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Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y

1) Kf \hijhk gZ k

JZa\_ g_m`_eb

2) Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k

Dbk_ev lZf \Zjyl Ba j_abgu lZf rbgu ^_eZxl Ba ]ebgu dbjibq lZf `]ml Ba fhehdZ l\hjh] ]hlh\yl Ba i_kdZ kl_deh lZf ieZ\yl Ba [_lhgZ iehlbgu kljhyl Ba dZjlhgZ h[eh`db lZf Ba qm]mgZ lZf \Zjyl klZev Ba ihehlgZ djhyl jm[Zob Ba ieZklfZkku ihkm^m ^_eZxl Ba fykZ dhle_lu kljyiZxl Ba kZ`b lZf \Zdkm ^_eZxl Ba ijy`b ijy^ml lZf gbldb Ba kmdgZ dhklxfu rvxl Ba lhehdgZ dbk_ev lZf \Zjyl

***

lhevdh ih^e_`Zs__ gZau\Z_l lhl ij_^f_l h dhlhjhf jZkkdZau\Z_l kdZam_fh_

Wlh hq_gv ohjhrh h[tykgbeZ h^gZ fZe_gvdZy ^_\hqdZ dhlhjmx kijhkbeb ©=^_ ih^e_`Zs__ \ ij_^eh`_gbb EbkbpZ \b^bl kuj ebkbpZ beb kuj

²Gm dhg_qgh ebkbpZ²hl\_lbeZ ^_\hqdZ²Kuj g_ fh`_l \b^_lv m g_]h ]eZadh\ g_lm

LZd qlh hlukdb\Zy ih^e_`Zs__ \ ij_^eh`_gbyo h xg]_ b h nZkZ^_ ^hfZ \u ^he`gu [ueb jZkkm`^Zlv lZd

m\b^_e d l h " q l h " ² xg]Z AgZqbl xg]Z ² ih^e_`Zs__ MdjZrZeb d l h " q l h " ² dhehggu dhehggu²ih^e_`Zs__

GZc^bl_ ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u \ ke_^mxsbo ijbf_jZo Ihijh[mcl_ g_ i_j_imlZlv ih^e_`Zs__ b ^hiheg_gb_

41

1. JZkklhygb_ ij_h^he_\Z_l dhgv ij_iylkl\b_ ij_h^he_\Z_l \hey 2. FZeZy e_gv [hevrh_ ]hj_ ijbghkbl 3. Bghc yaud f_^ ijbg_k_l ^jm]hc [_^m gZdebq_l 4. >_j_\h q_j\v bagmljb lhqbl 5. DhjZ[_evgh_ ^_eh dhjZ[_evsbd agZ_l 6. >\_jb ihjh`^Zxl kd\hagydb [helmgu ihjh`^Zxl [_^u 7. Ohjhr__ g_ aZ[u\Z_lky ohjhr__ b \h^Z g_ mg_k_l

Ihkeh\bpu

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y kf hl\_l 2 gZ k 43).

Fgh`_kl\h h[ebqbc ih^e_`Zs_]h

JZkkfhljbl_ ke_^mxsb_ ij_^eh`_gby ih^e_`Zs__ \u^_e_gh dmjkb\hf

1 MlhiZxsbc o\ZlZ_lky aZ khehfbgdm Ihkeh\bpZ

2. Ihevah\Zlvky j_amevlZlZfb ljm^Z lh\ZjbsZ [_kq_klgh < : Kmohfebgkdbc H^bg g_ ih^gbf_l ijhklh_ iylb\_jrdh\h_ [j_\gh < < FZydh\kdbc Ihq_fm kemqbehkv wlh" < < FZydh\kdbc Qlh kljykehkv m l_lb <Zeb"K < FboZedh\ <k_ b^ml l_i_jv \ iZeZlu : K Imrdbg <gh\v ©k_]h^gyª gZklZeh k mljZ b m`_ g_ \_jg_lky ©\q_jZª K Y FZjrZd AZkf_ylvky ^h[juf k\_leuf kf_ohf fh`_l lhevdh ]em[hdZy ^h[jZy ^mrZ G < =h]hev

