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83 Degree and intensifying

These words will fit into the spaces below. Choose the right word or words for each sentence.

1.

These shelves have been

...................designed to fit into this space.

2.

They claim it's Diana's...................

story.

 

 

3.

I'm m..................

at home in the evenings.

 

4.

Health care in our district has been g...................

improved.

5.

The government is...................

responsible for the present state of the nation.

6.

It's your birthday, so I've prepared something...................

special for dinner.

7.

I've received a final demand even though the bill has been.....................

paid.

8.

Finding hotel accommodation in the high season can be a....................

nightmare.

9.

Air fares are...................

 

less expensive if you fly mid-week.

10.

The plane was...................

 

crowded, there wasn't a single empty seat.

11.

The musical was ...................

disaster it only ran for a week.

12.

I've been having treatment for a week, but I'm.....................

better.

13.

Can anyone ..................

 

believe the earth is flat?

 

14.

You shouldn't worry about it. It doesn't matter ....................

.

15.

We're m..................

grateful for your help.

 

16.

Thank you very much ...................

for taking care of our house while we were away.

17.

David Bellamy is...................

known as an environmentalist.

18.

Mrs Grey has been...................

alone since her daughter went away.

19.

We ...................

support the Green Party.

 

 

20.

We ...................

regret the inconvenience you have been caused.

21.

Truffles are hard to find and ...................

prized.

 

84 -icl-ical

These words will fit into the spaces below. Choose the right word for each sentence.

1. 'Between you and I' is a...................

mistake in grammar.

2.…………..accidents occur daily on our motorways.

3.

Sally can paint, but I have no ...................

talents at all.

 

 

4.

Many people believe the fire was caused by an...................

fault.

 

5.

This photograph of Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin captures a....................

moment.

6.…………………music is appreciated by a very wide audience.

7.

You can control the whole system with this

................... button.

8.

The....................

records of that pre-war period are now available to the public.

9.

You can't keep warm with a small...................

 

fire.

10.

Many of the...................

treasures stolen during the war have never been recovered.

11.

They use lights to create ...................

effects on the stage.

12.

It was a...................

win in the last two minutes' of play.

13.

You can play amazing music on an ...................

 

keyboard.

272

85 Inversion after negative adverbs

Re-write these sentences using the words provided and making necessary changes.

1We can't offer a discount for our services on any account.

On no account.................................................................................................................

2We had hardly left the house when we had to go back for our passports.

Hardly ...........................................................................................................................

3John little realizes just what it's going to be like working in a restaurant kitchen. Little..............................................................................................................................

4There have never been so many beggars on the streets.

Never ............................................................................................................................

5We not only missed our plane, we had to spend a night at the airport as well.

Not only ........................................................................................................................

6I had no sooner complained than the parcel arrived.

No sooner.......................................................................................................................

7You seldom see so many people trying to get tickets.

Seldom ...........................................................................................................................

8You will understand what true responsibility is only when you become a parent.

Only when......................................................................................................................

9They mustn't be allowed to come in on any condition.

On no condition .............................................................................................................

10I have no idea what happened to him, and I don't care, either.

I have no idea what happened to him and neither............................................................

11We realized, only then, what a mess we had got ourselves into.

Only then........................................................................................................................

12You rarely see this variety of butterfly any more. Rarely.............................................................................................................................

13You shouldn't reply to this letter in any circumstances.

In no circumstances.........................................................................................................

86

Adjective + preposition

 

Supply suitable prepositions.

 

 

 

1.

It's time she ceased to be so dependent ..................

her parents.

2.

You don't want to get involved ...................

that kind of business.

3.

He now has an excellent job and is independent....................

his parents.

4.

He was convicted...................

burglary and sentenced to three years in prison.

5.

We're really indebted ..................

 

you for all the help you've given us.

6.

The concert hall was filled...................

 

music students.

7.

I don't think I'm very susceptible ..................

advertising.

8.

He's incapable...................

even driving a nail in straight.

9.

We were all surprised...................

 

their sudden decision to leave the district.

10.

How long has she been married...................

him?

11.

I'm afraid Kirsty is jealous...................

 

her younger sister.

12.

The committee is composed mainly...................

local tradesmen.

13.

It's immaterial ...................

me whether our neighbours approve or not.

14.

He denies he's guilty ..................

 

spreading rumours.

273

87 Words easily confused, misspelt, etc.

Supply the best words in Parts A and B.

Part A

1.

We'd like...................

 

bills please.

 

a)

seperate

b)

separate

2.

When were you ...................

?

