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UNIT

1 2 0 At/on/in (time)

Compare at, on and in:

They arrived at 5 o’clock.

They arrived on Friday.

They arrived in October. / They arrived in 1968.

We use:

at for the time of day:

 

 

 

 

 

at 5 o’clock

at 11.45

at midnight

at lunchtime

at sunset etc.

on for days and dates:

 

 

 

 

 

on Friday / on Fridays

on 12 March 1991

on Christmas Day

on my birthday

in for longer periods (for example, months/years/seasons):

 

 

in October

 

in 1968

 

in the 18th century

in the past

in (the) winter

 

in the 1970s

 

in the Middle Ages

in (the) future

B We use at in these expressions:

at night

at the weekend / at weekends at Christmas / at Easter

(but on Christmas Day) at the moment / at present at the same time

I don’t like going out at night.

Will you be here at the weekend?

Do you give each other presents at Christmas?

Mr Benn is busy at the moment / at present.

Liz and I arrived at the same time.

Note that we usually ask ‘What time...?’ (not usually ‘At what time...?):

• What time are you going out this evening?

We say:

 

 

 

in the morning(s)

in the afternoon(s)

in the evening(s)

• I’ll see you in the morning.

Do you work in the evenings?

but'.

 

 

 

on Friday morning(s)

on Sunday afternoon(s)

on Monday evening(s) etc.

• I’ll be at home on Friday morning.

Do you usually go out on Saturday evenings?

We do not use at/on/in before last/next/this/every:

I’ll see you next Friday, (not ‘on next Friday’)

They got married last March.

In a few minutes / in six months etc. = a time in the future

The train will be leaving in a few minutes. (= a few minutes from now)

Jack has gone away. He’ll be back in a week. (= a week from now)

She’ll be here in a moment. (= a moment from now)

You can also say ‘in six months’ time’, ‘in a week’s time’ etc.:

 

They’re getting married in six months’ time, (or ...in six months.)

 

 

We also use in... to say how long it takes to do something:

 

 

I learnt to drive in four weeks. (= it took me four weeks to learn)

 

240

On/In time, at/in the end

In/at/on (place)

UNITS 122-124 On/in/et (other meanings)

UNIT 126

American English

APPENDIX 7

 

 

 

EXERCISES

120.1 Complete the sentences. Each time use at, on or in + one o f the following:

the evening

about 2 0 minutes

-1 /iOT

Christmas

1 \ J

the moment

21 July 1969

the 1920s

the same time

Sundays

the Middle Ages

1 1 seconds

night

1 Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to America ...At!.1.492,

2In Britain most people do not w ork......................................................

3If the sky is clear, you can see the stars.................................................

4After working hard during the day, I like to relax..............................

5The first man walked on the m oon............................................

6It’s difficult to listen if everyone is speaking........................................

7Jazz became popular in the United States............................................

8I’m just going out to the shop. I’ll be back...........................................

9 (on the phone) ‘Can I speak to Clare?’ ‘I’m afraid she’s not here ...

10In Britain people send each other cards................................................

11Many of Europe’s great cathedrals were built.....................................

12Bob is a very fast runner. He can run 100 metres...............................

1 2 0 .2 Put in at, on or in where necessary. Leave an empty space (-) if no preposition is necessary.

1

a

I’ll see you ...on...

Friday.

 

4

a

Do you w ork................

Wednesdays?

 

b

I’ll see you .......

next Friday.

 

b

Do you work

every Wednesday?

 

 

(no preposition)

 

 

5

a

We usually have a holiday

................the

2

a

What are you doing................

Saturday?

 

 

summer.

 

 

 

b

What are you doing..............

the

 

b We often have a short holiday...

 

 

weekend?

 

 

 

 

Christmas.

 

 

3

a

They often go o u t................

the evenings.

6

a

Pauline got married................

 

1991.

 

b

They often go o u t...............

Sunday

 

b Pauline got married.......

18 May 1991.

 

 

evenings.

 

 

 

c

Chris is getting married

this year.

