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Environmental Biotechnology - Theory and Application - G. M. Evans & J. C. Furlong

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284 Index

 

 

 

 

Phototrophs

15

 

 

 

Phragmites 119, 162, 170 – 1, 256

Phytodegradation

148 – 9, 151

Phytoextraction

143, 145 – 7

Phytoremediation

143 – 4, 229 – 30

Phytostabilisation

143, 147 – 8

Phytotechnology

36, 143 – 71, 258

Phytovolatilisation 149 – 50, 229

Plant

 

 

 

 

disease suppression

250 – 2

examples of transgenics

226 – 30

exudate

257

 

 

 

genetic engineering

224 – 30

new products

230

 

 

nutrient uptake

257

 

use in pollution detection

168

Plant-Microbe interactions

256 – 63

Plasmids, definition

20

 

Pollution and pollution control 3, 65 – 87, 89, 168, 273

Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) 53,

218 – 9, 270

 

 

 

Poplars

149, 150, 233, 244 – 5

Prokaryote, definition

12

 

Promoter, 35S

226

 

 

Proteins

20 (fig), 25 – 7

 

Protoplast fusion

224

 

 

Protozoa

13, 130, 133, 185

Pseudomonas 2, 59, 81, 119, 149

Psychrophiles

 

53

 

 

 

Pteridophytes

 

144, 145

 

Pthalates

59

 

 

 

 

 

Pure Oxygen Systems

135

 

Quorum sensing

228

 

 

Rape (Arabidopsis thalia)

230

Reanney, D

60

 

 

 

Recombinants

215, 222

 

Recombination

223

 

 

Reeds 119, 128, 161 – 2, 170 – 1, 256

Remediation

 

91 – 112

 

 

ex situ

91, 106 – 9

 

 

in situ

91, 102 – 6

 

 

Renewable energy

166, 205, 237 – 49

Reporter genes

221, 275

 

Respiration

29 – 35

 

 

Restriction endonucleases

216

Retroviruses

22, 61

 

 

Return Activated Sludge (RAS)

130

Rhizobium bacteria

81, 258, 260

Rhizodegradation

 

149, 151, 157

Rhizofiltration

143, 147

 

 

Rhizospheres, description

256

 

Rhodospirillium

 

259

 

 

 

Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)

21 (fig)

Root nodule formation

259 – 61

 

Rotating Biological Contactor 136

Rotifers

13, 130, 132, 133

 

Rubisco

41 – 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selector marker genes

219, 275

Semiochemicals

 

83

 

 

 

Septic tank

 

119 – 21, 161

 

Sewage treatment

113 – 7, 192

 

Short Rotation Coppicing (SRC)

244 – 7

“Sick Buildings”

257

 

 

 

Slime bulking

132

 

 

 

Sludge disposal

 

138 – 9, 189

 

Soil factors

 

50, 68, 99 – 100, 103, 107,

118 – 20, 152, 154

 

 

 

Soil microbes

256 – 8

 

 

 

Southern blot

222

 

 

 

 

Specific Oxygen Uptake Rates (SOUR)

181

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spores

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stabilisation ponds

115

 

 

Steroid hormones, degradation

25

Substrate characteristics

 

160

 

Sustainability

236 – 7

 

 

 

Symbiosis

258

 

 

 

 

 

TCA Cycle

 

16 (fig), 24

 

 

Terrestrial phytosystems

 

144 – 54

Thermophiles

 

52 – 3, 80, 270

 

Ti plasmid

262 – 3

 

 

 

 

TNT

154, 229

 

 

 

 

 

 

Toxicity, of pollutants

66, 69, 116 – 7,

132

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Training of bacteria

214

 

 

Transcription

21 (fig)

 

 

 

Transformation

 

60, 275

 

 

Transgenic, definition 215

 

Transposons

 

60

 

 

 

 

 

Treatment trains

96, 203, 235

 

Trees

150 – 3, 244 – 7

 

 

 

Triacylglycerols

 

24

 

 

 

Turbine Sparger

 

125 – 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index 285

Ultra Fine Bubble (UFB) systems 124 – 6

Waste

3, 4, 173 – 211, 264, 272 – 3

UNOX

135

 

collection regimes

182

Vegetative caps

151

Water hyacinth 157

 

Water table

102, 104, 120 – 1, 150, 245

Vermiculture 200 – 4

Wild type

214

 

Vertical transfer

14

Windrow 108, 187

 

Vesicle

 

24

 

Woese, Carl

12

 

VFAs

193, 199

 

Worms

185, 200 – 4

 

vir genes

262

 

 

 

 

 

VOCs

72, 79, 108

Xenobiotics

55 – 9, 63, 72

Wallace, Alfred Russell 1

Yeast, recombinant

223, 269