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Устная практика- задания (Меркулова) / World around us / Physical Geography –Student’s Book (2013-2014) - Kharkiv.docx
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The Tropics

  1. …and Northern Australian Outback.

  2. …a climate that is very hot and moist all the year round.

  3. …the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere.

  4. …with even alpine tundra and snow-capped peaks,

  5. …especially where the seasons are made by monsoons.

  6. …at least once a year.

  7. …land overgrown with tangled vegetation at ground level, especially in the tropics. 

  8. …into the temperate zone.

The tropics are the region of the Earth near to the Equator and between the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and ____ (1) This region is also referred to as the tropical zone or the Torrid Zone.

This area includes all the areas of the Earth where the sun reaches a point directly overhead ____ (2)

The word Tropical specifically means places near the equator. The word is also sometimes used in a general sense for a tropical climate, ____ (3) This includes tropical rainforests with lush vegetation.

However, there are places in the tropics that are anything but "tropical" in this sense, ____ (4) including Mauna Kea ['mqVnq'kejq], a volcano on the island of Hawaii, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Andes as far south as the northernmost parts of Chile and Argentina. Places in the tropics which are hot and dry include the Atacama Desert, the Sahara Desert, Central Africa ____ (5)

People in some tropical places call their seasons "hot" and "wet", ____ (6) Tropical cyclones form in tropical ocean areas, and some move from there ____ (7)

TASK 5. Supply English equivalents to the ‘land’ words and expressions given below.

Russian

Ukrainian

English

1

южное полушарие

південна півкуля

2

пустыня

пустеля

3

полярный круг

полярне коло

4

тропический пояс

тропічний пояс

5

тропик Козерога

тропік Козерога

6

высота над уровнем моря

Висота над рівнем моря

7

Экватор

Екватор

8

широта

широта

9

долгота

довгота

10

тропический лес

тропічний ліс

11

буйная, пышная растительность

буйна, пишна рослинність

12

круглый год

цілий рік

13

альпийские = высокогорные луга

альпійські = високогірні луги

14

малонаселённая местность, необжитые районы Австралии

малонаселена місцевість, необжиті райони Австралії

15

зона умеренного климата; умеренный пояс

зона помірного клімату; помірний пояс

16

арктический пояс, полярная зона

арктичний пояс, полярна зона

TASK 6. Match the ‘water’ words with their definitions.

Part 1

1

a sea

a

a large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water and usually fed along its course by converging tributaries

2

a river basin

b

a natural flow of water with a current that moves across the land and is narrower than a river

3

an estuary

c

a natural freshwater stream smaller than a river

4

an ocean

d

an either natural or artificially made small area of fresh stillwater that is smaller than a lake

5

a delta

e

a large inland body of fresh or salt water surrounded by land

6

a current

f

(Br.E.) - a long narrow area of water that flows from the sea into the land;

(Am.E.) - a small narrow stream or river

7

a river

g

the large area of salty water that covers much of the earth's surface

8

a pond

h

the whole body of salt water that covers nearly three fourths of the surface of the earth

9

a stream

i

an area from which all the water flows into the same river

10

a brook

j

the wide part of a river where it goes into the sea = mouth

11

a creek

k

a continuous movement of water in a river, lake, or sea

12

a lake

l

an area of low land where a river spreads into many smaller rivers near the sea

Part 2

13

a tide

m

the part of a river where it joins the sea

14

a waterfall

n

the place where a stream or river starts

15

a tidewater

o

the ground at the bottom of a river

16

a whirlpool

p

a stream or river that flows into a larger river

17

a source

q

a place where water from a river or stream falls down over a cliff or rock

18

a watershed

r

a narrow passage of water between two areas of land, usually connecting two seas

19

an ebb

s

land that is always very wet or covered with a layer of water

20

a mouth

t

the regular rising and falling of the oceans, bays, gulfs, inlets, and river estuaries, caused by gravitational attraction of the moon and sun

21

a swamp

u

the flow of the sea away from the shore, when the tide goes out

22

wetlands

v

(Br.E.) - water that flows onto the land or into rivers when the tide rises -

(Am.E.) - an area of land at or near the coast

23

a strait

w

a ridge of high land dividing two areas that are drained by different river systems; = a divide (Am.E) = water parting

24

a tributary

x

a powerful current of water that spins around and can pull things down into it = boil (Am.E.)

25

a riverbed

y

an area of land that is partly covered with water, or is wet most of the time

TASK 7. Read the text about the global ocean and fill in the gaps with the names of the oceans.