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Знаки препинания. Часть вторая - Граник Г.Г., Бондаренко С.М

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Keh\Z ^Z b g_l

 

 

 

 

 

 

Qlh ` _s_"B \k_ ih`Zemc Keh\hf dgb]Z ijh [hcpZ ;_a gZqZeZ [_a dhgpZ

: L\Zj^h\kdbc

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; Hdm^`Z\Z

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< ;jxkh\

4. DZ`^uc jZkkdZa h R_jehd_ Ohefk_ _klv lZd kdZaZlv gZ]ey^guc mjhd h fh]ms_kl\_ q_eh\_q_kdh]h jZamfZ D Qmdh\kdbc 5. G_l imkdZc ihkem`bl hg \ Zjfbb ^Z ihlyg_l eyfdm ^Z ihgxoZ_l ihjhom ^Z [m^_l khe^Zl Z g_ rZfZlhg : K Imrdbg

G_l ih\_klb i_qZevg__ gZ k\_l_ Q_f ih\_klv h Jhf_h b >`mev_ll_

< R_dkibj

<havfb \_keh eZ^vx hlqZev B imklv \ eZ^v_ gZk [m^_l ^\h_ :o [_aukoh^ghklv b i_qZev Khijh\h`^Zxl \k_ a_fgh_

F <hehrbg

8. DZd [u lh gb [ueh \ ^`mg]eyo g_ lZd fgh]h y^h\bluo af_c b ijhqbo qm^h\bs : l_ dhlhju_ _klv ijb ijb[eb`_gbb q_eh\_dZ klZjZxlky mclb J ;ehf[_j]

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y ih hl\_lZf \ dhgp_ ]eZ\u,9

?keb hrb[hd g_ [ueh i_j_oh^bl_ d ke_^mxs_c ]eZ\_ ?keb [ueb ijh^he`Zcl_ jZ[hlm gZ^ wlbf aZ^Zgb_f

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184

G_l g_ ihreZ Fhkd\Z fhy D g_fm k ih\bgghc ]heh\hx

: K Imrdbg

G_l ma k\yl__ lh\Zjbs_kl\Z

G < =h]hev

Hg lu Jmkv fhy jh^bgZ djhldZy Ebrv d l_[_ y ex[h\v [_j_]m

K ?k_gbg

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K ?k_gbg

5. H^gZ`^u wlh [ueh iZ kZfhf \hklhd_ DblZy gZrb fmaudZglu ^Z\Zeb dhgp_jl ijb [eZ]h]h\_cghc lbrbg_ dhlhjZy pZjbeZ \ im[ebd_ <^jm] g_ihgylgh qlh _fm \a[j_eh \ ]heh\m ]jhfdh aZklj_dhlZe k\_jqhd b gbdZd g_ m^Z\Zehkv mgylv _]h ba `mjgZeh\ 6. M DZdZy k\_jdZxsZy qm^gZy g_agZdhfZy fbjm ^Zev Jmkv 7. Wo ljhcdZ IlbpZ ljhcdZ dlh l_[y \u^mfZe" 8. Wo dhgb dhgb qlh aZ dhgb G < =h]hev

G_l g_ aZ[ulv gb ]hehkh\ gb ebp :o dZd ^Z\gh \k_ wlh k gZfb [ueh

: G Fbog_\bq

M`_ dhgqZ_lky fhy ^hjh]Z H ]h\hjb kh fghx ]h\hjb

= B\Zgh\

>Z jmdZ km^v[u F_gy \_eZ bguf iml_f

F X E_jfhglh\

G_l [_ah[jZavy \ ijbjh^_

G : G_djZkh\

>Z kdbnu fu ^Z ZabZlu fu K jZkdhkufb b `Z^gufb hqZfb

: ;ehd

H _keb [ [ue y lbobc dZd ]jhf

< FZydh\kdbc

<uibrbl_ ghf_j ij_^eh`_gby khhl\_lkl\mxs_]h lZdhc ko_f_

Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y ih hl\_lZf \ dhgp_ ]eZ\u,9

51. : l_i_jv fu ijb]eZrZ_f \Zk d hldjh\_gghfm jZa]h\hjm KgZqZeZ \u ijyfh kdZ`_l_ h dZ`^hf ijbf_j_ kdhevdh

qZkl_c \ ij_^eh`_gbb ijhklh_ hgh beb keh`gh_ : ihlhf [_a mlZcdb i_j_qbkebl_ \k_ q_f hkeh`g_gh dZ`^h_ ij_^eh`_gb_ B jZamf__lky jZkklZ\bl_ agZdb ij_ibgZgby

185

G_l g_e_]dh \ ihjy^hd ijb\_klb Ghqgh_ g_aZiheg_ggh_ \j_fy G_ h[dZlZlv _]h g_ mljyklb K imklhlZfb b \iZ^bgZfb \k_fb H dZd l_i_jv gbqlh`_g dZd ^Ze_d Imklhc ghqgh]h \j_f_gb dhfhd

