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Сибирский государственный университет путей сообщения

Е.С. Быкадорова, И. С. Волегжанина, С. В. Чусовлянова

ENGLISH FOR THE 1ST YEAR STUDENTS

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

(практикум для самостоятельной работы студентов первого курса

всех направлений и специальностей)

НОВОСИБИРСК 2014

УДК

Englishforthe 1styearstudents = Английский язык: практикум для самостоятельной

работы

студентов

первого

курса

всех

направлений

и

специальностей /Е. С. Быкадорова, И. С.

Волегжанина, С.

В. Чусовлянова.

Новосибирск: Изд-во СГУПСа, 2014. – 39с.

 

 

 

 

Практикум рассчитан на 50 часовсамостоятельных занятий и состоит из трех разделов. В первом разделе представлены темы, посвященныеличности, семье ибудущей карьере студента.Второй раздел знакомит студентов с особенностями образования в мире. Третий раздел рассматривает вопросы проектной деятельности.В конце разделов даются списки ключевых слов.

Комплекс упражнений в Практикуме организован по принципу нарастания сложности и направлен на овладение учебным материалом Практикума для аудиторной работы.

Предназначен для самостоятельной работы студентов 1 курса всех направлений и специальностей.

Практикум рассмотрен и рекомендован к печати на заседании кафедры «Иностранные языки».

О т в е т с т в е н н ы й р е д а к т о р

к. филол. наук, доцент кафедры «Иностранные языки» ФГБОУ ВПО «СГУПСТ» Аникина Э.М.

Р е ц е н з е н т :

к. филол. наук, доцент кафедры иностранных языков ФБОУ ВПО «НГАВТ» Мартынова Е.И.

©Быкадорова Е. С., ВолегжанинаИ. С., ЧусовляноваС. В., 2014

©Сибирский государственный университет путей сообщения, 2014

2

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ / CONTENTS

 

 

 

PART 1 THE INGREDIENTS OF HAPPINESS

 

SELF-WORK 1

5

SELF-WORK 2

7

SELF-WORK 3

10

WORD LIST TO PART 1

12

PART 2 EDUCATION

 

SELF-WORK 1

14

SELF-WORK 2

16

SELF-WORK 3

19

WORD LIST TO PART 2

22

PART 3 PROJECTING

 

SELF-WORK 1

25

SELF-WORK 2

29

SELF-WORK 3

33

WORD LIST TO PART 3

36

Список использованной литературы

39

3

“Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I'll understand.” (Chinesewisdom)

FOREWORD

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

Практикум для самостоятельной работы «Английский язык» направлен на формирование у студентов первого курса общекультурной компетенции, которой должны обладать выпускники университетов по завершении обучения. Он также помогает формированию навыков самообразовательной деятельности студентов средствами дисциплины «Иностранный язык».

Практикум рассчитан на 50 часов самостоятельной работы студента и состоит из трех разделов. В первом разделе представлены темы, посвященныеличности, семье ибудущей карьере студента.Второй раздел включает материалы об образовании в России и за рубежом. Третий раздел рассматривает вопросы, связанные с проектной работой студентов. В конце каждого раздела представлен список ключевых слов. Практикум сопровождается списком использованной литературы.

Структура и логика предъявления содержательной учебной информации в Практикуме обусловлены комплексным подходом. Задания представлены системно и наглядно. Базовые тексты сопровождаются упражнениями, направленными на максимально полное их понимание.

Практикум предназначен для самостоятельной работы студентов 1 курса всех факультетов.

Предлагается использовать вместе с практикумом по английскому языку для аудиторной работы студентов.

4

PART I.THE INGREDIENTS OF HAPPINESS

SELF-WORK 1

Exercise 1.Grammar to notice:

-Pronouns;

-Verb ‘to be’;

-Verb ‘to have’;

-Word Order;

-Types of Questions.

Exercise 2.Choose the best variant:

 

 

Which animal has

Which

city do

you

Where were glasses

need to visit if you

four knees?

invented?

want

to cross

the

a)

elephant;

a)

France;

Golden

Gate

b)

dog;

b)

China;

suspension bridge?

 

c)

monkey;

 

c)

Italy;

a)

San Francisco;

d)

tiger.

d)

Spain.

b)

Hong Kong;

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)

Barcelona;

 

 

 

 

 

d)

London.

 

Exercise 3.Match the adjectives (on the left) and the questions (on the right):

What type of person are you?

 

 

 

1.

Are you usually smiling and happy?

 

 

 

2.

Do you enjoy the company of other people?

a)

reliable

 

3.

Do you find it difficult to meet new people?

b)

optimistic

 

4.

Do you have definite plans for the future?

c)

sociable

 

5.

Does your mood change often and suddenly for no

d)

talkative

 

reason?

e)

reserved

 

6.

Do you notice other people’s feelings?

f)

shy

 

7.

