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Пособие Борисова (англ для инженеров базовый)

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69

a.Maslenitsa

b.a birthday party

c.a newborn baby

d.New Year

e.travelling

f.Easter

g.wedding

5.2Can you guess the meaning of the highlighted words from the context? Check the meaning with a dictionary.

6. Speaking

6.1Choose a tradition from 5.1 and add some details to the description. Tell the class about it.

6.2In pairs or small groups. Think of three or four customs and traditions in other countries. Find the details and make a presentation.

Note! You can speak about rare traditions which are not widely known outside the countries.

7. Writing

Have you ever heard about Seven Wonders Of Russia? The project was launched by the TV channel Russia, the newspaper Izvestiya, and Radio Mayak in 2007.

Look at the photos. Can you say what these objects are and where they are located?

70

71

In pairs. You are a travel agency and you are making a promotional website for your new tour around Russia. Choose an object from this project and write a presentation about it.

Include the following information for foreign tourists:

a.Where is it?

b.What is the best way to get there?

c.What is interesting about it?

d.What is the history of this place?

e.Are there any limitations or safety precautions?

OVER TO YOU:

1.Can you describe a country you have visited / want to visit?

2.Can you describe traditions and celebrations in some country?

3.Can you describe the region you live in?

72

Module 9

FIT FOR FUN

Do the quiz with a partner. Ask and answer the questions.

How energetic are you?

get upas soonas youwake up?

slow getting ready inthe morning?

… walk or go by bus? How often… runupstairs?

oftensleepy after lunch?

activeor tiredinthe evening? How often… stay up late or all night?

1. Pronunciation

Write the words in two columns according to the vowels in them. Listen and check.

ball serve caught world draw fought hurt score sport shirt warm worse

2. Vocabulary and speaking

2.1Match the pictures and the sports. Pronounce the words.

a.football (soccer)

b.basketball

c.American football

d.rugby

e.baseball

f.volleyball

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2.2 What sports can you see in these pictures? Check with a dictionary.

a.

h____ r____

f.

i____ h____

b.

s____

g.

i____ s____

c.

s____ j____

h.

w____

d.

s____

i.

g____

e.

m____ r____

j.

c____

2.3 PLAY / DO / GO

We usually play team sports, do martial arts (judo or karate), and use go with all other sports.

a.What sports do you do?

b.What sports have you done?

c.What sports do you prefer watching?

d.What sports don’t you want to do and why?

2.4Interview your partner using the questionnaire. Write down his/her answers.

2.5In groups of five or six. Compare your answers and find out…

a.the most popular sport in your group

b.the most unpopular sport

c.the most sport-minded person

d.the most sport-minded family

e.the sport most people want to try

f.who has had most traumas

g.who has most trophies

h.the best sport facilities in this town

74

Do you like sport?

What sports do youplay?

Have youever wonacupor a trophy?

Have youever hada sport trauma?

Do youprefer doing sport or being a spectator?

Do yougo to watcha local sports team?

Are there any goodsports facilities inthis town?

What sport wouldyoulike to learnto play well?

What sports didyouhave to do at school?

Didyouenjoy it?

How oftendo youdo sport inyour free time?

Do youthink youare fit?

Do your family members like sport?

Do youwatchany sports together?

Do youplay any sports together?

Have youever beento a big sportive event?

3. Grammar

3.1 What is wrong with James? How is he feeling? What do you think he says to his friend Daniel? Choose the correct answer, listen and

check.

Daniel: My team are playing in the cup tonight. James: a. They’ll win.

b. They’ll lose. c. Not interested.

3.2 Listen to the phrases and repeat. These are James’s answers to other people. What do you think they told James? Write their phrases. Then listen and check.

75

a.You won’t pass.

b.He won’t pay you back.

c.You won’t find a parking space.

d.You’ll miss it.

e.They’ll be late.

f.It’ll rain.

g.You won’t understand a word.

h.It won’t last.

i.You’ll break your leg.

3.3Predict the future in these situations. Use WILL / WON’T.

e.g. I usually eat low-calorie food. – You’ll stay fit.

a.She eats late in the evening.

b.He isn’t getting ready for his exam.

c.He smokes two packs a day.

d.They are practising hard before the game.

e.There is a lot of ice and snow on the roads.

4.Conversation patterns

4.1Look at the pictures. What are the people saying? Listen and check.

a.………

b.………

c.………

Listen again and repeat the phrases. Copy the rhythm.

4.2 Your friend Liza is going to a party. Look at the pictures and write down her thoughts.

76

e.g. Shall I go by car?

4.3 Work in pairs. Help Liza make a decision. Act out a conversation. e.g. Liza: Shall I go by car?

You: I think you should walk. It’s not very far.

5. Reading

5.1 According to the statistics, people on the island of Okinawa in Japan live longest lives in the world. Read the article and list the reasons why.

How not to die before you get old

Chiako is active and healthy. She gets up at 7 a.m. every day, takes a 30-minute walk and plays a ball game with her friends three times a week. There is nothing unusual about it except Chiako is 102 years old. She is not alone – there are hundreds of other healthycentenarians onOkinawa who have the same lifestyle.

Okinawa is a group of islands between Japan and Taiwan. Near a beach, there is a large stone with the following words on it: At 70 you are still a child, at 80 you are just a youth, andat 90, if theancestors inviteyouintoheaven, ask themto wait until youare 100, and thenyoucan start thinking of it.

