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3. Uses of the Present Continuous Tense

A. For an action happening at the time of speaking:

It is raining now.

Where’s Margaret? - She’s having a bath.

B. For an action happening around the time of speaking, but not necessarily exactly at this time, but today, this term:

I’m learning Latin this term.

Have you heard about Tom? He is building his own house.

You are working hard today.

C.When we talk about changing situations:

The population of the world is rising very fast.

My English is getting better.

D. For a definite arrangement in the near future (when you are talking about what you have already arranged). Note that the time of the action must always be mentioned, as otherwise there might be confusion between present and future meanings:

I’m meeting Peter tonight. He is taking me to the theatre.

I’m going to the ice-hockey match. I bought my ticket yesterday

E. With always. This form is used, mainly in the affirmative, for a frequently repeated action, usually when the frequency annoys the speaker:

He is always loosing his key.

I’m always making that mistake.

4. Verbs not normally used in the Continuous Tenses

The most important of these verbs are:

a. dislike, hate, like, love, prefer, want, wish

b. impress, satisfy, surprise

c. believe, doubt, feel (=have an opinion), guess, imagine, know, mean,

realize, recognize, remember, suppose, think (=have an opinion),

understand

d. hear, see, measure (=have length, etc.), taste (=have a flavour), smell (=give out a smell), sound, weigh (=have weight)

e. belong to, consist of, contain, depend on, fit, include, matter, need, owe, own, possess

f. appear, resemble, seem

5. See, feel, look, smell and taste used in the continuous

A. SEE

see can be used in the continuous when it means “meet by appointment”

I’m seeing the rector tomorrow.

It can be also used in the continuous in the following combinations:

see smb out = escort him/her to the door

see smb home = escort him/her home

see smb to + place = escort him/her to + place

Ann: Is Bill seeing you home after the party?

Mary: No, he’s just seeing me to my bus.

see someone off = say goodbye to smb at the station or airport

We’re leaving tomorrow. Bill is seeing us off at the airport.

B. FEEL

1. feel, when followed by an adjective indicating the subject’s emotions or physical or mental condition, e.g. angry/pleased, happy/sad, hot/cold, tense/relaxed, nervous/confident, is normally used in the simple tenses but can also be used in the continuous:

How do you feel/are you feeling? - I feel/am feeling better.

feelmeaning ‘touch’ (usually in order to learn something) can be used in the continuous:

The doctor was feeling her pulse.

Similarly, feel for meaning ‘try to find something by touching’:

He was feeling for the keyhole in the dark.

2. But feel is not used in the continuous when it means ‘sense’:

Don’t you feel the house shaking?

when it means ‘think’:

I feel you are wrong

and when it is used as a link verb:

The water feels cold.

C.LOOK

The continuous is not used with look used as a link verb, e.g. That cake looks good, or with look on (=consider), look up to (=respect) and look down on (=despise). But look (at), look for/in/into/out and look on (=watch) are deliberate actions and can be used in the continuous tenses:

He is looking for his glasses.

I’m looking out for a better job.

D. SMELL

The continuous is not used with smell meaning ‘perceive a scent/an odour’, e.g. I smell gas, or with smell used as a link verb, but can be used with smell meaning ‘sniff at’:

Why are you smelling the milk? Does it smell sour?

E. TASTE

tasteas a link verb is not used in the continuous:

This coffee tastes bitter. (has a bitter taste)

But taste meaning ‘to test the flavour of’ can be used in the continuous:

She was tasting the pudding to see if it was sweet enough.

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