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Ministry of health of ukraine

Kharkiv and National Fight And tional Medical University

 

Approved

on the methodical meeting Department of Oncology

Head of Department

MD, professor Starikov VI

“28” August 20, 11

 

 

A methodical DEVELOPMENT

For teachers with practical lessons  

 

Course 5

Faculty of Medicine (specialty "General Medicine", "Pediatrics", "Prophylactic medicine")

Study Subject: Oncology

Module number 1

Content module № 1

Subject: № 1. Tumors OF lips, Oral mucosa, Laryngeal cancer, thyroid cancer

number of training hours -5

 

Kharkiv November 2011

I. Topic.

Tumors of lip, oral mucosa occupy a prominent place in the structure of malignant tumors. Cancer chastishe lower lip occurs in men who suffer long-term effects of external factors, such as changes of humidity, temperature, long insolyatsiya, Smoking tobacco, chronic trauma lips. Of cancer of oral mucosa contribute to chronic traumatic acute dental fragments, poorly adapted prostheses, SUFFER FROM ANY CHRONIC burns ethyl alcohol, sharp and hot food, smoking. Awareness of these factors should lead etiolohichnyh student on the inadmissibility of bad habits i besid population. It is also knowledge of the capabilities of surgery, radiation therapy to cure cancer specified location.

Significant prevalence of carcinogenic effects as smoking tobacco, chronic inflammation in the larynx makes it relevant study themes in laryngeal cancer. Acquaintance with these topics allows you to navigate the capabilities of current treatments.

Thyroid cancer is the most common tumor of the endocrine system. Statistics show that the growth rate of thyroid cancer in the last decade in Ukraine amounted to 131-135%, significantly higher than other cancers. At present TC is about 1.5-2% of all malignant neoplasms. In recent years the world has a tendency of increase in the incidence of this disease. Although a certain percentage increase in incidence associated with the introduction into clinical practice of modern methods of examination of patients, yet there is evidence of a real increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer, which is caused by several factors, including the influence of environmental factors.

II. Study objective: To raise the level of theoretical and practical knowledge of students on pathologic anatomy, clinical, clinical course, complications, diagnosis, differential diagnostics and modern spetslikuvannya tumors lips, mouth. Assimilation students etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and current treatment guidelines laryngeal cancer (WG) and thyroid cancer (TC), to teach students to use their knowledge in diagnosis and prescribing treatment.

Know:

Clinical picture of benign tumors of the lips, oral mucosa, larynx, thyroid gland.

Classification, clinical manifestations, complications, diagnosis of cancer lower lip, howl mucus membranes of the mouth, larynx, thyroid gland.

Methods of treating cancer combined lower lip, lyrics yzovoyi membrane of the mouth, larynx, thyroid gland.

Be able to:

On the basis of complaints, anamnesis, objective research, to identify the main syndromes tumor lips, oral mucosa, put a preliminary diagnosis.

Absorb the history of a patient with WG and TC and make its analysis.

Perform palpation of the thyroid gland and pidboridnyh, submandibular, cervical, supraclavicular lymph nodes.

Work plan for inspection of patient WG and thyroid cancer and, based on survey data of the patient, formulate clinical diagnosis and treatment plan Appoint additional examination methods and evaluate their data Conduct differential diagnostics, to put the final diagnosis. Appoint treatment To carry out rehabilitation and preventive measures

III. Educational objective: to promote the education of students on ethics principles cancer specific clinical examples, specific examples facilitate the education of students appropriate attitude to smoking as one of the most important factors of WP and targeted students to conduct health education work on this issue among patients and population

 

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