 

a)

borne

b)

born

3.

Open the window. I can't ...................

!

a)

breathe

b) breath

4.

Have you ever visited the British ...................

?

a)

Council

b) Counsel

5.

The greatest problems are poverty and.....................

a)

disease

b) decease

6.

Which ones have you ..................

?

 

a)

choosen

b) chosen

7.

We're not ..................

 

on anybody.

 

a)

dependant

b) dependent

8.

Wipe up the mess with this .....................

 

a)

cloth

b) clothe

9.

There are very strong...................

in the Pacific.

a)

currents

b) currants

10.

She looks rather...................

in her new outfit.

a)

chick

b) chic

11.

I seem to have ...................

a cough.

 

a)

developped

b) developed

12.

I might have ...................

 

a company director by now.

a)

being

b) been

13.

We've got some nice ..................

cakes.

a)

housemade

b) homemade

14.

How can we improve the ...................

condition?

a)

human

b) humane

15.

It's a question of.....................

 

 

a)

principle

b) principal

16.

I...................

up early every morning.

 

a)

get

b) use to get

17.

She certainly has plenty of.....................

 

a)

stile

b) style

18.

Those who agree, please...................

their hands.

a)

raise

b) rise

19.

What a small ...................

 

you have.

 

a)

waist

b)

waste

20.

I...................

what the time is.

 

a)

wonder

b) wander

Part B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

What would you ...................

?

 

a)

advise

b)

advice

2.

You can be banned from driving for being .....................

a)

drunken

b)

drunk

3.

Pay no attention if he...................

at you.

a)

gets mad

b)

maddens

4.

Goodnight. I'm going upstairs to

 

a)

bed

 

b)

sleep

5.

Sh! ...................

now.

 

 

a)

Go to sleep

b)

Go asleep

6.

I've had a lovely ...................

and I feel quite fresh.

a)

relax

b)

rest

7.

Tell me the...................

 

!

 

a)

true

b)

truth

8.

It was only a mild.....................

 

 

a)

flirtation

b)

flirt

9.

This is our new recreation centre for the.....................

a)

young

b)

youngs

10.

Don't be so

 

with your money!

a)

miser

 

b)

mean

11.

Men often get bald in their middle .....................

 

a)

ages

b)

years

12.

I was ...................

fright.

 

a)

sick with

b)

sick of

13.

Joan ...................

when she was quite young.

a)

greyed

b)

went grey

14.

Don't be so ...................

 

!

 

a)

foolish

b)

fool

15.

…………………..your belt.

 

a)

Get tight

b) Tighten

16.

I was overcome by a sense of ....................

 

a)

loneliness

b)

lonely

17.

What can prevent the....................

of the rain forests ?

a)

destruction

b)

destroy

18.

English is different...................

German.

a)

than

b)

from

19.

Are you afraid ...................

the dark?

 

a)

-

b)

of

20.

He published a magazine called 'The....................

'.

a)

Selfish

b)

Egoist

274

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

88

Experiences, perception, thought

 

 

Supply the best word or words.

 

 

 

 

1

If you overhear someone, you....................

 

.

 

 

 

a) hear something by accident b) understand something wrongly

c) fail to hear

2

If you sympathize with someone, you .....................

 

 

 

 

 

a) like them very much

b) love them

c) share their emotions

 

3

If you're conscientious, you .....................

 

 

 

 

 

a) are awake b) know right from wrong

c) do things seriously and with care

4

Remarking has to do with.....................

 

 

 

 

 

a) seeing

b) saying

c) thinking

 

 

 

 

5

A sentimental person

....................

.

 

 

 

 

 

a) has strong feelings

 

b) arouses strong feelings

c) has feelings that aren't deep

6

You are in love, so you have....................

 

.

 

 

 

a) strong sentiments

b) strong feelings

c) deep senses

 

7

You had to survive without food and water for several days, so you had.......................

 

a) a terrible adventure

b) a terrible experience c) a terrible experiment

8

If you recognize someone, you .....................

 

 

 

 

 

a) see who they are

b) say who they are

c) see them differently

 

9

You can see someone in your mind's eye. You have an ....................

of them.

 

a) icon b) image

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

You're very anxious. You have ....................

 

of anxiety.

 

 

a) a sense

b) an impression

 

 

 

 

11 If you're gazing at something you're looking at it ....................

.

 

 

a) steadily

b) with your mouth open

c) in a way that causes offence

12 Which of these words warns you of danger? ...................

 

 

 

a) Care! b) Attention! c) Caution!

