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Past simple (regular verbs)

We form the Past Simple of regular verbs by edding –ed.

Affirmative Negative Interrogative

Long form Short form

I stayed I did not stay I didn’t stay Did I stay?

You stayed You did not stay You didn’t stay Did you stay?

He stayed He did not stay He didn’t stay Did he stay?

She stayed She did not stay She didn’t stay Did she stay?

It stayed It did not stay It didn’t stay Did it stay?

We stayed We did not stay We didn’t stay Did we stay?

You stayed You did not stay You didn’t stay Did you stay?

They stayed They did not stay They didn’t stay Did they stay?

Spelling

-e + -d double consonant + ed consonant + y = ied vowel + y yed

like – liked prefer – preferred carry – carried play – played

hate – hated stop – stopped study – studied enjoy – enjoyed

close – closed travel – travelled tidy – tidied stay - stayed

Ex. 61 Write the Past Simple of the following verbs.

1. open _opened_ 4. enjoy __________ 7. watch ________ 10. fly __________

2. love __________ 5. regret __________ 8. die __________ 11. smoke _______

3. plan __________ 6. quarrel _________ 9. cry __________ 12. play _________

Irregular verbs have a special past form.

Present I go I drink I get See List of Irregular verbs

at the end of the book.

Past I went I drunk I got

We use the Past Simple for actions which happened in the past at a definite time. Time expresssions used with the Past Simple

yesterday last night / week / month / year two days ago when

then a week / month / year ago in 1980 etc.

Ex. 62. Choose a verb from the box to fill in the blancks with “Present” or “Past Simple”.

finish go have be

James usually 1) finishes work at 4.30 p.m. Yesterday he 2) ___________ work at 1.00 p.m.

He usually 3) ____________ home by train. Yesterday he 4) ____________ home by taxi.

He usually 5) ____________ dinner at home. Yesterday he 6)____________ dinner at a restaurant with his friends.

He usually 7) ___________ to bed early. Yesterday he 8) __________ to bed late because it 9) _________ his birthday.

Ex. 63. Look at the List of irregular verbs at the end of the book and fill in the blanks.

Present Past Present Past

__have_____ had begin _____________

___________ cut do _____________

take ___________ leave _____________

steal ___________ shine _____________

drink ___________ _____________ became

___________ put hear _____________

make ___________ write _____________

can ___________ say _____________

find ___________ get _____________

run ___________ see _____________

tell ___________ hold _____________

keep ___________ eat _____________

Past Simple + ago

Ex. 64. Duncan Cameron is a famous explorer. How long ago did he do these things?

Example: 1977: find three Spanish treasure ships.

He found three Spanish treasure ships twenty eight years ago.

Ex. 65. Ask and answer as in the example.

go for a walk play golf write a letter wash the car

Peter  

Sally  

Mr & Mrs Page  

You

1. Peter / play golf?_____Did Peter play golf yesterday?___Yes, he did. __________

2. Peter / wash the car? __________________________________________________________

3. Peter / write a letter? __________________________________________________________

4. Sally / go for a walk? __________________________________________________________

5. Sally / play golf? _____________________________________________________________

6. Sally / wash the car? __________________________________________________________

7. Mr & Mrs Page / play golf? _____________________________________________________

8. Mr & Mrs Page / write a letter? __________________________________________________

Now write short paragraphs as in the example:

Peter ____went for a walk and played golf. He didn’t write a letter or wash the car._

Sally _________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Mr & Mrs Page ________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

I ____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Ex. 66. This is Nick’s list for yesterday

  1. Ring Paula 

  2. Wash the dishes

  3. Sell a bike

  4. Swim 200 metres 

  5. Watch wildlife film 

  6. Help Mum in the garden

  7. Break Jim’s horrible Michael Jackson record 

  8. Take dog for work

  9. Help Dad with a car 

  10. Do homework

  11. Go to Diana’s party

  12. Buy a calculator 

Ask questions and give answers. Look at Nick’s list.

Example:

A: Did he ring Paula? A: Did he wash the dishes?

B: Yes, he did. B: No, he didn’t.

Ex. 67. Anna is asking Helena about her weekend. Complete questiona 1 – 7 and match them with answers a – g.

1 Where ___did you___ go? a We went to the old town and went to a club in the

evening.

2 Who / go with? b By plane

3 How / get there? c We went to Prague.

4 Why / go there? d Early this morning!

5 What / think of it? e It was fantastic!

6 What / do there? f Because someone told us about it.

7 When / come back? g With my friend.

Ask your partner questions 1 – 7 about where he / she went:

last weekend / last month / last year / when he/she was young.

Now write sentences about your partner.

Alan went to Madrid last month for a holiday.

He went with his family.

He went there by car.

They went because they like cities.

They visited the old town and went to a concert.

They came back three weeks ago.

They loved Madrid.

Ex. 68. a) Remember when you were ten years old. Put a tick ( ) next to the things you did and a cross ( ) next to the things you didn’t.

a play football f ride a bicycle

b go abroad for your holidays g play computer games

c wear jeans h have a mobile phone

d go out every Saturday night i read the newspaper

e watch television in your room j drink coffee

b) Ask your partner about these things.

c) Tell the class about you and your partner.

Example: Both of us rode a bicycle.

Ex. 69. Complete Emma’s letter to Anna.

Use these verbs in the past tense: be (3), do, drink, eat, feel, find, lose, make, ring.

6, Oxford Road,

Abingdon,

Oxfordshire.

Dear Anna,

Yesterday was a terrible day! I drank too much coffee and ____________ too much breakfast. Then I ____________ sick. Then I took the dog for a walk and ___________ him! After four hours in the rain I finally ____________ him again.

In the afternoon I ____________a cake. It ______________ horrible! Then I __________ my homework, but it ____________ the wrong homework!

In the evening I forgot to go to Diana’s party. I _____________ Steve,but he __________n’t in. He was with Helen!

Love,

Emma

Ex. 70. Complete these conversations.

Examples:

A: Did you find your pen? A: Where did you go last night?

B: Yes, I found it, thanks. B: I went to my friend’s house.

1 A: ________ _________ __________ TV yesterday?

B: No, TV’s boring. I never watch it.

2 A: __________ __________ __________ __________ on Saturday?

B: We went to a football match.

3 A: __________ __________ __________ Peter?

B: Yes, but he wasn’t in. I can phone again, later.

4 A: _________ __________ __________ your bed this morning?

B: Yes. I make it every morning.

5 A: _________ __________ __________ __________ __________ this morning?

B: At seven o’clock. I always get up at seven o’clock

6 A: __________ _________ ___________ __________ to school yesterday?

B: By bus. I always go by bus.

7 A: _________ _________ __________ my letter?

B: Yes, I posted it last night.

8 A: ________ ________ _________ _________ on Saturday?

B: A record. I bought a new record.

9 A: ________ _________ __________ to Alan’s birthday party?

B: No, I didn’t go. I was ill.

10 A: ________ ________ _________ your English exam?

B: Yes, of course I passed. It was easy!

Ex. 71. Fill in the blanks with a time expressions from the list below:

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