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Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms

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jaundiced adj. 1 coloured, tainted, distorted, twisted, prejudiced, opinionated, biased, preconceived, untrustworthy, bigoted, partial, unfair, perverted; dishonest, corrupt: Even the most jaundiced view must acknowledge the merits of the plan. 2 splenetic, cynical, bitter, envious, resentful, jealous, hostile, spiteful, unfriendly, disapproving, critical, unfavourable, disparaging, denigrating: I can't say that I agree with Cartwright's jaundiced review of the play.

jaunty adj. 1 spirited, lively, high-spirited, buoyant, brisk, frisky, sprightly, free (and easy), blithe, jovial, happy, jubilant, jolly, merry, cheerful, gay: It is heartening to see those pensioners in such a jaunty mood. 2 chic, smart, stylish, dashing, debonair, elegant, colourful, spruce, flashy, flash, showy, flamboyant, Colloq sporty, natty: Tipping his hat at a jaunty angle, the old boulevardier strolled off, twirling his walking-stick.

10.2 jealous...


jealous adj. 1 resentful, bitter, grudging, envious, covetous, green with envy, green-eyed: Brian is jealous of attention paid to anyone but himself. 2 distrustful, distrusting, mistrustful, mistrusting, suspicious; anxious, insecure, threatened, imperilled, vulnerable: Ken is very jealous of Kathleen. If anyone so much as looks at her, he feels jealous.

jealously adv. watchfully, carefully, guardedly, protectively, warily, vigilantly, scrupulously, zealously, eagerly, attentively, anxiously, suspiciously: Victor jealously keeps all details of his business to himself.


v. 1 Often, jeer at. mock, laugh or scoff or sneer (at), flout,


deride, ridicule, make fun of, thumb one's nose at, gibe or


jibe, chaff, decry, twit, taunt, Colloq rag, bullyrag, roast,


Brit cock a snook at, Brit and Australian barrack, Slang knock:


Don't jeer at aromatherapy till you've tried it.


--n. 2 taunt, gibe or jibe, aspersion, hoot, hiss, boo,


catcall; derision, ridicule, obloquy: Just because he was fat,


Christopher had to suffer the jeers of his classmates.


v. 1 set, congeal, solidify, harden, coagulate, thicken,


stiffen, gelatinize: The mixture won't jell till you add hot


water. 2 (take) form, take shape, crystallize, materialize,


come together, be set: Their plans for the shopping centre have


not yet jelled.


v. endanger, imperil, threaten, menace, risk, hazard, venture: You may jeopardize your freedom if you stand up for your rights.

jeopardy n. Usually, in sometimes at jeopardy. danger, peril; threat, menace, risk, hazard, chance, uncertainty, vulnerability, exposure, liability: She put her life in jeopardy by going into the lion's cage.


v. 1 yank, wrench, pluck, nip, tug, twist, tweak: I jerked the


dagger out of his hand, leaving him defenceless. 2 twitch,


lurch, jolt, jump, start, jig, jiggle, wriggle, wiggle: The


creature jerked about convulsively, screaming, then lay still.


--n. 3 yank, pull, wrench, tug, twist, tweak: With a sharp


jerk, he pulled the plaster from the child's leg. 4 lurch,


jolt, start, bump: The train stopped with a jerk, throwing me


off balance. 5 idiot, fool, moron, imbecile, Slang US dope,


creep, yo-yo, nerd, dweeb: Why would she want to go out with a


jerk like that?

jewel n. 1 gem, gemstone, brilliant, ornament, bijou, Colloq rock, sparkler: Thieves stole a diamond necklace and an heirloom brooch set with precious jewels. 2 treasure, marvel, find, godsend, gem, pearl, prize, boon, Colloq catch: What would you do without your secretary - she's an absolute jewel!

jewellery n. gems, precious stones, jewels, ornaments, finery, bijouterie: Alexandra keeps her jewellery in a bank vault.