Do you think the future will be good?

g)

impatient

 

8. Can your friends depend on you?

h)

ambitious

 

9.

Is your room often a mess?

i)

lazy

 

10.

Do you get annoyed if you have to wait for anyone or

j)

generous

 

anything?

k)

moody

 

11.

Do you put off until tomorrow what you can do

l)

hardworking

 

today?

m)

easygoing

 

12.

Do you work hard?

n)

untidy

 

13.

Do you keep your feelings and ideas to yourself?

o)

cheerful

 

14.

Do you often give presents?

p)

sensitive

 

15.

Do you talk a lot?

 

 

 

16.

Are you usually calm and not worried by things?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Exercise 4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of being brought up in a small family?

Exercise 5. Listen and put the words or phrases from the box into the certain gaps.

parent’s attention

best friend

responsible for

an only child

married

large families

conscious decision

cousins

an adult

look after

get along

a teenager

 

parents growing up

a sister

father

BROTHERS AND SISTERS

I= Interviewer, R=Rose

I So, Rose, do you have any brothers or sisters?

R No, I don’t. I’m 1)….

ISo, what was it like 2)… as an only child? Were you happy?

R When I was little, I liked it. I had lots of 3)…and most of them lived in the same town, so we played together all the time. And I had a 4)…who lived next door to me. She was the same age as me and so she was a bit like 5)…, I suppose. But she moved away and that was sad. It was hard when I was 6)… .

I Why was that?

R Well, you know what it’s like being a teenager. You’re kind of unsure of how to deal with things and how to deal with people, especially 7)…. It would have been nice to have brother or sister to talk to. ISome people who come from 8) … might envy you because you had all of your 9)…, especially as a teenager. It was hard to find myself and my place in the world, I suppose.

I What about now that you’re 10)…?

R Again, I think it’s difficult really. My 11)…died about ten years ago, so of course I’m the one who’s left totally 12)…my mother. I’m the one who has to 13)…her if she has a problem and help her if she needs help in any way. There’s nobody else to help at all.

IYou’re14)…now with two children of your own. Was that 15)…to have more than one child?

R Yes, definitely. And they seem very happy and they 16)… very well with one another. Usually.

Exercise 6.Writing a CV.Match a word / phrase in A with a word / phrase in B; translate them.

 

A

B

have

a good attendance

ability

 

technical

background

 

good communication

record

 

an industry

skills

be

a good team

maker

 

a good decision

organized

 

well

multitasking

 

good at

worker

want

promotion

experience

 

work

opportunities

 

job

working hours

 

flexible

satisfaction

Exercise 7.Writefive sentences about people you know using the phrases obtained. Exercise 8.Find two articles on family and social issues; write out publisher’s imprint.

6

PART I. THE INGREDIENTS OF HAPPINESS

SELF-WORK 2

IT’S ALL IN YOUR GENES

Exercise 1.Grammar to notice:

-Pronouns;

-Verb ‘to be’;

-Verb ‘to have’;

-Word Order;

-Types of Questions.

Exercise 2.Read the text and follow the instructions:

Words and word combinations to be remembered:

1.inherit (v)

8. improve (v)

2.selective breeding

9.scientist (n)

3.species (n)

10.wheat(n)

4.gene (n)

11.remove (v)

5.DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

12.add(v)

6.couple (n)

13.replace (v)

7.generation (n)

14.appearance (n)

Exercise 3.The text is divided into four sections. What is each section about?

a)Look at this list of topics:

-Genes and disease;

-Genetic engineering;

-How genes are inherited;

-Selective breeding;

-Why some species become extinct;

-Human variety.

b)Read the whole text and match four of the topics to the correct sections.

What colour of hair have you got? Is it straight, wavy or curly? What colour are your eyes?

Why are some people tall and slim while others are short and stocky? It’s all in your genes. Each person on this person is unique, because everyone has got a different combination of genes. These are contained in the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) structure. Your genes determine your general shape and size, the colour of your face, nose, ears, mouth and teeth.

7

For every part of your body you have got two genes. You inherit one from your mother and one from your father. One of two genes is dominant, but you can pass either gene on to your children. Look at this couple, for example. The man and the woman both carry a gene for blue eyes and a gene for brown eyes, which they have inherited from their own parents, but they have both got brown eyes, because the brown gene is always dominant.

In this ideal example the couple have two sons and two daughters and each one has received one of the four possible combinations of the parents’ genes. As we can see, one of them is blue-eyed and the other three have got brown eyes, but three of them carry a blue gene.

A gene can stay hidden in a family for generations. For example, the second daughter is married.

Her husband’s eyes are brown, but he also carries a blue gene. This couple have got four children and each child has got a different combination of the parents’ genes, so one child has got blue eyes, although her parents and grandparents have all got brown eyes.

