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методичка ФВТ-outstanding scientists-часть1.doc
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Vocabulary

1

action

activity/result of action

person/device

characteristic

think

thought

thinker

thoughtful

originate

origin

originator

original

advise

advice

advisor

-

advance

advancement

advancer

advanced

analyze

analysis

analyst

analytical

graduate

graduation

(under)graduate

graduated

apply

application

applicator

applicable

operate

operation

operator

operational

govern

government

governor

governing/governmental

construct

construction

constructor

constructive

envision/visualize

vision

visionary

visible/ visionary

2

adjective+noun

noun+participle I

noun+participle II

adverb+participle II

noun+adjective

  1. general-purpose

  2. wireless communication

  3. high voltage

  4. binary digit

    1. life-threatening

    2. error-correcting

    3. life-saving

  1. steam-powered

  2. science-based

  3. man-made

  4. radio-controlled

  5. household

  1. well-stocked

  2. well-disposed

  3. remotely-controlled

    1. properly-designed

  1. lifelong

  2. worldwide

  3. brand-new

3 a) with b) on c) - d) for e) of f) –

4 to credit smb. with an invention; to receive instruction from; to prompt one’s love of smth.; a dislike for a subject; to be disappointed in the mathematical instruction; to write a remarkable deep work; to graduate with honours; inaccuracy of calculations; the method of differences; to carry our complex operations; to envisage a completely new machine/device; to recognize one’s insights; to suffer from ridicule; to revile for careless spending of public funds; to dabble in smth.; a viable model

Grammar

1

  1. In spite of producing unconventional answers, Turing won almost every possible mathematics prize at school.

  2. Modern scientists have stated that Babbage's Analytical Engine was a viable model although the limitations of Newtonian physics prevented its realization at the time.

  3. For the first time Turing was able to find someone with whom he could share his thoughts and ideas. However, his friend Morcom died in February 1930.

  4. Although Edison knew he would hear his own words when experimenting with tin foil phonograph, he was astonished when they were spoken back to him.

  5. Despite use of Edison’s name in the title of electric company – Edison General Electric, Edison never controlled this company.

  6. With the development of gasoline powered cars electric vehicles were becoming less common. However, the Edison alkaline battery still proved to be useful.

  7. Although Babbage is often credited with developing the first general-purpose computer, he never actually built any of them.

Unit 5 Follow Up Activities

1 Crossword

Across

2 spark

6 lightning

8 filament

9 telegraph

10 current

11 seismograph

15 transmitter

17 conductor

18 radio

20 dynamo

Down

1 electricity

3 receiver

4 wave

5 detector

6 laboratory

7 fluorescent

12 engine

13 phonograph

14 patent

16 transformer

19 incandescent

22