Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
english grammar 1.doc
Скачиваний:
29
Добавлен:
24.02.2016
Размер:
740.35 Кб
Скачать

У п р а ж н е н и я

Упр. 81. Назовите три основные формы следующих глаголов.

to be, to write, to see, to come, to make, to do, to bring, to take, to buy, to sell, to tell, to send, to become, to have, to bring, to go to sit, to set, to fall, to feel, to find, to found.

Упр. 82. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

  1. Have you seen the film "Titanic"?

  2. Have you ever eaten snails? (улитки)

  3. Have you ever been to New York or to Chicago?

  4. Have you ever driven a car?

  5. Has the temperature gone down or up today?

  6. What have you had breakfast today?

  7. Whom have you met on your way to the Institute?

  8. How many exams have you passed this winter (summer)?

  9. How have you passed your winter (summer) exams?

  10. How much money have you earned in your life?

  11. Where have you been this summer?

  12. Why have you entered the Law Academy?

  13. Who has presented you this wonderful ring (watch, bag)?

  14. How have you helped your mother this week?

  15. What books have you read recently?

Упр. 83. Ответьте на вопросы, употребив глагол в скобках в Present Perfect.

Model: Is his article ready? (to write)

Yes, he has written it.

  1. Is her room clean? (to do)

  2. Is our dinner ready? (to cook)

  3. Does she know the poem? (to learn)

  4. Do you know this sort of flowers? (to see)

  5. Do you know how tasty the cake is? (to eat)

  6. Do you know that your glasses are on the table? (to find)

  7. Is Bobby's face clean? (to wash)

  8. Do you know how beautiful these songs are? (to hear)

Упр. 84. Вы пишете письмо своему другу и сообщаете ему новости о людях, которых вы оба знаете. Используйте данные слова и сообщите новости, поставив глагол в нужную форму.

Model: Phil \ find a new job. - Phil has found a new job.

  1. Charles \ to go to Greece.

  2. Jack and Jill \ to decide to get married.

  3. Suzanne \ to have a baby.

  4. Bob \ to give up smoking.

  5. George \ to pass his driving test.

  6. Bill \ to buy a new car.

  7. Kate and Nick \ to divorce

  8. Gerry \ to commit a crime.

  9. Old Alex \ to die.

  10. Nelly \ to enter the Institute.

  11. Jane \ to cut her hair.

  12. Tom \ to lose weight.

Упр. 85. Дайте отрицательные ответы на вопросы, используя слова в скобках.

Model: When did you last smoke? (for two years)

I haven't smoked for two years.

  1. When did it last snow? (for ages)

  2. When did your granny last visit you? (since August)

  3. When did you last play tennis? (for a long time)

  4. When did you last eat caviar (икра)? (never)

  5. When did you last drive? (for six months)

  6. When did you last go to St.Petersburg? (for two years)

  7. When did you last visit The Bolshoi Theatre? (never)

  8. When did your friend last write to you? (since last summer)

Упр. 86. Расскажите, что вы делали на этой неделе (в этом месяце, году), кого вы видели, где вы были.

Model 1: I have met my school-friend today.

Model 2: I have translated the text this week (month, year).

Model 3: I have already seen this film.

Model 4: I have lived in the city for two years \ since October

Model 5: I have never been to England.

Упр. 87. Вставьте " been" или "gone".

  1. Where is Ann? - She is on holiday. She has … to Italy.

  2. Hello! I've just … to the shop. Look, I've bought lots of things.

  3. Jim isn't here at the moment. He's to the shop.

  4. Are you going to the beach? - No, I've already … there.

Упр. 88*. Переведите следующие предложения на русский язык. Объясните употребление Present Perfect Tense.

  1. I have done my work. You may look at it. 2. Don't buy him this book,

he has already read it. 3. Will you go to the cinema? - No, I have seen this film. 4. I haven't seen you for ages. 5. Have you ever been to England? 6. We haven't read books by this author. 7. Has he come yet? - No, he hasn't. 8. How long have you been here? We have been here since Sunday. It is Wednesday, so we have been here for three days. 9. We are going to take our friend to a football match. He has never seen football matches before. 10. I have made some tea. Help yourself. 11. We have been to the shop recently. 12. I haven't seen her lately. 13. They have bought the book this week. 14. He has passed his exam today.

Упр. 89*. Поставьте глагол в скобках в форме Present Perfect. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. I don't know this man. I never (to meet) him before. 2. Where is Nick?

- He just (to go) out. 3. Don't you know what the story is about? - No, I (not to read) it. 4. Don't worry about the letter. I (to post) it already. 5. Is he a good boy? - Oh, yes, he (to help) me a lot. 6. I know the city perfectly well. I (to be) there several times. 7. I can't find my bag. I think, somebody (to take) it by mistake. 8. Do you speak Greek? - No, I never (to study) it. 9. Do you know where he lives? - No, he recently (to move) to a new flat. I (not to be) there yet.

Упр. 90*. Переведите на английский язык, используя Present Perfect.

  1. Мария получила новую квартиру. Ты видел ее? 2. Ты показал

друзьям свою работу? - Нет, я ее еще не закончил. 3. Я посмотрел этот фильм. А ты? - Еще нет. 4. Ты был в этом парке? 5. Она только что вернулась. 6. Возьмите эти журналы. Я их уже прочитал. 7. Вы были когда-нибудь в Италии? - Да, и я видел там много интересного. 8. Мы еще не выучили это правило и не сделали упражнение номер 6. 9. Она никогда не переводила такие трудные статьи. 10. На этой неделе я звонил ему несколько раз. 11. Сегодня он уехал в Москву. 12. Ты видел сегодня Александра? - Нет. 13. В этом году мы купили новый телевизор.

PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST INDEFINITE.

Упр. 91. Ответьте на вопросы.

  1. Have you ever been to Moscow? When were you there last?

  2. Have you read anything by Agatha Christie? What book of her did you read last?

  3. Have you been to the Drama Theatre? What plays have you seen there? When were you there last? What did you see there?

  4. Have you ever travelled by air? When did you fly for the first time?

  5. Have you already passed you winter exams? When did you pass them?

  6. Have you had any seminars this week? What mark have you got for the seminar? When did you have the seminar?

  7. Have you taken any pictures (фотографировали) this year? Was it in January or in February? Have you developed (проявили) the film?

  8. How have you got to the Institute today? How long did it take you to get here?

  9. Have you ever tried your hand at painting (photography, driving)? When did it start?

  10. How long have you lived in the city? When did you come to live here?

Упр. 92. Дополните предложения подходящими обстоятельствами времени. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.

1. She has had coffee for breakfast. 2. She had coffee for breakfast. 3. We have been to the lecture. 4 We were at the lecture. 5. There have been many guests at the Smiths’. 6. There were many guests at the Smiths’. 7. They have done the work. 8. They did the work. 9. She has put on her best dress. 10. She put on her best dress.

Упр. 93*. Раскройте скобки, используя Present Perfect или Past Indefinite.

A.

  1. I just (to tell) you the answer. 2. I (to tell) you the answer yesterday. 3.

She already (to answer) the letter. 4. She (to answer) it on Sunday. 5. John and Richard just (to go) away. 6. They (to go) away 5 minutes ago. 7. I (to read) this book during my summer holidays. 8. He (to read) the novel this summer. 9. The baker (to sell) all his cakes. 10. He (to sell) the last cake half an hour ago. 11. I (not to see) him for three years. 12. I (not to see) Michael at the party yesterday.

B.

