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Lecture 9 Topic : the composite sentence Points for discussion

9.1. The Composite sentence: its general characteristics. The notion of the invariant composite sentence. The main principals of composite sentence classifying.

9.2. The Compound sentence as one of the main types of the composite sentences: its general characteristics

9.3. The Complex sentence as one of the main types of the composite sentences: its general characteristics

9.4. The Semi-composite sentences : the semi-compound and the semi –complex sentences

9.5. The main types of syntactic connections in the composite sentencs

LITERATURE

    1. Смирницкий А.И. Синтаксис английского языка. М., 1957.

    2. Бархударов Л.С. Структура простого предложения современного английского языка. М., 1996.

    3. Бархударов Л.С., Штелинг Д.А. Грамматика английского языка. – М., 1973.

    4. Ильиш Б.А. Строй современного английского языка. М., 1971

    5. Блох М.Я. Теоретическая грамматика английского языка. М., 1983.

    6. Хаймович Б.С., Роговская Б.И. Теоретическая грамматика английского языка. М., 1967.

    7. Иванова И.П., Бурлакова В.В., Почепцов Г.Г. Теоретическая грамматика современного английского языка. – М., 1981.

    8. Иофик Л.Л., Чахоян Л.П. Хрестоматия по теоретической грамматике английского языка. Л, 1972.

    9. Теоретическая грамматика английского языка. Задания и упражнения. Методическое пособие для студентов IV курса факультета английского языка. Минск, 1994.

    10. Quirk R., Greenbaum S., Leech G., Svartvick J. A University Grammar of English. M., 1982.

9.1. The Composite sentence: its general characteristics. The notion of the invariant composite sentence. The main principals of composite sentence classifying.

9.1.1. The general characteristics of the composite sentence.

CRITERIA

COMPOSITE

SIMPLE

predicative lines

more than one

one

predicative function

polypredicative

predicative

nominative function

reflection of two or more elementary situational events viewed as making up a unity; The connections between the situations are presented through semantico-syntactical connections between the clauses of the composite sentence.

reflection of the situation

syntax level

Highest

central

formation

Derivative

Initial

structure

clauses

a clause as part of a composite sentence corresponds to a separate sentence as part of a contextual sequence

NP // VP

Types of construction

hypotaxis (subordination) parataxis (coordination)

not presented

Types of clause connection

syndetic(conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs)

asyndetic

not presented

the degree of the predicative explicitness(composite sentences)

Of complete composition (compound, complex)

of concise composition (semi- compound, semi-complex)

Not presented

The composite sentence is built according to the certain model or structural scheme. The basis of this scheme is made by the set of constant elements united by a certain connection. These elements taken in their syntactic connections are to form the invariant of the composite sentence. Thу invariant of the composite sentence was defined by T.P. Lomtev as its model.

The main principals while composite sentence classifying:

  • according to the existing two types of syntactic connections(the compound and the complex sentences).

  • according to the degree of the predicative explicitness they distinguish composite sentences of complete composition(the compound and the complex sentences), and composite sentences of concise composition(semi-compound and semi-complex sentences)

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