 

 

 

 

13 If something is curious to you, it seems....................

 

 

.

 

 

a) unusual

b) foreign

c) exceptional

 

 

 

 

14 If you are curious about something, you are .....................

 

 

 

a) peculiar

b) foreign

c) eager to know about it

d) anxious

 

15

If you perceive something, you...................

 

it.

 

 

 

a) imagine

b) notice

c) think about

d) have ideas about

 

275

89 What sort of person are you?-

Ticka) or b) on the right of each exercise. -

-

1.A sensitive person is one who

2.If you fantasize about things, you

3.You're a reasonable person, so you're

4.You have a lot of curiosity, so you

5.You revise your opinions. You

a)is very aware of other people's feelings

b)has good sense and judgement

a)daydream about the impossible

b)often dream when you sleep

a)logical

b)just and fair

a)are a very strange person

b)like to know about everything

a)change them

b)look at them again

6.You recall things that happen, so you have...................

7.If you make sense of things, you

8.You always calculate what things cost, so you...................

9.You're easily moved, so you

10.You're a mature person, so you're

11.You're capable of affection, so you

a)a lot of souvenirs

b)a good memory

a)know they are sensible

b)can understand things easily

a)work things out accurately

b)make a good guess.

a)like to go from place to place

b)are emotional

a)grown up

b)ripe

a)like to impress others

b)have feelings of love for people

12.You're frank, so you...................

13.You don't like people who are vulgar because ...................

14.You have a genial nature, so you are...................

a)like to tell the truth

b)don't steal., cheat or lie

a)they behave badly

b)they are ordinary

a)very talented

b)cheerful and friendly

276

90 Politics and government

The mistakes in these sentences have been underlined for you. Suggest a correct or better alternative for each mistake in Parts A and B. The first one has been done for you.

Part A

0.The new law effects today.

1.The paper is running an action against the new privacy laws.

2.Are you interested in British civilization?

3.The Minister was the victim of a combine against him.

4.We're electing a new party conductor.

5.We must join ourselves to win the next election.

6.Are you a member of the Preservative Party?

7.They'll have to control your passport before they let you in.

8.Conversations about trade agreements are continuing.

9.They've set up centres to council the unemployed.

10.Has he got the necessary qualities to direct the country?

11.The government was chosen with a small majority.

12.She's one of the greatest faces in modern politics.

13.Are you a member of the Labour Faction?

14.The folk will be voting on May 14th.

15.Dictators have a lot of craft.

16.What is the basis of political force?

17.A dictator rules by strength.

18.Do you know all the words of our National Hymn?

19.The great forces decide the destiny of smaller nations.

20.We pay imposition on everything.

21.Part B

1.An industrious nation needs a lot of capital investment.

2.Civil service departments are full of plot.

3.Paris was discharged in 1945 by the allied forces.

4.The most of people are in favour of a change in the law.

5.There's been a peaceful manifestation against motorways.

6.What is the date of the annual party lecture?

7.You have to tackle misery before you tackle crime.

8.The German country is a formidable force in Europe.

9.She's been named to lead the party into the next election.

10.Whose part are you on?

11.I'm enjoying peasant life now I've moved out of London.

12.It's government by the peoples for the peoples.

13.What's your political conviction?

14.Politic is central to the study of history.

15.A government must reign or resign.

16.Britain has a republican government.

17.The way we are governed affects the whole of community.

18.Britain is a small country which is divided into lands.

19.Trade Syndicates defend workers' interests.

0.

 

1.

.....................

2.

.....................

3.

.....................

4.

.....................

5.

.....................

6.

.....................

7.

.....................

8.

.....................

9.

.....................

10.

.....................

11.

.....................

12.

.....................

13.

.....................

14.

.....................

15.

.....................

16.

.....................

17.

.....................

18.

.....................

19.

.....................

20.

……………..

1.

.....................

2.

.....................

3.

.....................

4.

.....................

5.

.....................

6.

.....................

7.

.....................

8.

.....................

9.

.....................

10.

.....................

11.

.....................

12.

.....................

13.

.....................

14.

.....................

15.

.....................

16.

.....................

17.

.....................

18.

.....................

19.

……………..

277

91 Stative and dynamic uses of certain verbs

All the verbs in the list below are often used in simple tenses. For example:

John sees very well without glasses. (Not *is seeing*)

However, thirteen of the verbs can be used quite easily in the progressive, sometimes with a change of meaning:

John is seeing his dentist on Wednesday. (= has an appointment with) Tick the remaining twelve verbs that can be used in the progressive.

admire

desire

imagine

appear

detest

matter

believe

differ

measure

belong

disagree

need

concern

disbelieve

own

consider

dislike

possess

consist

envy

say

contain

excel

see

correspond with

fear

think

cost

feel

want

deserve

hope

weigh

Write twelve sentences using the present progressive with the verbs you have ticked.

