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Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms

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chairman's conviction for insider trading.


adj. ready, fluent, smooth, slick, facile, smooth-spoken,

smooth-tongued, smooth-talking, fast-talking, fluid, easy,

unctuous, suave, nonchalant, superficial: Why must obituary

notices always be so glib?


v. slide, slip, coast, skate, soar, float, sail, glissade,

stream, flow: The skiff glided peacefully down the river.


v. shine, reflect, glint, glimmer, gleam, sparkle, glitter,

wink, blink; glow, gleam, twinkle: The lamplight glistened on

his wet coat. A tear glistened on her cheek.


v. 1 See glisten, above.

--n. 2 See gleam, 1, above. 3 See glamour, above. 4 showiness, gaudiness, garishness, flash, flashiness, ostentation, floridity or floridness, spectacle, pageantry, splendour, refulgence, brilliance, Colloq pizazz or pizzazz, razzle-dazzle, razzmatazz, Slang US glitz: In those days, Hollywood was all glitter.


v. Often, gloat over. exult (in), glory (in), relish (in),

revel (in), crow (over or about), delight (in): He is still

gloating over the misery he caused her.


adj. worldwide, international, broad, extensive, wide-ranging,

far-reaching, epidemic, pandemic, universal: Protection of the

atmosphere is a global responsibility.


n. 1 earth, world, planet, Terra: Our family is scattered all

round the globe. 2 sphere, ball, orb; globule: On the table

was a lamp with a green glass globe.


n. 1 shadowiness, gloominess, shade, shadow, murkiness, murk,

dimness, dusk, dullness, dark, darkness, cloudiness, blackness, obscurity: We arose in the gloom of a midwinter's morning. 2 despondency, depression, sadness, dejection, downheartedness, melancholy, woe, sorrow, moroseness, desolation, low spirits, blues, doldrums, despair, dolour, misery, Colloq dumps: The team suffered the gloom of defeat.

gloomy adj. 1 shadowy, shaded, shady, murky, dim, dusky, dull, dark, cloudy, overcast, obscure, black, inky, Literary Stygian: It is

too gloomy a day to have a picnic. 2 depressed, melancholy, sad, dejected, morose, glum, lugubrious, unhappy, cheerless, dismal, moody, down, downcast, desolate, doleful, sorrowful, crestfallen, chap-fallen, downhearted, forlorn, despondent, miserable, joyless, dispirited, despairing, dreary, sullen,

blue, distressed, down in the mouth, in the doldrums, saturnine, Colloq (down) in the dumps: Both of them have been very gloomy since the divorce. 3 depressing, cheerless, dreary, dismal, dispiriting, sad, disheartening: The d‚cor is much too gloomy

for a doctor's waiting-room.

glorified adj. 1 overrated, pretentious, overdone, high-flown, high-sounding, affected, pompous, exalted, Colloq jumped-up: You say he is a scholar, but he behaves more like a glorified schoolboy. 2 sham, pretend, imitation, counterfeit, fake, substitute, ersatz, Colloq phoney or US also phony: In that outfit, she looks like a glorified chorus girl.

glorify v. 1 elevate, exalt, raise (up), upgrade, promote, advance, boost, enhance, dignify, ennoble, immortalize: Winning first prize glorified his reputation considerably. In her book she glorifies motherhood. These men are glorified by their heroism. 2 canonize, deify, idolize, revere, venerate, sanctify, worship, pay tribute or homage to, ennoble, idealize, apotheosize, eulogize, panegyrize, adore, honour, look up to, celebrate, extol, praise, laud, commend, hail, lionize, applaud, acclaim: The world glorified Lindbergh for the first solo flight across the Atlantic.

glorious adj. 1 illustrious, famed, famous, renowned, celebrated, distinguished, honoured, eminent, excellent: England may be proud of her glorious literary heritage. 2 outstanding, splendid, magnificent, marvellous, wonderful, spectacular, fabulous, dazzling: They announced another glorious victory over enemy forces. 3 enjoyable, delightful, fine, great, excellent, pleasurable, superb, Colloq heavenly: We had a glorious holiday in the Greek islands. 4 beautiful, splendid, brilliant, gorgeous, resplendent, admirable, superior, excellent, estimable: The walls are covered with frescos in glorious colour.

