

40th the fortieth

50th the fiftieth

Ex. 7 Read the following:

5 days, 17 books, 3 maps, 27 tables, 57 chairs, 18 students, 2 pens, 13 pencils, 4 windows, 7 classrooms, 15 bags, 10 newspapers, 4 lectures, 7 departments, 8 institutes, 11 pictures.

Ex. 8 Do the following sums:

Model: 8 + 9 = 17 (Eight plus nine is (makes) seventeen).

46 – 11 = 35 (Forty-six minus eleven is (makes) thirty-five).

3 + 5 = 62 – 54 =

6 + 10 = 29 – 8 =

11 + 7 = 83 + 13 =

28 – 6 = 28 +12 =

97 – 45 = 6 + 78 =

80 – 53 = 65 + 17 =

TEXT A

Ex. 9 Read and translate the text.

Pounds and pence, dollars and cents

The basic unit of British currency is the pound. One pound is 100 pence. There are eight different British coins: there are one-pence coins, two-pence coins, five-pence coins, ten-pence coins, twenty-pence coins and fifty-pence coins. There are also one-pound coins and two-pound coins Then there are five-pound notes, ten-pound notes, twenty-pound notes and fifty-pound notes.

The basic unit of American currency is, of course, the dollar. One dollar is 100 cents. There are five different coins: there are one-cent coins, five-cent coins, ten-cent coins, twenty-five-cent coins and fifty-cent coins. There are one dollar notes, five-dollar notes, ten-dollar notes, twenty-dollar notes, fifty-dollar notes and one-hundred-dollar notes. Usually the exchange rate is about one and a half dollars to the pound.

Ex. 10 Jumbled sentences

EXAMPLE and /one-pound / Three / coins / two-pound / are / coins

There are one-pound coins and two-pound coins.

1 unit / pound / The / British / basic / of / the / currency /is

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 unit / dollar / The / American / basic / of / the / currency /is

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .

3 about / The / half / exchange /one / pound / a / dollar /rate /

to / is / the / and

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 pence /One / 100 /pound / is

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 British / are / coins / eight / There / different

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ex. 11 Вставьте пропущенное

1 There____________________ an old tradition in Russia. Russian people

(is, am, are)

cel­ebrate Maslenitsa at the end of Feb­ruary or at the beginning of March.

2 There_____________________ many holidays in Great Britain.

(is , a m, a r e)

They are Hallowe'en, Christmas Day, May Day holiday, Mother's Day, Valentine's Day and others.

3 There_____________________ 1210 traffic lights in Moscow.

(is, am, are)

4 There_____________________ almost 50 libraries in my town.

(is, am, are, to be)

5 There_____________________many sights in London. They are

(is, am, are)

Westminster Abbey Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and others.

6 There _____________________more than 10 million books in the

(is, am, are)

British Library.

7 There______________________ some computer classes at our

(is, am, are)

University.

8 There______________________ only one humorous story in this

(is, am, are)

newspaper.

9 There ______________________a lot of films in foreign languages

(is, are, am)

in this club.

10 There_____________________ many rivers in Great Britain.

(is, am, are)

Ex. 12 Say it in English.

1 Наш город большой и красивый. В нем много фабрик, заводов, магазинов, больниц. – В вашем городе нет крупных институтов, не так ли?

– Нет, есть. У нас в городе около 20 крупных институтов.

2 – Ты студент? – Да. – Сколько выпускников вузов среди твоих друзей? – Среди моих друзей пока нет выпускников вузов, так как я еще первокурсник.

3 – Ваш университет большой, не так ли? В нем пять корпусов? – Нет, в нем не пять, а только три корпуса.

Ex. 13 Talk to your partner about similar things.

- Is there a picture gallery in your town?

- Yes, there is. It’s very big.

- How many paintings are there in its collection?

- There are more than two thousand paintings in it. Let’s go there.

- With pleasure.

TEXT B

Ex. 14 Read and memorize: