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theoretical_phonetics / Nothern English consonants

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Nothern English consonants vs. RP consonants

RP

Articultary changes

Auditory changes

Phonological changes

Reasons

p

[p] is accompanied by glottal stop [?] e.g. pity [pit?i]

Short staccato bursts of glottalised words with the aspirant absent or misplaced: the counties of Nothern England are not far from Scottish border, so the influence of Scotch accent is noticeable

b

t

[t] is accompanied by glottal stop [?]

d

k

[k] is accompanied by glottal stop [?]

g

f

v

Ө

ð

s

z

Ş

3

h

[h] is usually present in all positions

d3

m

n

ŋ

Ing is [in] e.g. shilling [Silin]

w

j

r

[r] may be uvular in its production (the tongue and the uvular, not the tongue and the ridge take part)

l

[l] is clean in all environments

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