glory n. 1 honour, fame, repute, reputation, exaltation, celebrity, renown, eminence, distinction, illustriousness, prestige, dignity, immortality: Our soldiers fought for glory not for gain. Even today we sense the glory that was Rome. 2 honour, veneration, reverence, homage, gratitude, glorification, exaltation, worship, adoration, praise, laudation, thanksgiving; benediction, blessing: Glory be to God in the highest. 3 splendour, pomp, magnificence, grandeur, beauty, brilliance, radiance, effulgence, refulgence, excellence, pageantry, nobility, triumph, greatness: Her photographs depict the Amazonian rain forest in all its glory. 4 aureole, nimbus, halo; crown, circlet, corona: A glory surrounds the saint's head in the painting.

--v. 5 revel, relish, delight, exult, pride oneself, crow, rejoice, gloat; show off, boast: She sat by the window, glorying in the magnificence of the scenery.

gloss° n. 1 sheen, lustre, polish, glow, glaze, shine, gleam, burnish, brightness: I prefer a dull gloss to a high polish on

furniture. 2 show, fa‡ade, mask, front, surface, veneer,

disguise, camouflage, false appearance, semblance: She soon saw through the gloss, and the honeymoon was over.

--v. 3 glaze, polish, burnish, shine: Gloss up your shoes a bit. 4 Usually, gloss over. veil, cover up, smooth over,

conceal, hide, disguise, camouflage, mask, Colloq whitewash: He tried to gloss over his voting record.

glossý n. 1 explanation, interpretation, exegesis, explication, definition, elucidation, comment, commentary, annotation, critique, criticism, analysis, footnote; translation: Some editions of Shakespeare give glosses of difficult words and phrases at the foot of each page.

--v. 2 comment on or upon, explain, interpret, explicate, define, elucidate, annotate, criticize, analyse, review, US critique; translate: Johnson was not the first to gloss the word 'pastern'. 3 See gloss°, 4, above.

glossary n. gloss, (specialized or special-subject) dictionary, wordbook, word-list: There is a useful glossary of terms at the end of the book.

glossy adj. 1 shining, shiny, smooth, polished, glazed, lustrous, burnished, smooth, sleek, waxed, glassy, glistening: Our magazine is printed on glossy paper. 2 slick, specious, put-on, artificial, meretricious, contrived, pretended, simulated,


feigned, insincere, pseudo, false, unreal; bogus, counterfeit,


fraudulent, imitation, Colloq phoney or US also phony: It is


only a glossy remake of the original film.


n. 1 luminosity, phosphorescence, incandescence, light,


lambency, lustre: The surface of the flying saucer emitted a


faint green glow. 2 light, brightness, gleam, luminousness,


brilliance, radiance, resplendence, splendour, effulgence: The


glow in the east is from a forest fire. 3 flush, blush,


redness, ruddiness, burning, excitement, warmth, fervour,


fervency, enthusiasm, feverishness, thrill, Colloq rush: I can


feel a glow just thinking of you.


--v. 4 shine, radiate, incandesce, phosphoresce, glimmer,


gleam, light up: The numerals on the clock were glowing in the


dark. 5 heat, overheat, burn; ablate: The spaceship began to


glow as it entered the atmosphere. 6 flush, bloom, colour,


blush: As you can see from her complexion, she simply glows


with good health. 7 blush, flush, redden, colour, turn red or


scarlet: My cheeks glowed with embarrassment.


adj. 1 aglow, incandescent, burning, lambent, luminous,


candent; smouldering: I stirred the glowing embers. 2 rich,


warm, vibrant, bright, brilliant: Banners in glowing colours


enlivened the hall. He is in glowing health. 3 laudatory,


complimentary, enthusiastic, eulogistic, rhapsodic, favourable,


encomiastic, panegyrical: The critics described her performance


in glowing terms.



1 cement, adhesive, mucilage, gum, paste: You need a


specialist glue to mend a break like that.


--v. 2 cement, paste, stick, affix, fix, seal: Let's glue this


picture into the album.


adj. gloomy, sullen, morose, dispirited, woebegone, dismal,


sad, sulky, dour, moody, sour, crestfallen, doleful, down, low,


pessimistic, lugubrious, saturnine: After Irena left, I was


feeling rather glum.


n. 1 excess, surplus, over-abundance, superabundance, surfeit,


oversupply, overflow, superfluity, nimiety: The glut of


razor-blades in the market is due to increased production. 2


saturation, glutting, satiation: Glut leads to a lowering of




--v. 3 oversupply, flood, saturate, swamp, inundate, deluge,


overload, overstock, clog, stuff, gorge: The markets will soon


be glutted with mobile telephones. 4 satiate, sate, choke,


cram, overload, overfeed, gorge, surfeit, pall, cloy, jade,


sicken, weary: Everyone was thoroughly glutted before the


wedding reception was over.

glutton n. trencherman, gormandizer, gourmand or gormand, overeater, hog, pig, Grangousier, Colloq greedy-guts, Slang Brit gannet, US chowhound: Like the glutton that he is, he asked for more after eating an enormous meal.


adj. voracious, gormandizing, edacious, greedy, ravenous, insatiable, esurient, piggish, hoggish, swinish: She was so gluttonous that she ate my dinner after finishing her own.

gluttony n. overeating, gormandizing, gormandism or gourmandism, greed, hoggishness, piggishness, rapacity, voraciousness, greediness, voracity, insatiability, edacity, crapulence, crapulousness, intemperance, immoderation, Archaic gulosity: The Bible categorizes gluttony among the seven deadly sins.

7.6 gnarled...


gnarled adj. twisted, knotty, lumpy, bumpy, knotted, bent, crooked, distorted, contorted, warped;, arthritic: I concealed myself in the gnarled branches of the old oak. The beggar reached out to me with her gnarled hand.

gnaw v. 1 chew, nibble, eat, bite, champ: The marks were made by deer gnawing the bark. 2 erode, eat away, corrode, wear down or away, fret, consume, devour: The acid continues to gnaw away at

the metal till it is gone. 3 fret, irritate, harry, hector, pester, worry, bother, plague, trouble, torment, torture, distress, badger, harass, haunt, nag, vex, gall, nettle, irk, peeve, annoy: The feeling that something was very wrong continued to gnaw at her.

7.7 go...



v. 1 move (ahead or forward or onwards), proceed, advance,


pass, make headway, travel, voyage, set off, tour, trek, wend,


stir, budge: Would you go to the market for me? 2 leave,


depart, go out, move (out or away), decamp, make off, withdraw,


repair, retire, retreat, Colloq take off: I wish he would go at


once. She went to her country cottage for the weekend. 3


function, operate, work, run, perform: I cannot get the engine


to go properly. 4 lead, open to, give access to, communicate to


or with, connect with or to: Where does this door go? 5 lead,


communicate with, run: Does this road go to Oxford? 6 fit,


belong (together), agree or conform (with each other),


harmonize, blend, match, be appropriate or suitable (for or to),


complement each other: These colours don't go. 7 become: He


went mad when he learnt about the accident. 8 fit, extend,


reach, span, stretch: My belt would never go round your waist!


9 be disposed of or discarded or thrown away, be dismissed, be


got rid of or abolished, be given up, be cast or set or put


aside, be done with: That out-dated computer has to go. 10


disappear (without a trace), vanish (into thin air), evaporate:


Where has all the money gone? 11 pass, elapse, slip or tick


away, fly: Time goes quickly when you're having fun. 12 fail,


fade, decline, flag, weaken, degenerate, wear out, give (out);


give way, collapse, fall or come or go to pieces, disintegrate,


crack: I'm afraid the tyres are going. When that last support


goes, the roof will come down. 13 die, expire, be gone, meet


one's Maker, pass on or away, shuffle off this mortal coil, go


to one's reward, go to the happy hunting-grounds, go to that


great cricket-pitch in the sky, Slang kick the bucket, snuff it:


By the time the doctor arrived, Graham had gone. 14 sound,


pronounce, enunciate, articulate, say, utter: And this little


pig goes 'Wee, wee, wee', all the way home. 15 survive, last


(out), endure, live, continue: How long can we go without


water? 16 be used up or consumed or finished: The last of our

food was gone. 17 go to the toilet or the lavatory or the bathroom, move (one's) bowels, urinate, defecate, Slang pee, take a leak or a crap, Chiefly Brit go to the loo, Chiefly US go to the john, Taboo slang (take a) piss or shit: We stopped at a motorway filling station because Jane had to go. 18 go about. approach, tackle, set about, undertake, begin, start: I don't like the way she goes about her work. How does one go about

establishing a business? 19 go ahead. proceed, continue, move or go forward, advance, progress, go on: She told me I could go ahead with the scheme. The policeman motioned to go ahead. 20 go along (with). a escort, accompany: We asked if we could go

along with them to the cinema. b agree (to), concur (with), acquiesce (to), assent (to), support: Beverly would never go along with a plan like yours. 21 go around or about or round (with). a move or go around, circulate: I wish he'd stop going round telling everyone about me. There's a lot of flu going around. b socialize (with), frequent or seek the company of, spend time with, associate with, Colloq hang around or about (with), hang out (with): The boy is going around with that Collins girl. c wander or move around: He goes about picking through rubbish bins. 22 go at. attack, assault, assail: We went at the enemy with all the fire power we could muster. 23 go away. go (off), leave, depart, withdraw, exit; retreat,

recede, decamp: The clouds went away and the sun came out. We are going away for the weekend. 24 go back (to). a return (to); revert (to), change back (to): He went back to his old job

after the war. Can we go back to the way things were before we were married? b originate (in), begin or start (with), date back (to): Our friendship goes back to our childhood. 25 go back on. renege (on), break, retract, repudiate, forsake: She's gone back on our agreement. 26 go by. a pass (by), go past, move

by; elapse: We used to watch the goods trains go by. The months went by quickly since our last meeting. b rely or count or

depend or bank on, put faith in(to), be guided by, judge from: You cannot go by what Atherton tells you. 27 go down. a sink, go under, founder, submerge: The ship went down within minutes of striking the mine. b decrease, decline, drop, sink, drop:

The Nikkei Index went down 200 points. c fall, be defeated or beaten, suffer defeat, lose, collapse: Our forces went down under an onslaught from the attacking armies. d be remembered or memorialized, or recalled or commemorated or recorded: That day of infamy will go down in history. e find favour or acceptance or approval, be accepted: His ideas have not gone

down well with the council. 28 go for. a fetch, obtain, get: Please go for help. b apply or relate to, concern, involve:

The rule against smoking goes for you, too, Smedley. c fancy, favour, like, admire, be attracted to, prefer, choose, Slang

dig: I can tell that Peter really goes for Maria. I could go for a pint of beer right now. d attack, assault, assail, set

upon: The dog went for him as soon as he opened the gate. e set one's sights on, aim for, focus attention or effort(s) on:

I decided to risk all and go for Drogheda Boy at 100-8. 29 go in for. a enter, enrol, start, begin, embark on, pursue, take

up, embrace, espouse, undertake, follow, adopt, go into, US go out for: He is going in for a career in boxing. b like, fancy, favour, practise, do, engage in: I don't go in for mountain-climbing. 30 go into. a See 28 (a), above. b delve into, examine, pursue, investigate, analyse, probe, scrutinize, inquire into, study: I want to go into the subject of your absences with you, Fanshawe. c touch on, discuss, mention: I should avoid going into the subject of money with Pauline if I were you. 31 go off. a go out, cease to function: I saw the lights go off at nine. b explode, blow up, detonate, erupt;

fire, be discharged: The bomb is set to go off in an hour. The gun went off, killing the mouse. c occur, happen, take place: The conference went off as planned. d depart, leave, go (away), set out, exit, decamp, quit: She went off without another word. e Brit deteriorate, rot, moulder, go stale, go bad, spoil, sour, turn: After two days the milk goes off. f Usually, go off

into. start or break into or out in: He goes off into gales of laughter whenever I mention your name. 32 go on. a continue, proceed, keep on, carry on; persist, last, endure, persevere:

He went on coughing all night long. The party went on into the small hours. b happen, occur, take place, come about, Colloq come off: I have always wondered what went on in there. c come on, begin or resume functioning: The lights went on at

midnight. d enter, make an entrance: She doesn't go on till the third act. e going on. approaching, nearing, nearly, almost, not quite: He's six going on seven. It's going on eight o'clock. f gabble, chatter, drone on, Brit natter, Colloq Brit witter (on), rabbit on: He goes on endlessly about his cars. g rely or depend on, use: The detective had very little to go on. 33 go out. a fade or die (out), expire, cease functioning, go off, be extinguished: The lights went out, throwing the room into Stygian blackness. b depart, leave, exit: He went out at six and has not been seen since. c socialize, associate; court,

go together, Brit walk out, US date: Harry is going out with Annabel. 34 go over. a review, skim (through or over), go through, scan, look at, read, study; inspect, examine, scrutinize, investigate: I went over your report last night.