K Y FZjrZd

G_l ^jmavy ex[h\v `_gu Khlgx jZa ijh\_jvl_ GZ \hcg_ kbevg_c \hcgu B [ulv fh`_l kf_jlb

: L\Zj^h\kdbc

:o [jZlpu DZd y [ue ^h\he_g Dh]^Z p_jd\_c b dhehdhe_g KZ^h\ q_jlh]h\ ihemdjm] Hldjueky ij_^h fghx \^jm]

DZd qZklh \ ]hj_klghc jZaemd_ < fh_c [em`^Zxs_c km^v[_ Fhkd\Z y ^mfZe h l_[_

: K Imrdbg

: y \Zf ]h\hjx qlh g_l gZijZkgh ijh`bluo fghc e_l g_ gm`gh ijhc^_gguo iml_c \imklmx keurZgguo \_kl_c G_l g_\hkijbgyluo fbjh\ g_l fbfh jha^Zgguo ^Zjh\ ex[\b gZijZkghc lh`_ g_l ex[\b h[fZgmlhc [hevghc __ g_le_ggh qbkluc k\_l \k_]^Z \h fg_ \k_]^Z kh fghc

H ;_j]]hevp

GZr_ k\ys_ggh_ j_f_keh Kms_kl\m_l lukyqb e_l

K gbf b [_a k\_lZ fbjm k\_leh Gh _s_ gb h^bg g_ kdZaZe ihwl Qlh fm^jhklb g_l b klZjhklb g_l : fh`_l b kf_jlb g_l

: :ofZlh\Z KhklZ\vl_ ko_fm ij_^eh`_gby : y \Zf ]h\hjx )

<uibrbl_ ghf_j ij_^eh`_gby khhl\_lkl\mxs_]h ko_f_ Ijh\_jvl_ k_[y ih hl\_lZf \ dhgp_ ]eZ\u,9

186

Hl\_lu

1. 1. ... , ^jm] =hjZpbc ... . 2. ... , \_l_j >mc ... !

2. 1. >j_fex b ... , b ... , Jmkv >j_fex b ... lZcgZ b \ lZcg_ HgZ ... g_h[uqZcgZ

... . 2. ... lmfZggh_ ... . Lu eb ih^jm]Z `_eZggZy ... ? K gbfb ... lmfZggh_ ... ebph K gbfb ih^jm]Z `_eZggZy ... . 3. ... , F_jb ... ! Gb lhkdb gb ... , gb ... imklv ... .

3. ... E_cl_kv djZkdb

... , dbklb ... , fZeyj ... !

4. Fhc kug ex[h\v

khxa k_j^_p d ... . H[jZs_gb_ fhc kug

5. >_\bpu djZkZ\bpu ^mr_gvdb ih^jm`_gvdb JZau]jZcl_kv ^_\bpu jZa]meycl_kv fbeu_

6. ... , h [_j_aZ ... , [_j_aZ

7. 1. ... , g_fulZy Jhkkby kljZgZ jZ[h\ kljZgZ ]hkih^ b \u fmg^bju ]hem[u_ b lu ihkemrguc bf gZjh^ 2. ... , feZ^_g_p fhc ij_djZkguc ... . 3. ... , g_m^ZqZ b m^ZqZ ... ! < aZdhe^h\Zgghc h[eZklb ieZqZ ... kf_oZ — ... . 4. ... , \_ldZ IZe_klbgu ]^_ lu jhkeZ ... p\_eZ" ... , dZdhc ... ? 5. ... , jh^bgZ djhldZy 6. >mo [jh^y`bc ... H fhy mljZq_ggZy k\_`_klv [mckl\h ]eZa b iheh\h^v_ qm\kl\ ... @bagv fhy ... ? 7. Fbeu_ [_j_ah\u_ qZsb Lu a_fey B \u jZ\gbg i_kdb 8. ... , ^jmavy ... . 9. ... , fZevqbdb FZevqbdb ... .

G_jZkijhkljZg_ggu_

JZkijhkljZg_ggu_

P_ihqdb h[jZs_gbc

h[jZs_gby

h[jZs_gby

 

3, 7, 8, 9

1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7

6

8.1. ... , dmfmrdZ ... ? 2. Ijbey] dZ [jZl ... . 3. Khk_^dZ keurZeZ ev lu ... ? 4. Rbjhdh lu kl_iv ihjZkdbgmeZkv ... . 5. Ex[ex l_[y I_ljZ l\hj_gv_ ex[ex ... , kljhcguc \b^ ... l_q_gv_ ... .

