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ɧɚ ɨɦ ɜɢɲɧɭ ɩɚɞɚɹ ɤɪɢɲɧɚ-ɩɪɟɲɬɯɚɹ ɛɯɭ ɬɚɥɟ ɲɪɢɦɚɬɟ ɛɯɚɤɬɢɜɟɞɚɧɬɚ ɫɜɚɦɢɧ ɢɬɢ ɧɚɦɢɧɟ

ɧɚɦɚɫ ɬɟ ɫɚɪɚɫɜɚɬɢ ɞɟɜɟ ɝɚɭɪɚ-ɜɚɧɢ-ɩɪɚɱɚɪɢɧɟ ɧɢɪɜɢɲɟɲɚ ɲɭɧɶɹɜɚɞɢ-ɩɚɲɱɚɬɶɹ-ɞɟɲɚ-ɬɚɪɢɧɟ

«ə ɜ ɩɨɱɬɟɧɢɢ ɫɤɥɨɧɹɸɫɶ ɩɟɪɟɞ ȿɝɨ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ Ɇɢɥɨɫɬɶɸ Ⱥ.ɑ. Ȼɯɚɤɬɢɜɟɞɚɧɬɨɣ ɋɜɚɦɢ ɉɪɚɛɯɭɩɚɞɨɣ. Ɉɧ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɞɨɪɨɝ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɭ Ʉɪɢɲɧɟ, ɢɛɨ ɩɪɢɧɹɥ ɩɪɢɛɟɠɢɳɟ ɭ ȿɝɨ ɥɨɬɨɫɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɩ. Ɉ ɞɭɯɨɜɧɵɣ ɭɱɢɬɟɥɶ, ɫɥɭɝɚ ɋɚɪɚɫɜɚɬɢ Ƚɨɫɜɚɦɢ, ɹ ɜɵɪɚɠɚɸ ȼɚɦ ɫɜɨɟ ɩɨɱɬɟɧɢɟ. ȼɵ ɦɢɥɨɫɬɢɜɨ ɩɪɨɩɨɜɟɞɭɟɬɟ ɩɨɫɥɚɧɢɟ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ ɑɚɣɬɚɧɶɹ-ɞɟɜɵ ɢ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɟɬɟ ɡɚɩɚɞɧɵɟ ɫɬɪɚɧɵ, ɧɚɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɢɦɩɟɪɫɨɧɚɥɢɡɦɨɦ ɢ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɟɣ ɩɭɫɬɨɬɵ».

2

 

ɋɈȾȿɊɀȺɇɂȿ

 

ɉɊȿȾɂɋɅɈȼɂȿ.....................................................................................................................................

5

I. ɋɍɓɇɈɋɌɖ.........................................................................................................................................

6

II. ɗɌɂɄȿɌ ȼ ɏɊȺɆȿ..........................................................................................................................

6

1)

ɋɦɢɪɟɧɢɟ...................................................................................................................

6

2)

ɉɨɤɥɨɧɵ....................................................................................................................

6

3)

Ɇɟɞɢɬɚɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɛɨɠɟɫɬɜ.............................................................................................

7

4)

Ʉɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɫɢɞɟɬɶ ..............................................................................................

7

5)

Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɵ..................................................................................................................

7

6)

ɉɨɱɢɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɫɚɞɚ...................................................................................................

8

7)

Ɉɞɟɠɞɚ ɢ ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ ɜɢɞ............................................................................................

8

8)

ɑɢɫɬɨɬɚ ɢ ɝɢɝɢɟɧɚ.....................................................................................................

9

9)

Ɉɛɳɟɟ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ....................................................................................................

10

10)

Ʌɟɤɰɢɹ..................................................................................................................

11

III. ɈȻɊȺɓȿɇɂȿ ɋɈ ɋȼəɓȿɇɇɕɆɂ ɉɊȿȾɆȿɌȺɆɂ...................................................

11

IV. ɉɊɂȼɕɑɄɂ....................................................................................................................................

12

VI. ɉɊȺɋȺȾ...........................................................................................................................................

13

VI. Ʉɍɏɇə..............................................................................................................................................

15

VI. ɄɂɊɌȺɇ............................................................................................................................................

16

VI. ɌȺɇȿɐ..............................................................................................................................................

17

IX. Ɋȿɑɖ...................................................................................................................................................

17

X. ɉɊɈɉɈȼȿȾɖ....................................................................................................................................

18

XI. ɈɌɇɈɒȿɇɂə ɋ ɉɊȿȾȺɇɇɕɆɂ.........................................................................................

20

1)

Ɍɪɢ ɤɚɬɟɝɨɪɢɢ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ......................................................................................

20

2)

Ɉɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɞɭɯɨɜɧɵɦ ɭɱɢɬɟɥɟɦ ........................................................................

20

3)

Ɉɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɪɲɢɦɢ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ.................................................................

21

4)

Ɉɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɞɭɯɨɜɧɵɦɢ ɛɪɚɬɶɹɦɢ ......................................................................

21

5)

Ʉɚɤ ɨɛɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɹ ɤ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɚɦ................................................................................

22

3

6)

Ⱦɪɭɝɢɟ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɵ...................................................................................................

23

7)

ɇɚ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɨɜ ɧɟɥɶɹɡɹ ɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɫ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ.........................