120.3 Put in at, on or in.

1

Mozart was born in Salzburg..............

1756.

 

 

 

2

I haven’t seen Kate for a few days. I last saw her...............

Tuesday.

 

 

3

The price of electricity is going u p ................

 

October.

 

 

 

4

I’ve been invited to a wedding..............

14 February.

 

 

 

5

Hurry up! We’ve got to g o

................ five minutes.

 

 

 

6

I’m busy just now but I’ll be with you..............

 

a moment.

 

 

 

7

Jenny’s brother is an engineer but he’s out of w ork................

the moment.

 

8

There are usually a lot of parties................

New Year’s Eve.

 

 

9

I hope the weather will be nice..............

the weekend.

 

 

 

10

................Saturday night I went ..............to bed

 

11 o’clock.

 

 

 

1 1

I don’t like travelling..............

 

 

 

 

 

12

We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived

................ 5 o’clock ................

the morning.

 

13

The course begins................

7 January and ends sometime................

 

April.

 

14

It was quite a short book and easy to read. I read it ................

a day.

 

 

15

I might not be at home................

Tuesday morning but I’ll probably be there................

the

 

afternoon.

 

 

 

 

 

16

My car is being repaired at the garage. It will be ready...............

twohours.

 

17

The telephone and the doorbell ................rang

 

the same time.

 

 

18

Mary and Henry always go out for a m eal..............

their wedding anniversary.

 

19

Henry is 63. He’ll be retiring ..............from his jo b

two years’ time.

 

 

UNIT

1 2 0

241

UNIT

 

1 2 1 On time / in time

A t the end / in the end

A On time and in time

On time = punctual, not late. If something happens on time, it happens at the time which was planned:

The 11.45 train left on time. (= it left at 11.45)

‘I’ll meet you at 7.30.’ ‘OK, but please be on time.’ (= don’t be late, be there at 7.30)

The conference was very well organised. Everything began and finished on time.

The opposite of on time is late:

• Be on time. Don’t be late.

In time (for something / to do something) = soon enough

Will you be home in time for dinner? (= soon enough for dinner)

I’ve sent Jill her birthday present. I hope it arrives in time (for herbirthday). (= soon enough for her birthday)

I must hurry. I want to get home in time to see the football match on television. (= soon enough to see the football match)

The opposite of in time is too late:

• I got home too late to see the football match.

You can say just in time (= almost too late):

• We got to the station just in time to catch the train.

• A child ran across the road in front of the car, but I managed to stop just intime.

B

At the end and in the end

 

 

 

At the end (of something) = at the time when something ends. For example:

 

at the end of the month

at the end of January

at the end of the match

 

at the end of the film

at the end of the courseat the end of the concert

• I’m going away at the end of January / at the end of the month.

At the end of the concert, there was great applause.

All the players shook hands at the end of the match.

You cannot say ‘in the end o f something. So you cannot say ‘in the end of January’ or ‘in the end of the concert’.

The opposite of at the end is at the beginning:

at the beginning of January at the beginning of the concert

In the end = finally

We use in the end when we say what the final result of a situation was:

We had a lot of problems with our car. In the end we sold it and bought another one. (= finally we sold it)

He got more and more angry. In the end he just walked out of the room.

Jim couldn’t decide where to go for his holidays. He didn’t go anywhere in the end.

The opposite of in the end is usually at first:

• At first we didn’t like each other very much, but in the end we became good friends.

242

At/on/in (time) ►U N I T 1 2 0

EXERCISES

121.1Complete the sentences with on time or in time.

1

The bus was late this morning but it’s usually ...on time...

2

The film was supposed to start at 8.30 but it didn’t begin..............................................

3

I like to get u p ............................................

to have a big breakfast before going to work.

4

We want to start the meeting..............................................

, so please don’t be late.

5I’ve just washed this shirt. I want to wear it this evening, so I hope it will be dry

6The train service isn’t very good. The trains are rarely..............................................

7I nearly missed my flight this morning. I got to the airport just.............................................

