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9.Act as a superintendent (See the text in Ex. 6). Answer the following questions about the flat for rent. Consider the prompts in brackets as well.

1.Is there a stove in the kitchen? 2. Is there a refrigerator in the kitchen? 3. Is there a fire escape? (+) 4. Is there a TV antenna on the roof? (-) 5. Is there a radiator in every room? (-, living room, bedrooms) 6. Is there a mailbox near the building? (+) 7. Is there a bus stop near the building? (+) 8. Is there an elevator in the building?

9.Are there any pets in the building? 10. Are there any children in the building? 11. How many rooms are there in the apartment? 12. How many floors are there in the apartment? (15) 13. Is there a closet in the bedroom? (+) 14. How many windows are there in the living room? 15. Are there any mice in the basement? (-!!!) 16. Are there any cockroaches in the apartment? (-!!!) 17. Are there any broken windows in the apartment? (-) 18. Are there any cracks or holes in the walls? (-) 19. Will there be any renovation of the apartment? 20. Do they allow night parties? (-)

10.What furniture is there in each room of your apartment? Model: There is a table and four chairs in the living room.

Mind!

Prepositions of place:

in – inside: in the room, shop, box; in the pool, the sea, my coffee…; in the street; in France, London, the city centre;

on – on the surface: on the table, shelf…; on the 1st floor;

at – near, very close to…: at the desk, window, door, traffic lights, the bus-stop;

next to – adjacent to; at or on one side of: next to the wardrobe, sofa, mirror; the house, hospital, bank;

between – at a point intermediate to two other points: between the refrigerator and the cooker;

under – directly below: under the bed, table, sofa; over – directly above: over the refrigerator, sink…

in the middle of – in the centre of: in the middle of the room, square, park…

in front of – a position or place directly before or ahead: in front of the building

behind – at the rear of: behind the sofa-bed, wardrobe, bookcase

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Memorize:

in bed

in a newspaper, magazine, book…; in a photo, picture…;

in a car (but on a bus/on a train/on a plane)

at home, work, school, university at the station, airport

at the hairdresser’s, doctor’s, dentist’s at Jane’s (house), my sister’s.

at a concert, conference, party, football match at the end

at the top/bottom of the page

11. Insert the proper preposition:

I.in or at:

1.I usually do my shopping _____ the city centre.

2.Why didn’t the bus-driver stop _____ the bus-stop?

3.There is a list of names on the notice board. My name is _____ the bottom of the list.

4.There are many people _____ the concert today?

5.My brother studies mathematics _____ London University.

6.Where does your sister live? – _____ Brussels.

7.Munich is a large city _____ the south of Germany.

8.Do you work? – No, I’m still _____ school.

9.George is coming by train. I’m going to meet him _____ the station.

10.Charlie is _____ hospital. He’s going to have an operation tomorrow.

II.in, on or at:

1.Where are my books? I put them ___ the table, but they are not there now.

2.The butter is ___ the fridge. Let's make some sandwiches.

3.I haven't seen John lately. He must have moved to another city. – No, he is here. I saw him ___ the dentist's the other day.

4.She works ___ Barcelona and her husband works ___ London.

5.I sat ___ the bed and read the letter.

6.I left my notebook ___ home.

7.The dictionary is ___ the shelf in my bookcase. You can borrow it if you need.

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8.There was a lot of garbage on the pavement when I arrived to the Central Square.

9.I was ___ the party yesterday and came home late.

10.Where is your sister? – She is still ___ bed. She usually sleeps long on days off.

12. Answer these questions about your house:

Model: Where is your coat rack? – My coat rack is in the hall, next to the mirror.

1. Where is your telephone? 2. Where is your refrigerator? 3. Where is your television? 4. Where is your calendar? 5. Where is your radio? 6. Where is your stereo? 7. Where is your computer? 8. Where is your mixer? 9. Where is your bed? 10. Where is your reading lamp?

Speaking

13. a) Draw a simple map of your neighbourhood. Work in pairs: ask each other about your neighbourhoods including the words from the Data Bank in your questions and answers.

Data Bank: neighbourhood; bakery; bank; barber’s/hairdresser's; beauty parlour; bus station; cafeteria; church; clinic; department store; dentist’s office; chemist’s; fire station; petrol (gas) station; hospital/policlinic; laundry/Laundromat; library; cinema; park; police station; post office; diner; supermarket

Model: Is there a canteen in your neighbourhood? – No, there isn’t. Is there a cafeteria in your neighbourhood? – Yes, there is. Where is it? – It’s in Central Street, across from the cinema.

