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Английский. электронный вариант.doc
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    1. 2. Read and translate the text.

The most important types of money are commodity money, credit money, and fiat money. The value of commodity money is about equal to the value of the material contained in it. The principal materials used for this type of money have been gold, silver, and copper. Credit money are documents with promises by the issuer to pay an equivalent value in the standard monetary metal. Fiat money is paper money the value of which is fixed by government. Most minor coins in circulation are also a form of fiat money, because the value of the material of which they are made is usually less than their value as money.

Golden coins are the examples of commodity money, because their gold content is a commodity.

A token money is a means of payment whose value or purchasing power as money greatly exceeds its cost of production or value in uses other than as money.

By collectively agreeing to use token money, society economizes on the scarce resources required to produce money as a medium of exchange.

Society enforces the use of token money by making it legal tender. The law says it must be accepted as a means of payment. In modern economies, token money is supplemented by IOU money.

An IOU money is a medium of exchange based on the debt of a private firm or individual.

A bank deposit is IOU money because it is a debt of the bank. When you have a bank deposit the bank owes you money. You can write a cheque to yourself or a third party and the bank is obliged to pay whenever the cheque is presented. Bank deposits are a medium of exchange because they are generally accepted as payment.

    1. 3. Complete the sentences using the text:

  1. The main types of money are …

  2. The value of the material contained in a commodity is …

  3. A token money is a means …

  4. A bank deposit is IOU money because …

  5. Token money is supplemented …

    1. 4. Answer the questions.

  1. What are the most important types of money?

  2. What is commodity money?

  3. What is the difference between credit money and fiat money?

  4. What does IOU mean?

  5. Why bank deposits are a medium of exchange?

    1. 5. Match the following definitions using the previous texts:

      1. Money

        1. are the examples of commodity money.

      1. Barter

        1. is paper money the value of which is fixed by government.

      1. Fiat money

        1. is any generally acceptable medium of exchange.

      1. Golden coins

        1. is accepted by the laws as a means of payment.

      1. Token money

        1. is trade without using money.

Lesson 3 the sources of income

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