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@ (“at” sign)

@ (“at” sign)

Syntax

@{uri|file_name[.ext] } [arg...]

Runs the SQL*Plus statements in the specified command file. The command file can be called from the local file system or from a web server. uri is only supported on Windows platforms in this release. Only the uri form is supported in iSQL*Plus.

Terms

Refer to the following for a description of the term or clause:

uri

Specifies the Uniform Resource Identifier of a script to run on the specified web server. SQL*Plus supports HTTP, FTP and gopher protocols.

file_name[.ext]

Represents the command file you wish to run. If you omit ext, SQL*Plus assumes the default command-file extension (normally SQL).

When you enter @ file_name.ext, SQL*Plus searches for a file with the filename and extension you specify in the current default directory. If SQL*Plus does not find such a file, SQL*Plus will search a sys- tem-dependent path to find the file. Some operating systems may not support the path search. See the Oracle installation and user’s manual(s) provided for your operating system for specific information related to your operating system environment.

arg...

Represent data items you wish to pass to parameters in the command file. If you enter one or more arguments, SQL*Plus substitutes the values into the parameters (&1, &2, and so forth) in the command file. The first argument replaces each occurrence of &1, the second replaces each occurrence of &2, and so forth.

The @ command DEFINEs the parameters with the values of the arguments; if you run the command file again in this session, you can enter new arguments or omit the arguments to use the current values.

Command Reference 5-5

@ (“at” sign)

Usage

In a command file, you can include any command you would normally enter interactively (typically, SQL, SQL*Plus commands, or PL/SQL blocks).

An EXIT or QUIT command used in a command file terminates SQL*Plus.

The @ command functions similarly to START.

If the START command is disabled, this will also disable the @ command. See START in this chapter for information on the START command.

SQL*Plus removes the SQLTERMINATOR (a semicolon by default) before the @ command is issued. If you require a semicolon in your command, add a second SQLTERMINATOR. See the SQLTERMINATOR variable of the SET command in this chapter for more information.

Examples

To run a command file named PRINTRPT with the extension SQL, enter

@PRINTRPT

To run a command file named WKRPT with the extension QRY, enter

@WKRPT.QRY

You can run a script named YEAREND specified by a Uniform Resource Indentifier, and pass values to variables referenced in YEAREND in the usual way:

@HTTP://HOST.DOMAIN/YEAREND.SQL VAL1 VAL2 @FTP://HOST.DOMAIN/YEAREND.SQL VAL1 VAL2 @GOPHER://HOST.DOMAIN/YEAREND.SQL VAL1 VAL2

On a web server configured to serve SQL reports, you could request SQL*Plus to execute a dynamic script by using:

@HTTP://HOST.DOMAIN/SCRIPTSERVER?ENDOFYEAR VAL1 VAL2

5-6 iSQL*Plus User’s Guide and Reference

@@ (double “at” sign)

@@ (double “at” sign)

Syntax

@@file_name[.ext]

Runs a command file. This command is identical to the @ (“at” sign) command. It is useful for running nested command files because it has the additional functionality of looking for the specified command file in the same path or uri as the command file from which it was called. uri is only supported on Windows platforms in this release. Only the uri form is supported in iSQL*Plus.

Terms

Refer to the following for a description of the term or clause:

file_name[.ext]

Represents the nested command file you wish to run. If you omit ext,

SQL*Plus assumes the default command-file extension (normally SQL).

When you enter @@file_name.ext from within a command file, SQL*Plus runs file_name.ext from the same directory as the command file.

When you enter @@file_name.ext interactively, SQL*Plus runs file_ name.ext from the current working directory or from the same uri as the command file from which it was called. If SQL*Plus does not find such a file, SQL*Plus searches a system-dependent path to find the file. Some operating systems may not support the path search. See the Oracle installation and user’s manual provided for your operating system for specific information related to your operating system environment.

Usage

You can include in a command file any command you would normally enter interactively (typically, SQL or SQL*Plus commands).

An EXIT or QUIT command used in a command file terminates SQL*Plus.

The @@ command functions similarly to START.

If the START command is disabled, this will also disable the @@ command. For more information, see the START command later in this chapter.

SQL*Plus removes the SQLTERMINATOR (a semicolon by default) before the @@ command is issued. A workaround for this is to add another SQLTERMINATOR.

Command Reference 5-7

@@ (double “at” sign)

See the SQLTERMINATOR variable of the SET command in this chapter for more information.

Examples

Suppose that you have the following command file named PRINTRPT:

SELECT DEPARTMENT_ID, CITY FROM EMP_DETAILS_VIEW WHERE SALARY>12000; @EMPRPT

@@ WKRPT

When you START PRINTRPT and it reaches the @ command, it looks for the command file named EMPRPT in the current working directory and runs it. When PRINTRPT reaches the @@ command, it looks for the command file named WKRPT in the same path as PRINTRPT and runs it.

Suppose that the same command file PRINTRPT was located on a web server and you ran it with START HTTP://HOST.DOMAIN/PRINTRPT. When it reaches the @ command, it looks for the command file named EMPRPT in the current local working directory and runs it. When PRINTRPT reaches the @@ command, it looks for the command file named WKRPT in the same uri as PRINTRPT and runs it.

5-8 iSQL*Plus User’s Guide and Reference

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