9.1. ... , khdhebd fhc ykguc ... ba ibkvfZ gygb ?]hjh\gu <eZ^bfbjm

>m[jh\kdhfm 2. ... , fbeh_ \b^_gv_ ... ? Ba ibkvfZ LZlvygu d Hg_]bgm 3. ... , ^mrZ Ljyibqdbg ... ba ibkvfZ Oe_klZdh\Z 4. ... , fbeuc ^_^mrdZ ... fhex ... ba ibkvfZ <Zgvdb @mdh\Z

10. 1. ... , fhc ... 2. ... , ^h[juc ... 3. ... , m\Z`Z_fuc ... 4. ... , fhc fbeuc ihlhfm qlh

... 6. ... , ^hjh]b_ fhb ^jmavy ...

11. 1. ;_kkihjgh ...

, lZd dZd ...

. 2. ... , jZamf__lky ... .

12. 1. ... , [ulv fh`_l ... .

2. ...

knbgdk B l_f ... q_eh\_dZ qlh fh`_l klZlvky ... .

3. ... , lh gZ\_jgh_ ...

, q_f ...

.

 

13. 1. Dhg_qgh \_jgh ijZ\^Z [_amkeh\gh jZamf__lky ^_ckl\bl_evgh [_kkihjgh g_khfg_ggh \ kZfhf ^_e_ [_a khfg_gby kZfh kh[hc jZamf__lky

187

2. <_jhylgh \hafh`gh fh`_l [ulv ^he`gh [ulv ih \b^bfhfm \b^bfh ih`Zemc gZ\_jgh_ dZ`_lky ih \k_c \_jhylghklb

14. 1. ... , gh d kqZklvx ... .

2. ...

b d \_ebqZcr_fm m^h\hevkl\bx kh[jZ\rboky ... .

3. ... , d m^b\e_gbx im[ebdb ...

, b ....

4. D g_kqZklvx ... gZdehgbeZkv ... .

15. 1. ... , ih \b^bfhfm ... , q_f ... . NZdlu dZd fg_ dZ`_lky ... . 2. >_ckl\bl_evgh ...

. 3. Q_j_iZob g_khfg_ggh ... . G_dhlhju_ ... , qlh ... , gh wlh kdhj__ \k_]h ... . 4. ...

k_j^pZ ... . 5. Fh`_l [ulv ;ehd ... , ihlhfm qlh ... . 6. ... , \_jhylgh ... . 7. ... qm^guc ...

^j_\gbc b ihkZ^u b ^_j_\gb b iZeZlu b ^\hjpu 8. ... mivxkv ... h[hevxkv b

fh`_l [ulv ... .

H[jZs_gb_

 

 

 

 

 

<\h^gu_ keh\Z

 

 

 

 

 

 

m\_j_gghklv

 

 

 

g_m\_j_gghklv

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4, 7

 

 

 

2, 3 Q_j_iZob ...

)

 

1, 3 G_dhlhju_

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5, 6, 8

16. 1. D kqZklvx

... .

4. Fh`_l [ulv ...

. 5. >_ckl\bl_evgh

... .

8. DZ`_lky ... .

17. 1.

... , ihdZ ...

 

, ]^_ ih kemoZf ... .

2. Ih keh\Zf fhjydh\

... ; _keb `_ ... , hg ... .

Gh ih ij_^Zgbx ...

.

3.

...

, qblZe hohlbeky b ih _]h keh\Zf

... .

 

18. 1. ...

, qlh ...

kZfuc , lh ih`Zemc... ...

. 2. Ih`ZemcklZ ]hem[qbd g_ eb`bkv

ihcfb ... .

<_^v ...

, qlh

...

, g_ agZ_rv lu qlh ... .

 

 

 

 

19. 1. Hf_eZ ih gZjh^guf ih\_jvyf ... . 2. ... , ih`Zemc ... kljhcgh]h k [he__ ... , q_f ... . Wlh ]h\hjyl ... . 3. ... \kihfbgZ_f ... . Fh`_l [ulv ... b qbkluc \ha^mo ... . 4. <u dhg_qgh agZ_l_ qlh ... . 5. Fh`_l [ulv hg ... , qlh ... , dZd ... . Gh y d kh`Ze_gbx

... . 6. Fh`_l [ulv ... . 7. GZ\_jgh_ ... . 8. ... , y `be ... . < g_f dZd jZkkdZau\Zeb ... .

JZamf__lky gbdlh ... , Z fh`_l [ulv ... . 9. ... , jh^gu_ ... , ^jmavy =j_gZ^Z ..., =j_gZ^Z ... . 10. ... , ^jmavy ... , Z ... , ^jmavy ... ! 11. FZfZ ijZ\^Z ^hfh\uo ... , Z ... ?

H[jZs_gby

 

<\h^gu_ keh\Z

 

 

 

m\_j_gghklv

g_m\_j_gghklv

g_jZ\gh^mrgu_

bklhqgbd

 

 

 

 

keh\Z

bgnhjfZpbb

9, 10, 11

4 <u

2 GZ k\_l_ ... ),

5 Gh y ... )

...1 Hf_eZ ), 2

 

dhg_qgh ...),

3, 5 Fh`_l

 

Wlh ]h\hjyl

... ),

 

8 JZamf__lky

[ulv ... ), 6, 7, 8

 

8 < g_f ...

)

 

... )

JZamf__lky ... ),

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

188

20.

1. <_jhylgh ... .

3. Ih fh_fm

... . 5. D jZ^hklb j_[yl

... . 7. >himklbf ...

.

 

21.

1. ...

, g_h`b^Zggh ... , ih fg_gbx ... .

2. ...

, hg

... .

3.

... hq_\b^p_\ ...

. 4.

... , d ...

,

g_ ... .

5. ...

[ulv

... . 6.

... , gh khh[s_gbyf ...

. 7.

... , d kh`Ze_gbx ...

.

 

 

 

22. 1. ...

, qlh b ]h\hjblv [ue ...

, qlh ... .

<h \lhjuo ...

.

G_l klZjbd hg

... .

2. BlZd

... . 3.

...

- g_ agZqbl ...

. GZh[hjhl kdjhfghklv — ... .

4. ...

b g_ aZkem]Z b g_ \bgZ

?keb ... , agZqbl ...

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23. 1. ...

, gh ...

j_f_keZf

... ibkvfm ihagZdhfbe ...

b gZdhg_p ...

. 3. ...

, h^gZdh ...

.

GZdhg_p

... , dhlhjuc ...

, b

.... 4. ...

 

, dZd ...

b gZdhg_p ]hem[dZ ...

, dhlhjZy ...

. 5. ...

,

gZdhg_p

... . 6. ...

, h^gZdh ...

, qlh ...

 

, dhlhjuc ...

, qlh[u

...

, b ....

 

 

 

 

Ko_fu 1) 4; 2) 6.

24. 1. ... , lh ih ih^kq_lZf mq_guo ... . 2. ... , ke_^h\Zl_evgh ... . 3. BlZd ij_^klZ\bf

... , qlh ... , qlh ... . K_cqZk ... , \ijhq_f dhg_qgh ... . : \^jm] ... , \ qZklghklb ... . Lh]^Z

... , \_jhylg__ \k_]h ... . Ih jZ^bh gZijbf_j ?keb fu ... , lh [_amkeh\gh ... . D \_ebqZcr_fm kh`Ze_gbx ... . 4. ... , fhc ^jm] lbrbgm ihegZ ... , ihegZ ... .

25. 1. <_jhylgh ...

. Fg_ ... , y ^mfZx

... . >_\hqdZ ih`Zemc

... , gh ...

. Ihfgx ...

h]jZ^hc dZdh]h lh ...

. <_jhylgh

... , gh fu k gbfb ...

. 2. ...

, fh`gh kdZaZlv ... .

Ih`Zemc ... , dh]^Z ...

, qlh wlh ...

. I_j_^h ... , dZd \kihfbgZx y l_i_jv ...

q_eh\_d y

\b`m ... . < ^_lkl\_ fg_ ]h\hjbeb qlh ... .

F_`^m l_f ...

, qlh ...

hljZ`Z_l bf_ggh ... ,

y gZh[hjhl ... .

 

 

 

 

 

 

26. 1. <hafh`gh \_jhylgh ... . 2. ... , gZ\_jgh_ ... . 3. ... , ke_^h\Zl_evgh ... . 4. ... , \h \lhjuo ... b \ lj_lvbo ... . 5. ... , ih`Zemc ... . 6. ... , k ^jm]hc klhjhgu ... . 7. ... , d kqZklvx ... . 8. ... b gZdhg_p ... . 9. ... , d kqZklvx ... . 10. ... , b ^_ckl\bl_evgh ... . 11.

... , ih`ZemcklZ ... . 12. <hafh`gh ... . 13. Fh`_l [ulv ... . 14. ... , gZijbf_j ... .

27.1. ;_afhe\gu_ fhjkdb_ \hegu fh`_l [ulv kdju\Zxl bkq_agm\rmx :leZglb^m 2. F_jdmjbc \hafh`gh dh]^Z lh [ue kimlgbdhf <_g_ju 3. Ih ihemq_gguf ^Zgguf FZjk h[eZ^Z_l djZcg_ jZaj_`_gghc Zlfhkn_jhc 4. Bgl_j_kgh gZclb deZ^ klZjbgguo fhg_l ijZ\^Z" 5. GZ\_jgh_ m dZ`^h]h \ ^_lkl\_ _klv lZdh_ `_eZgb_ 6. Ki_pbZebklu gmfbafZlu hlghkylky d klZjbgguf fhg_lZf ih`Zemc k _s_ [hevrbf lj_i_lhf q_f imrdbgkdbc kdmihc jupZjv

28.1. IjZ\^Z _s_ ... , ]^_ ... 2. ... , \_jhylgh ... 3. Fh`_l [ulv ... , qlh ... 4. H^gbf

keh\hf ^_evnbgZ ... , qlh ... 5. ... , ih \b^bfhfm ... , hldm^Z ... 6. ... , dZd ijZ\beh ...

