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Unit 1. Pairs of words

Exercise 6. Read the definitions and give the corresponding pair of words. Part 1.

1. used when talking generally about someone or something;

2. an uncomfortable feeling, often in your foot or your leg, which you get especially when you have not moved part of your body for a long time, and the supply of blood has stopped flowing properly;

3. a children's game in which one player shuts their eyes while the others hide, and then goes to look for them;

4. very secret and mysterious, and usually involving the work of spies;

5. very formal and careful in the way you speak and behave, and easily shocked by anything rude;

6. the basic details, numbers etc concerning a particular situation or subject;

7. clear and definite;

8. to try with a lot of effort or determination to do something;

9. to keep changing your mind;

10. a situation, decision, result etc that is of this kind cannot be changed;

11. someone who is part of your family;

12. the style of clothing for some special occasions;

13. in or through every part of a large area;

14. when a person has dropped smth, to pick it up he has to stand in this pose;

15. if you make this about something, you behave as if it was worse, more important, more difficult etc than it really is.

С.И.Ожегов Словарь русского языка

жеманный – лишенный простоты и естественности, манерный.

чопорный – чрезмерно строгий и принужденный в поведении, в соблюдении приличий.

сноб – 1) человек, стремящийся слепо подражать вкусам и манерам буржуазно – аристократического “высшего общества”

2) человек, считающий себя носителем высшей интеллектуальности и изысканных вкусов.

Exercise 7. Read the definitions and give the corresponding pair of words. Part 2.

1. used about a situation in which there is a serious risk that something bad could happen; 2. completely clean and tidy;

3. unharmed, especially after being in danger;

4. if someone or something moves in this way, they move in one direction and then back again;

5. out of bed after an illness and moving around normally;

6. to be angry or bored with something that has been happening for a long time;

7. to try to find someone or something by looking everywhere;

8. disorganised and confused;

9. the advantages and disadvantages of something;

10. to accept an unpleasant or difficult situation without complaining, usually because you realize there is nothing you can do to make it better;

11. if someone is experiencing this, they sometimes feel well or happy and sometimes do not;

12. all the exact details of a complicated situation, problem, system etc;

13. rare;

14. small things of various kinds without much value;

15. having no luck or money / having no home and living on the street.

Exercise 8. Read and translate the sentences paying special attention to pairs of words.

A. 1. He was arrested after a cloak-and-dagger operation involving the CIA and MI6. 2. His enthusiasm for the cloak-and-dagger business of detection seemed to have waned. 3. You can't keep chopping and changing like this! 4. Don’t chop and change from one style to another. It confuses the reader. 5. I wish they wouldn't keep chopping and changing. There’s a different team on the field every week. 6. I was still chopping and changing lyrics and order of jokes. 7. In other words, subordinates are unsettled by a boss who chops and changes between autocracy, persuasion, consultation and democracy. 8. I'll have to move because I'm starting to get pins and needles in my foot. 9. I was on pins and needles until I found out I'd won. 10. Although the pins and needles in his legs could perhaps have been from loss of blood. 11. Bobbie Cole tells us she has pins and needles in her toes - must be a good sign. 12. Brady has had pains in his legs and pins and needles in his toes.13. How can he treat his own flesh and blood that way? 14. He raised those kids like they were his own flesh and blood. 15. She looked prim and nervous in her best hat and coat. 16. The police searched the length and breadth of the country. 17. They dogged him the length and breadth of the country, wherever the small troupe of players appeared. 18. If she had wanted to stay she'd have made a song and dance, but it was better to move. 19. Look here, there's no need to make a song and dance of it. 20. We fought tooth and nail to get these plans accepted. 21. We had to fight tooth and nail to get the government to admit they were wrong. 23. He would also fight tooth and nail to keep her from the likes of Tommy Allen. 24. Here are a few facts and figures about the country. 25. The report contained some interesting facts and figures about the Saturn Corporation. 26. He is notoriously tough on staff, often challenging them on facts and figures during council meetings. 27. He learned how to boom out facts and figures to the city council members that they were unable to refute. 28. These facts and figures added relatively little to what was already known in outline. 29. He did not like wearing suits and he liked a collar and tie even less. 30. He dressed differently too - he wore a collar and tie while their shirts were collarless. 31. I came back for my brother's funeral, and I wore my collar and tie. 32. There are no hard and fast rules about what to wear to classes. 33. There are really no hard and fast rules for decorating. 34. For completion of this course there are no hard and fast rules on timing. 35. The official departmental view is that no case is exactly like another, and hard and fast rules can not be applied. 36. And by and large, they do a fine job. 37. But as valuable as animals are, they have a serious drawback: by and large, they hate alcohol. 38. But the truth was that, by and large, the research university focuses its collective intelligence on other matters. 39. I had to get down on my hands and knees and look under the settee. 40. Barrow was on his hands and knees on the floor, blood oozing from a wound in his scalp. 41. One is a realistic, pitch-dark forest of oaks - an ideal place for hide-and-seek in almost treeless Venice. 42. Toddlers were playing hide-and-seek in and out of the sand-pit; two little girls were cooking pebbles on a Fisher-Price cooker. 43. Quite enough to scatter my cut and dried theories to the winds. 44. I don't think the plan is as cut and dried as people think.

B. 1. The missing children were found safe and sound. 2. It was touch-and-go whether the doctor would get there on time. 3. Jobs are few and far between at the moment. 4. I don't really know all the ins and outs of the matter. 5. Grin and bear it. It will be fine in a few days. 6. Later in the morning the sightseers walk to and fro, gaping at the white luxury yachts. 7. I'm sick and tired of your excuses. 8. I am sick and tired of working for other people. 9. We discussed the pros and cons of going to university. 10. It's good to see you up and about again. 11. Jason's been very up and down since his girlfriend left him. 12. When the visitors arrived we were still at sixes and sevens. 13. He didn't keep much in his desk - just a few odds and ends. 14. But he will still be organising 13,000 volunteers into bringing some kind of Christmas to 125,000 needy, lonely or down-and-out people. 15. We looked high and low for Sandy but couldn't find her. 16. After much toing and froing, they finally reached a decision. 17. We packed just about everything, but probably left some odds and ends behind. 18. The focus of the drama shifts to discovering the dangers, and weighing up pros and cons of using the magic carpet. 19. Police vans drove slowly to and fro, ready to pounce on their prey. 20. It'll be touch-and-go for the first three days after the operation. 21. Across the Rhine, there is less toing and froing.

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