8I nearly forgot that it was Joe’s birthday. Fortunately I remembered......................................

9 Why are you never ............................................ ? You always keep everybody waiting.

*21.2 Read the situations and make sentences using just in time.

1 A child ran across the road in front of your car. You saw the child at the last moment,

 

(manage / stop)...I. managed .to stop ju st in tim e,

2

You were walking home without an umbrella. Just after you got home, it started to rain very

 

heavily,

(get / home) ......................................................................................................................

3

Tim was going to sit on the chair you had just painted. You said, ‘Don’t sit in that chair!’, so

 

he didn’t,

(stop / him) I ..................................................................................................................

4

You went to the cinema. You were a bit late and you thought you would miss the beginning

 

of the film. But the film began just as you sat down in the cinema, (get / cinema / beginning

 

of the film)..........................................................................................................................................

21.3Complete the sentences using at the end + one o f the following:

the course

the interview

the match

the month

the race

1 All the players shook hands

... at the end of the match....

 

2[ normally get paid .........................................................................................

3The students had a party.........................................................................................

4Two of the runners collapsed.........................................................................................

5To my surprise I was offered the jo b .........................................................................................

21.4Write sentences with In the end. Use the verb in brackets.

1

We had a lot of problems with our car. (sell)

...In the encl. we sold.ft,..

2

Judy got more and more fed up with her job.

(resign)..............................................................

3

I tried to learn German but I found it too difficult, (give up) .................................................

4

We couldn’t decide whether to go to the party or not. (not / go)

UNIT

121

M .5 Put in at or in.

 

 

 

 

1

I’m going away ...at...

the end of the month.

 

 

2

It took me a long time to find a job......................

the end I got a job in a hotel.

 

3

Are you going aw ay..................

the beginning of August o r ..................

the end?

 

4

I couldn’t decide what to buy Mary for her birthday. I didn’t buy her anything..................

the

 

end.

 

 

 

 

5

We waited ages for a taxi. We gave u p .................

the end and walked home.

 

6

I’ll be moving to a new address.................

the end of September.

 

 

7

At first Helen didn’t want to go to the theatre but she came with u s ..................

the end.

 

8

I’m going aw ay..................

the end of this week.

 

 

9

‘I didn’t know what to do.’ ‘Yes, you were in a difficult position. What did you do

 

 

................the end?’

 

 

 

 

243

on the bottle

UNIT

1 2 2 In/at/on (place) (1)

A

In Study these examples:

in a room in a building in a box

in a garden in a town/city in a country

There’s no one in the room / in the building / in the garden.

What have you got in your hand / in your mouth?

When we were in Italy, we spent a few days in Venice. (not ‘at Venice’)

I have a friend who lives in a small village in the mountains.

Look at those people swimming in the pool / in the sea / in the river.

B

At Study these examples:

^ at the top (of the page)

at the bus stop

 

• X at the door

at the end

at the window

of the street

 

at the bottom (of the page)

Who is that man standing at the bus stop / at the door / at the window?

Turn left at the traffic lights / at the church / at the roundabout.

Write your name at the top / at the bottom of the page.

Angela’s house is the white one at the end of the street.

When you leave the hotel, please leave your key at reception.

C

On Study these examples:

 

on the ceiling

 

/ on her nose

 

on the wall

 

•■on the door

 

' x on the table

 

on an island

 

on a page

I sat on the floor / on the ground / on the grass / on a chair / on the beach.

There’s a dirty mark on the wall / on the ceiling / on your nose / on your shirt.

Have you seen the notice on the notice board / on the door?

You’ll find details of TV programmes on page seven (of the newspaper).

D Compare in and at:

• There were a lot of people in the shop. It was very crowded.

but Go along this road, then turn left at the shop. (somebody giving directions) Compare in and on:

• There is some water in the bottle. but There is a label on the bottle. Compare at and on:

• There is somebody at the door. Shall I go and see who it is? but There is a notice on the door. It says ‘Do not disturb’.

in the bottle

2 4 4

In/at/on (place) (2) and (3) ->■ U N I T S 1 2 3 - 1 2 4

EXERCISES

UNIT

1 2 2

 

1 2 2 . 1 Answer the questions about the pictures. Use in, at or on with the words below the pictures.