29. 1 GZ\_jgh_ ... . Ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ hkeh`g_ggh_ \\h^guf keh\hf b h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb k g_ih\lhjyxsbfky khxahf b 2. EZklhqdZ a\hgdZy ilbpZ Zg]_e ih^ djh\e_c fh_c qlh ...? Ie_g ...? >\Z ijhkluo \hijhkbl_evguo ij_^eh`_gby I_j\h_ hkeh`g_gh p_ihqdhc

189

h[jZs_gbc 3. <Zr_ [eZ]hjh^b_ ]hkih`Z ih[_^Z agZqbl ... g_ ki_lZ I_j_klZgvl_ q_jlb ... G_ ... \ kf_jlb — ... . A^_kv ljb ij_^eh`_gby I_j\h_ ijhklh_ hkeh`g_ggh_ h[jZs_gb_f b \\h^guf keh\hf <lhjh_ ijhklh_ g_hkeh`g_ggh_ h[jZs_gb_f Lj_lv_² keh`gh_ [_kkhxagh_ ba ^\mo qZkl_c dhlhju_ ih kfukem ijhlb\hihklZ\e_gu ^jm] ^jm]m 4. ;ulv fh`_l wlb we_dljhgu fbju ]^_ iylv fZl_jbdh\ bkdmkkl\Z agZgvy \hcgu ljhgu ... . ?s_ [ulv fh`_l dZ`^uc Zlhf

\k_e_ggZy ]^_ klh ieZg_l lZf \k_ qlh a^_kv \ h[t_f_ k`Zlhf ih lZd`_ lh q_]h a^_kv g_l I_j\h_ ij_^eh`_gb_²keh`gh_ qZklb _]h k\yaZggu_ khxaguf keh\hf ]^_ jZa^_e_gu aZiylhc =eZ\gh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ hkeh`g_gh \\h^guf keh\hf ijb^Zlhqgh_ h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb < ]eZ\ghf ih^e_`Zs__ b kdZam_fh_ \ujZ`_gu kms_kl\bl_evgufb \ bf_gbl_evghf iZ^_`_ k\yadZ ijhims_gZ klZ\bf gZ __ f_kl_ lbj_ <lhjh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ keh`gh_ k [_kkhxaghc b ih^qbgbl_evghc k\yavx GZ f_kl_ [_kkhxaghc k\yab ij_^eh`_gb_ jZkiZ^Z_lky gZ 2 qZklb \lhjZy ihykgy_l i_j\mx jZa^_ey_f bo ^\h_lhqb_f I_j\Zy qZklv [_kkhxagh]h ij_^eh`_gby \ k\hx hq_j_^v jZkiZ^Z_lky gZ 2 qZklb ]eZ\gZy²hkeh`g_gZ \\h^guf keh\hf \ g_c klhbl lbj_ f_`^m ih^e_`Zsbf b kdZam_fuf kf \ur_ ijb^ZlhqgZy ke_^m_l aZ ]eZ\ghc b hl^_e_gZ aZiylhc <lhjZy qZklv [_kkhxagh]h ij_^eh`_gby² keh`ghih^qbg_ggh_ k ^\mfy ijb^Zlhqgufb i_j\h_ ijb^Zlhqgh_ \ k_j_^bg_ ]eZ\gh]h k ^\mo klhjhg \u^_e_gh aZiylufb \lhjh_ \ dhgp_ ]eZ\gh]h hl^_e_gh hl g_]h aZiylhc =eZ\gh_ hkeh`g_gh h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb kh_^bg_ggufb khxahf gh i_j_^ dhlhjuf klZ\bf aZiylmx 5. ... agZeb ... oheh^Z ... i_qZeb ... . Ij_^eh`_gb_ keh`gh_ =eZ\gZy qZklv hl^_e_gZ hl ijb^Zlhqguo aZiylhc ijb^Zlhqgu_ jZa^_e_gu aZiylhc =eZ\gZy b \lhjZy ijb^ZlhqgZy qZklb hkeh`g_gu h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb

30. 1. ...

gZ jmdZo ...

. Hl _]h ... , dhlhjh_ ... .

Hl ... keh\Z ...

, ..., ... , .... 2. Hq_\b^gh

;_euc ...

, qlh ... h^gh]h b gZ\_jgh_ hq_gv ... , _keb [u ...

, qlh ... . 3. ... , gbsZy

Jhkkby ...

l\hb l\hb ...

\_ljh\u_ — ... .

A^_kv lbj_ Z\lhjkdbc agZd ^ey \Zk hg g_

h[yaZl_e_g 4. ... , qlh ... , kdZ`_f gZ ihexk ... , lh ... , dZjZmebe ... , Z ... . 5. ... ,

dhlhju_ ... . D kqZklvx ... . 6.