1. You (to wear) your hair long when you were at school? - Yes, my Mother (to insist) on it. 2. He (not to smoke) for two weeks. 3. When he (to arrive)? - He (to arrive) an hour ago. 4. You (to lock) the door? 5. I (to read) this book when I was at school. I (to enjoy) it very much. 6. I can't go out because I (not to finish) my work. 7. I (to write) a letter but I can't find a stamp. 8. The clock is slow. - It isn't slow, it (to stop). 9. Here are your shoes, I just (to clean) them. 10. I (to leave) home at 8 a.m. and got there at 9. 11. You (to have) breakfast yet? - Yes, I (to have) it at 8-30. 12. I (to meet) him last June. 13. You (to see) the moon last night? 14. The play just (to begin). You are a little late. 15. The newspaper (to come)? 16. The actors (to arrive) yesterday and (to start) rehearsals early this morning. 17. We (to miss) the bus. Now we'll have to wait. 18. You (to be) here before? - Yes, I (to spend) my holidays here last year. - You (to have) a good time? - No, it (to rain) a lot.

C.

1. You (to hear) the news? - What news? - About Ted and Dane. They (to be) out on the roof last night and Tom (to slip) and Dave (to try) to hold him, but he couldn't and they both (to fall) down. 2. I think you (to have) an unpleasant experience last week-end. What (to happen) exactly? 3. You remember the coin you (to find) in the pool? 4. Mr.Clapton (to arrive), Kate. - Oh, good. You (to find) your way all right, Mr.Clapton? - Yes, thank you. - I (not to hear) you ring the bell. - I couldn't find the bell, so I (to knock) instead. 5. He (to light) a cigarette and (to walk) to the window. 6. Can we get dinner here? - Of course, we can. Have you got enough money? I (to spend) my last dollar on the taxi. 7. As we got into the taxi my brother asked, "Well, you (to speak) to Harry?" - "I (to speak) to him this morning." 8. "Hello," the little girl said to her Mother and looked at her companion. - "Come and say 'How do you do' to Mr.Carpenter." - I (to see) him already." - "You can't have done, dear. He just (to arrive) here." - "I (to see) him in the hall this afternoon." - "I'm sure you didn't. You (to see) my little daughter yet, Mr.Carpenter?" 9. I remember you (to have) three little freckles on your nose, but they (to disappear). 10. You (not to hear) what the teacher (to say)? 11. At school I (to be) never good at languages, but here I (to learn) a bit of French. 12. "Good night. It (to be) nice to meet you," he (to say) and (to leave) the room. 13. What (to happen) to you there? - Let's forget it. Even now I can't believe I (to do) it.

Упр. 94*. Переведите на английский язык, используя Present Perfect или Past Indefinite.

A.

  1. Почему вы надели пальто? Сегодня совсем тепло. 2. Ваш брат

уже вернулся? 3. Когда он вернулся? 4. Вы закончили свою работу? - Да, я закончил ее вчера. 5. Я принес вам несколько интересных книг. 6. Куда вы положили мой словарь. Я не могу его найти. 7. Он положил документы на стол и вышел из комнаты. 8. Я никогда не читал этой книги. 9. Я никогда не купался по вечерам, когда жил на юге. 10. К вам пришел посетитель. 11. Я не видел его с лета. 12. Я уже говорил вам об этом два раза. 13. Я не знаю, сколько сейчас времени, так как мои часы остановились. 14. Вы написали контрольную работу очень плохо. Напишите еще раз. 15. Он написал контрольную работу очень плохо, и преподаватель велел ему переписать.

B.

  1. Я закончил работу, взгляните на нее, пожалуйста. 2. Вы читали

сегодняшние газеты? - Конечно. 3. Вы принесли мне еще одну книгу? - Нет, я пришел за советом. 4. Я еще не говорил с Джоном об этом, я не видел его со вчерашнего дня. 5. Навещали ли вас друзья недавно? - Да, они приходили сегодня днем. 6. Лена дала мне интересную книгу на прошлой неделе, но я ее еще не прочитала. 7. Вы давно знаете Анну? - Я знаю ее уже пять лет. 8. Я не был в Новгороде с тех пор, как мы переехали в С.-Петербург. 9. Она не выходит из дома с тех пор, как купила телевизор. 10. В прошлом году он уехал на север, и я с тех пор его не видел. 11. Я встретился с Томом три года назад, и с тех пор мы с ним друзья. 12. Анна, где ты была? Я уже давно здесь. 13. За последнее время он сильно изменился. 14. Почему ты сделал это?

