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Sequence of Tenses

Exercise 1

Change the following special questions into indirect speech. Begin your sentences with the words I/he wondered, we/they asked, she/he wanted to knew, etc.

Example: When did she go shopping? — He asked when she had gone shopping.

1. Why did he decide to go to Ethiopia? 2, When was she sent on business? 3. Who will fulfill this task? 4. How long has she been staying here? 5. Who was he speaking to when I came tip to him? 6. Who will play the role of Hamlet? 7 What is shown in this diagram? 8. What is he going to do on Sunday? 9 How long have they been developing this project? 10. Who was this book written by?

Exercise 2

Imagine that you have come to study to a foreign country and students are asking you questions. Report these questions later to your friend.

Example: "What country do you come from?" asked Bill. — Bill asked what country I came from.

"Do you often go to the swimming-pool?" asked Pete. — Pete asked if I often went to the swimming-pool.

1. "How long have you been here?" said Ann. 2. "Are you working as well as studying?" asked Peter. 3. "Have you got a work permit?" Bill wanted to know. 4. "What are you going to study?" asked Ann. 5. "Have you enrolled for more than one class?" said Peter. 6. "Do you want to buy any second-hand books?" said Bill. 7. "Have you seen the library?" asked Ann. 8. "Do you play rugby?" said Peter. 9. "Will you have time to play regularly?" he went on. 10. "Did you play for your school team?" asked Bill. 11. "Are you interested in acting?" asked Ann. 12. "Would you like to join our drama group?" she asked. 13. "What do you think of our canteen?" asked Pete.

Exercise 3

Change commands, requests, recommendations into indirect speech.

Example: "Close the door," she asked me. — She asked me to close the door.

1. "Open the safe!" the raiders ordered the bank clerk. 2. "Please do as I say," he begged me. 3. "Help your mother, Peter," Mr. Pitt said. 4. "Don't make too much noise, children," he said. 5. "Do whatever you like," she said to us. 6. "Don't miss your train," she warned them. 7. "Read the document before you sign it," the lawyer said to his client. 8. "Fill in the blank again," he said. 9. "Buy a new car," I advised him. 10. "Don't drive too fast," she begged him. 11. "Don't put your bicycle near my window," said the shopkeeper to me. 12. "Come to the cinema with me," he asked her. 13. "Cook it in butter," I advised her. 14. "Send for the fire brigade," the manager said to the porter. 15. "Please pay at the desk," said the shop assistant to her. 16. "Don't argue with me," said the teacher to the boy. 17. "Pull as hard as you can," he said to her. 18. "Don't lend anything to her," he advised us. 19. "Stand clear off the door," a voice warned the people. 20. "Put down that gun. It's loaded," she warned him.

Домашнє завдання. Переказувати текст «The nature of Electricity»

Тема 20. Електричний струм і його властивості.

Мета: удосконалювати навички студентів правильно використовувати нову професійну лексику; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати культуру мовлення. Навчитися будувати монологічні та діалогічні повідомлення по темі. Формувати граматичні навички по теміSequence of Tenses

Обладнання: малюнки до теми, роздруківки текстів для читання та завдань, словники.

Час проведення: 2 год.

План заняття

І Організаційний момент. Привітання

ІІ. Перевірка домашнього завдання.

ІІІ. Основна частина.

EXERCISE 1 Make complex sentences.

e.g. Enter the kitchen, cook my favourite dish.

When I entered the kitchen, my favourite dish was being cooked.

1. Arrive in Minsk, build the underground. 2. Switch on TV, show an interesting

film. 3. Arrive at the airport, see off the delegation. 4. Enter the Personnel

Department, interview a new economist. 5. Leave the meeting, discuss the resolution.

EXERCISE 2 Change active sentences to passive and vice versa:

A client delayed Joanne when she was leaving the office.

The tennis club was holding a meeting at 6.30.

The doorway was blocked by Sheba, the dog.

Joanne had to take Sheba to the vet

Her condition worried the vet.

The dog was treated by the vet while Joanne went home

The telephone call confused Joanne.

The vet told Joanne to get out of the house

The police captured the burglar.

The dog had bitten off his fingers.

Complete the sentences. Use the passive (present or past) of these verbs: clean damage find give invite make(2) show steal take

1. The room is cleaned every day.

1.I saw an accident yesterday. Two people ______ to hospital.

2.Paper ______ from wood. 3.There was a fire at the hotel last week. Two of the rooms ______ 4.“Where did you get this picture?” “It _____ to me by a friend of mine.”

5.Many American programmes ______ on British television.

6.“Did Jim and Sue go to the wedding?” “No. They ______ but they didn’t go.”

7.“How old is this film?” “It ______ in 1965.” 8.My car ______ last week but the next day it ______ by the police.

2.Express the same using passive.

A:1.We must discuss the contents of the novel. 2.The actors ought to impress the audience. 3.You should stop these chatterboxes. 4.We must introduce the members of the team to each other. 5.People have to transport these boxes as soon as possible.

6.They must translate the speech when the time comes.

B:1.English borrowed a lot of words. 2.A postman brings them a lot of periodicals. 3. Mr William’s secretary will send this telex tomorrow. 4.They didn’t find the origin of the adjective “big”. 5.People easily memorize such words. 6.Somebody bought a bronze candlestick and three green candles.

3.Translate into English.

1.Його часто посилають у відрядження за кордон. 2.Інколи її запрошують в театр. 3.Маленьких дітей завжди люблять.4.Вчора мене відвідала подруга.

Домашнє завдання. Придумати і записати 10 речень у пасивному стані

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