23

8)

Ɍɟɥɨ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɚ - ɏɪɚɦ............................................................................................

23

9)

Ɇɢɥɨɫɬɶ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɨɜ...............................................................................................

23

10) Ʌɸɛɨɜɧɵɟ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɚɦɢ...........................................

23

11)

Ɉɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɦɚɬɚɞɠɢ........................................................................................

24

12)

Ɉɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɝɨɫɬɹɦɢ .........................................................................................

24

XII. ɈɌɇɈɒȿɇɂə ɋ ɇȿɉɊȿȾȺɇɇɕɆɂ................................................................................

24

XIII. ɉȺɅɈɆɇɂɑȿɋɌȼȺ.................................................................................................................

25

XIV. ɋȺȾɏȺɇȺ....................................................................................................................................

26

1)

Ⱦɠɚɩɚ ......................................................................................................................

26

2)

ɑɟɬɵɪɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɚ.........................................................................

31

3)

ɋɚɬ-ɫɚɧɝɚ.................................................................................................................

31

4)

Ɉɬɤɚɡ ɨɬ ɚɫɚɬ-ɫɚɧɝɢ ................................................................................................

32

5)

ɑɬɟɧɢɟ......................................................................................................................

32

6)

ɋɟɜɚ..........................................................................................................................

33

7)

ɉɨɤɥɨɧɟɧɢɟ ɛɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ..........................................................................................

33

8)

Ⱥɫɤɟɬɢɡɦ.................................................................................................................

34

9)

ɉɪɢɧɰɢɩɵ, ɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɢ ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɸ. 35

10)

Ȼɪɚɯɦɚɧɵ.............................................................................................................

35

11) ɇɟ ɬɟɪɹɣɬɟ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɩɨɩɭɫɬɭ..............................................................................

36

I. ɇȺɇȿɋȿɇɂȿ ɌɂɅȺɄɂ.................................................................................................................

37

II. ɆɈɅɂɌȼɕ ȾɅə ɉɊȿȾɅɈɀȿɇɂə ɉɊȺɋȺȾȺ.................................................................

38

III. ɆɈɅɂɌȼɕ ɉɊȺɋȺȾɍ...............................................................................................................

39

IV. ȾȿɋəɌɖ ɈɋɄɈɊȻɅȿɇɂɃ ɋȼəɌɈɃ ȾɏȺɆɕ..................................................................

41

V. ɈȻɔəɋɇȿɇɂȿ ɉȺɇɑȺ-ɌȺɌɌȼȺ-ɆȺɇɌɊɕ.....................................................................

42

VI. ȾȿɋəɌɖ ɈɋɄɈɊȻɅȿɇɂɃ ɋȼəɌɈȽɈ ɂɆȿɇɂ................................................................

43

VII. ɉɊɈȼȿȾȿɇɂȿ ȺɊȺɌɂ.............................................................................................................

44

4

ɉɪɟɞɢɫɥɨɜɢɟ

ȼ “ɑɚɣɬɚɧɶɹ-ɱɚɪɢɬɚɦɪɢɬɟ” ɒɪɢ ɑɚɣɬɚɧɶɹ Ɇɚɯɚɩɪɚɛɯɭ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬ, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɷɬɢɤɟɬɚ ɭɤɪɚɲɚɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ, ɞɟɥɚɹ ɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɜɥɟɤɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɤɚɤ ɜ ɝɥɚɡɚɯ Ȼɨɝɚ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɜ ɝɥɚɡɚɯ ɦɢɪɚ. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɜɚɠɧɨ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɫɟ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɯɨɪɨɲɨ ɪɚɡɛɢɪɚɥɢɫɶ ɜ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɯ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɷɬɢɤɟɬɚ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɚ ɠɢɡɧɢ.

ɂɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɨɛ ɷɬɨɦ ɪɚɡɛɪɨɫɚɧɚ ɩɨ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦ ɤɧɢɝɚɦ, ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɥɚ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɢɫɱɟɪɩɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɞɚɜɚɥɨ ɛɵ ɨɛɳɢɟ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɵ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɷɬɢɤɟɬɚ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɡɚ ɠɢɡɧɢ, ɧɨ ɢ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɥɨ ɛɵ ɜ ɪɚɫɱɺɬ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɢ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɟɧɧɵ ɧɚɲɢɦ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɦ ɜ ɂɧɞɢɢ.

ɗɬɨ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ - ɫɦɢɪɟɧɧɚɹ (ɢ ɩɨɫɩɟɲɧɚɹ!) ɩɨɩɵɬɤɚ ɭɞɨɜɥɟɬɜɨɪɢɬɶ ɭɩɨɦɹɧɭɬɭɸ ɜɵɲɟ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɧɨɫɬɶ, ɨɩɢɫɚɜ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟ ɧɨɪɦɵ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɂɧɞɢɢ. ɂɡ-ɡɚ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɢɣ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɦɵ ɧɟ ɫɦɨɝɥɢ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɵɦ, ɨɩɢɫɚɜ ɤɚɠɞɵɣ ɜɨɩɪɨɫ ɜ ɞɟɬɚɥɹɯ.. ȼ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɦ, ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹ “ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɣ ɫɜɹɡɢ” ɫ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ, ɤ ɷɬɨɦɭ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɭ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɫɞɟɥɚɧɵ ɤɚɤɢɟɬɨ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɨɩɪɚɜɤɢ. Ⱥ ɩɨɤɚ ɦɵ ɩɪɨɫɢɦ ɜɚɫ ɦɢɥɨɫɬɢɜɨ ɩɪɨɫɬɢɬɶ ɧɚɦ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ ɷɬɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ.

ɇɚɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɫɬɚɥɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɦ ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹ ɨɫɨɛɨɣ ɡɚɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ, ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ Ɋɚɞɯɚɧɚɬɯɨɣ ɋɜɚɦɢ Ɇɚɯɚɪɚɞɠɟɦ. Ɉɧ ɫɵɝɪɚɥ ɜ ɷɬɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɜɟɞɭɳɭɸ ɪɨɥɶ, ɭɛɟɠɞɚɹ ɢ ɜɞɨɯɧɨɜɥɹɹ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɨɛɢɪɚɬɶ ɷɬɭ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɢ ɞɚɜɚɹ ɫɜɨɢ ɰɟɧɧɵɟ ɫɨɜɟɬɵ – ɩɥɨɞ ɞɨɥɝɢɯ ɥɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɞɭɯɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɬɚɜɧɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ. Ɇɵ ɦɨɥɢɦɫɹ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɧ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɞɚɜɚɥ ɧɚɦ ɫɜɨɺ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɧɢɟ.

Ɇɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɨ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɨɠɟɪɬɜɨɜɚɥɢ ɫɜɨɢɦ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɟɦ ɢ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɟɣ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɧɟɫɬɢ ɫɜɨɢ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɤɨɦɦɟɧɬɚɪɢɢ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɬɶ ɢ ɨɬɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɪɭɤɨɩɢɫɶ. Ɉɧɢ ɫɵɝɪɚɥɢ ɧɟɨɰɟɧɢɦɭɸ ɪɨɥɶ ɜ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ. Ɇɵ ɜɵɪɚɠɚɟɦ ɢɦ ɜɫɟɦ ɫɜɨɸ ɫɟɪɞɟɱɧɭɸ ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɧɨɫɬɶ.

Ɇɵ ɧɚɞɟɟɦɫɹ, ɱɬɨ ɷɬɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɯɨɬɶ ɜ ɤɚɤɨɣ-ɬɨ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢ ɩɨɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɬɶ ɦɢɫɫɢɸ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ ɑɚɣɬɚɧɶɢ, Ɂɨɥɨɬɨɣ Ⱥɜɚɬɚɪɵ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɜɟɤɚ, ɢ ɦɢɫɫɢɸ ɒɪɢɥɵ ɉɪɚɛɯɭɩɚɞɵ.

ɋɥɚɜɹ ɒɪɢ Ƚɭɪɭ ɢ ɒɪɢ Ƚɚɭɪɚɧɝɟ!

5

ɊɍɄɈȼɈȾɋɌȼɈ ɉɈ ȼȺɃɒɇȺȼɋɄɈɆɍ ɗɌɂɄȿɌɍ ɂ ɈȻɊȺɁɍ ɀɂɁɇɂ

Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɹ ɛɵɥ ɜɡɹɬ ɢɡ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ, ɤɚɤ «ɇɟɤɬɚɪ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ», «ɇɟɤɬɚɪ ɧɚɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ» ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɤɧɢɝ, ɩɢɫɟɦ ɢ ɧɚɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɒɪɢɥɵ ɉɪɚɛɯɭɩɚɞɵ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɣ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ.

I.ɋɭɳɧɨɫɬɶ

1)Ɉɛɪɚɡ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɜɨɩɥɨɳɚɬɶ ɜ ɫɟɛɟ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩ “ɉɪɨɫɬɚɹ ɠɢɡɧɶ, ɜɨɡɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɟ ɦɵɲɥɟɧɢɟ”.

2)ȿɫɬɶ ɦɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɢɥ ɢ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɢɣ, ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɠɢɡɧɶ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ, ɧɨ ɰɟɥɶ ɢɯ ɜɫɟɯ:

“ȼɋȿȽȾȺ ɉɈɆɇɂɌɖ ɄɊɂɒɇɍ ɂ ɇɂɄɈȽȾȺ Ɉ ɇȿɆ ɇȿ ɁȺȻɕȼȺɌɖ”

ɗɬɨ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɨ - ɫɚɦɨɟ ɜɚɠɧɨɟ. ȼɫɟ ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ ɩɨɞɱɢɧɟɧɵ ɷɬɨɦɭ.

II. ɗɬɢɤɟɬ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ

1)ɋɦɢɪɟɧɢɟ

ȼɩɪɟɠɧɢɟ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ ɰɚɪɢ ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɩɭɬɟɲɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɥɢ ɜ ɩɚɥɚɧɤɢɧɚɯ. Ɉɞɢɧ ɢɡ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɨɜ - ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɜɴɟɡɠɚɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ ɧɚ ɩɚɥɚɧɤɢɧɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɦɚɲɢɧɟ, ɢɥɢ ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɧɟɝɨ ɜ ɨɛɭɜɢ. ɂɞɟɹ ɜ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɨɬɛɪɨɫɢɬɶ ɫɜɨɟ “ɰɚɪɫɤɨɟ” ɭɦɨɧɚɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟ, ɬ.ɟ.ɨɛɪɚɡ ɦɵɫɥɟɣ ɝɨɫɩɨɞɢɧɚ ɢ ɯɨɡɹɢɧɚ, ɧɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨ ɨɬ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɡɚɫɥɭɝ, ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɫɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ. ɋɪɟɞɢ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɢ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ, ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɫɚɦɨɨɬɨɠɞɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɛɵɬɶ “ə ɋɅɍȽȺ ɋɅɍȽɂ”.