14. a) Ask your classmates how they usually get:

to:

from:

their hostel/house;

the railway station;

the university library;

the bus station;

the polyclinic;

the city centre;

the university;

 

the diner / cafeteria

 

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a)
b) ;
c)
,
d)
e)
f)
g) ;
h) "
"
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)
n) ;
o)
p)
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b) Answer the same questions (Your answers should be as detailed as possible).

Model: How do you usually get to your house from the railway station? – I live not far from the railway station, in Holovna Street. So I usually get out of the building of the station, turn to the left, walk some 200 metres and get right to my house.

15. a) Match the idioms in the left column with their Ukrainian equivalents in the right column.

1. to be (feel) at home

2. to get out of bed from the wrong side

3. close to home

4. to do something under the table

5. room at the top

6. window on the world

7. to shut the door in somebody's face

8. home and dry/home and health

9. a home bird

10. to camp on somebody's doorstep

11. to build castles in the air

12. to force an open door

13. to drive somebody to the wall

14. to show somebody the door

15. to put(set) one's house in order

16. to build one's house upon the sand

17.nothing to write home about

18.a home from home

19.to call somebody on the carpet

20."the house that Jack built"

r)" ";

s)( )

b) Illustrate the meanings of the English idioms by your own examples.

16.* Translate into English using the idioms from Ex. 15.

1. ?

" ". ? – .

, .

. ! 2.

, ,

. 3. 1

. ,

. – ,

.

. . 4.

,

. 5. , .

! 6. –

. .

. 2

, . 7.

? –

3, . 8.

.

. ,

.

1a bore

2hospitable

3cheeky

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. . 9. ,

. ? – !

. ,

. 10.

, ,

.

Reading

Pre-Reading Activities

Answer the following questions.

1) What types of houses are typical for Ukraine? 2) Do people in Ukraine mostly live in a flat or in a private house? 3) What modern conveniences are there in a typical Ukrainian flat? 4) Do people in Ukraine usually have gardens near their houses? 5) How many bedrooms are there in typical Ukrainian flats/private houses?

17. a) Read and translate the following text.

Somewhere to Live: British Homes

An English man's home is his castle? Well that's how the saying goes, but it's not so much a castle as a shed. It's official that British homes are the smallest in Europe with only an average usable floor space of 76 m sq. Most people in England live in urban areas. Towns and cities are spreading into their surrounding environment to cope with the increased population.

Nowadays more people are buying their own homes than in the past. About two thirds of the people in England and the rest of Britain either own, or are in the process of buying, their own home. Most others live in houses or flats that they rent from a private landlord, the local council, or housing association. People buying their property almost always pay for it with a special loan called a mortgage, which they must repay, with interest, over a long period of time, usually 25 years. Most houses in England are made of stone or brick from the local area where the houses are built. The colours of the stones and bricks vary across the country.

Houses are often described by the period they were built in, for example, Georgian, Victorian, 1930’s or post-war. They are also described by the type of house they are. England has many types of homes that range from the traditional thatched cottages, to modern

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blocks of flats in the cities. Other popular types of houses are: a terrace, a semi-detached, a detached house, or a bungalow (a onestorey house). The most popular type of home in England is semidetached (more than 27% of all homes), closely followed by detached, then terraced. Semi-detached houses are usually in the suburbs, which are near the town centre. Terraced houses and blocks of flats are mostly in the town centre. Almost half of London's households are flats, maisonettes or apartments. They are usually described by the number of bedrooms they have, for example, 3 or 4 bedrooms. There were very many houses of this type in British cities in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Today the land on which they stand has become very valuable and the owners either sell it or pull down the old houses and build large blocks of flats. In this way the owners make more money.

In the large cities, people often live in apartments, which are called flats. The cost of houses and flats depends on the area in which the house is situated, although not always, it depends on whether it is a working class area, or a middle class area. The cheapest flats are in the inner city areas which have the poorest people and the highest crime. The area may change over time from an area of rich people to an area of poor people. In such cases, the big Georgian and Victorian houses are divided up into lots of flats. Where one large house would have had one family and some servants, it may now have 5-10 families. Most British people prefer houses to flats, (about 80% of British people live in houses, and 18% live in flats), and they prefer to have a garden. About 67% of British people own their houses or flats. The rest are ‘renting’, that is, living in rented accommodation. It is cheaper to buy than to rent, although this may not be possible.

Street numbering was introduced by act of Parliament in 1765. Every house in a town and city has a number followed by the name of the road it is in: 26 Avebury Avenue. The tradition of house naming is still very spread in Great Britain. It started many years ago with rich people naming their homes. The rich named their Halls, Houses, Manors, Castles, and Lodges according to ancestry, location, and family titles: Norfolk House (Duke of), Belvoir Castle (overlooking the Belvoir Valley), etc. Sometimes one may see the houses named the Cedars, the Poplars, the Rhubarb Cottage, even though there are no trees or vegetables in their gardens. Gradually over the years other people began to

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give names to their homes too. All houses in towns and cities have a number. Very few have just a name and most houses do not have names.

