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8). Complete the table with the following verbs.

Pull over, cycle, accelerate, speed, spin, slow down, draw away, pull up, pedal, overtake, speed up, skid, drive, swerve, and decelerate.

a )Put (B) or (C) in brackets if the verb can only be used for either bicycles or cars.

Stop

Start

move in or on a

means of transport

go fast

go faster

go slower

Pass

lose control

b) What is the difference in meaning between these words?

v pull over and pull up

n spin, skid and swerve

9). Using a dictionary choose the best answer a, b or c in the following sentences.

1. Where would you find a crash barrier on a motorway?

a. on the central reservation

b. in a motorway service area

c. in the fast lane

2. What goes round a town?

a. a bypass

b. a dual carriageway

c. a ring road

3. What normally runs along the side of motorways?

a. a lay by

b. a grass verge

c. a hard shoulder

4. What takes boats on water across a road?

a. an aqueduct

b. a bridge

c. a viaduct

5. Which roads are supposed to carry the least traffic?

a. unclassified roads

b. B-roads

c. A-roads

10). Answer these questions about your own country.

1 Do you have a speed limit on motorways? If so, what is it?

2 How many lanes do motorways usually have?

3 Do drivers usually stop for pedestrians at pedestrian crossings?

4 Are most petrol stations self-service, or do people serve you?

H/W 11) . Fill the gaps with the correct words.

1 Don't forget to …….. your belt when you …………..the car.

2 There was a bad accident this morning. One driver died, the other driver was badly……………, and both cars were badly ………………

3 In the morning, the ………………………. starts at about 7 o'clock and goes on until at least 9.30.

Then it starts again about 4.30 in the afternoon.

4 It was raining, so when I ……………….the car didn't stop quickly enough, and I ………………….. into the back of the car in front.

5 The bicycle hit me just as I stepped off the …………………. to cross the road.

6 The car …………………… , so I phoned a garage and they sent someone to repair it.

7 There was a terrible ………………. , and that's why it took me two hours to get home in the car.

8 I was doing about 65, mph on the inside of the motorway, and suddenly a car ……………me doing about 90 mph.

H/W 12) . Movement to and from : Supply the best word or words.

1 The children were stuck up our apple tree and they couldn't.......................

a) descend b) get down c) get off d) get out

2 I knocked timidly at the door and heard someone shout' ....................!'

a) Enter b) Come in

3 Everyone turned round and looked at me as I ...................the room.

a) entered into b) entered c) got into

4 The blind man ...................carefully to the other side of the road.

a) crossed b) passed c) past

5 What time did you...................London Airport?

a) reach to b) arrive to c) arrive at

6 My son................... at university for the last two years.

a) has gone b) has been c) went

7 What time did you ................... London?

a) leave from b) live c) live from d) leave

8 I was locked out and I had to....................through the window.

a) enter b) get in c) get into d) enter in

9 Let's go....................in Oxford Street.

a) for shop b) shopping c) to shop d) shop

Grammar: Modal Verbs in Reported Speech

Some modal verbs change in Reported Speech when the reported sentence is out of date, as follows will/shall → would, can →could (present reference)/would be able to (future reference), may → might/could, shall → should (asking for advice) / would (asking for information) / offer (expressing offers), must → must/had to (obligation) (* "must" remains the same when it expresses possibility or deduction), needn't → didn't need to / didn't have to (present reference) / wouldn't have to (future reference).

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

He said, “l’ll phone you this evening."

He said that he would phone me that evening.

He said, "I can speak French."

He said (that) he could speak French.

He said, "I can join you next weekend.”

He said (that) he would be able to join us the next weekend.

He said, "I may be late home."

He said (that) he might be late home.

He said, 'How shall I get there?"

He asked how he should get there, (advice)

He said, "Where shall we go?"

He asked where they should go. (information)

He said, "Shall I take you home?"

He offered to take me home, (offer)

He said, "You must try harder."

He said (that) i had to try harder, (obligation)

He said, "You must be joking.

He said (that) I must be joking, (deduction)

He said, "You should take a holiday.'

He said (that) I should take a holiday.

He said, "She had better tidy her room."

He said (that) she had better tidy her room.

He said, "She needn't know who he was."

He said (that) she didn't need to/have to know who he was.

He said, "You needn't meet me tomorrow.

He said (that) I wouldn't have to meet him the next day.

Ex. 1. Turn the following sentences into Reported Speech.

1 He said, "Shall I carry your bags?" ...He offered to carry my bags.

2 He said, "She needn't see the report." ..................................................

3 He said, "I'll pick you up at 4 o'clock."...................................................

4 He said, "You should get away for a while."..........................................

5 He said, "Kevin may need your help later."...........................................

6 He said, "You must control your feelings."............................................

7 He said, "You need to let me know tomorrow." ....................................

8 He said, "She had better not say that again." .......................................

9 He said, "We must be cousins." ............................................................

10 He said, "I can run faster than you." ......................................................

11 He said, "I can meet you next week.".....................................................

12 He said, "Who shall I go to for help?"....................................................

13 He said, "Where shall we go to eat tonight?"........................................

14 He said, "Shall I lend you the money?"

Reported Commands/Requests/Suggestions

To report commands, requests, suggestions we use an introductory verb (advise, ask, beg, offer, suggest etc) followed by a to-infinitive, an -ing form or a that-clause depending on the introductory verb.

"Be careful," he said to me.

He told me to be careful, (command)

"Please don't talk," he said to me

He asked me not to talk, (request)

. "Let's watch TV," he said.

He suggested watching 7V. (suggestion)

"You'd better go to the dentist," he said.

He suggested that I (should) go to the dentist, (suggestion)

Ex.2. Turn the following sentences from Direct to Reported Speech.

1 "Don't run down the corridors, please," he said to us. ...He asked us not to run down the corridors.

2 "May I leave the room, please?" said the student...............................................................................

3 "Let's turn on the television," said Paul...............................................................................................

4 "Soldiers! Stand to attention!" said the Major.....................................................................................

5 "Can you open the window?" she said to me.....................................................................................

6 "Shall we go ice-skating on Saturday?" said Miles.............................................................................

7 "Don't touch the statue!" he said to us................................................................................................

8 "Shall we go camping this summer?" said my brother.......................................................................

9 "Let's have a picnic tomorrow," said John

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