... , fhb ^h`^b

7. ... , [mfZ]Z ... . < DblZ_ dZd ...

e_lhibkv DklZlb... . ....

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H^ghjh^gu_ qe_gu

 

H[jZs_gby

 

<\h^gu_ keh\Z

 

 

 

 

 

>j_\gb_ Hl ]bighaZ

 

3, 6

 

D kqZklvx

3, 4

 

 

 

 

Ko_f_ khhl\_lkl\m_l ij_^eh`_gb_ 2.

31. 1. BlZd ... , dhlhjmx ... , [ueZ ... . A_fey — ... ! GZ g_c ... , \ lhf qbke_ jZamf__lky b g_]jblygkdbo k_fv ... , ^_\ylvkhl ... , k_fv ... , ljbklZ ... -- blh]h ... . 2. ...

^ZjZ ... keh\Z k\h[h^m ... , dhlhjh_ ... , qlh[u ... . 3. ... , ]^_ ... . Fh`_l ... \bgh fh`_l lZd kb^yl ... . < dZ`^hf ... , ^jm] ... . 4. ... \_dZ ... \hcgZ ... fyl_` ... ^_j_\gb Z lu ... , fhy kljZgZ \ djZk_ ... .

190

32. 1. ... , h^gZdh ... , ih^Zjbe ...

. 2.

... ij_^Zgbx

... . ;h] h^gZdh ...

. Hgb ... , b ....

3.

... , kh]eZkgh ij_^Zgbx kqblZebkv

... , h^gZdh ... , dhlhju_ ... ]hjh^ ...

aZljm[beb ...

, b

... . <ujZ`_gb_ ... , h^gZdh ... .

4. Fu

... , dhlhjh_ ...

, h^gZdh rbjhdh

... , agZq_gb_ ...

.

5. ... aZ[m^v ihfgb q_klv h^gZdh

6. ...

, h^gZdh ^hjh`b qlh kemqZehkv ... ^ey kf_om

gbdh]^Z ... .

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ko_f_ khhl\_lkl\m_l ij_^eh`_gb_ 3 Kl_gu ... ).

33. 1. ... , \h \lhjuo , l_ m dh]h d g_kqZklvx ... 2. ... , gh wlh , ih`Zemc klZg_l ... , dh]^Z ... 3. ... , lh fu dhg_qgh ... 4. ... kljZrgZy bklhjby ... 5. ... , ih khh[s_gbyf ... 6.

... , d gZr_fm ...

34. 1. ... dehgyl ... ]hgyl b y kh \a^hohf ijbagZxkv ... . 2. ... , kh\_klv \ lhf ihjmdhc ... . 3. ... — lZd gZau\Zxl kh[bjZgb_ kibq_qguo wlbd_lhd — ... , q_f ... .

35. 1. ... , ih ij_^Zgbx ... . Wlb ... bo gZau\Zeb hebfibcpZfb ... . <hl ... , dhlhjuc

... \heg_gbc ]h\hjyl qlh ... . 2. ... , dh]^Z ... , qlh[u ... kZfZ hgZ hldZau\ZeZkv _klv ... .

<k_ ... , dhlhju_ ... ysbd_ ... . 3. ... ih ijbf_jm bg^_cp_\ ... . <ijhq_f dh]^Z ... — wlh [ueh \ Wd\Z^hj_ — ... . 4. ... , Z ... , ]^_ ... , ]^_ ... , b ... , qlh ... . B ... \ dhgp_ dhgph\ \k_]^Z ml_rZ_rvky lu ... , qlh ... . 5. ... ]h\hjblv ... . 6. ... Z dheu[_ev `bagb hd_Zg [ueb ... , dhlhju_ ... . Wlb ... , dhlhju_ ... , dZ`mlky ... . Gh hgb \_jhylgh ... . 7.

... klhevdh kh^_j`blky \ f_`^mgZjh^ghf dZlZeh]_ ... .

Ko_f_ khhl\_lkl\m_l ij_^eh`_gb_ 1 <hl ihq_fm ... ).

36. 1. >_evnbgu lZdb_ kemqZ_ [ueb fgh]hdjZlgh kiZkZeb ihkljZ^Z\rbo \ fhj_ ex^_c b ^hklZ\eyeb bo \ [_ahiZkgh_ f_klh 2. < ^Ze_db_ ]h^u lh]^Z K_\_jgZy :f_jbdZ _s_ lhevdh aZk_eyeZkv ih \k_c __ l_jjblhjbb [jh^beb klZ^Z [bahgh\ 3. <h \j_fy g_f_pdhc hddmiZpbb njZgpmakdZy i_\bpZ W^bl IbZn hgZ \uklmiZeZ k dhgp_jlZfb \ g_f_pdbo eZ]_jyo ^ey \h_gghie_gguo ihfh]eZ hdZaZlvky gZ k\h[h^_ klZ ^\Z^pZlb ie_gguf 4. Q_eh\_q_kdbc fha] fu kjZ\gb\Z_f _]h k ba\_klghc gZf <k_e_gghc kZfh_ keh`gh_ \ __ ij_^_eZo mkljhckl\h 5. Kihkh[ghklb q_eh\_dZ wlh \iheg_ \_jhylgh \ agZqbl_evghc qZklb jZkljZqb\Zxlky \imklmx