L_i_jv \Zf g_ljm^gh khh[jZablv dZdbfb qZklyfb j_qb fh`_l [ulv \ujZ`_gh ih^e_`Zs__ <u [m^_l_ ijZ\u _keb hl\_lbl_ kZfufb jZagufb _keb hgb hl\_qZxl gZ \hijhku dlh"qlh"aZ^Zggu_ hl kdZam_fh]h

L_ dlh mimkdZ_l wlh ba \b^m jbkdmxl ©g_ magZlv ijb \klj_q_ª [hevrh_ dhebq_kl\h ih^e_`Zsbo Z \ j_amevlZl_ g_ m\b^_lv [ehdb b ©ihl_jylvªg_dhlhju_ agZdb ij_ibgZgby

DZdb_ `_ bf_ggh ih^e_`Zsb_ qZs_ \k_]h g_ magZxlky ijb \klj_q_" DZd ijZ\beh bfb hdZau\Zxlky f_klhbf_gby g_ hlghkysb_ky d jZajy^m ebqguo \hijhkbl_evgu_ b hlghkbl_evgu_ dlh qlh mdZaZl_evgu_ lZ l_ lhl hljbpZl_evgu_ gbdlh gbqlh g_hij_^_e_ggu_ dlh lh g_dlh b l ^ LZdb_ ih^e_`Zsb_ e_]dh fh]ml \uiZklv ba ihey aj_gby ©ijhiZklvªZ wlh k g_ba[_`ghklvx \_^_l aZ kh[hc©ihl_jxª

42

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y

1) Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k 38. <uibkZgu ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u ij_^eh`_gbc ih^e_`Zs__ \u^_e_gh dmjkb\hf

I.<k_ ihgylgh keurblky ©dm dmª II. Ohaybg b fbe b agZf_gbl

]hkl_c [u\Z_l fgh]h dZ`^uc ghjh\bl ihljh]Zlv ,,, >_j_\gy

[ueZ ij_e_klguc m]hehd kdmqZe ?\]_gbc G_ fh] hg hlebqblv fu [bebkv ,9 <_q_j ihe_ h]hgvdb ^hjh]Z V. 1. H\jZ] [ue ]em[hd ijhl_dZeZ j_dZ; j_[ylZ g_ fh]eb \b^_lv MdjZrZ_l iZjd. 3. Ih^gy\rbc ih]b[g_l

2) Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k 41. <uibkZgu ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u ih^e_`Zs__ \u^_e_gh dmjkb\hf

1.Ij_h^he_\Z_l dhgv ij_h^he_\Z_l \hey. 2. E_gv ijbghkbl Yaud ijbg_k_l ^jm]hc gZdebq_l Q_j\v lhqbl DhjZ[_evsbd agZ_l 6. >\_jb ihjh`^Zxl [helmgu ihjh`^Zxl Ohjhr__ g_ aZ[u\Z_lky \h^Z g_ mg_k_l

***

ijhkluo ij_^eh`_gbc \ khklZ\_ keh`gh]h b khhl\_lkl\_ggh \u^_eyxsbo bo agZdh\

Qlh[u h]jZ^blv k_[y hl ih^h[guo ©ijhiZ`ª ihijh[mcl_ gZclb ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u \ ke_^mxsbo ^Zgguo gb`_ ij_^eh`_gbyo

Wlhl fZevqbd ex[bl ljm^

Wlhl qbklbl \Ze_gdb

< < FZydh\kdbc

2. <k_ djbqZl _fm k fhklZ

<k_ khk_^b agZxl gZk

K < FboZedh\

Lhl lmjbkl [eZ]hihemqgh i_j_ijZ\beky q_j_a j_dm Wlhl miZe \ \h^m \f_kl_ k jxdaZdhf <k_ `b\h_ lyg_lky d khegpm <k_ klboeh Wlh i_gb_ jZaghkbehkv ^Ze_dh ^Ze_dh Wlh fg_ hq_gv gjZ\behkv Qlh f_^ e_ggh jZa]hjZ_lky lh `Zjq_ ]hjbl Ohjhrh kf__lky

43

lhl dlh kf__lky ihke_^gbc Dlh hohlbeky gZ he_gy lhl gZ aZcpZ g_ kfhljbl

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y kf hl\_l 1 gZ k 45).

