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English alphabet (the ABC)

Буква

Название буквы

Чтение буквы

Буква

Название буквы

Чтение буквы

Aa

[ei]

Nn

[en]

[n]

Bb

[bi:]

[b]

Oo

[oυ]

Cc

[si:]

[s], [k]

Pp

[pi:]

[p]

Dd

[di:]

[d]

Qq

[kju:]

Ee

[i:]

Rr

[a:]

[r]

Ff

[ef]

[f]

Ss

[es]

[s], [z]

Gg

[ʤi:]

[g], [ʤ]

Tt

[ti:]

[t]

Hh

[eiʧ]

[h]

Uu

[ju:]

Ii

[ai]

Vv

[vi:]

[v]

Jj

[ʤei]

[ʤ]

Ww

[`dʌbl ju:]

[w]

Kk

[kei]

[k]

Xx

[eks]

[ks], [gz]

Ll

[el]

[l]

Yy

[wai]

Mm

[em]

[m]

Zz

[zed]

[z]

Чтение гласных букв

Буква

I тип чтения

открытый слог

II тип чтения

закрытый слог

III тип чтения

гласная + r

(+ согласная)

IV тип чтения

гласная + r + гласная (e, y)

a

[ei]

name

[æ]

cat

[a:]

car, park

[εз]

care

e

[i:]

me, Pete

[e]

bed

[з:]

her

[iз]

here

i, y

[ai]

nine, pie, my, type

[i]

big, little, myth, `happy

[з:]

girl

[aiз]

fire, tyre

o

[oυ]

no, stone

[o]

not

[o:]

sport

[o:]

more

u

[u:], [ju:]

blue, tube

[ʌ]

bus

[з:]

turn

[υз], [jυз]

sure, cure

1. [ e ] [ i: ] ee [ i: ] [e – i:]

bed [bed] meddle [medl] me [mi:] Pete [pi:t] meet [mi:t] Ned – need ten – teen

Ted [ted] fettle [fetl] be [bi:] eve [i:v] deep [di:p] met – meet men – me

ten [ten] nettle [netl] bee [bi:] Steve [sti:v] beef [bi:f] fell – feel bed – be

end [end] mettle [metl] fee [fi:] dene [di:n] feet [fi:t] den – dene bet – beet

2. [ i ] [i – i:] [ ai ] [ i – ai ]

it his six `silly `kitten pit – Pete bit – beet tie five by type tip – type

is him mix `lucky `pyxis bid – bede sit – seet pie nine my lyme pin – pie

in kiss pyx `silky `system mill – mele tin – teen lie hide fly dyne link – line

ill did lynx `tizzy `visit hill – hele fit – feet die title sky fyke bit – bite

3. [ei] ai / ay [ei] [æ] [æ – ei] [æ – e] ea [i:]

name table main may am man Dan – day mat – mate pan – pen sea deal

pane stable pain pay Ann flat sad – say lad – laid bad – bed tea please

late fable nail nay at bad pat – pay man – main man – men seal leave

mate able vain day apple plan back – bay back – bake Pat – pet mean `easy

4. [s – z] ck [k] th [θ] [s – θ] th [ ð ] y [ j ]

bis – biz neck peck fifth thank sink – think these them yet yipe

hiss – hizz back sick thin teeth sick – thick the then yip yede

kiss – fizz lack stick thick theme seem – theme this than yin yelp

miss – mizzle black tick myth faith sin – thin that bathe yes yell

5. [ o ] [ oυ ] oi / oy [ oı ] sh [∫] ch / tch [ʧ]

on not no note `open boy point she shock chin patch

off box so smoke alone toy boil shame shade chat match

odd spot hello tone `mobile foy moist sheet shop chess speech

ox top nose those `motive hoy soil shy shine catch `kitchen

6. c + i / e / y [s] [k] [ s – k]

cent `civil `icy can `vacant mice – Mick cist – cosh nice – Nick

face `pencil `bicycle cap cake cent – can cine – cly face – fact

ice cite `cycle cane fact celt – clap cill – clove lice – lick

cell `city cyst cop candle cede – clash civvy – clan voice - `vocal

7. [ju:] [u:] [ ʌ ] [υ] uy [ai] ph [f]

tune cube blue sun club `funny full buy phase phi`lology

tube mute clue bus fuss `sunny put guy phene re`phrase

use `student slue dub plus `lucky push cluy Phil `physics

tulip `music spue luck slum `muddy pull tuy phone phlox

8. [ʤ] [ʤ – j ] [g] g + e / i / y [ʤ] oo [u:] oo + k [u]

Jim Jake jet – yet go globe gin page gym spoon book

Jane Jeep jess – yes glad game gibe stage gybe too look

jam jinn jinny – yin grey glide gise bridge gyn school hook

joke join jeep – yede big green gippy gem gyve food took

9. [w] [w – v ] wr [r] wh [w] wh + o [h] qu [kw]

we went wave wain – vain write white which who quick queen

way wake wide wail – vail wrist whale while whom quack quest

well wait with wine – vine wrap wheel why whose quell quote

win weed waist weed – veep wreck when when whole quod quite

10. [r] ar [a:] are/ary [εз(r)] [a:] - [εз]

red rain arm card park fare dare Mary car – care

rax read car carm start hare care vary bar – bare

ripe risk bar farm lark mare stare wary far – fare

rock marry far bark yard rare bare `parents dark – dare

11. or [o:] ore, oor [o:] [a:] - [o:] ng [ŋ] [n – ŋ] ng [ŋg] nk [ŋk]

fork sort more door far – for bang win – wing `English ink

born port bore floor farm – form sing thin – thing `angry bank

corn short wore store barn – born long ran – rang angle think

torn forth tore score card – cord ring ban – bang `hungry sank

12. [з:] [з:]- [o:] ere [iз] ere [εз] ire [aiз] ure [jυз]

her sir fur burn – born here there fire tired pure

term girl burn turn – torn sere where tire shire cure

nerve bird turn firm – form mere quire fired mural

`certain third curse shirt – short cere mire desire mure

13. air [εз] i + ld/nd [ai] igh [ai] -er[з] a + l [o:l] a + lk [o:k]

vair hair child mind high right `summer `matter all talk

air chair wild find nigh light `sister `better small chalk

pair stair mild bind might night `letter `number salt walk

fair `prairie vild hind fight bright `butter `winter halt stalk

14.

w/wh/qu + a (II) [wo] w/qu + a (III) [wo:] au(gh)/(aw) [o:] a + th или s /n + согласная [a:]

what quall war quarter `autumn pass ask past dance path

was quant warm quartz `daughter class task last France bath

want quash ward quart taught glass mask fast chance lath

wash quad warn `quarrel saw hassle `basket `master answer father

15. ou [aυ] [ʌ ] ou + ld [ud] ought [o:t] ow [aυ] ow [oυ]

out round couple should bought now down snow `yellow

house found cousin would ought how brown low `Moscow

sound count country could brought row tower show `window

noun scout double thought town flower own `fellow

16. oa [oυ] ew [ju:] o + n/m/th [ʌ ] kn [n] wor [wз:] [з: - o:]

coat new son come `mother knife work work – walk

boat sew month some `brother knight world word – ward

float few done `company `other know word worm – warm

load stew `London become another knew worm

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