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650 constituencies of roughly equal population. The average constituency contains about 60,000 registered votes. Any British citizen from the age of 18 registered as an elector for the constituency elects a single member to the House of Commons.

3.Voting is on the same day (usually on Thursday) in all constituencies, and the voting stations are open from 7 in the morning till 9 at night. Each voter has only one vote, if he knows that he will be unable to vote, because he is ill or has moved away or must be away on business, he may apply in advance to be allowed to send his vote by post. Voting is not compulsory. But in the autumn of each year every householder is obliged by law to enter on the register of electors the name of every resident who is entitled to vote. Much work is done to ensure that the register is complete and accurate. It’s only possible to vote at the polling station appropriate to one’s address.

4.As in Britain the political scene is dominated by the Conservatives and the Labour Party, in every constituency each of these parties has a local organization whose first task is to choose the candidate and which then helps him to conduct his local campaign. Any British subject can be nominated as a candidate, there is no need to live in the area, though peers, clergymen, lunatics and felons in prison are disqualified from sitting in the House of Commons.

5.There are usually more than two candidates for each seat. The candidate who wins the most votes is elected. This practice is known as the majority electoral system.

V. Прочтите и устно переведите письмо. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы.

Remember: survey report акт сюрвейера, акт экспертизы.

March 15, 20..



I refer to my telex No, … of 20.1.20.. with which I informed you that this shipment was arranged in a way which brought additional charges, because the goods were shipped unsorted in respect of the various weights of bags.

Furthermore I informed you that I have to hold you responsible for all these charges.


Enclosed please find now the Survey-Report No. … showing all details in respect of the unsorted shipment and stating the charges which arose out of the sorting of the bags at the port warehouse amounting to total DM 2,168. – . Additionally I enclose a copy of the invoice of the Survey Expert, Messrs. Kraft & Co., amounting to DM 260, – for charges of survey.

Therefore I attach my debit note for total DM 2,428. – which please book accordingly. Please let me know by which manner we can settle this debit note, either by payment of the sum to me or by next business/shipment.

From the enclosed photos you might see that the bags were shipped unsorted, and I wish to draw your attention furthermore to the fact that the bags stating 31 kgs gross resp. 26 kgs gross are nearly of the same size.

I am awaiting now your prompt reply with proposals how to settle the amount of DM 2,428. –.

1.What are the usual responsibilities of Sellers in respect of packing and marking?

2.Why should claims be properly documented?

3.How can the Buyers refund the charges incurred through the fault of the Sellers?


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Помните, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

1.He is happy to have been invited there.

2.The policeman saw the criminal run away.

3.Our laws are known to protect the interests of all the people.

II. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод зависимого и независимого (самостоятельного) причастных оборотов.

1.He saw the police struggling with the crowd.

2.Radio was invented in 1895, the inventor being the Russian scientist.

3.The Supreme Court of the USA consists of nine justices, one justice being appointed as the Chief Justice.