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I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the statements/ proverbs and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

  1. Every man to his trade.

  2. He works best who knows his trade.

  3. You are what you choose to be.

  4. You cannot climb the ladder of success with your hands in your pockets.

  5. First impressions are very important.

2. Work in pairs: Choosing the right profession for every person is one of the most important decisions. We can turn to different people for advice or find answers to our questions in newspapers and magazines. Read this article and say why it is one of the most difficult problems among young people. Replace the words in bold type by the words with similar meaning given in the box.

One of the most difficult problems a young person faces is deciding what to do about a career. There are individuals, of course, who from the time they are six years old “know” that they want to be doctors or pilots or fire fighters, but the majority of us do not get around to making a decision about an occupation or career until somebody forces us to face the problem.

Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do. You may find that you will have to take special courses to qualify for a particular kind of work, or may find out that you will need to get some actual work experience to gain enough knowledge to qualify for a particular job.

Fortunately, there are a lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools, there are teachers who are professionally qualified to counsel you and to give detailed information about job qualifications. And you can talk over your ideas with family members and friends who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions. But even if you get other people involved in helping you make a decision, self evaluation is an important part of the decision-making process.

mass; exact; to recommend; ability; coming to a decision; persons; relatives; recommendations; practice; job; to suggest; people; many; proposals; skill; distinct; business; employment; suggestion; knowledge; making up one’s mind; profession; to have certain experience; to advice

3. Read the following words and group them according the categories given below.

Manager; department; qualified; bookkeeper; salary; chief; wages; factory; accountant; skilled; head; earnings; plant; engineer; talented; bonus; director; computer programmer; fringe benefits; assistant; loafer; workshop; fee; supervisor; idler; office; electrician; income; foreman; profit; bank.

Profession

Position/Post

Experience

Places to work

Payment

4. Match the explanations on the right with the idiomatic expressions on the left.

1. to go on business

a. to stop business

2. to carry on a business

b. a dishonest, dubious kind of business

3. to float a business

c. to stop trading

4. back-door business

d. to be active in running business

5. Big Business

e. to be very competent in one’s work

6. to go out of business

f. having or showing the ability to succeed in business and to be calm, cool, and collected

7. to know one’s business

g. the world of large, powerful business organization

8. business like

h. to do commercial work

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