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  1. Grammar test

1) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

Curitiba, in southern Brazil, is typical of many developing cities. After 1950, it (1) _____ (change) dramatically as its economy, which (2)____________ (base) on agriculture, (3) ________ (move) into theindustrial stage. As in many other cities, this change (4) ______ (create) poverty, but Curitiba (5) __________ (manage) to control the problems that go with it, like crime and lack of education. Other typical urban problems (6) _____________ (avoid) as well. The most striking feature of Curitiba (7) ________ (be) its transport system. Private cars (8) ____________ (not allow) in the city centre, and the bus network is fast and efficient. Ticket prices (9) ________ (keep) low so people on low incomes can use the network. Curitiba (10) _________________ (recycle) 70 per cent of its rubbish and the whole

population (1 1)___________________(involve) in collecting it. The man responsible

for Curitiba's development is the city's mayor, Jaime Lerner. He says that curitiba (12) _____(succeed) because everyone (13) _____________(make) responsible for improving the city. To do that, he says, the poor must (14) _______(give) good services so they(15) ________(share) in

improving the quality of life.

(Adapted from BBC English)

(30 point)

2) Fill in the correct modal verbs

  1. When you the photocopier you_________touch this part here; it's very hot.

  2. You________ get a visa if you want to go to the USA.

  3. __________ I have any experience to work here?

  4. This .pizza ______ be for me! It looks like a Margherita and I ordered a Four Seasons.

  5. He _ ___ play the piano when he was only five years old.

(5 points )

3) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.

  1. It _____ (be) fine if you ______(join) us.

  2. If I _____ (go) to bed earlier, I _____(not be) so tired all the time

  3. I _ (pay) you as soon as I ____ (find) a job.

  4. The water _ (freeze) if temperature _________ (go) below zero.

  5. When I _ (get) it I_______ (inform) you at once.

  6. If I _ (be) a President I _______ (lower) taxes for poor people.

  7. John _______ (go) to the theatre if he ________(get) tickets.

  8. If you_______(press) this button the machine_________(start) working.

  9. If I (have) more money I _____ (travel) a lot.

  10. Unless you (dress) warmly you (fall) ill.

(20points)

  1. Reading

1) Read the text carefully to obtain the information.

Weddings - the Scottish way

Dear Sirs,

Having read the 'Scottish Issue' of your magazine and having just come back from my, daughter's wedding in Scotland, I thought that your readers might be interested to learn of some of the customs and traditions ,in Scotland today in connection with marriage. 7'

Some time after engagement, the young couple have to decide the day and date of the wedding. It is considered unlucky for the couple to get married in the months of May and January and these are usually avoided.

Many Scottish girls that it is a good idea that family and friends give the bride-to-be wedding before the ceremony. There are different customs related to the showing presents in different parts of the country. In the west of Scotland for example they are shown on the weekend when home baked cakes, sandwiches, tea, whisky and sherry are served.

Another custom is the blackening of the groom a few days before the wedding. Male friends get together and, leaving the young man with only his underpants on, cover him with a mixture of oil, flour, coffee and other sticky substances and throw feathers over him. Then they might tie him to a lamp post or take him around the town in an open truck, hooting the horn.

On the wedding day, after the ceremony at church, rose petals or confetti are thrown on the bride and groom. They are also presented with silver horseshoes which are believed to bring good luck. As they leave by car for the reception, the groom throws coins out of the window, which are collected by small children.

At the reception, the bride and groom are the first to dance. Traditional music is played by a fiddler, an accordionist and a drummer. At the end of the evening, the young couple is pushed into the middle to the song For He's a Jolly Good Fellow. Then everybody joins hands and ends the celebration of the wedding by singing Auld Lang Syne. Finally, the couple leaves for their honeymoon in their own car decorated with balloons, cans and old shoes.

I hope your readers find these events interesting. Muriel Williams

Glasgow

2) Choose the best answer:

  1. It isn't good for the young couple to ...

  1. decide the date of the wedding.

  2. refrain from getting married in January.

  1. Giving presents to the future bride ...

  1. takes place after the ceremony.

  2. happens on the weekdays.

  3. is the duty of family and friends,

  1. The blackening of the groom takes place ...

  1. without the use of sticky substances.

  2. several days before the ceremony.

  3. after the open truck city ride.

  1. On the wedding day, people throw on the married ones ...

a) silver horseshoes

  1. flower parts

  2. coins.

  1. At a wedding reception ...

a) you can hear violins and drums

b) no one sings any Scottish songs

c)there is traditional Welsh music played.

(5 points)

  1. Writing

Write a composition using 120-180 words:

The future of education – books or computers?

(40 points)