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6. Give an accurate translation of the listed words and word combinations:

1. a limited function computer

2. an abacus

3. a slide rule

4. the goal

5. carry out a sequence of arithmetic or logical operations

6. to evolve very rapidly

7. application capabilities

8. a vacuum tube

9. instructions storage

10. magnetic drum and magnetic core technology

11. integrated circuits

12. a semiconductor

13. punched cards and printouts

14. to run multiple applications

15. become accessible

16. mass usage

17. a computer network

18. artificial intelligence

19. voice recognition

20. to expand the use

21. to solve various problems

22. to increase speed

23. backgrounds of high level programming languages

24. the branch of computer science

25. to coin the term

7. Answer the questions:

  1. What were the first mechanical devices that somewhat resembled a computer?

  2. How can the word “computer” be defined?

  3. What are the characteristic features of the first generation computers?

  4. When did the first programming languages appear?

  5. Did the invention of a transistor have a huge influence on the development of electronics?

  6. How long did the third generation last?

  7. What did the appearance of integrated circuits allow?

  8. What led to the invention of the Internet?

  9. What are the fifth generation computing devices based on?

  10. Where and when was the term “Artificial Intelligence” coined?

8. Are these statements true or false?

  1. The first mechanical devices that somewhat can be called a limited function computers appeared in the 17th century.

  2. The main aim of every computer is to entertain us.

  3. The second generation of computers is the era of vacuum tubes.

  4. The computers of the first generation were not big, cheap, quick and had unlimited application capabilities.

  5. The first symbolic (assembly) programming languages appeared in the second generation.

  6. The appearance of integrated circuits allowed placing miniaturized transistors on aluminium chips.

  7. Microprocessor is a device that has dozens of transistors built in one chip.

  8. The development of computer networks led to invention of the Internet.

  9. Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like robots.

  10. The fourth generation was started by a keyboard that was developed in 1971.

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