Okinawans stay slim in old age by eating a low-calorie diet which consists of three quarters plant food and one quarter animal food. They eat seven portions of fruit andvegetables every day andthey stopeating whenthey are still hungry.

They also keep active by dancing, walking and gardening. In other words, they do the things they enjoy.

Okinawans never feel stressed. Nobody is in a hurry, there are no timetables, and there is always tomorrow. Hundreds of people, both young and old, go to the beach every day to watchsunsets. InOkinawa there is always time to watcha sunset.

Okinawans have large families and strong networks of friends. There is nomagic pill. If youhave goodfriends, a healthy diet anda stress-free lifestyle, you’ll live longer.

77

5.2 Guess the meaning of the highlighted words from the context.

6. Speaking

6.1 How different is your lifestyle from the Okinawan lifestyle? Make a list of differencies.

e.g. People on Okinawa eat seven portions of fruit every day. I eat fruit one or two times day.

6.2 Your friend has decided to start a new healthy life. Help him/her develop a plan. Use the information from 5.1.

e.g. You know, people on Okinawa never feel stressed. I think you shouldn’t be so stressed.

7. Writing

In groups. You are TV editors preparing questions for a popular TV program where people answer the host’s questions and earn money for that. Choose a topic and make a quiz (10-15 questions) for a program. Don’t forget to provide correct answers!

1.Sports and sportsmen

2.History of sport

3.Team sports

4.Unusual sports

OVER TO YOU:

1.Can you describe your favourite game?

2.Can you speak about a healthy way of life?

3.Can you speak about your attitude to sport?

78

Irregular verbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VERB

 

PAST SIMPLE

 

PAST PARTICIPLE

 

ПЕРЕВОД

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be [bi:]

 

was [wɔz], were [wз:]

 

been [bi:n]

 

Быть

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

beat [bi:t]

 

beat [bi:t]

 

beaten ['bi:tn]

 

Бить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

become [bi:kʌm]

 

became [bi:keim]

 

become[bi:kʌm]

 

Становиться

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

begin [bi'gin]

 

began [bi'gæn]

 

begun [bi'gʌn]

 

Начинать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blow [blou]

 

blew [blu:]

 

blown [bloun]

 

Дуть

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

break [breik]

 

broke [brouk]

 

broken ['brouk(e)n]

 

Ломать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bring [briŋ]

 

brought [brɔ:t]

 

brought [brɔ:t]

 

Приносить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

build [bild]

 

built [bilt]

 

built [bilt]

 

Строить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

burn [bз:n]

 

burnt [bз:nt]

 

burnt [bз:nt]

 

Гореть

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

burst [bз:st]

 

burst [bз:st]

 

burst [bз:st]

 

Разразиться

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

buy [bai]

 

bought [bɔ:t]

 

bought [bɔ:t]

 

Покупать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

catch [kætʃ]

 

caught [kɔ:t]

 

caught [kɔ:t]

 

Ловить, хватать,

 

 

 

успеть

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

choose [tʃu:z]

 

chose [ʃəuz]

 

chosen [tʃəuz(ə)n]

 

Выбирать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

come [kʌm]

 

came [keim]

 

come [kʌm]

 

Приходить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cost [cɔst]

 

cost [cɔst]

 

cost [cɔst]

 

Стоить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cut [kʌt]

 

cut [kʌt]

 

cut [kʌt]

 

Резать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

do [du:]

 

did [did]

 

done [dʌn]

 

Делать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

draw [drɔ:]

 

drew [dru:]

 

drawn [drɔ:n]

 

Рисовать, тащить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dream [dri:m]

 

dreamt [dremt]

 

dreamt [dremt]

 

Мечтать, дремать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drink [driŋk]

 

drank [dræŋk]

 

drunk [drʌŋk]

 

Пить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drive [draiv]

 

drove [drouv]

 

driven ['drivn]

 

Водить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

eat [i:t]

 

ate [et]

 

eaten ['i:tn]

 

Есть

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fall [fɔ:l]

 

fell [fel]

 

fallen ['fɔ:lən]

 

Падать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

feed [fi:d]

 

fed [fed]

 

fed [fed]

 

Кормить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

feel [fi:l]

 

felt [felt]

 

felt [felt]

 

Чувствовать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fight [fait]

 

fought [fɔ:t]

 

fought [fɔ:t]

 

Бороться

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

find [faind]

 

found [faund]

 

found [faund]

 

Находить

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fit [fit]

 

fit [fit]

 

fit [fit]

 

Подходить по

 

 

 

размеру

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fly [flai]

 

flew [flu:]

 

flown [floun]

 

Летать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

forget [fə'get]

 

forgot [fə'gɔt]

 

forgotten [fə'gɔt(ə)n]

 

Забывать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

forgive [fo'giv]

 

forgave [fo'geiv]

 

forgiven [fo'givn]

 

Прощать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

freeze [fri:z]

 

froze [frouz]

 

frozen ['frouzn]

 

Замерзать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

get [ get ]

 

got [gɔt]

 

got [gɔt]

 

Получать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

give [giv]

 

gave [geiv]

 

given [givn]

 

Давать

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go [gou]

 

went [went]

 

gone [gɔn]

 

Идти

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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