?keb \u \u^_ebeb \\h^gu_ ij_^eh`_gby g_ lbj_ Z kdh[dZfb \u lh`_ ijZ\u

37. 1. Dhg_qgh ... . : \ijhq_f y ... , dhlhjZy ... . Dhg_qgh af_b ... , gh ... . 2. ... , dZd y m`_ ]h\hjbe ... . K ^jm]hc klhjhgu ... `bagb ... fukeb ... . 3. ... ^_^m kZf ohl_e lh]h bev g_l ... . 4. Gh ... , ]^_ `b\_l ijbjmq_gguc m^Z\ ... . 5. ... , gh ... , b ... , dm^Z ... . 6. MkeurZ\ ... lZd ... ;hjg_h ... . < hl\_l ... lh _klv fu \Zk g_ ihgbfZ_f b ... . ;_eu_

... f_klghklb ... DZgZ^Z wlh ... , b ... k_e_gb_ Z ... .

191

Ijbf_ju k \\h^gufb

Ijbf_ju k \\h^gufb

Ijbf_ju [_a \\h^guo keh\ b

keh\Zfb

ij_^eh`_gbyfb

ij_^eh`_gbc

1, 2

2 <hh[jZ`_gb_ ...

), 3, 6

2 Hgh ... ), 4, 5, 6 G_dhlhju_ ... )

K ^jm]hc klhjhgu ... )

MkeurZ\ ... ; < hl\_l ;...

 

 

;_eu_ kijhkbeb

... )

 

 

 

 

 

38. 1. ... , kha\_a^by fZeu_ ieZg_lu b ... fbnh\ :fmj :g^jhf_^Z IZeeZ^Z P_j_jZ G_j_b^Z Hjbhg Ie_y^u ... . 2. ... \b^_e lhl \_jx y ... . 3. ... e_kh\ ... djbdZo

... h[eZdh\ ... lZ\he]b ... em]h\ dh]^Z ... . 4. ... , gZijbf_j ... . <b^bfh ... .

Ko_f_ khhl\_lkl\m_l ij_^eh`_gb_ 3.

39. 1. ... ]h\hjbl qlh ... , qlh ... . : ih]b[Zxl hllh]h b l_f [hevg_c q_f ^hevr_ qlh ... .

Kdh[dZfb \u^_e_gh \\h^gh_ ij_^eh`_gb_

Ko_fZ i_j\h]h ij_^eh`_gby

40. < :glbevkdhf ... — DZjb[kdbf ah\ml _]h lZd`_ bkoe_klZgZ ... —

hgh __

]hgbl Z \_l_j gZaZ^ hl]hgy_l Z ke_au `b\ml lhevdh \ i_kg_ — ....

 

 

41. 1.

... , dZd ...

2.

... — Z wlhl ...

3.

... lZd a\Zeb ...

4. ... — \ wlhf ...

m\_j_g

... 5. ...

y `_ ...

\b`m

... ,

ba aZ q_]h ...

6.

... — Z ]eZaZ ...

ykgu_ ykgu_ — ...

, qlh ...

7. ... —

fu ... ijh\_jbeb — ...

, b fu ...

 

 

 

 

 

42. 1. MjZ ... .

2. :o :j[Zl fhc :j[Zl lu fh_ hl_q_kl\h ... .

 

 

43. 1. :o ihey fhb ... ! 2. Wo ... ! 3. Mn ... ! 4. :o dZd ... ]^_ gb[m^v ... \_l_j dZd ...

! :o ... gZ k\_l_ kem`[Z `bagv abfZ ... . 5. H \_jx \_jx ... ! 6. Wc yfsbd ... ! QZc

... . 7. M\u ... m\y^Z_l [e_^g__l ... . 8. :o lu kl_iv fhy ... ijb\hevgZy Rbjhdh ... , kl_iv ihjZkdbgmeZkv ... !

44. 1. M\u ... .

2. H ... .

Kbyc

... , ijhsZevguc k\_l ex[\b ihke_^g_c aZjb ... .

3.

:o ... ! 4. ... dh`m

... . Fu m\u ...

g_ koh`b ... g_ l_eZ

 

45. < wlhf f_kl_ q_j_a j_qdm g_l fhklZ b g_l gb iZjhfZ gb eh^db aey i_j_ijZ\u Ijb^_lky i_j_ijZ\eylvky \[jh^ m gZk g_l ^jm]h]h \uoh^Z

A^_kv g_l kdZam_fh_

46. 2. ... dm^Z lh ^Ze_dh ... . G_l dZdhc ... , j_[ylZ ... ! 3. ... , q_f l_ dhlhju_ ... , dh]^Z ... . 4. G_l ... qblZl_ev ... ! Ih djZcghklb _klv ... , b lmqdb b \_d ahehlhc ... . 5.