10.3 jiggle...


jiggle v. 1 jog, joggle, jig, shake, agitate, wiggle, wriggle, jerk: It's odd to see grown people jiggling about on the dance floor


like that. Jiggle the key up and down - maybe then you can turn




--n. 2 jog, joggle, jig, shake, wiggle, jerk: I gave the line


a few jiggles, hoping to attract a fish.


v. throw over, reject, dismiss, drop, discard, desert, break


(up) with, forsake, abandon, Colloq ditch, dump, brush off or


give (someone) the brush-off, Chiefly US and Canadian give


(someone) his or her walking papers: Angela met Tony and


promptly jilted Mike.


v. 1 tinkle, ring, tintinnabulate, clink, chink, chime: She


wore a dozen bracelets, which jingled when she walked.


--n. 2 tinkle, tinkling, ring, ringing, tintinnabulation,


clink, clinking, chink, chinking, chime, chiming: I like to


feel the jingle of change in my pocket. 3 tune, ditty, melody,


song, rhyme, verse, doggerel: The only thing he ever wrote was


a jingle for a dog-food commercial.

jingoism n. chauvinism, flag-waving, superpatriotism, nationalism; hawkishness, warmongering, belligerence, bellicosity: 'Might makes right' is a basic tenet of jingoism.


n. 1 (evil) spell, curse, evil eye, malediction, voodoo, US and


Canadian hex: I felt I had lost at roulette because she had put


a jinx on me. 2 nemesis, Jonah: If we don't throw that jinx


overboard we shall all die.


--v. 3 curse, bewitch, damn, doom, sabotage, condemn, US and


Canadian hex: My career was jinxed from the start.

jitters n.pl. shakes, fidgets, nerves, uneasiness, queasiness, nervousness, skittishness, restlessness, apprehension, apprehensiveness, Slang heebie-jeebies, willies US whim-whams: He always gets an attack of the jitters before an exam.

10.4 job...



n. 1 work, employment, position, berth, livelihood; career,


occupation, calling, vocation, appointment, pursuit, field,


trade, craft, profession, m‚tier, area: What kind of job is she


looking for? Harry has a new job. 2 assignment, responsibility,


concern, chore, task, undertaking, function, duty, role,


mission, province, contribution, charge: It is my job to see


that the machines run properly. 3 task, undertaking, procedure,


proceeding, affair, operation, project, activity, business,


matter, chore: The job of changing the gasket will take only a


few minutes. 4 problem, difficulty, burden, nuisance, bother;


toil, grind, drudgery; Colloq headache, pain (in the neck),


hassle, Slang pain in the Brit arse or US ass: It was a real


job getting them to pay for the damage. 5 crime, felony;


robbery, burglary, Slang US and Canadian caper: From the modus


operandi, I'd say that the same gang did that job in Manchester.


--v. 6 Often, job out. let out, assign, apportion, allot, share


out, contract, hire, employ, subcontract, farm out, consign,


commission: They undertake to do the work, but then they job it


out to others.


v. 1 trot, lope, dogtrot, run: I jog around the reservoir


every morning for exercise. 2 jar, prod, nudge, arouse, stir,


stimulate, prompt, activate, shake: I jogged his memory by


referring to the time the dog bit him. 3 bounce, shake, jolt,


joggle, jounce, jerk: I was being jogged about in the back of


the van as we sped over the rocky terrain.


v. 1 unite, connect, couple, link, marry, yoke, combine, fasten


or tie or glue or weld or solder (together), unify: These two


pieces should be joined for greater strength. 2 ally or league


with, associate (oneself) with, team up with, throw (one's lot)


in with, enlist (in), sign (up) (with), enrol (in), enter: She


was invited to join the bridge club. 3 go or be with, associate


with, accompany, attach (oneself) to, participate with: Would


you care to join us for a game of bridge? 4 border (on or


upon), meet, touch, abut, butt, adjoin, be adjacent (to), extend


to, verge on, coincide (with), juxtapose, be contiguous or


conterminous (with), be coextensive (with): The two properties


join at the top of the ridge.


n. 1 seam, union, juncture, connection, junction, intersection:


The joint won't show after the whole thing's been painted. 2


Slang dive, dump, US and Canadian honky-tonk: We went into a

joint in Soho, looking for some action. 3 roast: Who carves the Sunday joint at your house?