A

(bottle)

(traffic lights)

(arm)

(door)

(Paris)

 

7

 

 

10

 

 

 

(top/

 

 

 

 

(beach)

 

(wall)

bottom /stairs)

(gate)

 

 

(end/queue)

1

Where’s the label? ...Qnthe t>pttle.__

 

7

a

Where’s the woman standing?

2

Where is the car waiting?...............

 

 

b

And the c a t?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where’s the fly?

...........................................

 

 

a

Where’s the man standing?

 

a

Where’s the notice?................................

 

 

b

Where’s the bird?

 

 

b

Where’s the key?

 

9

Where’s Tom standing?

 

 

Where’s the Eiffel ..........................Tower?

 

 

........................................

 

6

Where are the shelves?...............................

 

10

Where are the children playing?.

22.2Complete the sentences. Use in, at or on + one o f the following:

the window

your coffee

the mountains

that tree

 

my guitar

the river

the island

the next garage

 

1

Look at those people swimming

...

in the river,...

 

 

2

One of the strings..............................................

 

is broken.

 

3

There’s something wrong with the car. We’d better stop .........................

........

4

Would you like sugar.............................................

 

 

?

 

5

The leaves

.............................................

 

are a beautiful colour..

 

6 Last year we had a wonderful skiing holiday..............................................

 

 

7

There’s nobody living...............................................

 

 

It’s uninhabited.

 

8

He spends ..most of the day sitting

..........................and looking outside.

Complete the sentences with in, at or on.

1

Write your name ...at...

the top of the page.

 

 

2

Ilike that picture hanging...............

the w all

the kitchen.

 

3

There was an accident

.............. the crossroads this morning.

 

4

Iwasn’t sure whether I had come to the right office. There was no nam e

................the door.

5................

the end of the street there

is a path leading to the river.

 

6

You’ll find the sports results................

the back page of the newspaper.

 

7

I wouldn’t like an office job. I couldn’t spend the whole day sitting................

a desk.

8

My brother lives................

a small village................

the south-west of England.

9

The man the police are looking for has a scar...............

his right cheek.

 

10

The headquarters of the company are ................

Milan.

 

1 1

Nicola was wearing a silver ring

her little finger.

 

24 5

U N IT

 

 

 

1 2 3

In/at/on (place) (2)

 

 

In

We say that somebody/something is:

 

 

in a line / in a row / in a queue / in a street

 

 

in a photograph / in a picture / (look at yourself) in a mirror

 

 

in the sky / in the world

in a row

 

in a book / in a newspaper / in a magazine / in a letter (but ‘on a page’)

 

 

When I go to the cinema, I prefer to sit in the front row.

 

 

 

1live in King Street. Sarah lives in Queen Street.

 

 

 

Who is the woman in that photograph? (not ‘on that photograph’)

 

 

 

Have you seen this article in the paper (= newspaper)?

 

 

 

It was a lovely day. There wasn’t a cloud in the sky.

 

B

On

We say that somebody/something is:

 

 

on the left / on the right

 

 

on the ground floor / on the first floor / on the second floor etc.

 

 

on a map / on the menu (in a restaurant) / on a list

 

 

on a farm

 

 

 

• In Britain we drive on the left, (or ...on the left-hand side.)

 

 

 

• Our flat is on the second floor of the building.

 

 

 

• Here’s a shopping list. Don’t buy anything that’s not on the list.

 

 

 

• Have you ever worked on a farm?

 

 

We say that a place is on a river / on a road / on the coast:

 

 

 

• London is on the river Thames.

 

 

 

• Portsmouth is on the south coast of England.

 

 

We say that a place is on the way to another place:

 

 

 

• We stopped at a small village on the way to London.