Hkh[_ggh qZklh ©ijhiZ^Zxlª l_ ih^e_`Zsb_ \ keh`guo ij_^eh`_gbyo dhlhju_©jZ[hlZxlªkhxagufb keh\Zfb l _ h^gh\j_f_ggh b ijbkh_^bgyxl ijb^Zlhqgh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ d ]eZ\ghfm b y\eyxlky ih^e_`Zsbfb <hl ijbf_j lZdhc ijhiZ`b :e_dk_c ;hqZjh\ ki_rbe \ ahhiZjd d [_]_fhlm Ghkbdm dhlhjuc [he_e A^_kv ih^e_`Zs__ \h \lhjhc ]jZffZlbq_kdhc hkgh\_ ² dhlhjuc [he_e ² g_j_^dh l_jy_lky Z \u^_ey_lky eh`gZy hkgh\Z ² :e_dk_c ;hqZjh\ ki_rbe [he_e qlh fh`_l ijb\_klb d ihl_j_ aZiylhc i_j_^ dhlhjuc

Ihijh[mcl_ [_a ihl_jv gZclb ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u \ ke_^mxsbo ij_^eh`_gbyo

Lhl dlh h[ma^Ze ]g_\ ih[_^be kbevgh]h \jZ]Z

2.Ebrv lhl dlh ghqvx i_j_ijZ\eyeky q_j_a j_dm hp_gbl ykguc ^_gv

?klv g_[hevrZy ilbqdZ dhlhjZy fbjgh khkms_kl\m_l k djhdh^behf HgZ \ude_\u\Z_l hklZldb ibsb dhlhju_ aZklj_\Zxl m

g_]h f_`^m am[h\

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y kf hl\_l 2 gZ k 45).

Ih^e_`Zs__ fh`_l [ulv \ujZ`_gh khq_lZgb_f keh\

: ldZqboZ k ih\Zjbohc K k\Zlv_c [Z[hc ;Z[Zjbohc Hdheh pZjy kb^yl

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A^_kv ih^e_`Zs__ khklhbl ba k_fb keh\ hgh aZgyeh ^\_ klbohl\hjgu_ kljhqdb

L_i_jv ihijh[mcl_ kZfhklhyl_evgh h[gZjm`blv lZdb_ ih^e_`Zsb_ Gh [m^vl_ [^bl_evgu < ijbf_jZo k dhlhjufb \u k_cqZk [m^_l_ jZ[hlZlv fgh]h©eh\mr_dª

B ljb^pZlv \blya_c ij_djZkguo Qj_^hc ba \h^ \uoh^yl ykguo

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D B Qmdh\kdbc

: rd\Ze mg_k \ fhj_ >_kyldZ ^\Z rexihd

G G FZl\__\Z

44

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y

1)Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k 43. <uibkZgu ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u ih^e_`Zs__ \u^_e_gh dmjkb\hf

1.FZevqbd ex[bl Wlhl qbklbl <k_ djbqZl Khk_^b agZxl

Lmjbkl i_j_ijZ\beky Wlhl miZe @b\h_ lyg_lky <k_ klboeh

I_gb_ jZaghkbehkv Wlh gjZ\behkv Qlh jZa]hjZ_lky lh ]hjbl

Kf__lky lhl; dlh kf__lky Dlh hohlbeky lhl g_ kfhljbl

2 Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k <uibkZgu ]jZffZlbq_kdb_ hkgh\u ih^e_`Zs__ \u^_e_gh dmjkb\hf

1.Lhl ih[_^be dlh h[ma^Ze Lhl hp_gbl dlh i_j_ijZ\eyeky

?klv ilbqdZ dhlhjZy khkms_kl\m_l HgZ \ude_\u\Z_l dhlhju_ aZklj_\Zxl

2) Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k 44. <uibkZgu ih^e_`Zsb_

Ljb^pZlv \blya_c Hg Rd\Ze HgZ Lukyqb ]eZa lukyqb eZ^hr_d >h`^b >_kylv ^g_c Y Ljb dZieb

***

Hqdh\ k ihe^x`bgu HgZ k_[_ ^hklZeZ

B : Djueh\

F_gy hdjm`Zl lukyqb m^b\e_gguo ]eZa

B ijhlygmlky dh fg_ lukyqb l_ieuo eZ^hr_dH H >jba

>_kylv ^g_c reb ^h`^b Wlb ^_kylv ^g_c lygmebkv hq_gv ^he]h

Y m\b^_e gZ kl_de_ ljb dZieb ^h`^y M iZiu ljb dZieb miZeb kh reyiu < : E_\bg

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y kf hl\_l 3 gZ k 45).

