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Основные видо-временные формы глагола “to be”

Tense

Время

Aspect. Характеристика действия (вид)

Simple (Indefinite)

Неопределенное

Continuous

длительное

Perfect

совершенное

Present

настоящее

V,V-(e)s

I am

He, she, it is

We, you, they are

am being

is being

are being

have been

has been

have been

Past

прошед-шее

V-еd/V3

was (for singular)

were (for plural)

was being

were being

had been

Future

Будущее

I, we shall be

will be (for all others)

shall have been

will have been

Таблица 2

Основные формы глагола в английском языке

1-ая форма

(инфинитив,

неопред. форма)

2-ая форма (простое прош.

время)

3-ая форма

(причастие

прош. времени)

4-ая форма (причастие наст. времени)

Правильные

глаголы

V

V-ed

V-ing

to ask

спрашивать

аsked

спрашивал

аsked

спрошенный

asking спрашивающий

Неправильные глаголы

V

V2

V3

V-ing

to write

писать

wrote

писал(а)

written

написанный

writing

пишущий

Задание к таблицам видо-временных форм: определите время, вид и залог, приведенных форм: is doing, spreads, had made, will be reading, shall find, has treated, are speaking, am taking, will have been learnt, shall be preparing, has begun, was writing, will go, will be thinking, keeps, has gone, will have been operated, are examining, shall leave, will be teaching, has forgotten, have been said, are fed, shall be translated, is examined, cause, will be diagnosed, requires, became, were inoculated, runs for, takes, will be found.

Таблица 3

Основные видо-временные формы глагола в английском языке (действительный залог) Active

Tense

время

Aspect Характеристика действия (вид)

Indefinite

Continuous

Perfect

Present

(do, does)

I write

V/V-(e)s

I am writing

is/are V-ing

I have written

has V-ed/V3

Past

(did)

I wrote

V-ed/V2

I was writing

were V-ing

I had written

had V-ed/V3

Future

I shall/will

write

shall/will V

I shall/will be writing

shall/will be V-ing

I shall/will have written

shall/will have

V-еd/V3

Таблица 4

Видо-временные формы глагола в английском языке (страдательный залог) Passive

Tense

Aspect

Indefinite

to be V3 (V-ed)

Continuous

Perfect

to have been V3

(V-ed)

Present

I am written

(мне пишут),

is/are written

I am being

writtеn

is/are being V3

I have been written

has been V3

Past

I was written

(мне писали),

Was/were V-ed/V3

I was being written

were being V3

I had been written

had been V3

Future

I shall/will be written

(мне будут писать)

Shall/will be V3

I shall/will have been

Written

shall/will have been V3

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