--adj. 4 shared, mutual, combined, collective, cooperative, common, communal, collaborative: Our aims can only be achieved by joint effort.


v. articulated, segmented, sectioned, sectionalized, hinged:

The stick is jointed so that it can be folded for carrying in

the pocket.


n. 1 jest, witticism, quip, bon mot, laugh, wordplay, pun,

story, anecdote, Colloq gag, wisecrack, one-liner, crack: Ronnie comes up with the funniest jokes I have ever heard. 2 laughing-stock, butt, (fair) game, buffoon: After that

incident, he became the joke of the regiment. 3 farce, mockery, absurdity, travesty, caricature: My efforts to play the piano became a joke.


--v. 4 jest, quip, pun, frolic, wisecrack, tease, taunt,


banter, chaff, fool, Colloq kid, US crack wise: They joked


about our predicament. You must be joking if you think I'm going


to go out with him!


n. 1 jokester, comedian, comedienne, funny man, humorist,


jester, comic, clown, wag, wit, punster, droll, zany, merry


andrew, buffoon, trickster, prankster, Colloq card, gagster, gag


man, kidder: Give him a drink and a funny hat and Roger thinks


he's the greatest joker in the world. 2 US catch, hitch, snag,


drawback, trap, twist, pitfall, fine or small print, Colloq


catch-22, no-win situation, Taboo nigger in the woodpile: The


joker is that whoever treats the patients catches the disease.


adj. 1 merry, cheerful, frolicsome, gay, jovial, joyful,


sportive, convivial, jocund, jocose, jocular, frisky, coltish,


playful, festive, jubilant, cheery, exuberant, high-spirited,


animated: Everyone was in a jolly mood at her birthday party.


--v. 2 Often, jolly along. humour, appease, deceive, string


along, fool, hoax: They're just jollying him along because they


want him to invest in their scheme.

jolt v. 1 jar, shake (up), jostle, bump, bounce, jerk: The cart


jolted over the rough terrain. 2 butt, strike, hit, push,


nudge, elbow, knock, jab: He jolted me so hard he actually


cracked a rib. 3 shock, astonish, astound, amaze, surprise,


startle, stun, dumbfound or dumfound, stupefy, strike dumb,


daze, shake (up): I was jolted to learn that my husband had


been arrested for murder.


--n. 4 lurch, jar, jerk, bump, jump, bounce, start: The train


started with a jolt that almost knocked me over. 5 blow, shock,


surprise, bolt from the blue, bombshell: It was certainly a


jolt to discover that she had left me.


v. 1 Usually, jot down. make a note of, write or note (down),


put or set or take down, record: Jot down this telephone




--n. 2 scrap, grain, (wee) bit, speck, mite, iota, whit,


particle, tittle, Colloq slightest, US and Canadian tad, smidgen


or smidgin: I don't care a jot what she thinks about the


situation in Central America.

journal n. 1 periodical, magazine, gazette, newspaper, paper, newsletter, review, tabloid; daily, weekly, monthly, fortnightly, quarterly, annual: The journal contains information about every building permit awarded in the entire country. 2 diary, chronicle, dossier, record, register, log,

logbook, minute-book, minutes, documentation, album, scrapbook, memoir, almanac, annal, history, yearbook, record book; roll, catalogue, list: He kept a detailed journal of every event in

his twenty-year exile.


n. reporter, newspaperman, newspaperwoman, correspondent, newsman, newswoman, member of the fourth estate, gentleman or lady of the press, stringer; columnist; hack; newscaster,

anchorman, anchorwoman, commentator, broadcaster, Brit pressman, paragraphist; newsreader, Colloq scribe, newsmonger, US and Canadian legman, news-hawk, news-hound, news-hen: Journalists crowded round the minister, urging her to make a statement.

journey n. 1 trip, voyage, excursion, tour, travel, outing, expedition, junket, cruise, jaunt, pilgrimage, peregrination, odyssey, trek:

Did your wife accompany you on your journey to Tierra del Fuego?


2 way, passage, passing, transit, transition, progress, course,


way, trip, route, career: On your journey through this life,


Whatever be your goal, Keep your eye upon the doughnut, And not


upon the hole.


