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24.department – отдел в магазине textiles department – отдел тканей footwear department – отдел обуви

underwear department – отдел нижнего белья

cosmetics department – отдел парфюмерии и косметики household goods department – отдел хозяйственных товаров

men’s (women’s) outfitters department – отдел мужской (женской) одежды

Shopping for Clothes. Fashion.

1.to fit – подходить по размеру (об одежде)

2.fitting room – примерочная

3.to try on – примерять

4.to suit, to become – идти, быть к лицу size – размер

e.g. I wear shoes size 38.

5.to match – сочетаться, гармонировать

6.fashion – мода

to be in fashion – быть в моде fashionable – модный

to keep up with the fashion – следовать моде

7.style, design – фасон

8.stylish – стильный, модный

9.up-to-date / out-dated – современный, модный / устаревший, вышедший из моды

10.to look well – хорошо смотреться, выглядеть хорошо

Vocabulary Exercises

Ex. 1 Find the words with the most general meaning.

1)shop, newsagent's, jeweler’s, chemist's

2)pay, buy, choose, do the shopping

3)shoes, textiles, goods, books

4)dress, clothes, scarf, lounge suit

Ex.2 Cross-one-out.

1)shoes, greeting cards, T-shirts. casuals

2)heavy blue, dark grey, pale green, blue jeans

3)twenty-nine dollars, extra large, three and a half, medium

4)shopping mall, travel agency, hairstylist's, boutique

Ex. 3. Find in the box:

4 pairs of antonyms

9 pairs of synonyms

7 compound words with the word «shop» in its structure

5 verbs which forms are identical with the nouns derived from the same words.

to buy

to waste shop

goods

to purchase

shopping

queue

to go shopping

expensive

to be in stock

shop-assistant

 

store

to be on sale

to spend

 

cheap

customer

to save

shop-window

salesman

to do the shopping

to be out of stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

51

 

 

 

to sell

change

to display

to deliver

shopping list bargain

 

 

 

 

 

Ex. 4. Make a list of shops where you can buy:

a) food

f) women's clothes

b) medicines

g) household goods

c) books

h) magazines

d) toys

i) flowers

e) textiles

j) stationary

Ex. 5. What store / shopping place

can you find in any city?

has no counters, cash-desks or shop assistants?

never closes for a night?

is a few meters from your place?

won't give you an opportunity to buy by credit card?

is arranged so, that you take goods yourself from the open counters?

Ex. 6. Make two definitions of your own for each of the following shops:

Model: A baker's is a shop that sells bread

A baker's is a shop where you can buy bread.

1)a chemist's

2)a jeweler’s

3)a florist's

4)a stationer's

5)a newsagent's

6)a bookseller's

Ex. 7. Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box in the correct form.

borrow collect earn lend lose make need save spend win

1.In a casino you can ... or ... money very easily.

2.If you ... money, you can ask a friend to ... money from a bank.

3.His company.... a lot of money and so he ... a good salary.

4.She is careful with money - she doesn't ... very much. She ... 40$ a week.

5.At the moment she ... money for charity.

Ex. 8. Match the words to the definitions.

a bargain

to bargain

cash

discount

price

1)how much you have to pay for something

2)something that is of very good value

3)money taken off the full price

4)to discuss the price of something in order to agree to a lower price

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5) money in coins and notes

Ex. 9. Match the names of different shops to their definitions.

1) chain store

a) a large shop with many departments selling all kinds of

2) mail-order firm

consumer goods

3) shopping centres

b) a small shop which specializes in selling particular kinds of

4)

supermarket

goods

5)

specialty shop

c) a shop that offers the customers all kinds of discounts

6)

department store

d) a small shop nearby selling mostly foods and newspapers

7)

shopping mall

e) sheltered shopping area where you can buy everything from

8)

corner shop

 

meat to household goods usually at lower prices

9)

outdoor market

f)

a shop which sells already-used clothes

10)

discount store

g)

large outdoor shopping area

11)

all-round shop

h) a large shop arranged so that you pass as many shelves and

12)

second-hand shop

 

counters with foodstuffs as you can

 

 

 

i)

a shop that sells goods delivering them by mail

 

 

 

j)

a shop which works 24 hours a day

 

 

 

k)

a huge conglomeration of stores of all kinds on a large territory

 

 

 

l)

a shop affiliated to shopping network

Ex. 10. What word or phrase is defined in each sentence?

1.A shop where you can buy fashionable clothes.

2.A place with many shops either outside or indoors.

3.A person who works in a shop.

4.A place where you can try on clothes in a shop.