0

1. ...........................................................................................................................

2. ..........................................................................................................................

3. ...........................................................................................................................

4. ...........................................................................................................................

5. ...........................................................................................................................

6. ...........................................................................................................................

7. ...........................................................................................................................

8. ...........................................................................................................................

9. ...........................................................................................................................

10. ...........................................................................................................................

11. ...........................................................................................................................

12. ...........................................................................................................................

278

92 Travelling

Supply the words asked for in the clues. The first one has been done for you.

0What adjective beginning with S describes a vehicle that isn't moving? (10 letters)

1.What 5-letter verb beginning with P means to 'drive' a plane?

2.What 6-letter noun beginning with F and ending with L is found on a ship and often has smoke coming out of it?

3.What verb BD describes what we do when we get on a plane?

4.What noun B- - - - T is the name of a shop on a train where you can buy food over the counter?

5.What verb E - - - - - - E describes what people do

when they leave their country to live in another country?

6.What noun beginning with S goes in front of belt

to describe what you have to wear on a car journey?

7.What noun (6 letters) beginning with A goes after travel to describe an office which provides travel services?

8.What noun beginning with C and ending in H is the name of a bus for long-distance travelling? (5 letters)

9.What adverb beginning with A is the general word which means 'outside this country'? (6 letters)

10.What noun beginning with S is the name of a special compartment in a train in which you can sleep?

11.What noun beginning with P and ending in N describes a person getting around on foot? (10 letters)

12. What adjective P - N - - - - L describes the arrival or departure of someone or something that is on time?

13.What 4-letter adjective beginning with S describes what you feel when you are suffering from nausea?

14.What 5-letter adjective beginning with V and ending in D describes a passport or a ticket that can be legally used?

15.What 6-letter verb beginning with E and ending in K means to begin a journey on a ship?

16.What 4-letter verb beginning with M describes failure to be on time for the departure of a train, bus, etc.?

17.What verb beginning with C describes what an official does when he or she looks at your passport?

18.A sea-journey = V- - - - - .

19.What 5-letter noun beginning with C describes the sleeping accommodation you get on a ship?

20.What noun beginning with F and ending in R describes the line that separates one country from another? (8 letters)

21.What verb I- - - - - - - E describes entering a country

which is not your own in order to live there? 22. England is separated from France by a stretch of

water called the English C- - - - - - .

1.

.....................

 

2.

.....................

 

3.

.....................

 

4.

.....................

 

5.

.....................

 

6.

....................

 

7.

....................

 

8.

....................

 

9.

....................

 

 

 

 

10.

....................

 

11.

....................

 

12.

....................

 

13.

....................

 

14.

....................

 

15.

....................

 

16.

....................

 

17.

....................

 

18.

....................

 

19.

....................

 

20.

....................

 

21.

....................

 

22.

....................

 

 

2

 

279

93 Prepositional phrases

Supply the missing prepositions in Parts A and B.

Part A

1.

No one enjoys being

............debt.

 

 

2.

There's so much ............

offer, you hardly know what to choose.

3.

She twisted her ankle and was ............

terrible pain.

4.

The Wentworths have sold their business ............

a huge profit.

5.…………average there are more than a hundred fatal accidents each year.

6.

Do you mind if I pay............

 

cheque?

 

 

 

 

7.

I never worry when I have to be in the house.............

my own.

 

8.

Apparently, you have to apply for a visa............

 

person.

 

 

9.

We haven't dealt with your application yet, but it is .............

hand.

 

10.

The police will have to get into the building .............

 

force if necessary.

11.

My car's............

your disposal any time you'd like to use it.

 

 

12.

Has there been much news ............

the time we've been away?

 

13.

We didn't realize what was happening ............

 

first.

 

 

14.

There's a dramatic scene............

 

the beginning of the film.

 

 

15.

You have to write an account of the accident.............

detail.

 

 

16.

Never overtake when ............

 

doubt.

 

 

 

 

17.

We couldn't get past because there was a broken-down truck .............

our way.

18.

We had to ask for directions several times ............

 

our way here.

 

19.

You're allowed to have these goods ............

approval for ten days.

 

20.

How long have you been

............

this diet?

 

 

 

 

Part B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

You should play according............

the rules.