They are going over everyone's luggage with a fine-tooth comb. b be received: The first song went over very well. c clean, tidy

or neaten (up): I've just gone over the entire flat. d

rehearse, repeat, reiterate, review, go through: We keep going over the same things, again and again. 35 go round or US also around. a revolve, rotate, spin, whirl, twirl: The earth takes

a year to go round the sun. b suffice, be sufficient or adequate or enough, satisfy: Are there enough life jackets to go around? c See 21, above. 36 go through. a experience, suffer, undergo, bear, take, stand, tolerate, put up with, brook, submit to, endure, live through, brave: I don't think I

could go through another war. b be accepted or approved, pass (muster): The bill went through without a hitch. c See 34 (a), above. 37 go together. a harmonize, accord, agree, fit, go, suit each other, belong (with each other): I don't think that puce and vermilion go together. b See 33 (c), above. 38 go under. a See 27 (a), above. b fail, collapse, subside, go

bankrupt, succumb, Brit go to the wall, Colloq fold, US go belly up: Statistics show that more than 500 companies go under every week in the USA. 39 go up. a rise, increase: If inflation goes up, the Chancellor will raise interest rates. b explode, blow

up: The munitions factory went up, showering debris over the whole neighbourhood. 40 go with. a go together with, harmonize with, blend with, be suitable or suited for, fit (in) with,

accord or agree with: That scarf does not go with the dress. b socialize with, associate with, date, accompany, court, Old-fashioned Brit walk out with, US date: I hear that Connie is going with Don. 41 go without. do or manage or get by without, lack, be deprived of, need; abstain from, survive or live or continue without: In the old days, if you could not afford something, you went without. She cannot go without a cigarette for more than an hour.

--n. 42 chance, turn, opportunity, try, attempt, Colloq whack, crack, whirl, shot, stab: I don't expect much, but I'll have a go anyway.

go-ahead n. 1 permission, approval, leave, authorization, sanction, Colloq say-so, okay or OK, green light, US the nod: I have the


go-ahead to proceed with the project.


--adj. 2 ambitious, enterprising, progressive, forward-looking,


resourceful: The directors, all under thirty, make it a real


go-ahead company.


n. object, aim, purpose, end, objective, target, ambition,


ideal, aspiration: Fletcher's goal is to be head of the




n. chunk, piece, blob, lump, gobbet, morsel, fragment, bite:


She took a gob of peanut butter and spread it on the bread.


n. 1 gobbledygook, jargon, nonsense, gibberish, moonshine, rubbish, tommy-rot, mumbo-jumbo, humbug, balderdash, eyewash, hogwash, poppycock, drivel, Colloq bunk, rot, garbage, bosh,

pish and tush, piffle, bilge (water), Slang crap, malarkey, bull, bullshit, Brit (load of old) cobblers or codswallop: Can you make sense out of all that computer gobbledegook? 2 gobbledygook, equivocation, double-talk, deception, deceptiveness, vagueness, quibbling, circumlocution,

obscurantism, obfuscation, ambagiousness, shiftiness: Ordinary people are often confused by the gobbledegook of official pronouncements.


n. intermediary, agent, middleman, medium, mediator, negotiator, messenger, internuncio, liaison; intercessor, interceder: David served as go-between in our negotiations with the rebels.


n. elf, gnome, hobgoblin, imp, kobold, leprechaun, demon,

brownie, pixie, nix or nixie: On Hallowe'en the ghouls and

goblins will get you if you don't watch out!


n. deity, demigod, demiurge, divinity, spirit, immortal,

genius, power, tutelary, numen: Throughout man's sojourn on

earth he has worshipped many gods.


adj. 1 wicked, evil, iniquitous, sinful, unrighteous, unholy,

hellish; impious, blasphemous, profane, sacrilegious, ungodly: The prison was a godless place, where one was murdered for a