LO N D O N

The corner

We say ‘in the corner of a room’, but ‘at the corner

(or on the corner) of a street’:

The television is in the corner of the room.

There is a public telephone at/on the corner

of the street.

in the corner

at/on the corner

The front and the back

 

 

We say in the front / in the back of a car:

 

 

• I was sitting in the back (of the car) when we crashed.

 

but

 

at the back

at the front / at the back of a building / cinema / group of people etc.:

The garden is at the back of the house.

Let’s sit at the front (of the cinema), (but ‘in the front row’ - see Section A)

I was standing at the back, so I couldn’t see very well.

Also

on the front / on the back of a letter / piece of paper etc.:

• Write your name on the back of this envelope.

at the front

246

in/at/on (1) and (3)

UNITS 122,124

American English

appendix 7

EXERCISES

UNIT

1 2 3

 

123.1Answer the questions about the pictures. Use in, at or on with the words below the pictures.

1

What’s Sue doing?

6

What’s the man doing?

 

She’s standing ...in. a.queue...

 

He’s looking....................................................

2

Sue lives in this building. Where’s her

7

Ann is in this group of people. Where is

3

flat exactly?................................................

 

she?...................................................................

Where is the woman standing?

8

Tom is at the cinema. Where is he sitting?

4

Where is the man standing?

9

a Where’s the post office?............................

5

Where’s the dog?

 

b And the bank?.............................................

1 0

Where does Kate work?.................................

123.2Complete the sentences. Use in, at or on + one of the following:

the west coast

the world

the front row

the right

the back of the envelope

the sky

the back of the class

my way to work

1

It was a lovely day. There wasn’t a cloud

...Inthe sky. .

 

2

In most countries people drive....................................................................

 

 

3

What is the tallest building

..................................................................

 

?

4

I usually buy a newspaper...................................................................

 

 

in the morning.

5

San Francisco i s ....................................................................

 

of the United States.

6We went to the theatre last night. We had seats..............................................................

7I couldn’t hear the teacher very well. She spoke quietly and I was sitting...................

8When you send a letter, it is a good idea to write your name and address...................

123.3Complete the sentences with in, at or on.

1

It can be dangerous when children play...........

the

street.

 

2

If you walk to the end of the street, you’ll

see a

small shop the corner.

3

Is T om ............

this photograph? I can’t find him.

 

 

 

4

My office i s ...............

 

the first floor..It’s ................

the left as you come out of the lift.

5

We normally use the front entrance but there’s another entrance...............

the back.

6

A: Is there anything interesting

............. the paper today?

 

 

 

B: Well, there’s an unusual photograph............

the

back page.

 

7

I love to look up at the stars...............

the sky at night.

 

 

8

(in a restaurant)

‘Where shall we sit?’‘Over there,......... the corner.’

 

9

When I’m a passenger in a car, I prefer to sit

 

.. the front.

 

10

It’s a very small

village. You probablywon’t find it

....... your map.

 

11

Paris i s ............

the river Seine.

 

 

 

 

 

247

UNIT

 

 

1 2 4

In/at/on (place) (3)

 

A In bed / at home etc.

 

 

We say that somebody is in bed / in hospital / in prison:

 

• Mark isn’t up yet. He’s still in bed.

• Kay’s mother is in hospital.

We say that somebody is at home / at work / at school / at university / at college:

I’ll be at work until 5.30 but I’ll be at home all evening.

Julia is studying chemistry at university.

Also at sea (= on a voyage). Compare at sea and in the sea:

• It was a long voyage. We were at sea for 30 days.

• I love swimming in the sea.

BAt a party / at a concert etc.

We say that somebody is at an event (at a party / at a conference etc.):

Were there many people at the party / at the meeting?

I saw Jack at a football match / at a concert last Saturday.

CIn and at for buildings

You can often use in or at with buildings. For example, you can eat in a restaurant or at a restaurant. We usually say at when we say where an event takes place (for example, a concert film, a party, a meeting, a sports event):

We went to a concert at the Royal Festival Hall.