--v. 3 travel, tour, voyage, go (abroad or overseas), make or


take a trip, make or wend one's way, make a pilgrimage,


peregrinate, trek, rove, range, wander, roam, tour, cruise, gad


(about), gallivant or galivant or galavant: He journeyed to the


far corners of the earth seeking an answer to life's mysteries.


n. 1 pleasure, gratification, satisfaction, happiness,


contentment, enjoyment, gladness, delight, felicity, elation,


exaltation, ecstasy, bliss, exhilaration, exultation, rapture:


We felt indescribable joy at seeing the children safe and sound.


2 gaiety, cheerfulness, cheer, glee, buoyancy, joviality,


jollity, jocundity, joyfulness, joyousness, jubilation,


merriment, light-heartedness, blithesomeness: Let me wish you

joy in this holiday season. 3 delight, pleasure, treat, blessing, gratification, satisfaction, prize: A thing of beauty is a joy forever.

joyful adj. 1 cheerful, happy, buoyant, gleeful, merry, jovial, jolly, jocund, joyous, jubilant, gay, light-hearted, blithe,

blithesome, sunny: We are delighted that you have all come to help us celebrate this joyful occasion. 2 glad, pleased, gratified, delighted, happy, elated, ecstatic, exhilarated, exultant, overjoyed, jubilant, in heaven, Brit in the seventh heaven, US in seventh heaven, Colloq on cloud nine, tickled

(pink), Brit over the moon: Mark was joyful at the news that he was father of a boy.

joyless adj. 1 sad, unhappy, miserable, depressed, dejected, mournful, downhearted, downcast, down, despondent, dispirited, melancholy, heavy-hearted, cheerless, doleful, grief-stricken, disheartened, saddened, crestfallen, wretched, disconsolate, inconsolable, morose, heartsick, sorrowful, woeful, woebegone: It was a

joyless company that stood at the grave side. The cat died, the dog died, and my husband was ill - all in all, a joyless time. 2 gloomy, depressing, dispiriting, disheartening, dreary, lugubrious, cheerless, dismal, bleak, inhospitable, desolate, grim, austere, severe: The shuttered, joyless house loomed out of the misty moor ahead.

10.5 judge...


judge n. 1 justice, magistrate, jurist, Isle of Man deemster or dempster, Slang Brit beak: The judge demanded order in the court. 2 arbitrator, arbiter, umpire, referee, adjudicator, judicator, mediator, moderator: She served as a judge at Crufts dog show last year. 3 connoisseur, expert, authority, arbiter, appraiser, evaluator, reviewer, critic, arbiter elegantiarum or elegantiae: Let me be the judge of which work I do best.

--v. 4 adjudicate, adjudge, arbitrate, decide, find, conclude, settle, determine, decree, pass judgement, deem, rule, pronounce or pass sentence: Do you think the jury will judge in Claus's favour? 5 assess, evaluate, appraise, estimate, rate, value, weigh, measure, review, consider, size up, appreciate: A ballistics expert is required to judge this evidence. 6

referee, umpire, mediate, moderate, arbitrate: Mr Farnsworth agreed to judge the essay competition. 7 believe, suspect, think, consider, suppose, guess, conjecture, surmise, conclude, infer: Palaeontologists judge the age of the specimens to be 400 million years.

judgement n. 1 judgment, discretion, discernment, discrimination, judiciousness, prudence, wisdom, wit, sagacity, perspicacity, clear-headedness, perception, perspicuousness, percipience, acumen, intelligence, (good) sense, common sense, level-headedness, understanding, shrewdness: Charlotte's judgement is often sought in such matters. 2 decision, ruling, verdict, conclusion, determination, opinion, adjudication, finding, decree, order; outcome, result, upshot: The judgement of the court is final. It was the judgement of Paris to award

the golden apple to Aphrodite. 3 criticism, censure,

disapproval, reproof, condemnation: They offered a moral, not a legal judgement. 4 opinion, view, belief, (way of) thinking, mind, perception; sentiment: In my judgement, she is innocent. 5 evaluation, valuation, appraisal, estimation, assessment: One critic's unfavourable judgement of a play can spell its doom.

