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  • Verb Suffixes

-en

means to make; e.g. soften

-ize

means to make; e.g. categorize

-ate

means to have or be characterized by; e.g. activate

-ify or -fy

means to cause to become or to make; e.g. simplify

  1. Using the suffixes from the table above make different parts of speech with the words from the box. Make up five sentences of your own with the derived words.

  1. Prefix, stem and suffix are three parts of the word. It is possible to guess the meaning of the word if you know the meaning of the prefix or suffix. Refer the prefixes below to the categories:

Size

Location

Time and order

Number

Other

trans-

multy-

peri-

mega-

semi-

bi-

dec-

micro-

auto

pre-

mini-

mono-

super-

post-

inter-

tri-

oct-

tele-

sub-

extra-.

hydro-

photo-

aero-

co-

fore-

  1. Match each word in column A with the meaning of its prefix in column B.

Translate the words into your native language. Use a dictionary if necessary.

A

B

  1. semiconductor

  1. under

  1. extraordinary

  1. two

  1. monologue

  1. before

  1. transmission

  1. very small

  1. submarine

  1. half, partly

  1. bilingual

  1. beyond

  1. microchip

  1. across

  1. prefix

  1. one

Speaking

Every discovery or invention has its downside. Work in teams. Choose one of the discoveries/inventions and write down two or more negative effects you can think of. Back up your opinion with real life examples. Share your ideas with the class.

Writing

For’ and ‘Against’

  1. Work in pairs. Think of the arguments in favour of or against the statement:

Scientific and technological achievements have made the world a better place to live.” Make brief notes under ‘for’ and ‘against’ headings.

Example:

For

Against

has made our life more comfortable

is used to kill people

improves communication, etc…

spoils nature, etc…

  1. Write a composition of 200-250 words discussing the statement above. Make use of the Study Help and the Functional language boxes.

Study help: Outline

Introduction

Paragraph 1 - Introduce the subject of the composition. State why it is an important issue at the present time.

Main body

Paragraph 2 - Give the argument in favour of the statement.

Paragraph 3 - Give the argument against the statement

Conclusion

Paragraph 4 - Conclude by giving a well-balanced opinion

Functional language

It is often said that…

Firstly / Another point is that…

However, in my opinion, …

Also/ besides/ what is more, …

While it is true that…, on the other hand, …

As a result…

At the same time…

Finally, it is important to remember that…

For example, for instance, …

To sum up / All in all, …

Reading

  1. Work with a partner. Give definitions to the words.

philosopher

discoverer

scientist

explorer

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