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After-Reading Activities

3. Say whether the statements (1-10) are true or false:

1. Americans show a great concern for education.

2. School education is compulsory in the USA.

3. In most public and private schools, education is divided into three levels: elementary school, middle school, and high school.

4. Like most other industrialized countries, the USA has a centralized educational system on the national scale.

5. Most children begin elementary education with kindergarten.

6. In elementary school, basic subjects are taught, and students often remain in one or two classrooms throughout the school day.

7. Secondary education proper includes Junior High School.

8. Generally, at the high school level, students take a broad variety of classes without special emphasis in any particular subject.

9. The ACT is taken only when it is required by certain colleges or universities.

10. University admissions criteria involve the grades earned in high school courses taken, and standardized test scores (such as the SAT or the ACT tests).

4. Do the matching work. Match A and B:

A B

1. superintendent a. a test in mathematics and verbal ability which can be taken two or three times (in the 11th and 12th grades)

2. the PSAT b. a test that scores social and natural studies and is taken when it is required by certain colleges or universities

3. schooling c. to take an exam again because you’ve previously failed it

4. a retake d. the removal of smb from school especially to punish him

5. a school board e. a test to give students a warm-up exercise for the SAT

6. suspension f. school education

7. the SAT g. an individual who has executive oversight and administration rights, usually within an educational entity

8. the ACT h. the title of the board of directors or board of trustees of a school, local school district or higher administrative level

5. Answer the questions to Text C.

  1. What is the main aim of American education?

  2. Education in America is organized on 3 basic levels, isn’t it? Name them.

  3. Why do you think the USA does not have a centralized educational system on the national scale? What does it result in?

  4. What is the structure of public schools in the USA? Compare the meaning of the term “public school” in British and American educational systems.

  5. Is admission to private schools highly selective?

  6. What is the main goal of elementary school?

  7. American secondary education offers a variety of subjects to meet various students’ needs, doesn’t it? Prove your answer.

  8. Are there more advantages or disadvantages of the tracking system?

  9. How can you describe the school life of Junior High School and Senior High School students (choice of subjects, grades)?

  10. What exams do American schoolchildren take? What’s the difference between them?

6. Comment on the underlined quotations in the text.

7. Study the Topical Vocabulary on schooling in the USA and complete the sentences given below using the phrases from the box.

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