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--- - обозначения примеров

  1. Nuclear safety (ядерная безопасность)

The achievement of proper operating conditions, prevention of accidents or mitigation of accident consequences, resulting in protection of workers, the public and the environment from undue radiation hazards.

---The IAEA is using its technical and scientific expertise to provide relevant information to network members to improve their nuclear safety and security infrastructure by introducing efficient and modern organizational changes [16].

--- The Office of Nuclear Safety establishes and maintains nuclear safety policy, requirements, and guidance including policy and requirements relating to hazard and accident analysis, facility design and operation, and Quality Assurance [23].

---DOE’s Office of Environment, Health, Safety and Security has lead responsibility for developing and maintaining DOE nuclear safety requirements [23].

  1. Nuclear facility, nuclear power plant (ядерная установка)

A facility (including associated buildings and equipment) in which nuclear material is produced, processed, used, handled, stored or disposed of. This usage is specific to the revised Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Facilities [1], for the purposes of the Convention, and should otherwise be avoided.

--- The economics of new nuclear power plants is a controversial subject, and multibillion-dollar investments ride on the choice of an energy source [32].

---Nuclear power plants typically have high capital costs, but low direct fuel costs, with the costs of fuel extraction, processing, use and spent fuel storage internalized costs [24].

--- On June 27, 1954, the world's first nuclear power plant to generate electricity for a power grid started operations at the Soviet city of Obninsk [24].

  1. Nuclear installation (ядерная установка)

A nuclear fuel fabrication plant, research reactor (including subcritical and critical assemblies), nuclear power plant, spent fuel storage facility, enrichment plant or reprocessing facility [3].

--- The application is in respect of a nuclear installation comprising two thermal neutron reactors, together with any machinery, equipment, appliance or storage facilities required for the operation thereof, being reactors fuelled with uranium dioxide enriched with isotope U235 moderated and cooled by water, and known as the Hinkley Point C power station. [38].

---Apart from certain exemptions, no site may be used for the purpose of installing or Operating a nuclear installation unless a licence has been granted by HSE and is in Force [17].

--- Nuclear installation does not include any such facilities that are part of a thermal power plant [17].

  1. Nuclear fuel(ядерное топливо)

Fissionable nuclear material in the form of fabricated elements for loading into the reactor core of a civil nuclear power plant or research reactor.

---The nuclear fuel cycle uses uranium in different chemical and physical forms [18].

---Fresh nuclear fuel means new fuel or unirradiated fuel, including fuel fabricated from fissionable material recovered by reprocessing previously irradiated fuel [18].

---Mixed oxide, or MOX fuel, is a blend of plutonium and natural or depleted uranium which behaves similarly (though not identically) to the enriched uranium feed is one of type of nuclear fuel [33].