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Методичка по-английскому.doc
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Переведите предложения. Проанализируйте употребление модальных глаголов в следующих предложениях:

1. Who is to answer my question?

2. Nobody could translate this text.

3. He has to do this task at once.

4. Must I attend this meeting? - No, you needn't.

5. You should have shown your notes to the teacher.

6. I asked him, but he wouldn't listen to me.

7. They should have visited her, she was in the hospital.

8. Last summer we would often go to the country,

9. He could do this work himself.

10. Would you tell me the way to the station?

11. Your friend might have informed us.

12. May I leave for a while? — Yes, you may.

13. She should be more attentive to her parents.

14. You needn't come so early.

Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. We have to stay at home. 2. He was allowed to take this book. 3. Who is able to do this work? 4. He had to leave for Moscow earlier. 5. We are to take exams in June.

6. Are they allowed to visit you? 7. They were able to do this work in time. 8. I'll be able to pass my examinations. 9. She'll be allowed to watch TV. 10. I have to come in time. 11. The train is to come soon. 12. Will you be able to drive a car?

Замените модальные глаголы соответствующими эквивалентами:

1. Не couldn't explain anything. 2. You must not stay here. 3. Can you swim? 4. You may take these books. 5. They can run quickly. 6. She might work in our room. 7. Who can read this text? 8. They must go there tomorrow. 9. May I go to the cinema? 10. We must meet at 7 o'clock.

Вставьте необходимые модальные глаголы: (must, should, would, ought to, have to, needn't, can, could, may)

1. I ... not go to the theatre with them last night, I ... revise the grammar rules and the words for the test. 2. My friend lives a long way from his office and ... get up early. 3. All of us ... be in time for classes. 4. When my friend has his English, he ... stay at the office after work. He (not) ... stay at the office on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday and ... get home early. 5. ... you ... work hard to do well in your English? 6. «... we discuss this question now?» «No, we ... . We ... do it tomorrow afternoon.» 7. I'm glad you ... come. 8. «... you ... come and have dinner with us tomorrow?» «I'd love to.» 9. «Please send them this article.» «Oh, ... I do it now?»

Заполните пропуски соответствующими модальными глаголами: (must, should, would, ought to, have to, needn't, can, could, may)

1. They ... not do this work themselves

2. You ... take my dictionary.

3. You don't look well, you ... consult the doctor.

4. Why ... I give you my money?

5. She ... not speak any foreign language.

6. He ... to help them, they need his help.

7. ... you tell me the time?

8. ... I go with you? No, you ....

9. Your daughter ... have told about it.

10. In winter we ... often skate.

11. You ... по„ miss your classes.

12. ... you play the piano before?

Переведите предложения:

1. This building should have been constructed a year ago.

2. The letter should have been sent long ago.

3. The preventive measures should have been taken long before.

4. We should not have used that sort of paper for this model of printer.

5. This phenomenon should be explained by economic laws.

Переведите предложения:

1. Письмо нужно было отправить вчера. Но этого сде­лано не было.

2. Вам следовало упомянуть об этом в вашем ответе.

3. Этот документ следовало направить на подпись вче­ра.

4. Вам нужно было связаться с фирмой немедленно.

5. Им не следовало отправлять документ на имя уп­равляющего фирмой.

Choose the correct answer

1. What shall we do this evening? We ..… go out.

should

could

would

ought to

2. I didn’t ..… to get up early, so I didn’t.

must

should

need

ought

3. I’ll ….. go now. My friends are waiting.

must

have to

need

be able to

4. I ….. rather stay at home than go out.

could

would

must

shall

5. It’s strange that they ..… be late.

must

should

could

would

6. ..… you like a cup of coffee?

will

could

would

should

7. She ….. help you tomorrow.

could

will be able to

will can

is able to

8. ..… I have one of these cakes?

could

must

have to

may

9. I ….. to work tomorrow.

must

should

could

have

10. Lisa ..… get bored in her job. Her job is so boring.

must

should

would

can’t

11. We haven’t got much time. We ….. hurry.

must

needn’t

can

should

12. You look tired. You ….. go to bed.

must

would

should

could

13. Jack ..… go to hospital yesterday.

must

should

had to

has to

14. Jane was so tired. She ..… have slept for a week.

could

should

would

must

15. Jim gave me a letter to post. I ….. remember to post it.

can

may

must

needn’t