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Методичка по англ. для 1к. Дементьева..doc
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Model: The teacher is asking the student.

Is the teacher asking the student?

  1. We are preserving plants and animals.

  2. The surgeon is exposing the cartilage.

  3. I am doing a research on fractures.

  4. She is returning from the farm.

  5. They are breeding a new breed of horses.

  6. You are working at your English now.

Упражнение 6. Поставьте предложения из упражнения 5 в отрицательную форму. Помните, что отрицание “not” ставится после первого эле­мента сказуемого.

Model: The teacher is not asking the student.

Задание 46. Повторите формы глаголов и выпишите сначала номера форм действительного залога в верхней строчке, затем номера форм страдательного залогав нижней строчке. Напоминаем, что форма Passive состоит из формы глагола to be в соответствующем времени + причастие II смыслового глагола (Past Participle):

1) is becoming; 2) is being washed; 3) is treating; 4) are being administered; 5) am recovering; 6) are being preserved; 7) is being used; 8) is producing; 9) is improving; 10) are being continued.

Задание 47. Превратите нижестоящие глагольные формы в пассивные по следующей модели – Make the verb-form Passive:

Make

Model:

am treating

am being treated

is finishing

is being finished

are taking

are being taken

Помните о нестандартных глаголах!

1) am considering; 2) is using; 3) are producing; 4) is improving; 5) are including; 6) is selecting; 7) am following; 8) is supporting; 9) are containing; 10) is reducing; 11) is doing; 12) are writing; 13) is keeping; 14) are making

Задание 48. Прочтите предложения и напишите в верхней строчке номера предложений, содержащих сказуемое в Active, а в нижней строчке — в Passive Voice:

1) The clinic is containing surgical instruments.

2) The fracture is being examined by the surgeon.

3) The medicine is being administered now.

4) The surgeons are using new methods of treatment.

5) The iguana is exhibiting the corneal reflex.

6) The fracture is being repaired by the surgeon.

7) The muscles are being dissected by the surgeon.

8) The surgeon is dissecting the muscles.

Упражнение 7. Прочтите вышестоящие предложения. Укажите в каждом предложении форму сказуемого.

Задание 49. Запомните, что в формах Continuous изменяется только вспомогательный глагол «to be». Определите по форме глагола «to be» время (т. е. Past, Present, Future) и запишите соответственно в трех строках номера глагольных форм.

1) was exhibiting; 2) is being made; 3) will be dissecting; 4) was moving; 5) are using; 6) were replacing; 7) shall be exposing; 8) is extending; 9) will be presenting; 10) is healing; 11) were being operated; 12) were using.

Задание 50. Прочтите следующие предложения вслед за преподавателем и переведите их:

  1. The surgeon is operating on the animal now.

  2. The animal is being operated by the surgeon now.

  3. The surgeon was operating on the calf when we came to the clinic yesterday.

  4. The calf was being operated by the surgeon when we came to the clinic yesterday.

  5. The surgeon will be operating on the calf tomorrow from 1 till 2 o'clock.

Задание 51. Прочтите еще раз, определите время по схеме:

Present Active

Past Continuous

Future Passive

Задание 52. Прочтите предложения вслух и определите форму глагола. Переведите:

  1. An iguana was presented for treatment.

  2. The reptile was exhibiting the symptoms of a fracture.

  3. Its leg was fractured.

  4. The surgeon made an incision.

  5. The incision was extending along the femur.

  6. The surgeon was dissecting the muscles.

  7. He was exposing the fracture.

  8. He repaired the fracture. The fracture was repaired.

  9. The reptile could move its leg. Its leg was moving.

10). Four weeks after operation the iguana was using its leg. Four weeks postoperatively it was using its leg.

Word-building

Задание 53. Запомните суффиксы существительных:

cartilage, storage

evidence, science

incision, transfusion

dissection, operation, institution, circulation, condition

fracture, suture ['sju:tsjэ], picture, future

treatment, movement, alignment, placement, equipment, segment

суффиксы прилагательных:

chromic, operative, digestive, preventive, practical, surgical

суффикс наречий -ly:

directly, adequately, relatively, consequently

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