 

 

 

2.

They're rarely seen............

 

public these days.

 

 

 

3.

We're............

a loss to know what to do next.

 

 

 

4.

Let me tell you the news

............

brief.

 

 

 

 

5.

I think I've dialled the wrong number ............

mistake.

 

 

6.

It's really............

her credit that her children have done so well.

 

7.

Please write out your name.............

full.

 

 

 

 

8.

Please try not to be late ............

 

future.

 

 

 

 

9.

There's no place............

earth that isn't affected by pollution.

 

10.

It's his aim ............

life to be a millionaire by the time he's 21.

 

11.

I'll be visiting the USA............

 

the very first time.

 

 

12.

Are these books arranged ............

any kind of order?

 

 

13.

You can be sure I didn't knock the teapot over .............

purpose!

 

14.

I'm afraid you can't speak to her now. She's ............

 

conference.

 

15.

He's ............

leave at the moment but will be returning to his regiment next week.

16.

They're throwing a party

............

our honour!

 

 

 

17.

What's the biggest dam ............

 

the world?

 

 

 

 

18.

Don't answer the phone ............

 

any account.

 

 

 

19.

We'd like to present you with this watch............

 

behalf of the company.

20.

Mrs Willis is away............

 

business at the moment.

 

 

280

94 Cars, driving, maintenance, traffic

Supply the best words in Parts A and B.

Part A

1.You buy a car from a..............

2.You can't drive without a ..............

3.

You pay a lot for a

............ model.

4.

Fasten your............

belts.

5.…………….costs a lot of money.

6.

What ............

is your car?

 

 

7.

Where do you keep your............

?

 

8.

How many litres does your.............

hold?

 

9.

How loud is your ............

?

 

 

10.

You need a parking

............

to park here.

 

11.

I always carry a.............

key.

 

12.

Take good care of your ..............

 

 

13.

I was.............

by roadworks on a motorway.

14.

The............

today is very heavy.

 

15.

You need real ............

to drive a vehicle.

 

16.

Be careful when you're............

!

 

17.

There's so much............

on modern roads!

 

18.

I've lost my way. Can you give me............

please?

19.

Turn left, then follow the ..............

 

 

20.

We go this way. It says, 'All Other ............

'.

Part B

 

 

 

 

 

1.

What's the speed ............

?

 

 

2.

There's a ............

vehicle in front of us.

 

3.

What's the quickest

............

to the town centre?

4.

It isn't easy to............

a big car into a small space.

5.

Look first, then ............

!

 

 

6.

We can only go fast if the roads are.............

.

7.

your tyres frequently.

 

 

8.

I lost control and hit the ..............

 

 

9.

What do you do if a tyre.............

?

 

10.

Most taxis have............

engines.

 

11.

I drove into a wall and.............

the car.

 

12.

My car has a big ..............

 

 

 

13.

Turn off the lights or you'll.............

your battery.

14.

The cost of ............

 

is frightening.

 

15.

Does your car ............

on diesel?

 

16.

.you've got enough fuel.

 

 

17.

I can't shake hands. I'm covered in...............

 

18.

We'll have to ............

the engine.

 

19.

There's a............

in the system somewhere.

20.

Mv tank's nearly

 

 

 

a)

merchant

b)

dealer

a)

licence

b)

diploma

a)

luxurious

b)

luxury

a)

security

b)

safety

a)

Assurance

b)

Insurance

a)

mark

b) make

a)

spare tyre

b)

reserve

a)

tank

b)

reservoir

a)

horn

b)

corn

a)

permission

b)

permit

a)

double

b)

duplicate

a)

tyres

b)

rubbers

a)

blocked

b)

held up

a)

circulation

b)

traffic

a)

art

b)

skill

a)

taking over

b)

overtaking

a)

traffic

b)

motion

a)

instructions

b)

directions

a)

placards

b)

signs

a)

Routes

b)

Directions

a)

limitation

b)

limit

a)

stationary

b)

stationery

a)

road

b)

route

a)

pilot

b)

steer

a)

sign

b)

signal

a)

clear

b)

clean

a)

Control

b) Check

a)

kerb

b)

edge

a)

blows up

b)

bursts

a)

benzine

b)

diesel

a)

ruined

b)

wrecked

a)

machine

b)

engine

a)

discharge

b)

unload

a)

reparations

b)

repairs

a)

run

b)

function

a)

Assure

b) Make sure

a)

grass

b)

grease

a)

overhaul

b)

revise

a)

mistake

b)

fault

a)

emotv

b) vacant

281

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