2)ɉɨɤɥɨɧɵ

ɚ) ȼɨɣɞɹ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɫɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɢɬɶɫɹ ɫɨɛɪɚɜɲɢɦɫɹ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɚɦ, ɩɪɨɢɡɧɟɫɹ ɦɨɥɢɬɜɭ:

ɜɚɧɱɯɚ ɤɚɥɩɚ ɬɚɪɭɛɯɶɹɲ ɱɚ ɤɪɢɩɚ ɫɢɧɞɯɭɛɯɶɹ ɷɜɚ ɱɚ ɩɚɬɢɬɚɧɚɦ ɩɚɜɚɧɟɛɯɶɨ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɟɛɯɶɨ ɧɚɦɨ ɧɚɦɚɯ

“ə ɜ ɩɨɱɬɟɧɢɢ ɫɤɥɨɧɹɸɫɶ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɚɦɢ, ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɫɥɭɝɚɦɢ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɢ ɩɨɥɧɵ ɫɨɫɬɪɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɤ ɩɚɞɲɢɦ ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɦ ɞɭɲɚɦ”.

ɛ) Ɂɚɬɟɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɧɟɫɬɢ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɵ (ɞɥɹ ɦɭɠɱɢɧ - ɩɨɥɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɞɚɜɚɬɵ) ɒɪɢɥɟ ɉɪɚɛɯɭɩɚɞɟ, ɩɨɜɟɪɧɭɜɲɢɫɶ ɬɚɤ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɧ ɛɵɥ ɫɥɟɜɚ ɨɬ ɧɚɫ, ɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɹ ɟɝɨ ɩɪɚɧɚɦɚ-ɦɚɧɬɪɭ “ɧɚɦɚ ɨɦ ɜɢɲɧɭ ɩɚɞɚɹ...

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ɜ) Ɂɚɬɟɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɨɞɨɣɬɢ ɤ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ ɢ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɢɬɶɫɹ ɂɦ ɬɨɱɧɨ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ (ɜɫɬɚɜ ɤ ɇɢɦ ɥɟɜɵɦ ɛɨɤɨɦ), ɧɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɹ ɭɠɟ ɩɪɚɧɚɦɚ-ɦɚɧɬɪɭ ɝɭɪɭ.

ɝ) ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɤɥɚɧɹɬɶɫɹ ɧɚ ɨɞɧɭ ɪɭɤɭ. Ɉɛɟ ɪɭɤɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ ɬɟɥɨ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɩɨɤɥɨɧɚ, ɢ ɨɛɟ ɪɭɤɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɵɬɹɧɭɬɵ.

3)Ɇɟɞɢɬɚɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɛɨɠɟɫɬɜ

ɚ) ɉɨɤɥɨɧɢɜɲɢɫɶ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɶ ɢɯ ɞɚɪɲɚɧ ɫ ɜɟɥɢɤɨɣ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɢ ɦɨɥɢɬɶ ɂɯ ɨ ɦɢɥɨɫɬɢ.

ɛ) Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ ɧɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɫɪɚɡɭ ɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɩɪɹɦɨ ɜ ɥɢɰɨ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ. ȼ “ɒɪɢɦɚɞ Ȼɯɚɝɚɜɚɬɚɦ” (2.2.13) ɨɩɢɫɚɧɨ, ɤɚɤ ɧɭɠɧɨ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ ɞɚɪɲɚɧ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ -

“Ɇɟɞɢɬɚɰɢɸ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶ ɫ ɥɨɬɨɫɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɩ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ, ɩɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɨ ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɹ ɜɡɝɥɹɞ ɧɚ ȿɝɨ ɢɤɪɵ, ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚ ȿɝɨ ɛɺɞɪɚ ɢ ɬ.ɞ., ɬɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɹ ɫɜɨɣ ɜɡɝɥɹɞ ɜɫɺ ɜɵɲɟ ɢ ɜɵɲɟ. ɑɟɦ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɧɚɲ ɭɦ ɫɨɫɪɟɞɨɬɚɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɱɚɫɬɹɯ ɬɟɥɚ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ (ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɹ ɢɯ ɨɞɧɭ ɡɚ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ), ɬɟɦ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɨɱɢɳɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɲ ɪɚɡɭɦ”.

ɜ) ȼ ɤɨɦɦɟɧɬɚɪɢɢ ɒɪɢɥɚ ɉɪɚɛɯɭɩɚɞɚ ɨɛɴɹɫɧɹɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɬɚɤɚɹ ɦɟɞɢɬɚɰɢɹ ɩɨɦɨɝɚɟɬ ɢɡɛɚɜɢɬɶɫɹ ɨɬ ɩɪɢɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɤ ɭɞɨɜɥɟɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɸ ɱɭɜɫɬɜ.

