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Tudors

King Henry VII

Reigned 1485-1509

- the founder of the royal house of Tudor. One of the main concerns of Henry VII during his reign was the re-accumulation of the funds in the royal treasury. Henry VII was a great king. He certainly was a successful one if only because he restored the nation's finances, strengthened the judicial system and successfully denied all other claimants to the throne, thus further securing it for his heir.

King Henry VIII Reigned 1509-1547

- separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church and established the reformation in England, and help England become one of the world’s greatest naval powers.His private life, especially his six marriages, greatly influenced English political history.

King Edward VI Reigned 1547-1553

The young King's kingdom was usually in turmoil between nobles who were trying to strengthen their own position in the kingdom by using the Regency in their favour.

Lady Jane Grey

Proclaimed queen in 1553.Deposed after nine days. Executed in 1554.

Queen Mary I Reigned 1553 -1558

Bloody Mary

- tried to return England to the Roman Catholic Church. In her determination to restore England to the Catholic faith and to secure her throne from Protestant threats, she had many Protestants burnt at the stake between 1555 and 1558.Because of her actions against the Protestants, Mary is to this day referred to as "Bloody Mary".

Queen Elizabeth I Reigned 1558-1603

- is one of the best loved monarchs in history.

The Elizabethan Era marked one of the most productive periods in English literary history, and was also marked with many voyages of discovery. During her reign, England went from an impoverished country torn apart by religious squabbles to one of the most powerful and prosperous countries in the world.

The English Renaissance

The English Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement in England dating from the late 15th and early 16th centuries to the early 17th century.The beginning of the English Renaissance is often taken to be 1485, when the Battle of Bosworth Field ended the Wars of the Roses and inaugurated the Tudor Dynasty. Renaissance style and ideas, however, were slow in penetrating England, and the Elizabethan era in the second half of the 16th century is usually regarded as the height of the English Renaissance.

Literature

England had a strong tradition of literature in the English vernacular, which gradually increased as English use of the printing press became common by the mid 16th century. By the time of Elizabethan literature a vigorous literary culture in both drama and poetry established authors such as Thomas Wyatt, Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare initiating the storied history of English Renaissance theatre.

Writers

  • 1.Christopher Marlowe

  • 2.Edmund Spenser

  • 3.Francis Bacon

  • 4.Ben Jonson

  • 5.James Shirley

  • 6.John Donne

  • 7.Thomas Middleton

  • 8.Thomas More

  • 9.William Shakespear

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616)was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

Works

Comedies

  • All's Well That Ends Well

  • As You Like It

  • The Comedy of Errors

  • Love's Labour's Lost

  • Measure for Measure

  • The Merchant of Venice

  • The Merry Wives of Windsor

  • A Midsummer Night's Dream

  • Much Ado About Nothing

  • Pericles, Prince of Tyre

  • The Taming of the Shrew

  • The Tempest

  • Twelfth Night

  • The Two Gentlemen of Verona

  • The Two Noble Kinsmen

  • The Winter's Tale

Histories

  • King John

  • Richard II

  • Henry IV, Part 1

  • Henry IV, Part 2

  • Henry V

  • Henry VI, Part 1

  • Henry VI, Part 2

  • Henry VI, Part 3

  • Richard III

  • Henry VIII

Tragedies

  • Romeo and Juliet

  • Coriolanus

  • Titus Andronicus

  • Timon of Athens

  • Julius Caesar

  • Macbeth

  • Hamlet

  • Troilus and Cressida

  • King Lear

  • Othello

  • Antony and Cleopatra

  • Cymbeline

Poems

  • Shakespeare's sonnets

  • Venus and Adonis

  • The Rape of Lucrece

  • The Passionate Pilgrim

  • The Phoenix and the Turtle

  • A Lover's Complaint

Lost plays

  • Love's Labour's Won

  • The History of Cardenio

Apocrypha

  • Arden of Faversham

  • The Birth of Merlin

  • Edward III

  • Locrine

  • The London Prodigal

  • The Puritan

  • The Second Maiden's Tragedy

  • Sir John Oldcastle

  • Thomas Lord Cromwell

  • A Yorkshire Tragedy

  • Sir Thomas More

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