In English homes, the fireplace has always been, until recent times, the natural centre of interest in a room. People may like to sit at a window on a summer day, but for many months of the year they prefer to sit round the fire and watch the dancing flames. In the Middle Ages the fireplaces in the halls of large castles were very wide. People burnt only wood, and carted large logs in from the forests supporting them, as they burnt, on metal bars. Such wide fireplaces may still be seen in old inns, and in some of them there are even seats inside the fireplace.

Elizabethan fireplaces often had carved stone or woodwork over the fireplace, reaching to the ceiling. There were sometimes columns on each side of the fireplace. In the 18th century, space was often provided over the fireplace for a painting or mirror.

When coal fires became common, fireplaces became much smaller. Grates were used to hold the coal. Above the fireplace there was usually a shelf, on which there was often a clock, and perhaps framed photographs.

(based on: http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk)

b) Read, practice and learn the following words:

Shed – ; to spread – ),

); landlord – , ; mortgage – , ; interest – ; thatched

; maisonette – ; pull down – ; the inner city – " " (

, ); servant

; accommodation – ; manor – ; ancestry –

, ; rhubarb – ; gradually – ; flame –

; to cart – ; to support – ; bars –

; inn – , ; to carve – ceiling – ; grate – ( ) .

c)Compare the typical Ukrainian house with the British one. Which of them is better to your mind? Give your reasons.

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18.Find in the text words similar in meaning to the following:

1)the citadel and strongest part of the fortifications of a medieval town; 2) a small building or light construction, used for shelter; 3) a roofing material that consists of straw, reed, etc; 4) the parts of a city in or near its centre, associated with poverty, unemployment, substandard housing, etc; 5) an agreement under which a person borrows money to buy a house, and the lender may take possession of the property if the borrower fails to repay the money; 6) ancestors collectively; 7) the total floor area of a building;

8)lodging; 9) to occupy or use property in return for periodic payments; 10) a plant with long green and red acid-tasting edible leafstalks, usually eaten sweetened and cooked.

19.Find in the text the English equivalents for the following Ukrainian phrases.

1); 2)

; 3)

; 4) , ; 5)

; 6)

; 7) ; 8)

; 9) , ;

10).

20*. Find in the text sentences with the following expressions and read them aloud. Translate them into Ukrainian and let your classmates translate them back into English without consulting the textbook.

1) The cheapest flats are in the inner city areas; 2) location, and family titles; 3) that's how the saying goes; 4 range from the traditional thatched cottages; 5) he cost of houses and flats depends on; 6) by the number of bedrooms; 7) to cope with the increased population; 8) very few have just a name; 9) the most popular type of home; 10) about two thirds of the people.

Speaking

21. Read the Information File. Answer the following questions.

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Information File

London is not a cheap place to live. House prices are high and it even costs you more to rent a room or house there. The prices of houses depend on the area of the town, and the area of Britain. A 6-bedroom farmhouse in the North of Scotland or in Devon would cost the same as a 1- bedroom flat in London. A big problem in England is the rising cost of houses. In 1989 first-time buyers paid an average of around £40,000, but by 2001 this had more than doubled to £85,000. The research by Halifax1 shows that there is no town in Britain where average property prices are currently below £100 000.

Greater London is topping the table for the highest average prices, which are likely to push through the £300 000-barrier in the third quarter of the year.

The average cost of renting in and around London per week:

 

Central London

Outer London

Rooms, bedsits, sharers

£118.89

£ 84.79

Studios

£187.50

£123.80

1-bedroom house/flat

£265.12

£160.36

2-bedroom house/flat

£375.70

£212.26

(based on: http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk)

1. Have you ever rented a flat/room? Have any of your friends or relatives lived in a rented flat? 2. Is it more expensive to rent a flat or to buy it in Ukraine? 3. Where, to your mind, is the cost of houses higher – in your native town or in Kyiv? Why? 5. Do people in Ukraine pay mortgage or the whole sum of money at once when buying a flat? 6. Would you like to buy a house some day? If so, what kind of a house would it be? 7. Does the price of a house depend on the area of the city or a country in Ukraine? 8. Are houses in the village more expensive than those in the city centre? 9. Some people choose to build their own houses themselves rather than to buy them. Why? 10. Would you prefer to live in a flat or in your own house? Give your reasons.

22.* Highlight the meanings of the proverbs, making up short situations. Tell them in class.

1. People who live in glass houses should not throw stones.

1 Halifax is a brand name of Bank of Scotland, a subsidiary of the Lloyd's Banking Group.

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