PRESENT PERFECT + INDEFINITE AND CONTINUOUS TENSES

Упр. 95. Ответьте на вопросы.

A.

  1. How often do you have English lessons?

  2. When did you have your English lesson last week?

  3. When will you have your next English lesson?

  4. What lesson are you having?

  5. What lesson were you having from 9 till 10 yesterday?

  6. What lesson will you be having at 11 tomorrow?

  7. How many lectures have you had this week?

B.

  1. Where are you sitting?

  2. How often do you go to the cinema?

  3. What film have you seen recently?

  4. Where did you go last summer?

  5. Where were you yesterday?

  6. When will the next lesson begin?

  7. How long have you been a student?

  8. Where does your friend study?

  9. What was your Mum doing when you came home yesterday?

  10. What will the weather be tomorrow?

  11. What will you be doing tomorrow at 11?

  12. Whom have you met in the Academy today?

Упр. 96. Составьте предложения с данными обстоятельствами времени.

  1. I shall come to you if …

  2. Generally

  3. Lately

  4. Just

  5. Last week

  6. At 7 o’clock yesterday

  7. For a month

  8. This Sunday

  9. In a week

  10. The other day

  11. Never (2)

Упр. 97. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму.

1. I was proud of him. 2. He did exercises with his friend. 3. We shall be watching TV at this time tomorrow. 4. She has passed tow exams. 5. She cut her finger with a knife. 6. They eat fruit and vegetables. 7. There will be a film in an hour. 8. There has been a lecture today. 9. We are discussing the problem. 10. They have come to us.

Упр. 98*. Раскройте скобки, используя Present Indefinite или Present Perfect.

  1. As a rule I (to have) ham and eggs for breakfast but today I (to order)

an omelette. 2. This is the house where I (to live). I (to live) here since childhood. 3. Once in a week I (to write) letters home, but I (not to write) one this week. 4. No wonder he (to look) tired after the strain (напряжение) under which he (to be) lately. 5. She just (to ask) a porter to carry her bags as they (to be) too heavy for her. 6. Where (to be) Ann? - She (to go) to the library. 7. Usually I (see) him every morning at the bus-stop, but I (not to see) him there since Monday. 8. It (to be) cold in winter in Moscow, as a rule? - Yes, generally it (to be), but this winter (to be) very warm. 9. Why you (not to shave) this morning? - I (to shave) every other day (через день).

Упр. 99*. Раскройте скобки, используя Present Perfect, Present Continuous, Present Indefinite или Past Indefinite.

  1. Please, give me a pencil, I (to lose) mine. 2. I (not to meet) Peter since

Monday. 3. Nina just (to finish) work. 4. Where Sergei (to be)? - He (to go) home. He (to leave) the room a minute ago. 5. What you (to read) now? - I (to read) a detective story. 6. They (to read) "War and Peace" a month ago. What about you? You (to read) this novel? 7. My watch (to stop). There (to be) something wrong with it. 8. You (to see) Jack today? -Yes, I (to see) him at the Institute in the morning. 9. You (to hear) the new symphony by M.? - Yes, I … - When you (to hear) it? - I (to hear) it last Sunday. 10. You (to change) so much. Anything (to happen)? 11. What you (to do) here at such a late hour? You (to write) your composition? - No, I (to write) it already. I (to work) at my report. - And when you (to write) your composition? - I (to finish) it two days ago. 12. Tom, let's have dinner. - No, thank you, I already (to have) dinner. 13. What the weather (to be) like? It still (to rain)? - No, it (to stop) raining.

Упр. 100*. Раскройте скобки, употребляя Present Perfect, Present Indefinite, Past Indefinite или Past Continuous.