G_[hevrh_ hlklmie_gb_ \ aZsblm riZj]Zehd

<h \k_ \j_f_gZ b m \k_o gZjh^h\ rdhevgbdb b klm^_glu ^_eZxl riZj]Zedb b bah[j_lZxl jZaebqgu_ kihkh[u ih^kdZahd B k lZdbf `_ mihjkl\hf ohlv b [_aj_amevlZlgh ij_ih^Z\Zl_eb [hjxlky k wlbf : fu g_ [hj_fky fu gZ \Zr_c

45

klhjhg_ b ohlbf \Zf ihfhqv Ihlhfm qlh g_mf_eh_ bkihevah\Zgb_ ©kiZkZl_evguo kj_^kl\ªfh`_l ^Zlv h[jZlguc j_amevlZl

G_ \_jbl_"<hl \Zf ijbf_j ba dgb]b D B Qmdh\kdh]h ©K_j_[jyguc ]_j[ª M ]_jhy dgb]b [ueZ Z[khexlgZy ]jZfhlghklv q_]h g_evay [ueh kdZaZlv h _]h h^ghdeZkkgbdZo GZ^\b]Zeky ^bdlZgl dhlhjh]h h`b^Zeb k m`Zkhf =_jhc j_rbe \ujmqblv k\h_]h lh\ZjbsZ Lbfhrm Hg ijb\yaZe d k\h_fm [hlbgdm \_j_\hqguc o\hkl hl [mfZ`gh]h af_y Z ^jm]hc _]h dhg_p ²d gh]_ lh\ZjbsZ©>_jgm jZa ²aZiylZy >\Z ²\hkdebpZl_evguc Ljb ²\hijhkbl_evguc Q_luj_²^\h_lhqb_ Ihgye" ª ²ihykgbe hg

<u^mfdZ bf_eZ mki_o Ke_^mxsbc ©]jZfhl_cª ijhlygme kb]gZebaZpbx hl lbfhrbghc gh]b d k\h_c D g_fm ijbkh_^bgbeky lj_lbc b kdhjh wlhl©l_e_nhgªho\Zlbe g_fZemx qZklv deZkkZ

GZ ijhly`_gbb \k_]h ^bdlZglZ ]_jhc \hkihfbgZgbc ^_j]Ze ^_j]Ze b ^_j]Ze gh]hc lZd qlh ^Z`_ \ ]eZaZo l_fg_eh b wlb kb]gZeu i_j_^Z\Zebkv ^Zevr_ hl h^gh]h mq_gbdZ d ^jm]hfm

B \hl ijbf_ju jZ[hl m l_o dlh ihevah\Zeky wlbfb ih^kdZadZfb©<hl ^_gv dh]^Z ^h[e_klguc B]hjv \_^msbc" \hckdZ ba e_kh\ b [hehl m\b^_e qlh \ ihe_ ]^_"klhyeb \jZ]b ih^gyehkv"aeh\_s__ h[eZdh iueb"ª

B ^Z`_ lZd©< lhl ^_gv dh]^Z ^h[e_klguc B]hjv \_^m sbc \hc kdZ ba e_kh\ b [h ehl m\b ^_e qlh \ ihe_ ]^_ klhy eb \jZ ]b ih^gyehkv aeh\_s__ h[ eZdh iu"eb hg kdZaZe dZd keZ^ dh mf_j_lv aZ hl qbagmª

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khhl\_lkl\bb kh k\hbf l_fihf ibkvfZ ^jm]b_ ibkZeb [uklj__ gh g_ ^mfZy Z agZdb klZ\beb lZf ]^_ bo aZklZ\Ze kb]gZe

