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Exercises

1. Use text 2 to reproduce the sentences with the following words and word combinations:

to be honored with smth., to be varied and interesting, sights, to be proud of, a number of, to be mentioned, to be destroyed, to be rebuilt, to be known, to work on smth., goods, reputation, non-state schools, both in our country and abroad.

2. Use the text to complete the sentences:

1. Minsk was first ... in 1067.

2. Many people come to Minsk to see ... .

3. The Academy of Sciences ... on the problems in different fields of sciences.

4. Minsk has ... industry.

5. The capital is a big ... center.

6. German invaders ... the city almost completely.

7. The title of Hero-City was ... to Minsk in 1974.

8. In ... years people rebuilt Minsk ... .

3. Decide if the following statements are true or false:

1. Kiev stands on the river Svisloch.

2. The population of Minsk is about 2 mln.

3. The political, economic, scientific and cultural center of our republic is Mozyr.

4. Minsk was founded in the 11th century.

5. Nezavisimiy Prospect is the longest street in Minsk.

6. New modern houses, wide green streets and beautiful parks appeared in Minsk after the war.

7. Minsk has a museum of local history and folklore and literary museums.

8. Minsk has one Metro line‚ a lot of buses‚ trolley-buses and trams.

4. Answer the questions on text 2:

1. When was Minsk founded?

2. When was Minsk liberated from the fascist occupation?

3. What for was Minsk awarded the title of the Hero-City?

4. Is Minsk your home town?

5. Where is Minsk situated?

6. What is the population of the Belarusian capital?

7. Minsk is an industrial center of Belarus, isn’t it?

8. What are the most famous industrial enterprises in Minsk and what do they produce?

9. What cultural places can people visit in Minsk?

10. How many higher educational establishments are there in the Belarusian capital? Does any of your friends study in Minsk?

11. Have you ever been to Minsk?

12. Would you like to live there? Why?

5. Be ready to speak about the capital of our republic. Use text 2 as a help to your topic. Text 3. Mozyr Read the text and do the exercises that follow it:

Study the following vocabulary before reading the text:

due to – благодаря

amenity – удобство

Mozyr is situated in the south-eastern part of the Republic of Belarus. It stands on the bank of the river Pripyat. The river divides it into two parts. On one side of the river there is Phov and on the other one there are all other districts of the town.

Mozyr is an ancient town. It was first mentioned in chronicles in 1155. Before the revolution 1917 Mozyr was a town of one-storeyed houses, narrow and dusty streets. It received the Magdebourg right in 1577. In 1793 Mozyr became a part of the Russian Empire. The town was developed due to trade. 6500 persons lived in the middle of the 19th century. People were busy with trading bread, fish, bacon, skin and other goods. The Soviet authority was established in 1917. Many times the town was destroyed and burnt down completely. Mozyr suffered greatly during the fascist occupation which lasted 875 difficult days. But the citizens of Mozyr didn’t give up. At last on the 14th of January 1944 Mozyr was liberated. In post-war years it was rebuilt anew.

Modern Mozyr is a town of numerous plants and factories. The biggest of them are the Oil Refinery and Salt plants, the cable works, the “Nadex” clothing factory, the “Slavyanka” knitted goods factory and other enterprises producing furniture, dairy products, baking bread and other goods.

Mozyr is a university center. There is one of the biggest higher educational establishments “Mozyr State Teachers’ Training University”. Besides there are some vocational schools, colleges and a technicum. Every residential area of the town has kindergartens, secondary schools, shops and everyday services.

Mozyr has a wide range of social, cultural and leisure facilities, such as the Melezh drama theatre, cinemas, sport centers, art galleries, a museum of regional ethnography, some palaces of culture, a lot of libraries, a beautiful park with different entertainment centers. People enjoy their free time in restaurants, cafes, bars or clubs and parks.

Mozyr has a nice scenery. It is surrounded by a beautiful countryside including the ravines with birch groves and an impressive bank-lane of the river Pripyat. The major care of the town is its cleanliness. Flowers blossom everywhere in the town in summer. Mozyr is a perfect and easy town to live in, neither too small nor too big. It combines a friendly small town atmosphere with the amenities of a modern city.

The town is famous for its talented people who lived here. A lot of people know such names as M. Findberg (a conductor), Kseniya Sitnik (a young singer, the winner of Eurovision 2005), I. Mazurkevich (an actress), D. Borisova (a TV show woman), V. Khoruzhaya (a politician), and others.

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