5.The place where you can pay for things in a shop.

6.To look around the shop without planning to buy anything.

7.The shop where you can buy medicines, baby products, shampoo, etc.

Ex. 11. Choose the right word from the brackets.

1.The goods are laid out on the ... (shop windows/counters).

2.You can buy these goods. They are... (for sale/in stock).

3.When something costs a lot of money we say it's ...(expensive/priceless).

4.When the article is good and very cheap we say it's a... (bargain /reduction).

5.When you have bought something you get a... (bill / receipt).

6.We can pay at the... (cash desk/check-out).

7.When an article is good we say that it's of... (good quality/ super quality).

8.When an article is not in the shop we say it's not... (in stock/supplied).

Ex.12. Fill in the blanks with the corresponding word from the box below.

1.I do my ... at the Central Department Store.

2.They have a good selection and their prices are ..., too.

3.They're having a big ... at Mothercare. – Anything in particular, ... sale?

4.How much did you ... for your bedroom-suite?

5.I spent the afternoon ... for clothes.

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6.I called in the jeweler’s to buy ... for my fiancée.

7.It's a ... at that price.

8.This style is coming into... again.

9.How long do your shops keep ... on Saturdays?

10.This sports car is too.... We can't... to buy it this spring.

11.I want ... a 20 pound note, please.

12.It's 5.71 pounds. – I’m sorry, I have no ... about me, so keep the... , please.

sale to pay

shopping (2)

an engagement ring

low

on fashion

bargain

 

 

to change

a change (2)

expensive

to afford

open

 

 

Ex. 13. Find the wrong variant and explain your choice.

 

 

 

 

1.

The… was crowded with shoppers on the Saturday before Christmas.

 

 

a) shopping centre

b) stall

c) mall

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

In the department stores, customers are usually welcome to examine and try on…

a) goods

 

b) articles

c) materials

 

 

 

 

3.

The meal

was

really...,

we got

at least

six

courses

– all

for under $10.

a) a bargain

 

b) a good offer

c) expensive

 

 

 

 

4.

How much is your shirt? – I got four for only $30. They were....

 

 

 

a) on sale

 

b) reduced at price

c) in stock

 

 

 

 

5.

I can't imagine how she affords to send her kids to that school – it must....

 

 

a) be priceless

 

b) be costly

c) be expensive

 

 

 

 

6.

Unless Jaguar can ..., they will soon be unable to compete on the American market.

a) cut the prices

 

b) reduce prices

c) raise prices

 

 

 

 

7.

We don't get many ... on Mondays – Saturday is our busiest day.

 

 

 

a) clients

 

b) customers

c) passengers

 

 

 

 

8.

We ... a large selection of European wines.

 

 

 

 

 

a) stock

 

b) have on sale

c) buy

 

 

 

 

 

9.

It was difficult to choose from such ... of dishes on the menu.

 

 

 

a) a range

 

b) a choice

c) a mixture of

 

 

 

 

10. Sales staff are trained to be....

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) helpful

 

b) knowledgeable

c) invisible

 

 

 

 

Ex.14. Translate into English:

1.Мне нужно сделать сегодня кое-какие покупки.

2.Завтра мы идем покупать мне пальто.

3.Я ищу сумку к этому костюму уже три месяца.

4.Когда открываются (закрываются) магазины в вашем городе?

5.До которого часа открыта аптека? Надо поторопиться. Скоро закрытие.

6.Я не могу найти ничего подходящего.

7.Такие костюмы сейчас в моде.

8.Вот модели последней моды.

9.В этом магазине товары наилучшего качества.

10.Мне идут все оттенки зеленого.

11.У меня с собой только бумажные деньги. Придется разменять 5-фунтовую банкноту.

Text A

Shopping

Shopping is a part of everyone's daily life. It is something that we all have to do at some 54

time or another. For a lot of people, shopping is a necessity - like housework. For others, shopping is fun and a relaxing process. We live in a consumer society and it is becoming more and more important to develop our shopping habits so that we can easily find everything we need in a great variety of goods and services.

Whatever we want to buy, it's always better to have a choice. Nowadays we have not only got a choice of products, but we have also got a choice of how we buy. There are many kinds of big and small shops in every town or city, offering a wide selection of products, from the shoe polish to newly-laid eggs. The usual working-hours for most shops are from 8 a.m. until 8 p.m.

