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2. They are to come in time in order to meet him. 3.The plant has to stop the production of these goods. 4.You can make such a dress yourself.

5.He was to do something but was not able to remember what it was.

6.They should increase the number of exported goods.

7.Could you help me, please?

8.He had to get up early.

IV. Прочтите и устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2-й, 3-й и 4-й абзацы.


1.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on a group of islands forming part of Europe. This does not include the southern part of Ireland. Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are parts of the United Kingdom, but they are self-governed.

2.Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country. Great Britain has accumulated great wealth exploiting the natural resources of its colonies. Until quite recent times coal and textiles were exported in large quantities. With the increase of use of oil the demand for coal has fallen. The British textile industry has also suffered a great fall in overseas demands.

3.On the other hand, British exports of machinery, vehicles and electrical goods have vastly increased. Many new branches of industry were to be developed in order to increase the production of motorcars, radio and television sets, refrigerators, etc. Great Britain is a large producer of iron and steel products, electronics and machinery, chemicals and textiles. It has a highly developed shipbuilding industry.

4.Agriculture is one of the largest and most important activities in Great Britain. The main branch of agriculture affecting the whole British economy is dairy farming. High quality milk and milk products famous all over the world are produced there. Pig and poultry farms are common in all parts of Britain. The farmers are cultivating wheat and barley, which are chief crops.

5.The geographical situation of Great Britain has produced a certain insular spirit among its inhabitants. Only in 1971 the government had to introduce decimal money but kept the pound sterling as the basic unit.


1) overseas demands – спрос за границей;


2)insular spirit – чувство обособленности;

3)decimal money – десятичная денежная система.

V. Прочтите 5-й абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведённых вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос:

What has produced a certain insular spirit among the inhabitants of Great Britain?

1.The geographical situation of Great Britain has produced a certain insular spirit among the inhabitants.

2.The high level of living standards has produced a certain insular spirit among the inhabitants.


I. Перепишите предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.Science and engineering have made great progress during the last thirty years.

2.We were invited to the exhibition of new goods last week.

3.The farmers have gathered good harvests this summer

4.They are raising all sorts of food products there.

5.In the War of Independence the USA freed herself and became independent.

6.The students have been given a difficult task.

7.Agriculture of the USA is highly developed.

8.High-quality computers are being produced by this American company.

II.Перепишите предложения; подчеркните в них Participle I

иParticiple II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью гла- гола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1.Nylon was the first synthetic fiber used in clothing.

2.Having rich natural resources the United States have made great progress.

3.The standard of living is increasing in highly developed countries.

4.Plastic articles are often difficult to repair if broken.