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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Государственное образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования

«Омский государственный технический университет»

English on Management

Методические указания по английскому языку для студентов специальности «Менеджмент»

Омск

Издательство ОмГТУ

2010

Составители: Беззатеева Э. Г., канд. филол. наук, доцент;

Алейникова Т.В., канд. филол. наук, доцент

Методические указания предназначены для студентов II курса специальности «Менеджмент» экономических факультетов вузов; состоят из 10 уроков, содержащих задания на развитие и закрепление навыков чтения и анализов текстов профессиональной направленности.

Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского совета

Омского государственного технического университета

© ГОУ ВПО «Омский государственный

технический университет», 2010

Module I Management Science

Vocabulary

  1. Read and remember the following words and word-combinations

1. link – звено, связь

2 . business – бизнес, торгово-промышленная деятельность

3. engineering – техника, технология, разработка

4. numerical algorithms – численный алгоритм

5. to enact – устанавливать, принимать

6. bandwidth – пропускная способность

7. learning theory – теория обучения

8. meaningful – плодотворный, достоверный, конструктивный

9. decision problem – задача принятия решений

10. profit – прибыль

11. crop – урожай

12. aspiration – стремление

13. organizational excellence –организационное преимущество (совершенство организационной структуры)

14. leadership training – лидерский тренинг

2. Match the columns

1. scientific research-based principles

a. рабочие характеристики сборочной линии

2. crop yield

b. исследование операций

3. assembly line performance

c. принципы, основанные на научном исследовании

4. operations research

d. наука об управлении, наука о методах управления

5. verbal representations

e. урожайность

6. probability

f. благотворительные комитеты

7. driver for change

g. современный бихевиоризм (современная поведенческая психология)

8. modern behavioral psychology

h. практическое влияние (практические последствия)

9. charitable groups

i. общественные группы

10. dynamical systems theory

j. вероятность

11. practical impact

k. теория динамических систем

12. community groups

l. генератор изменений

13. management science

m. речевые представления

3. In each column find the word with the more general meaning

1. economics

2. analytical methods

3. optimization

business

mathematical modeling

mathematical isciplines

engineering

numerical algorithms

probability

sciences

statistics

dynamical systems

theory

4. Fill the gaps with the proper words. Use the words given: different, techniques, science, field.

1. Management … (MS) is an interdisciplinary branch of applied mathematics. 2. The … was traditionally known as operations research (OR) in the United States and Canada. 3. Management science is concerned with a number of … areas of study. 4. The management scientist's mandate is to use rational, systematic, science-based … to inform and improve decisions of all kinds.

5. Translate the following collocations:

concerned with, an ability to, models of, to be concerned with, to focus on, to be about, play with, to be part of, to be a driver for.

6. Explain the meaning of the following words and word combinations:

dynamical systems theory, leadership training, practical impact, profit, decision problem, scientific research-based principles, charitable groups.

Reading

7. Read the text and be ready to answer the questions.

Management science

Management science (MS) is an interdisciplinary branch of Applied Mathematics devoted to optimal decision planning, with strong links with Economics, Business, Engineering, and other sciences. It uses various scientific research-based principles, strategies, and analytical methods including Mathematical Modeling, Statistics and numerical algorithmsto improve an organization's ability to enact rational and meaningfulmanagementdecisions by arriving at optimal or near optimal solutions to complex decision problems. The discipline is typically concerned with determining the maxima (of profit, assembly line performance, crop yield, bandwidth, etc) or minima (of loss, risk, costs, etc.) of some objective function. In short, management sciences help businesses to achieve goals using various scientific methods.

The field was traditionally known as Operations Research (OR) in the United States and Canada, or Operational research in the United Kingdom. These three terms are often used interchangeably to describe the same field.

Management science is concerned with a number of different areas of study:

1) developing and applying models and concepts that may prove useful in helping to illuminate management issues and solve managerial problems. The models used can often be represented mathematically, but sometimes computer-based, visual or verbal representations are used as well or instead.

2) designing and developing new and better models of organizational excellence. A leading influence in this area is the work of Dr. Mark Draper which combines insights from the fields of knowledge management, cognitive psychology, leadership training, learning theory, and modern behavioral psychology. Dr. Jim Collins's work at Stanford presents the important scientific facts about how to turn a good organization into a great one. Dr Draper's work focuses more on how to create new powerful and effective organizations.

Management Science Research can be done on three levels:

– the fundamental level lies in three mathematical disciplines: Probability, Optimization, and Dynamical Systems Theory.

– the modeling level is about building models, analyzing them mathematically, gathering and analyzing data, implementing models on computers, solving them, playing with them – all this is part of Management Science Research on the modeling level. This level is mainly instrumental, and driven mainly by Statistics and Econometrics.

– the application level, just as any other engineering and economics disciplines, has strong aspirations to make a practical impact and be a driver for change in the real world.

The management scientist's mandate is to use rational, systematic, science-based techniques to inform and improve decisions of all kinds. Of course, the techniques of Management Science are not restricted to business applications but may be applied to military, medical, public administration, charitable groups, political groups or community groups.

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