Ijbf_jgh lZd \Zk fh`_l ih^\_klb b g_m^Zqgh khklZ\e_ggZy riZj]ZedZ

RiZj]ZedZ ^Z_l iheh`bl_evguc wnn_dl ijb lj_o mkeh\byo <h i_j\uo gZ^h mf_lv kbkl_fZlbabjh\Zlv fZl_jbZe b meh`blv _]h \ djZldmx q_ldmx aZibkv <h \lhjuo gZ^h mf_lv khklZ\blv gZ hkgh\Zgbb wlhc aZibkb jZa\_jgmluc jZkkdZa < lj_lvbo emqrZy riZj]ZedZ g_ lZ dhlhjZy \ dZjfZg_ Z lZ dhlhjZy \ ]heh\_

46

G_ kh\k_f ijhklh_ ijhklh_ ]eZ]hevgh_ kdZam_fh_

H^bg ba gZb[he__ m^h[guo \b^h\ riZj]Zedb²wlh lZ[ebpZ

K_cqZk fu ih^jh[g__ jZkkdZ`_f \Zf h khklZ\guo kdZam_fuo : ih oh^m jZkkdZaZ [m^_f mqblvky khklZ\eylv riZj]Zedm

< fbj_ kdZam_fuo

DZdmx bgnhjfZpbx \u fh`_l_ ba\e_qv ba h^gh]h ]eZ]heZ gZijbf_j ba ]eZ]heZ ijhqblZeZ">hklZlhqgh kms_kl\_ggmx <h i_j\uo kfukeh\mx e_dkbq_kdmx bf_ggh ijhqblZeZ Z g_ miZeZ beb g_ aZfmjeudZeZ <h \lhjuo ^_ckl\b_ ijhbahreh \ ijhrehf < lj_lvbo wlh k^_eZeZ hgZ l _ g_dlh `_gkdh]h jh^Z b ^_ckl\b_ kh\_jr_gh _x h^ghc

BlZd ]eZ]he \ ex[hf ba lj_o gZdehg_gbc g_k_l gZ k_[_ ^hklZlhqgh [hevrhc ]jma kfukeh\mx e_dkbq_kdmx gZ]jmadm b ]jZffZlbq_kdmx ² bgnhjfZpbx h \j_f_gb qbke_ ebp_ Z lZd`_ jh^_ _keb ]eZ]he klhbl \ ijhr_^r_f \j_f_gb Ihbklbg_ jmkkdbc ]eZ]he ² fZkl_j ih ih^gylbx ly`_kl_c Gh \ ^jm]bo yaudZo fh`gh gZclb b g_ lZdh_ LZd \ yaud_ bg^_cp_\ ie_f_gb gmldZ ]eZ]he djhf_ \k_]h lh]h qlh khh[sZ_l gZr g_k_l bgnhjfZpbx h lhf \ukhdbc q_eh\_d beb gbadbc eukuc hg beb g_l b kljZ^Z_l eb gZjmr_gbyfb aj_gby

BlZd ]eZ]he \ ex[hf ba lj_o gZdehg_gbc \ jmkkdhf yaud_ g_k_l ^\_ gZ]jmadb kfukeh\mx b ]jZffZlbq_kdmx

__________________________

=eZ]he fh`_l klhylv eb[h \ g_hij_^_e_gghc nhjf_ eb[h \ h^ghf ba lj_o gZdehg_gbc baty\bl_evghf mkeh\ghf khkeZ]Zl_evghf beb ih\_eb l_evghf

=eZ]heu \ baty\bl_evghf gZdehg_gbb h[hagZqZxl ^_ckl\by dhlhju_ ijhbkoh^beb ijhbkoh^yl beb [m^ml ijhbkoh^blv gZ kZfhf ^_e_ baf_ gyxlky ih \j_f_gZf b fh]ml klhylv \ gZklhys_f ijhr_^r_f b [m^ms_f \j_f_gb

=eZ]heu \ mkeh\ghf khkeZ]Zl_evghf gZdehg_gbb h[hagZqZxl ^_ckl\by dhlhju_ j_Zevgh g_ ijhbkoh^yl gh fh]eb [u ijhbkoh^blv ijb hij_^_e_gguo mkeh\byo