judicial adj. 1 legal, judiciary, judicatory, juridic(al); official: forensic: A formal judicial procedure can be quite costly. 2

critical, analytical, discriminating, distinguishing, discerning, keen, sharp, perceptive, percipient, perspicacious,

differentiating, discriminatory, discriminative, judicious: Her decisions have always been judicial. 3 judgelike, magisterial, impartial, fair: He brought judicial procedures to bear on the handling of the problem.

judicious adj. sensible, commonsensical, sound, sober, intelligent, aware, enlightened, wise, sage, sapient, thoughtful, reasonable, rational, sane, logical, discerning, discriminating, discriminative, astute, perceptive, percipient, perspicacious, well-advised, (well-)informed, prudent, discreet, tactful, diplomatic, politic, careful, considered, circumspect: The treasurer was considered not to have made judicious use of the club's funds.


n. pitcher, ewer, urn, carafe, bottle, flask, decanter, jar:


She came in from the barn carrying a jug of fresh milk.


v. manipulate, tamper with, falsify, fix, rig, distort,


misstate, misrepresent, alter, arrange, Colloq doctor, cook:


The accountant refused a bribe to juggle the company's books.


n. 1 extract, liquid, fluid: The recipe calls for the juice of


one lemon. 2 essence, pith, extract, vigour, force, vitality,


spirit, strength, power: He really squeezed the juice out of my




adj. 1 succulent, moist, lush: This is a very juicy pear. 2

interesting, sensational, lurid, colourful, vivid, exciting, stirring, thrilling, intriguing, fascinating, provocative, suggestive, racy, spicy, risqu‚: I've got such a juicy piece of gossip for you!

jumble v. 1 disorder, mix (up), mingle, confuse, confound, muddle, shuffle, disarrange, disorganize, tangle, entangle: I found my belongings all jumbled together.

--n. 2 muddle, tangle, medley, mess; disorder, confusion, disarray, chaos, clutter: My clothes were in a jumble on the bed.

jumbo adj. huge, gigantic, enormous, elephantine, immense, oversized,

king-sized, Colloq US humongous: Grandad brought us a jumbo box of chocolates.

jump v. 1 leap, bound, spring, pounce, hurdle, vault, hop, skip; caper, cavort, gambol: Jack, jump over the candlestick! Lambs were jumping about in the meadow. 2 start, jerk, wince, flinch,

recoil: The sudden noise made me jump. 3 Sometimes, jump over. skip (over), omit, pass over or by, bypass, avoid, leave out,

ignore, disregard, overlook, gloss over: Jump the boring parts and read me the sexy bits. 4 pass, move, leap, skip: She jumped from one subject to another so quickly that I couldn't keep track. 5 advance, increase, rise, gain, surge, escalate: The cost of living jumped again this month, causing fear of inflation. 6 jump at. accept, grab, snatch, swoop up, leap at, pounce on: Most people would jump at the chance to better themselves. 7 jump on. attack, swoop down on or upon;

reprimand, rebuke: She jumps on anyone who suggests that she used influence to get her job.

--n. 8 leap, bound, spring, pounce, hurdle, vault, hop, skip: With one jump the cheetah was upon the gazelle. 9 rise, increase, boost, hike, advance, gain, surge, escalation,

upsurge, increment, elevation: A jump in the Retail Price Index drove share prices lower again yesterday. 10 barricade, obstacle, hurdle, fence, rail, obstruction: My horse cleared

the first jump easily. 11 start, jerk, spasm, twitch, recoil, lurch, jolt: When they called his name, he gave a little jump. 12 break, gap, hiatus, lacuna, space, hole, breach, rift, interruption: There's a jump in continuity at the end of the fourth chapter.

jumpy adj. nervous, agitated, anxious, jittery, fidgety, restless, edgy, on edge, tense, shaky, skittish, fretful, uneasy, queasy, restive, panicky: Do you think he was jumpy because we were approaching Count Dracula's castle?

junction n. juncture, union, combination, joining, conjunction, meeting, linking, connection, conjoining, intersection, confluence; crossroads, interchange: The train robbery took place at the junction of the two railways.

juncture n. 1 See junction. 2 point, time, moment, stage, period: At this juncture, suggesting a merger seems premature.