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  1. Reading Exercises:

Exercise 1. Read and memorize using a dictionary:

pattern recognition, semblance, pseudo-intelligent machinery, artificial intelligence, consistency, to keep track, to allocate, simultaneously, sole, eventually, outgrowth, personnel screening, computation, complex decision making, compared to, issue, perception

Exercise 2. Answer the questions:

    1. What typical applications of AI do you know?

    2. When did the development of digital computers begin?

    3. Why are early AI projects now seen as trivial?

    4. What kind of problems does DBMS address?

    5. How are data organized in relational DBMSs?

    6. What functions does operating system have?

    7. How are expert systems built?

    8. How does an expert system differ from a database?

    9. Where are expert systems widely used?

Exercise 3. Are these sentences true or false?

  1. Operating system is hardware that controls the operation of a computer.

  2. Visual pattern recognition, complex decision making, and the use of natural language are early AI projects.

  3. Security, accuracy, consistency among different records, response time, and memory requirements are most significant for database systems on computer networks.

  4. OS serves as an interface between the computer and the user.

  5. Expert systems contain rules that may be applied to solving a specific problem.

  6. Expert systems are now widely used in fields.

  7. UNIX is a mainframe widely used today.

Exercise 4. Match the left part with the right:

1. Operating system

a) becoming increasingly machine-independent.

2. A large computer can

b) directs the input and output of data.

3. Modern computer operating systems are

c) back to antiquity.

4. Pseudo-intelligent machinery dates

d) handle interaction with hundreds of users simultaneously.


II. Speaking Exercises:

Exercise 1. Define the terms using the suggested words and expressions as in example:

Information science

Artificial intelligence

Database management system

Operating system

Expert system

discipline, deals with, processes, storing,transferring, information

ability, machine, to perform, tasks, to require, human intelligence

system, quick, search, retrieval, information, a database

software, keeps track, files, controls, processing computer programs

computer-based, system, designed,

to respond, human, expert, given field

EXAMPLE: Information science is a discipline that deals with the processes of storing and transferring information.

Exercise 2. Ask questions to the given answers:

  1. Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: In parallel with computer processing power.

  1. Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer : Playing chess and solving mathematical problems.

  1. Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: Ever-higher processing speeds.

  1. Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: Through a process called time-sharing.

  1. Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: By responding to questions posed by the system.


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