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4. Заполните пропуски данными словами.

а. lasts; b. infringement; с. ownership; d. the copyright symbol ©; e. to be protected by copyright; f. works of authorship;

  1. The main legal instrument for protecting are patents and copyrights.

  2. Copyright requires that the work of the copyright owner have been copied.

  3. It is usual to record the date of creation and mark it with

  4. Intellectual property can only be protected if is clear.

  5. Copyright longer then a patent.

б. Literature, artistic works, computer programs, movies and radio and television broadcasts can

5. Составьте словосочетания, используя слова из обеих колонок.

  1. to grant a. protection for works

  2. works b. federal statue

  3. to provide c. a copyright symbol

  4. to place d. intellectual

  5. to be governed by e. exclusive right


The law of patents embraces the subject matter of products and processes. To be eligible for protection an invention must be useful and novel. Before a patent is issued by the Patent and Trademark Office, the invention must be determined by an examiner, after detailed search of prior art, to satisfy the statutory conditions.

As defined by the U.S. International Trade Commission, a patent is "a grant issued by a national government conferring the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling the invention within the national territory". The U.S. patent law protects an invention or a new discovery for twenty years from the date the patent is granted. A patent may be granted for a product, a design, or a process of making a product. Patents are granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office located in Washington, D.C. Once a patent is granted, any use of the rights secured by the patent without permission from the inventor will constitute an infringement for which damages may be recovered.

Example: Mr. Inventor creates a device* that can send people back in time. Since no one has ever created such a device, Mr. Inventor wants to protect his invention from being copied Mr. Inventor patents his new invention which will now prohibit others from copying and marketing the invention without his permission. However, Mr. Copier makes and sells the exact invention patented by Mr. Inventor. Mr. Inventor may now sue Mr. Copier for patent infringement and recover damages, or Mr. Inventor may seek an injunction. If Mr. Copier makes the product abroad and attempts to import it into the United States, Mr. Inventor may pursue an exclusion action before the U.S. International Trade Commission to keep the product out of the United States.

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