When we buy something in a shop, we usually pay in cash, but sometimes we buy on credit using a credit card, and we may also pay by cheque. If you buy in bulk, you are often offered a discount, but it is not usual to haggle about prices in shops, as it is, say in a Turkish market. If you want to return something what you have bought to a shop, you may be given a refund, so your money will be returned, if you have a receipt. If you buy something that you feel is a good value, it's a bargain.

It is sometimes very interesting to see new developments in the shopping facilities that are available to us. There are places where you can do your shopping at any time of day or night. They are called all-round shops or «24-hour shops». Many shops run a home-delivery service. If you have a telephone, it saves the trouble of going to the shop yourself, and moreover it saves a lot of time. In the age of technologies we live in, people can even go shopping sitting at their computers using Internet.

Goods can be bought not only in shops and stores, but also in outdoor markets. All towns and cities have such markets, often in the original market places. A market today has a number of stalls where a wide range of clothes, household goods, fruit and vegetables is on sale and prices are often lower than in ordinary shops.

If you don't want to spend a lot of money, you should watch newspaper ads for sales. You may go to different kinds of sales: annual sales, one-day sales, half-price sales, clearance sales and others.

But still, we should admit, that no matter what type of money-spending we choose, a day out shopping can be very expensive. It is much cheaper to go window shopping in the evening when all the shops are closed.

Task 1. Comprehension questions.

1.How do different people treat shopping?

2.What is important when we speak about shopping in our modern society?

3.Where can we buy goods nowadays?

4.How can we pay for the goods in shops?

5.When can you be offered a discount?

6.What is a refund?

7.What is a bargain?

8.Where can you buy goods when you want to save money?

9.Where can you buy goods when you want to save time?

10.What is the cheapest kind of shopping?

Task 2. Find in the text equivalents to the following words and phrases.

1)покупки

2)потребительское общество

3)товары и услуги

4)часы работы

5)платить наличными

6)покупать в кредит

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7)кредитная карточка

8)расплачиваться банковским чеком

9)товарный (кассовый) чек

10)выгодная покупка

11)магазины, работающие круглосуточно

12)служба доставки

13)открытые рынки

14)рыночная палатка, киоск

15)быть в продаже

16)низкие цены

17)распродажа

18)рассматривать витрины магазинов

Task 3. Say if the following statements are true or false:

1.Shopping is fun for everyone.

2.There are many kinds of big and small shops in modern society.

3.Most shops work round the clock.

4.Buying goods in outdoor markets, you may pay in cash, by cheque or a credit card.

5.It is not usual to haggle about prices in shops.

6.When you buy in bulk, it’s a bargain.

7.Nowadays many shops run a home-delivery service.

8.You can buy goods sitting at home using a computer.

9.Annual sales are held twice a year.

10.Window shopping can be very expensive.

Task 4. Put the sentences in the correct order according to the contents of the text.

1.Window shopping is the cheapest, but less enjoyable kind of shopping.

2.Paying in cash is not the only way of payment.

3.Today we have not got only a choice of products, but also a choice of shopping facilities.

4.Some people treat shopping like housework, others - enjoy it.

5.If you want to save money, you can go to the market or visit any kind of sales.

6.If you don't want to go to the shop you may phone a home-delivery service or use internet shops.

Task 5. Complete the following sentences:

I. If you want to go shopping you may go to…

2.In a shop you may pay....

3.If you want to do some shopping, but you don't want to leave your house, you may...

4.There exist such kinds of sales as....

Text B

Task 1. Read the text and say what new facts you have learnt about shops in Great Britain.

Shops and Shopping in Britain

In the centre of most towns and cities there is a main street with lots of different shops. Britain is not an exception. This street is known as «High Street» here.

Britain has two main types of shops: those that are part of a chain or a group, and those that are individually owned. Chains such as Woolworths, Marks and Spencer, Boots and W.H. Smith have branches in most towns and cities.

56

One of the best-known chain-stores is Marks and Spencer, which sells clothes and food. The company has over 700 stores world-wide and has a reputation for good quality. Marks and Spencer (or M&S) is Britain's favourite store. It attracts a great variety of customers, from housewives to millionaires. The Duchess of York, Dustin Hoffman, and the British Prime Minister are just a few of its famous customers. Their best-selling clothes are men's shirts, socks, pyjamas, dressing gowns and suits. Best-sellers in food include fresh chickens, bread, vegetables and sandwiches. The store bases its business on three principles: good value, good quality, and good service. But perhaps the most important key to its success is its happy, well-trained staff.

London and many other large cities also have large department stores. Harrods in London is one of the largest in the world and boasts that it can supply anything a customer orders. The present store has over 300 departments and a staff of more than 4000 people. The display in the food hall is amazing. For example, there is a choice over 500 types of cheese. Harrods is owned by the Egyptian, Mohammed Al Fayed.