Ⱦɚɪɲɚɧ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶ ɫ ɥɟɜɨɝɨ ɤɪɚɹ ɚɥɬɚɪɹ, ɩɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɨ, ɨɬ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚ ɤ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɭ, ɩɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɹɫɶ ɤ ɩɪɚɜɨɦɭ. ȼ ɧɚɲɟɦ ɯɪɚɦɟ ɷɬɨ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɫɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɦɵ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɟɦ ɞɚɪɲɚɧ ɝɭɪɭ-ɩɚɪɚɦɩɚɪɵ, ɡɚɬɟɦ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɢɦ ɤ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɭ ɇɢɬɶɹɧɚɧɞɟ ɢ ɬ.ɞ., ɢ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɚɟɦ ɞɚɪɲɚɧ ɭ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ Ⱦɠɚɝɚɧɧɚɬɯɢ.

4)Ʉɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɫɢɞɟɬɶ

ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɪɟɞɩɢɫɚɧɢɣ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɡɵ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɫɢɞɟɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ:

ɚ) ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɬɶ ɫɜɨɢ ɫɬɨɩɵ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ ɢɥɢ ɜɵɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶ ɢɯ ɩɨ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɤ ɞɭɯɨɜɧɨɦɭ ɭɱɢɬɟɥɸ, Ɍɭɥɚɫɢ-ɞɟɜɢ ɢ ɬ.ɞ. ɋɬɨɩɵ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɡɚɤɪɵɬɵ.

ɛ) ɇɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɷɬɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɫɬɚɪɚɬɶɫɹ ɧɟ ɫɢɞɟɬɶ ɫɩɢɧɨɣ ɤ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ ɢɥɢ ɤ ɜɶɹɫɚɫɚɧɟ. (Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ ɢɧɨɝɞɚ ɩɥɚɧɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɯɪɚɦɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɜɚɬɶ ɧɚɫ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɷɬɨɦɭ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ).

ɜ) ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɵɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶ ɧɨɝɢ ɩɟɪɟɞ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ.

ɝ) ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɫɢɞɟɬɶ ɩɟɪɟɞ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ, ɨɛɯɜɚɬɢɜ ɥɨɞɵɠɤɢ, ɥɨɤɬɢ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɥɟɧɢ. ɞ) ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɫɩɚɬɶ, ɫɢɞɹ ɩɟɪɟɞ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ.

5)Ɋɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɵ

ɚ) ɉɟɪɟɞ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ:

-ɝɪɨɦɤɨ ɪɚɡɝɨɜɚɪɢɜɚɬɶ

-ɫɫɨɪɢɬɶɫɹ

-ɨɬɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɝɨ-ɥɢɛɨ

-ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɶ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ ɝɪɭɛɨ

-ɜɨɫɯɜɚɥɹɬɶ ɤɨɝɨ-ɥɢɛɨ ɞɪɭɝɨɝɨ

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-ɩɪɨɢɡɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɛɪɚɧɧɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ

-ɤɪɢɬɢɤɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɨɥɭɛɨɝɨɜ

-ɡɚɧɢɦɚɬɶɫɹ ɩɪɚɞɠɚɥɩɨɣ (ɜɟɫɬɢ ɦɢɪɫɤɢɟ ɪɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɵ)

-ɥɝɚɬɶ

ɛ) ɉɟɪɟɞ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɪɚɡɝɨɜɚɪɢɜɚɬɶ ɫ ɝɨɫɬɹɦɢ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ, ɟɫɥɢ ɷɬɨ ɩɨɦɨɝɚɟɬ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɸ ɢɯ ɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ Ʉɪɢɲɧɵ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɦɨɝɚɟɬ ɜ ɩɪɨɩɨɜɟɞɢ, ɧɨ ɜɫɟ ɦɢɪɫɤɢɟ ɪɚɡɝɨɜɨɪɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜɧɟ ɯɪɚɦɚ.

6)ɉɨɱɢɬɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɫɚɞɚ

ɚ) ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɢɬɶ ɱɚɪɚɧɚɦɪɢɬɭ (ɜɨɞɭ ɨɬ ɤɭɩɚɧɢɹ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɛɵɥɚ ɚɪɨɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ).

ɛ) ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɪɨɛɨɜɚɬɶ ɦɚɯɚ-ɩɪɚɫɚɞ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ. ɇɨ ɇȿɅɖɁə ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ ɩɪɚɫɚɞ ɩɟɪɟɞ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ.

7)Ɉɞɟɠɞɚ ɢ ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ ɜɢɞ

ɚ) Ɉɞɟɠɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɛɵɬɶ:

-ɩɪɨɫɬɨɣ

-ɱɢɫɬɨɣ ɢ

-ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɫɤɨɣ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɩɨɦɢɧɚɬɶ ɥɸɞɹɦ ɨ Ʉɪɢɲɧɟ.

ɛ) ɉɪɢɯɨɞɹ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ (ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ, ɧɚ ɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɟ ɢ ɜɨɫɤɪɟɫɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ), ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɞɟɬɵ:

Ɇɭɠɱɢɧɵ - ɜ ɞɯɨɬɢ ɢ ɤɭɪɬɭ ɀɟɧɳɢɧɵ - ɜ ɫɚɪɢ (ɜ ɩɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɦɭɠɱɢɧ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɱɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɟɟ ɩɨɤɪɵɜɚɬɶ ɝɨɥɨɜɭ).

