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  1. Read and translate in written form the following text.

Portable phones – walk and talk

Ever since Bell patented telephone in 1876, we’ve been living in the age of instant communication. But there has always been a restriction – you need to find a phone. And that isn’t always easy. OK, we’ve had car phones since the 1950s. But the first car phones were enormous. The machinery filled the boot of the car! More than a portable phone, it was a mobile phone box! One of the first users was a doctor in Sweden. Unfortunately the phone needed so much power that he could only make two calls before the battery went dead. The first to his patient, and the second to the garage to get someone to come and fix his flat battery. By the mid- 19696-s phones were small enough to fit into the front of a car, but unfortunately, they were still too heavy for people to carry around. They were also extremely expensive. So, it was no surprise that they didn’t become popular.

And then Mr. Cooper made a call. On 3 April 1973, while walking along the street in New York, Motorola employee Martin Cooper took out his portable phone, dialed a number and made a call to rival phone company. I don’t know what he said – perhaps, “Nobody has ever done this before!” – but I bet he felt pretty happy when he hung up. He knew that his company was ahead of the competition.

And while I have my crystal ball out, here are some predictions about how we will communicate in the future… Firstly, I think people will forget how to write because all communications will be oral. And one day before too long we will have phones with 3D video screens which allow you to see your friends and watch TV! More good news: phone calls will be free – they’ll be paid for by advertising! And finally, I believe that eventually humans in the future will have phones in our brains! With a speaker in an ear, and a microphone in a tooth, we will be able to dial numbers just by saying them.

  1. Answer the following questions.

  1. When did Bell patent telephone?

  2. What were the first telephones like?

  3. When was the first portable phone invented?

  4. Why was Martin Cooper happy?

  5. Who will pay the phone calls in future?

  1. Put questions to the underlined parts of the sentences.

  1. Give English equivalents to:

  1. Зробити дзвінок (делать звонок)

  2. Повісити слухавку (повесить трубку)

  3. Випереджати у конкуренції (опере жать в конкуренции)

  4. Якось досить скоро (однажды очень скоро)

  5. Сплачуватися за рахунок реклами (оплачиваться за счет рекламы)

  1. Give Ukrainian (Russian variant) to:

  1. Instant communication

  2. Go dead

  3. To be no surprise

  4. To take out something

  5. Dial a number

  1. Choose the correct form of the pronouns. Insert “some”, “somebody”, “something” “somewhere” or “any”, “anybody”, “anything”, “anywhere”.

  1. Will you have … tea?

  2. Is ... the matter with you? Has … offended you? I see by your face that … has happened.

  3. We didn’t see … in the hall.

  4. Do you need … books to prepare for your report?

  5. Are there … theatres or cinemas in your town? – There aren’t … cinemas, but there is a theatre festival in summer.

  1. Insert “few” or “little”.

  1. There are … bears in the zoo.

  2. Tom Canty was the son of poor parents so he had very … clothes.

  3. There is too … soup in my plate. Give me some more, please.

  4. The children returned from the wood very sad because they had found very … mushrooms.

  5. There was too … light in the room that I couldn’t read.

  1. Insert “much” or “many”.

  1. My mother says I eat too … French fries and drink too … beer. She wants me to be healthy.

  2. There is not too … space in my flat.

  3. There are … new pictures in this room.

  4. There are … workers in our department and … of them are women.

  5. … of these plays are quite new.

  1. Open brackets using Present Continuous or Present Simple.

  1. She (not to read) in the morning.

  2. I (to write) a composition now.

  3. I (not to drink) milk now.

  4. I (to go) for a walk after dinner.

  5. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sunday.

  1. Open brackets using Past Continuous or Past Simple.

  1. When I (to ring up) my friend, he (to sleep).

  2. When grandfather (to watch) TV, he (to fall) asleep.

  3. When my friend (to come) to see me, I (to do) my homework.

  4. When I (to go) to the stadium, I (to meet) Kate and Ann.

  5. The cat (to take) a piece of fish and then (to run) away.

  1. Open brackets using Present Perfect or Past Simple.

  1. My father knows so much because he (to travel) a lot.

  2. I (to see) Pete today.

  3. She (to see) this film last Sunday.

  4. You (to be) ever to Paris?

  5. Alex (to meet) his friend 2 hours ago.

  1. Open brackets using Past Simple or Past Perfect.

  1. Where you (to work) before you (to enter) the institute?

  2. He (to study) French before he (to enter) the university.

  3. Lanny (to say) that he (to get) his education in Cape Town.

  4. The boy (to want) to act the main part in the play because he (to organize) the theatre.

  5. Lanny (not to know) who to attack him in the darkness.

  1. Translate using necessary tenses.

  1. Джонни заметил, что все смотрели на него и засмущался.

  2. Свет распространяется быстрее, чем звук.

  3. Когда я пришел в гости к Пете в прошлое воскресенье, он читал интересную книгу. Сейчас я читаю ее.

  4. Уходя, студенты поблагодарили профессора, который прочел интересную лекцию.

  5. Мы уже проехали около 10 миль, когда Петр, который смотрел в окно, воскликнул: «Вот станция!»

  1. Translate the following sentences into Russian, paying attention to the Passive Voice.

  1. The girl was not allowed to go to the concert.

  2. She said that the new time-table had not been yet hung up on the notice board.

  3. The roast chicken was eaten with appetite.

  4. It was so dark that the houses could not be seen.

  5. The light has not yet been turned off.

  1. Open brackets using Passive or Active Voice.

  1. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation tomorrow.

  2. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book.

  3. The question (to settle) as soon as they arrived.

  4. Your report must (to divide) into two chapters.

  5. Soon he (to send) to a sanatorium.