Knowledge about genes has been used since the eighteenth century to improve plants and animals. Scientists and farmers select the best possible specimens to breed from. In this way they have been able to produce bigger fruit vegetables, animals that produce more meat, kinds of wheat or rice that are more resistant to disease, and so on. This is known as selective breeding.

Now scientists can actually identify the genes for particular characteristics. In the new science of genetic engineering, genes can be removed, added or replaced to produce the characteristics that we want. New and better plants and animals will be produced by genetic engineering. Will we be able to design the perfect human being, too? “Nobody’s perfect”, we say. Perhaps one day everyone will be.

Exercise 4.Read each section in more detail and find the answers to these questions:

a)Why is everybody unique?

b)How is it possible for a blue-eyed child to come from brown-eyed parents and grandparents?

c)How does selective breeding work?

d)How does the process of genetic engineering differ from selective breeding?

Exercise 5.Read the second section again. Look at the son with blue eyes.

a)His wife has got one brown gene and one blue gene.

-What colour are his wife’s eyes?

-What combinations of eye colour genes can the children have?

-What colour will their children’s eyes actually be?

c)If his wife carried two brown genes, could any of their children have blue eyes?

Exercise 6.Look back through all the paragraphs of the text.

a)Find the words in the text that describe:

-parts of the body;

-family relationships.

b)Add six more words to each list.

8

Exercise 7.Discussion points

a)Not everything is determined by your genes. For example, sunbathing will make fair skin darker. Think of other ways in which people can change their basic appearance. Why do they do it?

b)Is genetic engineering a good thing? How can it help us? What dangers are there in it?

Exercise 8.What family characteristics do you notice in your family?

a)Write down five characteristics.

b)Make a list of five features that you have inherited from your parents and grandparents.

Exercise 9.Work in a group. Design the perfect people and describe them. Here are some things that you should describe:

-their physical appearance;

-their personalities;

-their abilities;

-their lifestyle;

-the kind of society they live in.

Exercise 10.Create impressive sentences for your personal statement by choosing a word or phrase from each column in the following box.

Exercise 11.Complete the table using the words in the box. Try and add more words and phrases to each column.

Exercise 12.Use the table to write five true sentences about you.E.g. Highly experienced account manager with excellent communication skills.

 

 

 

ability to

broad consistently high

enthusiastic

 

 

 

 

 

interest in

 

motivator

professional team leader

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Modifier

 

Adjective 1

 

 

Sort of person

 

 

 

 

Adjective 2

 

Experience/skills

 

 

 

creative

 

 

account manager

 

 

 

____________

 

_________ …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

customer-oriented

 

English speaker

 

 

 

____________

 

communication

 

extremely

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

skills

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_____________

 

____________

 

 

 

 

deep

 

experience in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

with

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

experienced

 

 

recent graduate

 

 

 

 

excellent

 

knowledge of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

highly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_____________

 

 

sales professional

 

 

 

 

extensive

 

range of skills

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

resourceful

 

 

self-starter

 

 

 

 

proven

 

__________ …

 

 

 

results-focused

 

_____________

 

 

 

 

recent

 

skills in …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise 13.Find two articles on family and social issues; write out publisher’s imprint.

9

PART I. THE INGREDIENTS OF HAPPINESS

SELF-WORK 3

Exercise 1.Read the text give appropriate translation to the words written from the text; learn them.

Exercise 2.Write out ten more words and suggest their translation; learn them.

Exercise 3.Write out positive and negative adjectives relating to the words“family; person”.

Exercise 4.Grammar to notice:

-Pronouns;

-Verb ‘to be’;

-Verb ‘to have’;

-Word Order;

-Types of Questions.

Exercise 5.Answer the questions after the text.

Exercise 6.When you give information about past work experience and achievements in a CV, use verbs in the past simple without a personal pronoun: Chaired weekly meetings (not I chaired weekly team meetings). Look at the following table of action verbs commonly associated with professional experience. Select five verbs and write sentences suitable for your CV that are true for you.

achieved

delegated

improved

recommended

approved

demonstrated

increased

repaired

arranged

designed

led

represented

budgeted

developed

listened

researched

calculated

edited

motivated

scheduled

clarified

established

negotiated

supervised

collaborated

evaluated

operated

taught

consulted

examined

organized

trained

convinced

formulated

persuaded

translated

coordinated

identified

planned

wrote

created

implemented

presented

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise 7.Find two articles on family and social issues; write out publisher’s imprint.

TextTHE NO-RULES GENERATION (adapted)

Words and word combinations to be remembered:

1. life-long nest

14. support (v)

2. safety net

15. welcome advice

3. stick together

16. child minding (n)

4. for better or for worse

17. undertake (v)

5. marital co-existence

18. selfishness (n)

6. on average

19. spend time in the home

7. prosperous (adj)

20. accept (v)

 

10

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