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Вариант 1 text а how fire was discovered

The earliest men knew about fire. It flashed from volcanoes, from lightning and in forest fires. At first men only feared it. Then they found that fire could be useful and to a certain extent kept under control. Each group of people made this great discovery for themselves.

Early men used fire for cooking and to harden his weapons. It was long, long years before men learned to get a fire for themselves. The precious fire was guarded, watched and fed constantly. When a camp was moved the fire was carefully carried to the new place because if it went out, they had to wait for a forest fire or for a lightning to strike some tree or they had to get it from another tribe they happened to meet.

So we don't know for sure how the use of fire was discovered. We can only guess how it happened. Some think that lightning set fire to a dead tree and from that a man learned about fire. Or probably he saw fire started by the rubbing together of two branches of a tree and then tried to imitate this process himself. Later men came to know the benefits of fire.

1. Прочтите текст.

2. Дайте английские соответствия: Первобытный человек, лесной огонь, в определенной степени, закалял оружие, добывать огонь, узнали.

3. Из второго абзаца текста выпишите предложения с глаголом ‘to be’. Определите, является он вспомогательным или смысловым. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

4. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных early и precious.

5. Выпишите предложения с модальными глаголами и/или их эквивалентами (3) и переведите их на русский язык

6. Выпишите из текста по одному предложению в Present Simple и Past Simple, подчеркните глаголы и переведите предложения на русский язык.

7. Найдите в тексте предложения, содержащие пассивный залог, выпишите одно из них и переведите его на русский язык.

Text в rescue from burning buildings

In 1989 69 catastrophic fires in the USA resulted in 469 deaths. 43 of those fires occurred in residential structures, killing 263 people. Almost 60°/o of the residential fires occurred in houses that had no detectors or in houses that had no batteries or electric power supply. 25 fires of that kind caused death to 154 people.

When fire fighters enter a burning building to perform rescue work, they must first consider their own protection. In order to protect the burning surface from heat and flame he should wear proper clothing and have self-contained protective breathing equipment. Rope guide lines tied to rescuer's body are helpful when a rescue needs to be performed in the dark or under extremely hazardous situations

Portable radios are valuable in rescue job. Fire streams are often used to protect fire fighters and victims. Victims may be trapped in a burning building and their normal means of exit may be cut off by fire. In order to reach such victims fire department ladders are needed. Fire service ladders are essential in the performance of both major functions: in saving lives and extinguishing fires. Personal protection for fire fighters during a rescue operation is absolutely necessary. A fire fighter needs protection against the weather, excessive heat, and fire gases and should not take unnecessary chances during rescue operations.

1. Сделайте письменный перевод текста.

2. Выпишите слова с окончанием -s, определите, к какой части речи они


3. Выпишите из текста местоимения, определите, к какому типу они относятся (личные, притяжательные указательные и т.д.).

4. Найдите в тексте числительные и запишите их словами.

5. Задайте все типы вопросов к предложению:

In some circumstances the danger of explosion appears.

6. Найдите во втором абзаце текста причастия I и причастия II, выпишите их, переведите письменно на русский язык.

7. Составьте резюме:

  1. Name/Surname

  2. Address

  3. Telephone No.

  4. Date and Place of Birth

  5. Nationality

  6. Marital status

  7. Education

  8. Languages

  9. Courses and professional training

  10. Work experience

  11. Computer skills

  12. Interests