Ⱦɪɭɝɨɣ ɨɞɟɠɞɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ, ɡɚ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɜɵɧɭɠɞɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜ, ɢɥɢ ɬɚɦ, ɝɞɟ ɷɬɨ ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɩɨɜɟɞɢ.

ɜ) Ʉɚɤ ɦɭɠɱɢɧɚɦ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɠɟɧɳɢɧɚɦ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɩɪɨɫɬɭɸ ɢ ɰɟɥɨɦɭɞɪɟɧɧɭɸ ɨɞɟɠɞɭ ɢ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ ɨɞɟɠɞɵ ɦɨɞɧɨɣ ɢ ɪɨɫɤɨɲɧɨɣ. Ɍɟɦ ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ, ɨɞɟɠɞɚ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɩɪɹɬɧɨɣ ɢ ɚɤɤɭɪɚɬɧɨɣ. ɋɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ ɜɟɳɟɣ, ɛɟɡ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɜɩɨɥɧɟ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɛɨɣɬɢɫɶ, ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɚɤ ɞɭɯɢ ɢ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɟ ɜɢɞɵ ɤɨɫɦɟɬɢɤɢ. ɉɪɨɫɬɨɬɚ ɜ ɨɞɟɠɞɟ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɜɚɠɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɨɜ, ɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹ ɥɢ ɨɧɢ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ, ɢɥɢ ɜɧɟ ɟɝɨ.

ɝ) ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɫɜɟɠɭɸ ɨɞɟɠɞɭ, ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɧɚ ɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɯ (ɢ ɜɨɨɛɳɟ ɜɫɟɯ) ɯɪɚɦɨɜɵɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɯ. ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɬɨɣ ɨɞɟɠɞɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ɜɵ ɧɨɫɢɥɢ ɜɱɟɪɚ.

ɞ) Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɶ ɑɚɣɬɚɧɶɹ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɥ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɣ - ɷɬɨ ɬɨɬ, ɩɪɢ ɜɢɞɟ ɤɨɝɨ ɥɸɞɢ ɜɫɩɨɦɢɧɚɸɬ ɨ Ʉɪɢɲɧɟ. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɬɳɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɥɟɞɢɬɶ ɡɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɜɧɟɲɧɟɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɨɬɥɢɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɤɚɦɢ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɚ:

1. Ɍɢɥɚɤɚ

ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɢɹ ɨɦɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɭɤɪɚɲɚɬɶ ɫɜɨɺ ɬɟɥɨ ɬɢɥɚɤɨɣ ɜ 12 ɦɟɫɬɚɯ. ɉɨɞɪɨɛɧɟɟ ɨ ɬɢɥɚɤɟ – ɫɦ. ɉɪɢɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ I.

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Ɍɨɬ, ɤɬɨ ɧɟ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɟɬ ɫɜɹɬɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɢ ɧɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɦ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɚɦ, ɇȿ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɬɢɥɚɤɭ, ɜ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɡɚ ɩɪɟɞɟɥɚɦɢ ɯɪɚɦɚ.

2. ɉɪɢɱɺɫɤɚ

Ɇɭɠɱɢɧɵ: Ȼɪɚɯɦɚɱɚɪɢ ɢ ɫɚɧɧɶɹɫɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɪɢɬɶ ɫɜɨɢ ɝɨɥɨɜɵ ɪɚɡ ɜ ɧɟɞɟɥɸ, ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɹ ɲɢɤɯɭ. Ƚɪɢɯɚɫɬɯɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɬɨ ɠɟ ɫɚɦɨɟ, ɧɨ, ɟɫɥɢ ɷɬɨ ɩɨɦɟɲɚɟɬ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɸ, ɬɨ ɨɧɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɤɨɪɨɬɤɭɸ ɢ ɚɤɤɭɪɚɬɧɭɸ ɫɬɪɢɠɤɭ, ɢ, ɟɫɥɢ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɲɢɤɯɭ.

ɀɟɧɳɢɧɵ: Ⱦɥɹ ɠɟɧɳɢɧ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɱɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɟɟ ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɨ ɞɥɢɧɧɵɟ ɜɨɥɨɫɵ, ɫɨɛɪɚɧɧɵɟ ɫɡɚɞɢ ɜ ɩɭɱɨɤ, ɢ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɱɺɫɨɤ.

3. Ʉɚɧɬɯɢ-ɦɚɥɚ

ȼɫɟ ɢɧɢɰɢɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɤɚɧɬɯɢ-ɦɚɥɭ, ɩɨ ɤɪɚɣɧɟɣ ɦɟɪɟ ɞɜɚ ɢɥɢ ɬɪɢ ɪɹɞɚ. Ʉɚɧɬɯɢ-ɦɚɥɚ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɛɺɪɧɭɬɚ ɜɨɤɪɭɝ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɲɟɢ ɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɚ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɬɱɺɬɥɢɜɨ ɜɢɞɧɚ.

ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɟɳɺ ɧɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɢ ɢɧɢɰɢɚɰɢɸ, ɧɨ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɬ ɜɫɟɦ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɦ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɚɦ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɤɚɤɨɝɨ-ɬɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ, ɢ ɝɨɬɨɜɹɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɶ ɞɢɤɲɭ, ɬɚɤɠɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɤɚɧɬɯɢ-ɦɚɥɭ.

ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɟ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɚɸɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɨɜ, ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ, ɧɟ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɸɬ ɫɜɹɬɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɢ ɧɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɬ ɱɟɬɵɪɟɦ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɦ ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɚɦ, ɧɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɤɚɧɬɯɢ-ɦɚɥɭ. ɋɬɪɨɝɨ ɝɨɜɨɪɹ, ɨɞɧɚɠɞɵ ɧɚɞɟɜ ɤɚɧɬɯɢ-ɦɚɥɭ, ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ ɭɠɟ ɧɟ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɛɪɚɬɶ ɜ ɪɨɬ ɞɚɠɟ ɥɭɤ ɢɥɢ ɱɟɫɧɨɤ. ȼɫɺ ɷɬɨ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɫɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɦɵ ɞɚɟɦ ɫɨɜɟɬɵ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦ.

4. ɍɫɵ ɢ ɛɨɪɨɞɚ

ɂɧɢɰɢɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɝɨɬɨɜɹɳɢɟɫɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɢɧɢɰɢɚɰɢɸ, ɧɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɭɫɵ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɪɨɞɭ. (Ɇɨɠɧɨ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɜ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɜɚɣɲɧɚɜɫɤɢɯ ɦɚɬɯɚɯ ɦɭɠɱɢɧɵ ɛɪɟɸɬ ɫɜɨɺ ɥɢɰɨ ɢ ɝɨɥɨɜɭ ɪɚɡ ɜ 2 ɧɟɞɟɥɢ ɢɥɢ ɜ ɞɟɧɶ ɩɨɥɧɨɥɭɧɢɹ, ɚ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɱɚɬɭɪɦɚɫɶɢ - ɜɨɨɛɳɟ ɧɟ ɛɪɟɸɬɫɹ. ɇɨ ɧɚɲ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ - ɛɪɢɬɶɫɹ ɪɟɝɭɥɹɪɧɨ, ɡɚ ɪɟɞɤɢɦ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɚɥɨɦɧɢɱɟɫɬɜ ɢɥɢ ɩɨ ɤɚɤɢɦ-ɥɢɛɨ ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɭɜɚɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɦ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɦ).

ɟ) ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɧɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɞɨɪɨɝɭɸ ɢ ɛɪɨɫɤɭɸ ɛɢɠɭɬɟɪɢɸ, ɞɨɪɨɝɢɟ ɱɚɫɵ ɢ ɬ.ɞ. ɍɤɪɚɲɟɧɢɹ ɠɟɧɳɢɧ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɛɵɬɶ ɭɦɟɪɟɧɧɵɦɢ, ɚ ɦɭɠɱɢɧɚɦ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɱɬɢɬɟɥɶɧɟɟ ɫɨɜɫɟɦ ɨɬɤɚɡɚɬɶɫɹ ɨɬ ɞɪɚɝɨɰɟɧɧɵɯ ɭɤɪɚɲɟɧɢɣ, ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɚɤ ɡɨɥɨɬɵɟ ɰɟɩɨɱɤɢ, ɛɪɚɫɥɟɬɵ ɢ ɬ.ɩ.

ɠ) ɇɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɷɬɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ, ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɥɸɛɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ ɢɡ ɤɨɠɢ, ɡɧɚɹ, ɱɬɨ ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬ ɭɛɢɣɫɬɜɚ ɠɢɜɨɬɧɵɯ. ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɨɡɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɨɬ ɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɠɚɧɨɣ ɨɛɭɜɢ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɤɨɠɚɧɵɯ ɫɭɦɨɤ, ɛɭɦɚɠɧɢɤɨɜ ɢ ɬ.ɞ., ɟɫɥɢ ɛɟɡ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɛɨɣɬɢɫɶ.

8)ɑɢɫɬɨɬɚ ɢ ɝɢɝɢɟɧɚ

ɚ) Ʉɚɤ ɭɠɟ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɥɨɫɶ, ɜ ɯɪɚɦ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɱɢɫɬɨɣ ɨɞɟɠɞɟ. ɛ) ɇɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ, ɧɟ ɨɩɨɥɨɫɧɭɜ ɪɭɤɢ ɢ ɫɬɨɩɵ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɟɞɵ.

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ɜ) ȼɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɫ ɱɢɫɬɵɦɢ ɪɭɤɚɦɢ ɢ ɫɬɨɩɚɦɢ.

ɝ) ɉɨɫɥɟ ɨɩɨɪɨɠɧɟɧɢɹ ɤɢɲɟɱɧɢɤɚ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɶ ɨɦɨɜɟɧɢɟ, ɢ ɥɢɲɶ ɩɨɬɨɦ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɡɚɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ.

ɞ) ɇɟɥɶɡɹ ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɩɨɫɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɤɪɟɦɚɬɨɪɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɦɺɪɬɜɨɦɭ ɬɟɥɭ. ɋɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɶ ɨɦɨɜɟɧɢɟ, ɢ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɨɬɨɦ ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦ.