1. They (to go) to the Hermitage last week. 2. They (to be) to the Hermitage twice this week. 3. After school yesterday he (to come) home, (to have) dinner, (to read) an article from the latest magazine and (to begin) writing his report. 4. When your friend (to return) from the South? - She (to return) yesterday. - You (to go) to the station to meet her? - No, I … , I (to be) too busy. 5. With whom you (to discuss) this question yesterday? 6. I (to see) this film this week. I (to like) it very much. 7. When I (to enter) the kitchen, I (to see) that my Mother (to stand) at the table and (to cut) some cabbage. She (to cook) dinner. 8. As soon as I (to hear) the cry, I (to run) out of the room and (to see) that a child (to lie) on the ground and (to cry). "What (to happen)? Why you (to cry)? You (to hurt) yourself?" I asked. 9. As soon as I (to see) him, I (to understand) that he (to work) hard. He (to write) something and (not to notice) anything. 10. When I (to come) home yesterday, the children (to run) and (to sing) merrily. "We (to learn) a new song!" they cried. 11. When the young man (to enter) the room, she (to look) at him in surprise. "What you (to want) to tell me?" she (to say). "Why you (to come)?" 12. It (to rain) hard when I (to leave) home yesterday, so I (to return), (to put on) my raincoat and (to start) again. 13. Your brother (to return) from the North? - Yes, he (to come) a few days ago. 14. You (to be) to the Crimea? When you (to be) there? - I (to be) there in 1998. 15. Where (to be) your brother? - He just (to come) home. He (to take) a shower now.

Упр. 101*. Переведите на английский язык, используя соответствующие времена.

A.

  1. Вы перебили меня, и я теперь не помню, на чем я остановился. 2.

Я очень рад, что он согласился с нашим предложением. 3. Мы только что продали последнюю газету. Жаль, что вы не сказали, что она вам нужна. 4. Он никогда не вмешивается в мои дела. 5. Ваш друг уже рассказал, в чем дело, и я думаю, что могу вам помочь. 6. Я не спрашивал его ни о чем, он рассказал все сам. 7. Он только что звонил на вокзал и узнал, что поезд еще не пришел. 8. Я узнал ваш телефон в офисе, звонил вам несколько раз, но никто не отвечал. 9. Экзаменаторы пришли полчаса назад и вызвали трех студентов. 10. Экзаменаторы уже пришли; три студента готовятся отвечать. 11. Дождь уже прекратился, и люди идут без зонтов. 12. Я никогда не забуду вашу доброту. Вы всегда были так внимательны ко мне. 13. Когда мы учились в школе, мы всегда помогали друг другу. 14. Рад с вами познакомиться. Я много слышал о вас и давно хотел встретиться с вами. 15. Где вы купили этот чудесный ковер? - Я купила его много лет назад.

B.

1. В понедельник на прошлой неделе шел сильный дождь. 2. Мой отец обычно завтракает в 7 часов. 3. Петр уже сделал домашнее задание? - Нет, он все еще делает его. 4. Почему вы идете так быстро? - Я иду быстро потому, что замерз. 5. Мой брат никогда не носит шляпу летом. 6. В тот вечер я смотрел телевизор. 7. Он обычно приходит в 8 часов. Сейчас 8-30, а он все еще не пришел. 8. Каждый день идет дождь. 9. Моему соседу 70 лет, а он все еще работает. 10. Боюсь, я проиграл эту игру. Обычно я играю намного лучше. 11. Она еще не водила своего маленького сына в театр, но прочитала ему несколько произведений Шекспира прошлым летом. 12. Я не играл в футбол с прошлого лета. 13. В школе он играл в футбол. 14. Она часто помогает своей маме. 15. Автор - еще молодой человек, но он написал уже три романа. Первый роман он написал в 1997 году. 16. Сейчас 7 часов утра. Ребенок уже проснулся. Вчера он проснулся гораздо позднее. 17. Мария обычно внимательно слушает учителя, но сейчас она не слушает, так как у нее болит голова. Она даже приняла таблетку.

Соседние файлы в предмете [НЕСОРТИРОВАННОЕ]