=eZ]heu \ ih\_ebl_evghf gZdehg_gbb h[hagZqZxl ^_ckl\by kh^_j`Zsb_ ijbdZaZgb_ beb ijhkv[m

47

Dh]^Z hg aZgbfZ_l k\h_

f_klh \ ij_^eh`_gbb lh klZgh\blky

i j h k l u f ] e Z ] h e v g u f

k d Z a m _ f u f bkijZ\ey_lky k ^\mfy

gZ]jmadZfb

 

GZqbgZ_f khklZ\eylv riZj]Zedm

DZdmx bgnhjfZpbx \u fh`_l_ ba\e_qv ba h^gh]h ]eZ]heZ gZijbf_j ba ]eZ]heZ ijhqblZeZ">hklZlhqgh kms_kl\_ggmx <h i_j\uo kfukeh\mxe_dkbq_kdmx bf_ggh ijhqblZeZ Z g_ miZeZ beb g_ aZfmjeudZeZ <h \lhjuo ^_ckl\b_ ijhbahreh \ ijhrehf < lj_lvbo wlh k^_eZeZ hgZ l _ g_dlh `_gkdh]h jh^Z b ^_ckl\b_ kh\_jr_gh _x h^ghc

Ijhklh_ ]eZ]hevgh_ kdZam_fh_ g_ \k_]^Z e_]dh ^Z_lky \ jmdb : \ q_f ijbqbgu wlbo ljm^ghkl_c"

<h i_j\uo \ g_^hhp_gd_ lh]h qlh kdZam_fuf [u\Z_l ]eZ]he \ e x [ h f g Z d e h g _ g b b G_dhlhju_ ba \Zk e_]dh gZoh^yl \ ij_^eh`_gbb kdZam_fu_ lhevdh \ lhf kemqZ_ _keb hgb \ujZ`_gu ]eZ]heZfb \ baty\bl_evghf gZdehg_gbb Z ijb \klj_q_ k ]eZ]hehf \ ih\_ebl_evghf gZdehg_gbb g_ \hkijbgbfZxl _]h dZd kdZam_fh_ GZijbf_j \klZ_l beb \klZe kqblZxlky kdZam_fufb Z \klZgv g_ kqblZ_lky

<h \lhjuo \ g_magZ\Zgbb ]eZ]heh\ fZexlhd _klv [ue dhlhju_ lh`_ \uklmiZxl \ jheb kdZam_fuo

Ihijh[mcl_ gZclb \ ^Zgguo ij_^eh`_gbyo ijhklu_ ]eZ]hevgu_ kdZam_fu_ b h[tykgbl_ agZdb ij_ibgZgby

Mf bf_c ohlv fZe_gvdbc ^Z k\hc F =hjvdbc G_ kemrZcl_ gbdh]^Z l_o dlh ]h\hjbl ^mjgh h ^jm]bo b ohjhrh h \Zk E G Lheklhc

AgZc wlhl ieZf_gv k xguo ^g_c

48

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y

1) Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k 48. <uibkZgu kdZam_fu_

Bf_c G_ kemrZcl_ ]h\hjbl AgZc `be ;ue klhyeh

2) Kf aZ^Zgb_ gZ k 49. <uibkZgu keh\Z ihke_ dhlhjuo klhyl aZiylu_

1. Ih]h^b H[jhd Ihkfhljb < e_km L_[y

***

lZyky `be \ ]jm^b fh_c F X E_jfhglh\ ;ue ihe^_gv b khegp_ klhyeh ijyfh gZ^ ]heh\hc < < ;bZgdb

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y kf hl\_l 1 gZ k 49).

: l_i_jv jZkklZ\vl_ agZdb ij_ibgZgby kZfhklhyl_evgh G_ ©l_jycl_ª kdZam_fuo b aZiyluo

Ih]h^b \urex d l_[_ \gmdZ ;m^_l l_[_ h[jhd dheb aZohq_rv

Ihkfhljb dZd hg oehihq_l =^_ lh _klv _ev \ e_km ih^ _evx [_edZ

H[b^_e dlh l_[y kdZ`b

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