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AROUND AND ABOUT.rtf
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4.10 Answer the following questions:

1 When was the Tyumen Region founded?

2 What is the territory of the Tyumen Region? (1,435,200 sq km)

3 Where is the Tyumen Region located?

4 What is the population number of the Tyumen Region? (about 3,270,000)

5 Why did the population of the Tyumen Region begin to increase?

6 What are the main natural resources of the Region?

7 When did a new chapter of the history of the Tyumen Region begin?

8 Why did the Tyumen Region start to develop?

9 What is the Tyumen Region nowadays?

10 What is the traditional occupation of the native people?

4.11 Prove that:

1 The Tyumen Region is one of the largest regions in the country.

2 The Region began to develop when the first deposits of oil and gas were found in the North.

3 The Tyumen Region is a multinational region.

4.12 Study the factfile (according to the statistics data of 2002):

Date of Foundation: August, 1944

The Tyumen Region is included into the Ural Federal Okrug and Western-Siberian Economic Region

Subdivisions: Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Boundaries: Kazakhstan, Komi Republic, Krasnoyarsky Krai, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Omsk, Tomsk and Arkhangelsk Regions

Population Number: about 3,270,000 (the Tyumen Region)

507,000 (Tyumen)

National Composition of Tyumen: Russians (82,38%), Tartars (8,07%), Ukrainians (1,66%), Germans (1,23%), Kazakhs (0,98%), Chuvashes (0,85%). Others (0,81%)

Major Towns: Tyumen (507,000 people), Surgut (275,300 people), Nizhnevartovsk (230,300 people), Tobolsk (97,800 people), Noyabr’sk (97,000 people), Novyi Urengoi (89,800 people), Ishym (62,300 people), Khanty-Mansiysk (36,900 people), Salekhard (32,900 people)

Major Rivers: the Irtysh, the Ob’, the Pur, the Taz, the Nadym

Natural Zones: tundra, taiga, forest, forest-steppe, steppe

Climate: continental

Annual Temperatures: January: -17.6˚C (south), -23.1˚C (north)

July: +22.5˚C (south), +13˚C (north)

Chief Agricultural Products: Crops, beets, wheat, potatoes, barley, rye, oats, cabbage.

Cattle, deer, poultry, fur farming

Chief Mined Products: Oil, natural gas, lignite, iron ore, building materials, (sand, clay, peat, diatomite), thermal springs, etc.

Chief Oil-bearing Fields: Samotlor, Ust’-Balyk, Feodorovskoe, Mamontovskoe, Pravdinskoe, Solkinskoe, Var’eganskoe, Pokachevskoe, Kholmogorskoe

Chief Gas-bearing Fields: Urengoiskoe, Yamburgskoe, Kharasaveiskoe, Vyngapurovskoe, Medvehz’e, Bovanenkovskoe

Chief Industries: - Oil and gas extractive industry, machinery and metal-working industry, timber (wood) and woodworking industry, building materials industry, light industry, fishing industry

4.13 Speak about the Tyumen Region.

UNIT 5 THE TOWN I LIVE IN

5.1 Answer the questions:

1 Do you know how old Tyumen is?

2 When was Tyumen founded?

3 Is it your native town? How long have you been living here?

4 Where is the historical centre of Tyumen?

5 What place in Tyumen do you like more? Why?

    1. Read the text “Glimpses of History” and check your understanding doing the activities after it.

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