... kf__lky ... . 6. >Z ... agZx ... iZjZ ... kljZgu ... ]blZjZ Z ...

192

47.

1. ... , gZ\k_]^Z

... ! 2. ... ghqghf ...

kdjuebkv -- ... .

3. G_l ... .

<_qgh oheh^gu_ ...

k\h[h^gu_ ... jh^bgu ... .5. Fg_ dZ`_lky qlh ... , dhlhjh_ ... , dZd ...

.

48.

3. G_l fu g_ ...

>Z ^jmavy ... 6.

... khegurdh ^Z \_k_ggb_

...

49. 1. B \k_ ih`Zemc keh\hf dgb]Z ... [_a gZqZeZ ... . 2. ... . l_f ... dhjhq_ ... . :o ...

dhehdhevqbd ... . 3. >Z ... ! ... hkljh\h\ ... . 4. ... , lZd kdZaZlv ... . 5. G_l ... , ^Z ... , ^Z ...

, ^Z ... , Z ... . 6. ... , q_f ... . 7. ... g_keh ... hlqZev ... . :o ... . 8. ... , \ ^`mg]eyo ... . : l_

dhlhju_ _klv ... .

<\h^gu_ keh\Z b ij_^eh`_gby

F_`^hf_lby

Keh\Z ^Z b g_l

 

 

 

1, 4, 8

2, 7

3, 5, 6

 

 

 

50. 1. G_l ... . 3. Hc lu Jmkv fhy ... djhldZy ... . 4. Wo \u ... ! ... , dhgb <b^gh ... , \ aZebo\Zlkdhf ... . 5. ... — wlh ... DblZy — ... lbrbg_ dhlhjZy ... . <^jm] g_ihgylgh qlh

... \ ]heh\m ... , b ... . 6. M ... k\_jdZxsZy qm^gZy ... ^Zev Jmkv 7. Wo ljhcdZ ... , dlh

... ? 8. Wo dhgb dhgb ... ! 9. G_l g_ ... , gb ebp :o ... ! 10. ... , h ]h\hjb kh fghx ]h\hjb 11. >Z ... . 13. >Z kdbnu ... , ^Z ZabZlu ... ! 14. H ... .

Ko_f_ khhl\_lkl\m_l ij_^eh`_gb_ 5 H^gZ`^u ... ).

51. 1. G_l ... Ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ hkeh`g_ggh_ hljbpZl_evguf keh\hf g_l G_

... _]h ... . Ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ k h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb H dZd ... , dZd ... ! Ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ k f_`^hf_lb_f b h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb 2. G_l ^jmavy ... — khlgx jZa ijh\_jvl_ — ... b [ulv fh`_l ... . Wlh ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ k \\h^guf ij_^eh`_gb_f \\h^guf keh\hf h[jZs_gb_f keh\hf g_l 3. :o ... ! ... , dh]^Z ... , kZ^h\ q_jlh]h\ ... ! A^_kv keh`ghih^qbg_ggh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ khklhys__ ba ^\mo qZkl_c Ijb^ZlhqgZy qZklv hkeh`g_gZ h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb =eZ\ghc ij_^r_kl\m_l h[jZs_gb_ k f_`^hf_lb_f 4. jZaemd_ ... km^v[_ Fhkd\Z ... ! Wlh ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ k h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb b h[jZs_gb_f \hkdebpZl_evgh_ 5. ... , qlh ...

e_l ... iml_c ... . Wlh keh`ghih^qbg_ggh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ ijb^ZlhqgZy qZklv k h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb G_l ... fbjh\ ... ^Zjh\ ... g_l ... h[fZgmlhc [hevghc ... \h fg_ ... . Wlh keh`gh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ ba q_luj_o qZkl_c lj_lvy b q_l\_jlZy qZklb hkeh`g_gu h^ghjh^gufb qe_gZfb 6. GZr_ ... Ijhklh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ K gbf ... , gh ...

ihwl qlh ... g_l b klZjhklb ... , Z fh`_l ... . Wlh keh`gh_ ij_^eh`_gb_ k khqbg_gb_f b ih^qbg_gb_f >\_ qZklb ]eZ\gu_ dh \lhjhc ]eZ\ghc qZklb hlghkylky ljb ijb^Zlhqguo Ihke_^gyy ijb^ZlhqgZy qZklv hkeh`g_gZ \\h^guf keh\hf

Ko_fZ ij_^eh`_gby 5 (: y \Zf ]h\hjx ... ):

>Zgghc ko_f_ khhl\_lkl\m_l ij_^eh`_gb_ 6 K gbf b [_a k\_lZ

193

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