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Grammar exercises

The indicative mood

Revision exercises on tense and voice

(To Units One—Three)

1. A) Comment at» the use of the Present Indefinite and the Present Continuous:

i. I'm glad to know that you are coming to England this summer. 2. Your teeth are chattering. What's the matter with you? 3.1 am always telling Jerry that his uncle means more to him than his parents. 4. Anne is working hard for her exams now, she couldn't take them in spring. 5. Hotels on the south coast are expensive. 6. Do you hear anything? — Yes, I hear music. 7. We may visit you and stay with you next year if it is convenient to you then. 8.1 believe he'll be much stronger after he spends his holidays in the mountains.

B) Use the Present Indefinite or the Present Continuous instead of the infinitives in brackets:

1. What you (to think) of this drawing? — I (to think) it (to be) excellent. 2. A holiday camp usually (to have) its own swimming-pool and tennis courts. 3. She (to play) at the concert tonight. 4. You (to like) to spend your holidays with hundreds of other people? 5. What you (to listen) to? — It (to seem) to me I (to hear) a strange noise outside. 6. You (to read) anything in English now? — Yes, I (to read) a play by Oscar Wilde. 7. I'll join them in their trip with pleasure if they (to invite) me. 8.1 (not to see) what you (to drive) at. 9, You (to enjoy) the trip? 10, Can I see Doctor Trench? — I'm sorry you can't; he (to have) his breakfast li. I (not to like) the girl; she continually (to bother) me with silly questions. 12. Please wait till he (to finish). 13. Nell (to have) a rest in the south, too, I (to guess). — Yes, you (to guess) right. 14. You often (to get) letters from her? — Not so very often.

2. Translate the sentences into English, using I hear and I am told where possible:

Notes:

1. In spoken English I hear is often used instead of I have heard.

Examples: I hear you wanted to see me.

He is going to write a new play, I hear.

I hear you have been asking for me?

2. I am told and I was told both correspond to the Russian «мне сказали», I am told is used with reference to the present.

Example: I am told she is seriously ill. (= I hear she is seriously ill.)

1. Я слышал, он пишет новую книгу. 2. Мне сказали, что он занимается переводами с немецкого. 3. Я слышала, что он поправляется. 4. Я слышала, вы собираетесь нас покинуть. 5. Я слышал, что они вернулись из Англии.'6. Мне сказали, что вы сделали вчера интересный доклад. 7. Он уже уехал в Петербург, я слышала. 8. Я слышала, что он хорошо поет. 9. Я слышу, он поет в соседней комнате. 10. Нам сказали, что они приезжают послезавтра. 11. Я слышала, вы получили письмо от своего друга Марио. 12. Джейн прекрасно проводит время на побережье, я слышала.

3. A) Comment on the Present Perfect and the Present Perfect Continuous:

1. I'm sorry I can't accept your invitation; we have already made our plans for the holiday. 2. Hello, Anne. Haven't seen you since the end of the term. 3.1 think there is something in the stories that have been going around. 4. You haven't yet said a word about your holiday, Mike. — I've been waiting for my chance to put a word in.

B) Use the Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Continuous instead of, the infinitives in brackets:

1. "How long you (to be) here?" she demanded angrily. 2. This pair of shoes is just what I (to look for) to match my new frock. 3.1 want you to remember that I never (to ask) you for anything before. 4. What's that noise? — Mary (to break) a tea-cup. 5.1 (to think) about it the last three days, it's such a bother to me. So it really is a relief to talk it over with you. 6. Listen to me, all of you! I (to come) with the most tremendous news. 7.1 see you (not to do) much. What you (to do} all the morning? 8. It's hard to believe that it (to be) only two years and a half since I met him. 9. We (not to see) Edward for a long time. He (to change) very much? — No, he is just the same. 10. Of course, we trust her. After all, Margaret and I (to know) Lucy all our lives. 11.1 (not to wear) this dress for two years. 12. My watch (to go) for three days and it (not to stop) yet 13. Jack (to go) to Bulgaria for a holiday, I hear. I myself never (to be) there.

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