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Устная практика- задания (Меркулова) / World around us / Physical Geography –Student’s Book (2013-2014) - Kharkiv.docx
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  1. ___________ and the _____

  2. TASK 19. Match the ‘space’ words with their definitions.

  3. Part 1

    1. 1

    1. a meteor ['mi:tIq]

    1. a

    1. all space, including all the stars and planets

    1. 2

    1. a comet

    1. b

    1. any natural object visible in the sky - небесное тело

    1. 3

    1. an asteroid

    2. ['xstqrOId]

    1. c

    1. one of the large groups of stars that make up the universe

    1. 4

    1. a constellation

    1. d

    1. (1) any star around which planets move;

    2. (2) the large bright object in the sky that gives us light and heat, and around which the Earth moves

    1. 5

    1. a meteorite ['mi:tIqraIt]

    1. e

    1. the Sun and the planets that go around it

    1. 6

    1. a UFO[ˌjuːef'əu]

    1. f

    1. a very large round object in space that moves around the sun or another star

    1. 7

    1. a galaxy

    1. g

    1. a large ball of burning gas in space that can be seen at night as a point of light in the sky

    1. 8

    1. a/the sun

    1. h

    1. a group of stars that forms a particular pattern and has a name

    1. 9

    1. a star

    1. i

    1. one of the many small planets that move around the sun, especially between Mars and Jupiter

    1. 10

    1. the universe

    1. j

    1. an asteroid or other celestial body that burns and vaporizes upon entry into the Earth's atmosphere, commonly known as a "shooting star"

    1. 11

    1. a/the solar system

    1. k

    1. a piece of rock or metal that has survived the plunge through the atmosphere from space and has landed on the Earth surface

    1. 12

    1. a celestial body

    1. l

    1. an object in space like a bright ball with a long tail, that moves around the sun

    1. 13

    1. a planet

    1. m

    1. an unidentified flying object

  4. Part 2

    1. 14

    1. Jupiter['ʤuːpɪtə]

    1. n

    1. the smallest and the nearest to the sun planet in our solar system

    1. 15

    1. Uranus

    1. o

    1. the planet that is second in order from the sun

    1. 16

    1. an asteroid belt

    1. p

    1. the biggest of all the terrestrial planets, the third in order from the sun

    1. 17

    1. a gas giant

    1. q

    1. the small red planet that is fourth in order from the sun and is nearest the Earth

    1. 18

    1. Pluto

    1. r

    1. the planet that is fifth in order from the sun and is the largest in the solar system - Юпитер

    1. 19

    1. a black hole

    1. s

    1. the second largest planet in our Solar System, a gas giant that is the sixth in order from the sun

    1. 20

    1. Venus ['vi:nqs]

    1. t

    1. the ‘ice giant’, the planet that is seventh in order from the sun

    1. 21

    1. a nebula

    1. u

    1. the planet that is eighth in order from the sun

    1. 22

    1. Mercury

    1. v

    1. the planet that is furthest from the sun and is the smallest in the solar system

    1. 23

    1. Saturn

    1. w

    1. a region of spacetime from which gravity prevents anything, including light, from escaping

    1. 24

    1. Mars [mRz]

    1. x

    1. a large, massive, low-density planet composed primarily of hydrogen, helium, methane, and ammonia in either gaseous or liquid state.

    1. 25

    1. Earth

    1. y

    1. the region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, where most of the asteroids are found

    1. 26

    1. Neptune

    1. z

    1. a mass of gas and dust among the stars, which often appears as a bright cloud in the sky at night

  5. TASK 20. Fill in the gaps with one of the words from the box.

  6. A Short Journey through the Universe

    1. around

    1. asteroid

    1. bigger

    1. galaxy

    1. furthest known

    1. astronomers

    1. discovered

    1. Andromeda

    1. dwarf planets

    1. appear

    1. planets

    1. far away

    1. cluster

    1. gas giants

    1. fly around

    1. telescopes

    1. exist

    1. formation

    1. means

    1. Venus

    1. grow tails

  7. We live in one of the arms of a large spiral _____ (1) called the Milky Way. It belongs to a _____ (2) of at least 40 other galaxies. The so-called Local Group has two large spiral galaxies – the Milky Way and _____ (3).

  8. Our Solar System is made up of the Sun and all of the smaller objects that move _____ (4) it. Apart from the Sun, the largest members of the Solar System are the eight major _____ (5). Nearest the Sun are four rather small, rocky planets - Mercury, _____ (6), Earth and Mars.

  9. Beyond Mars, there is the _____ (7) belt – a region populated by millions of rocky objects. These are left-overs from the _____ (8) of the planets which happened about 4.5 billion years ago.

  10. On the far side of the asteroid belt, there are the four _____ (9) - Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. These planets are much _____ (10) than the Earth, but very lightweight for their size. They are mostly made of hydrogen and helium.

  11. Until recently, the _____ (11) planet was an icy world called Pluto. However, Pluto is smaller than the Earth’s Moon, and many _____ (12) think it is too small to be called a true planet.

  12. In 2005, an object named Eris [ʹerıs], which is at least as big as Pluto, was _____ (13) very far from the Sun. After that, more than 1,000 icy worlds such as Eris have been discovered beyond Pluto in recent years. They are classed ‘_____’ (14).

  13. Billions of comets are thought to _____ (15) on the edge of the Solar System, beyond the orbit of Pluto. Most comets are so small and so _____ (16) that we cannot see them, even in the biggest _____ (17). The only time we can see them is when they head toward the Sun and _____ (18) of gas and dust. The word ‘comet’ _____ (19) a 'hairy star'. Some comets take only a few years to _____ (20) the Sun. Others – like Halley's comet – take much longer. Still others _____ (21) once and are never seen again.

  14. TASK 21. Read the description of some most often referred to constellations and match them to the names on the box.

  1. Orion

  1. Cancer

  1. Sagittarius

  1. The Great Bear

  1. Andromeda

  1. Taurus

  1. Cassiopeia

  1. The Little Bear

  1. Aquarius

  1. Gemini

  1. Scorpio

  1. Leo