In most high streets there is a charity shop. All the profits from the things sold go to charity. Oxfam is the best-known chain of charity shops and it sells second-hand clothes and books.

A special kind of general shop is the corner shop, so called because it is often situated on a street corner in a part of town where there are no other shops. Many of them are run by Indian or Pakistani families. Most corner shops sell food and newspapers. They are open until late in the evening, as well as on Sundays. The biggest of the supermarket chains is Sainsbury’s.

On Sunday almost all shops are closed, with the exception of newsagents’ which are open in the morning to sell Sunday newspapers.

In the last quarter of the twentieth century supermarkets have been moving out of town, where there is lots of free parking place. As they do so, they are becoming bigger and turning into «hypermarkets» stocking a wide selection of everything. As a result, many small high street and corner shops are closing because people prefer to drive to these huge shopping complexes outside town.

But high street shops often survive by adapting. In larger towns, shops have tended to become either more specialized or to sell especially cheap goods for people who are too poor to own a car and drive out of town.

As for the British, in general, they are not very adventurous shoppers. They like reliability and buy brand-new goods where possible, preferably with the price clearly marked, as they don't like to haggle over prices. Sometimes the British go to the markets in search of bargains. It's very important for the housewives fighting a losing battle against inflation, because the prices are rising constantly.

Task 2. Answer the questions.

1.What is characteristic for the High Street in Britain?

2.What are the two main types of shops in Britain?

3.What have you learnt about Marks and Spencer?

4.What large department stores are to be found in London?

5.Where do all the profits from the charity shops go?

6.What is a corner shop?

7.What is the latest tendency in locating big shopping centres and supermarkets?

8.How does it influence smaller shops?

9.What can you say about shopping habits of the British?

Task 3. Think of three things in your local supermarkets that are probably not sold in Great Britain. What special sales techniques do supermarkets and department stores have in your city?

57

Text C

Task 1. Before reading the text answer the following questions:

1.Are there any particular big shopping areas in your native place?

2.What do you know about shopping in America?

Task 2. Read the text.

Shopping in the USA

Shopping is the favourite pastime of many Americans and it is generally easier and more relaxing than in Europe. Shops are more spacious and less crowded, and shopping hours are longer. Many shops are open evenings and Sundays, and some of them are open twenty-four hours a day.

The Americans usually go to big shopping centres called malls that have a variety of boutiques, department stores, and restaurants. Everything is indoors, so you can walk from store to store without worrying about traffic or bad weather. Malls are air - conditioned in the summer and heated in winter, and have large parking lots where you can park easily.

Some malls provide free entertainment. There might be a band playing rock music or a puppet show for children. Child-care facilities are sometimes available, so children can play safely while their parents shop.

A typically American kind of shop is the 'DRUGSTORE'. A drugstore is not: a chemist's shop selling drugs, in most of them you can buy drugs, but their main business is to sell stationary, candy, milk shakes, pens, ice-cream, paperbacked books or imitation jewellery. Every drugstore has a food counter where you can sit on a high stool and have Coca-Cola, orange juice, hot dogs and many other things.

The USA is also famous for its 'SUPERMARKETS' that are much bigger than in Britain: some covering 40,000 square feet are not uncommon, and they have huge car-parks where the cars of a thousand customers can be parked. Nearly 50% of the groceries sold in America are sold in the supermarkets which sell goods as diverse as cameras, guns and ammunition.

But you should be careful about the prices: the sum may he more than appears on the price tags. This is because there is a sales tax in America on everything except basic goods. The amount of the sales tax is usually 6 to 8 percent of the price.

Shoppers can use their credit cards to charge almost everything they buy. Buying something with a credit card can be more convenient than paying for it right away with cash. There are different kinds of credit cards, and over 60 percent of Americans have one or more cards.

Many Americans are bargain hunters who shop at outlets that sell merchandise at a discount, so it is usually cheaper than at regular stores. Merchandise is also discounted in regular stores. An item on sale can cost as little as half the normal price. Sales are advertised in newspapers, on the radio, on TV, or by mail. Stores compete with each other by reducing their prices and staying open in the evenings. Many are open seven days a week and sometimes until 9.00 at night.

Task 3. Answer the questions.

1.What way does shopping in the USA differ from that in Britain?

2.What is a typically American kind of shop?

3.What types of goods are taxed in the USA?

4.What is a sales tax?

5.What is the alternative for the supermarkets in rural areas and small towns in the USA?