ɟ) ȼ ɯɪɚɦɟ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɩɭɫɤɚɬɶ ɝɚɡɵ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɪɵɝɢɜɚɬɶ.

ɠ) ɇɚɯɨɞɹɫɶ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ, ɧɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɫɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɚɥɶɰɵ ɜ ɪɨɬ, ɜ ɭɲɢ ɢɥɢ ɜ ɧɨɫ. ȿɫɥɢ ɤɬɨɬɨ ɜɵɧɭɠɞɟɧ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɷɬɨ (ɞɚɠɟ ɢ ɧɟ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ), ɫɪɚɡɭ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɵɦɵɬɶ ɪɭɤɢ.

ɡ) Ɇɚɬɚɞɠɢ ɜ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɦɟɫɹɱɧɵɯ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɩɨɫɟɳɚɬɶ ɯɪɚɦ, ɧɨ ɢɦ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ ɧɢɤɚɤɨɝɨ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ, ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɚɪɚɬɢ, ɨɞɟɜɚɧɢɟ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜ, ɩɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɫɚɞɚ, ɢɡɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɝɢɪɥɹɧɞ, ɢɥɢ ɥɸɛɨɝɨ ɞɪɭɝɨɝɨ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɹ, ɬɪɟɛɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɹ ɜ ɚɥɬɚɪɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɤɭɯɧɟ, ɢɥɢ ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɝɨ

ɫȻɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ (ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɲɢɬɶɺ ɂɯ ɨɞɟɠɞ ɢ ɬ.ɩ.)

-ȼ ɷɬɨɬ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɦɚɬɚɞɠɢ ɧɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɤɚɫɚɬɶɫɹ ɬɟɯ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɡɚɧɹɬɵ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɟɦ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɦ.

-Ɉɧɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɩɨɫɟɳɚɬɶ Ɍɭɥɚɫɢ-ɩɭɞɠɭ, ɧɨ ɢɦ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɬɶ ɜɨɞɭ Ɍɭɥɚɫɢ-ɞɟɜɢ.

-ɉɪɢ ɜɫɟɯ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɯ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɟɧɢɟ ɞɠɚɩɵ ɧɚ ɱɺɬɤɚɯ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɬɶɫɹ.

Ⱦɥɹ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɟɧɢɹ ɫɜɹɬɨɝɨ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɢɤɚɤɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɣ. ɑɬɨ ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ ɞɨɦɚ, ɦɚɬɚɞɠɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɫɬɚɪɚɬɶɫɹ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ ɜɵɲɟɭɩɨɦɹɧɭɬɵɣ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ ɬɚɦ, ɝɞɟ ɷɬɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ. (ȼ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɷɬɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɧɟ ɛɵɬɶ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɧɵɦ, ɬɚɤ ɤɚɤ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɧɟɤɨɦɭ ɝɨɬɨɜɢɬɶ ɢ ɬ.ɞ. ȼ ɬɚɤɢɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɦɚɬɚɞɠɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɭɸ ɪɚɛɨɬɭ ɩɨ ɞɨɦɭ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɥɟɞɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɤɬɨ-ɬɨ ɡɚɛɨɬɢɥɫɹ ɨ ɞɨɦɚɲɧɢɯ Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɚɯ). ɉɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɱɥɟɧɵ ɫɟɦɶɢ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɶ ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ.

9)Ɉɛɳɟɟ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ

ɚ) ɉɪɟɞɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɩɨɦɧɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɨɧ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɝɭɪɭ ɢ Ʉɪɢɲɧɭ. Ƚɞɟ ɛɵ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɧɢ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɥɫɹ, ɛɭɞɶ ɬɨ ɜ ɯɪɚɦɟ, ɞɨɦɚ, ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɭɥɢɰɟ, ɨɧ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɜɟɫɬɢ ɫɟɛɹ ɬɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭ ɥɸɞɟɣ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɥɨɫɶ ɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɨɟ ɜɩɟɱɚɬɥɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɝɭɪɭ ɢ Ʉɪɢɲɧɟ, ɢ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɧɟɫɬɢ ɝɭɪɭ ɢ Ʉɪɢɲɧɟ ɞɭɪɧɭɸ ɫɥɚɜɭ.

ɛ) Ⱦɚɠɟ (ɢ ɜ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ) ɟɫɥɢ ɜɚɫ ɤɪɢɬɢɤɭɸɬ ɢɥɢ ɨɫɤɨɪɛɥɹɸɬ, ɧɭɠɧɨ ɜɟɫɬɢ ɫɟɛɹ ɞɨɫɬɨɣɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ.

ɜ) ɏɨɬɹ, ɧɟɫɨɦɧɟɧɧɨ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶ ɦɟɪɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɟ ɨɤɚɡɚɬɶɫɹ ɨɛɦɚɧɭɬɵɦ, ɬɟɦ ɧɟ ɦɟɧɟɟ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɢɡɛɟɝɚɬɶ ɜɵɢɫɤɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɜɨɞɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɫɫɨɪɵ, ɭɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɛɟɫɩɨɥɟɡɧɵɦɢ ɫɩɨɪɚɦɢ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.

ɝ) ɋɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɵɦ ɜɨ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹɯ ɫ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɩɨɥɨɠɧɵɦ ɩɨɥɨɦ.

10

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