The meeting took place at the company’s headquarters.

The film I want to see is showing at the Odeon (cinema).

We say at the station / at the airport:

• Don’t meet me at the station. I can get a taxi.

We say at somebody’s house:

• I was at Judy’s house last night, or I was at Judy’s last night. Also: at the doctor’s, at the hairdresser’s etc.

We use in when we are thinking about the building itself:

The rooms in Judy’s house are very small, (not ‘at Judy’s house’)

I enjoyed the film but it was very cold in the cinema, (not ‘at the cinema’)

DIn and at for towns etc.

We normally use in with cities, towns and villages:

Tom’s parents live in Nottingham, (not ‘at Nottingham’)

The Louvre is a famous art museum in Paris, (not ‘at Paris’)

But you can use at or in when you think of the place as a point or station on a journey:

Do you know if this train stops at (or in) Nottingham? (= at Nottingham station)

We stopped at (or in) a small village on the way to London.

E On a bus / in a car etc.

We usually say on a bus / on a train / on a plane / on a ship but in a car / in a taxi:

The bus was very full. There were too many people on it.

George arrived in a taxi.

We say on a bicycle / on a motorcycle / on a horse:

• Mary passed me on her bicycle.

For by bus / by car / by bicycle etc., see Unit 127.

248

At school / in hospital etc. ->-

In/at/on (place) (1) and (2) ->-

To/in/at >H H 2 3

EXERCISES

4.1Complete the sentences about the pictures. Use in, at or on with the words below the pictures.

1

_________

DAVE

3

1

| C A R . H I R E

MARTIN ra

|\L O N P V N A rlR F o ftT \ |

 

TESSA

 

 

 

 

(the airport)

 

(a conference)

(hospital)

 

MARY

kt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V

 

(her bicycle)

 

(New York)

1

You can hire a car ...at the airport..

5

Judy is

2

Dave is

6

I saw M ary................

3

Tessa i s ........................................................

7

We spent a few days .

4

Martin i s

8

We saw a play...........

(the

National Theatre)

.2 Complete the sentences. Use in, at or on + one o f the following:

 

sea

 

hospital

bed

the station

the cinema

 

the plane

school

prison

the airport

the Sports Centre

 

1

My train arrives at 11.30. Can you meet me

...3t..the station?,

 

2

I didn’t feel very well when I woke up, so I stayed..............................................

 

 

3

I think I’d like to see a film. What’s o n ..............................................

 

 

this week?

4

Some people are ............................................

 

for crimes that they did not commit.

5

‘What does your sister do? Has she got a job?’

‘No, she’s still...............................

 

6

I play basketball.............................................

 

on Friday evenings.

 

7

A friend of mine was injured in an accident a few days ago. She’s still.....................

 

8

Our flight was delayed. We had to w ait............................................

 

 

for four hours.

9

I enjoyed the flight but the food

.............................................

 

 

wasn’t very nice.

 

10

Bill works on ships. He is aw ay.............................................

 

 

 

most of the time.

 

3 Complete these sentences with in, at or on.

 

 

 

 

1

I didn’t see you ...............

the party on Saturday. Where were you?

 

2

It was a very slow train. It stopped...............

every station.

 

3

I don’t know where my umbrella is. Perhaps I left it .............

the bus.

 

4

Shall we travel.............

your car or mine?

 

 

 

 

5

The exhibition.............

the Museum of Modern Art finished on Saturday.

 

6

We stayed

...............a very nice hotel when we were.............

Amsterdam.

 

7

There were fifty rooms

....

the hotel.

 

 

 

 

8

Tom is ill. He wasn’t ..............

work today. He w as............

home...............

bed.

9

I wasn’t in when you phoned. I w as...............

my sister’s house.

 

10

It’s always too h ot

my sister’s house. The heating is always on too high.

11

1haven’t seen Kate for some time. I last saw her

...............

Dave’s wedding.

 

12

Paul lives...............

London. He’s a student...............

 

London University.

 

UNIT

1 2 4

249

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