58

Text D

Task l. Read the text and get ready to discuss the problem of fashion.

Fashion

Spring, summer, autumn, winter: every season there are new clothes and new fashions in the shops. Colours and styles keep changing. One season black is the «in» colour, but the next season everyone is wearing orange or pink or grey. One season tight-fitting clothes are fashionable, and the next season baggy clothes are «in».

The length of women's skirts goes up and down from year to year. In the 1960s mini skirts became very fashionable and a woman could wear a skirt twenty or thirty centimetres above the knee. A few years later, maxi skirts became trendy and then you had to wear skirts twenty or thirty centimetres below the knee. Each season there is always a «correct» length and if your skirt is just a little too long or too short some people will think that you are very unfashionable.

Men have similar problems with their shirts. Some years it is fashionable to wear very small collars. Another year small collars become out-dated and large button-down collars are trendy. Sometimes it even becomes fashionable to wear shirts with no collars at all. A shirt you once thought was very trendy can look strangely old-fashioned a few years later. And your father's shirts, which you always thought were very conservative and traditional, can suddenly seem very stylish.

Keeping up with the fashions can be very expensive. So, one way to save money is never to throw your old clothes out. If you wait long enough, the clothes that are out of fashion today will be back in fashion tomorrow. Yesterday's clothes are tomorrow's new fashions.

Task 2. Answer the questions:

1.Do you like shopping for clothes? Why? Why not?

2.What styles and colours are fashionable at the moment for men and for women?

3.What was in fashion last year, but is out of fashion this year?

4.Is fashion only for the rich?

5.Is it possible to consider clothes as a special sign, for example, a social one? Give examples to prove your opinion.

Speech Patterns and Dialogues

Task 1. Working in pairs make up mini-dialogues using the following patterns:

1. Hello, can I help you?

 

Yes, I'd like to look at this dress.

Do you need some assistance?

 

Yes, could you show me that jacket?

Could I help you with anything?

 

Yes, I'd like to try on these shoes.

 

 

 

2. Perhaps you can advise me, please....

 

What can I do for you?

Can you advise me, please....?

 

Yes, how can I help you?

Would you help me, please....?

 

Yes, what would you like?

3. I'm looking for a present for my girl-

 

Let me show you this one.

 

Just a moment, I'll look if we got

friend.

 

 

anything of the kind.

I'm trying to find a T- shirt.

 

 

We have a large choice of blouses of

Have you got anything in the way of a

 

 

the latest fashion.

blue woolen suit, size 42?

 

 

I’m afraid I can't help you.

 

 

 

59

 

 

4. Hello, are you being served?

No, I'd like…

Is someone helping you?

No, thank you, I'm just looking.

May I help you?

 

5. How much is this belt?

It's 5$.

What's the price of....?

Let's see. That'll be....

How much does it cost?

It costs 5$.

6. May I pay by credit card?

That's fine. I'll take it.

 

I'm sorry, but we take cash only.

Task 2. Practice the dialogue. Make similar conversations.

A: Can I help you?

C: No, it's all right, thanks, I'm just looking around. (in some minutes) I like this navy-blue jacket. Can I try it on?

A: Yes. The fitting room is in the right-hand comer. C: Oh, it suits me very well, doesn't it?

A: That's a really nice jacket. Pure wool, a modern fashion. C: How much is it?

A: £55. English clothes are really good value. They are so well-made. C: All right. I can afford the price.

Task 3. Practice the dialogue.

A: Are you being served, ma'am?

C: Not yet. But could you show me that lovely dress, size 12?

A: Here it is. It's medium size, very attractive and ma'am, ... it fits you perfectly, exactly your size. C: Yes, but I don't like the colour. Yellow doesn't really suit me. Have you got anything in blue? It matches the colour of my eyes.

A: I'm afraid I can't help you at the moment. Blue dresses all sold out. Why don't you try this dark grey one?

C: But I don't like the fashion. It makes me look like a sack of potatoes. A: I'm very sorry I can't help you ma'am.

Task 4. Practice the dialogue.

C: Good morning. Perhaps you can advise me ...

A: Yes, madam.

C: I'm looking for a toy ... for my nephew. A: Oh, yes ... How old is he?

C: He'll be nine years old on Saturday. A: Skateboards are still very popular. C: Hmm, I don't want him to hurt himself. A: What about a drum set?

C: I don't think so. His father will be angry if I buy him one of those. Have you got anything educational? You see, he's a very intelligent boy.

A: I’ve got the perfect thing. A do-it-yourself computer kit!

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