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зак 1198 - англ юфу 2 семестр.doc
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II семестр модуль 4 Грамматика

1. Времена английского глагола в страдательном залоге

to be + V3

Tense/ Время

Aspect/ характеристика действия (вид)

Indefinite (Simple) Неопределенное

Continuous (Progressive) Длительное

Perfect Совершенное

Present Настоящее

Не is asked. Его спрашивают (обычно, вообще)

Не is being asked.

Его спрашивают (сейчас)

Не has been asked.

Его спросили (уже, только что)

Past Прошедшее

Не was asked.

Его спросили (вчера)

Не was being asked.

Его спрашивали (в определенный

момент)

Не had been asked.

Его спросили (уже к тому моменту)

Future Будущее

Не will be asked.

Его спросят (завтра)

---

Не will have been asked.

Его спросят (уже к тому моменту)

ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ ВРЕМЕННЫХ ФОРМ

Indefinite (Simple)

Present

I - am asked

He/she/it - is asked

We/they/you – are asked

Past

I/he/she/it – was asked

We/they/you – were asked

Future

I/we/you/she/he/it/they – will be asked

Continuous

Present

I - am being asked

He/she/it - is being asked

We/they/you – are being asked

Past

I/he/she/it – was being asked

We/they/you – were being asked

Future

---

Perfect

Present

I/we/they/you – have been asked

He/she/it – has been asked

Past

I/we/you/he/she/it/they – had been asked

Future

I/we/you/he/she/it/they – will have been asked

Тестовые упражнения

1. Подберите по смыслу и вставьте глаголы, употребляя их в форме инфинитива в пассивном залоге:

arrest check translate find drive make hear carry

Образец: The music at the party was very loud and could …be heard… from far away.

  1. A decision will not…be made…until the next meeting.

  2. When you go through Customs, your luggage may…be checked…by a customs officer.

  3. Her new book will probably…be translated…into a number of foreign languages.

  4. If you kicked a policeman, you’d…be arrested.

  5. Police are looking for the missing boy. He can’t…be found…anywhere.

  6. The injured man couldn’t walk and had to…be carried.

  7. I don’t mind driving but I prefer to…be driven…by other people

2. Составьте новые предложения в пассивном залоге, сохраняя смысл предыдущих:

Образец: The bill includes service. Service …is included… in the bill.

1. People don’t use this road very often.

This road is not used very often.

2. They cancelled all flights because of fog.

All flights were cancelled because of fog.

3. Somebody accused me of stealing the money.

I was accused of stealing the money.

4. They are building a new ring-road round the city.

A new ring-road is being built round the city.

5. I didn’t realise that someone was recording our conversation.

I didn’t realise that our conversation was being recorded.

6. They have changed the date of the meeting.

The date of the meeting has been changed.

7. Brian told me that somebody had attacked and robbed him in the street.

Brian told me that he had been attacked and robbed in the street.

8. They don’t pay Jim very much.

Jim is not paid very much.

9. They will ask you a lot of questions at the interview.

You will be asked a lot of questions at the interview.

10. Nobody told me that George was ill.

I was not told that George was ill.

11. His colleagues gave him a present when he retired.

He was given a present when he retired.

12. We will send you your examination results as soon as they are ready.

You will be sent your examination results as soon as they are ready.

13. They didn’t ask me my name.

I was not asked my name.

14. I think they should have offered Tom the job.

I think Tom should have been offered the job.

Тут вы можете оставить комментарий к выбранному абзацу или сообщить об ошибке.

Оставленные комментарии видны всем.