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Exercise 2.3. Four Noun Suffixes

Study the four suffixes below and the examples. In the list which follows, change each word in column A to and write your new word in column B. You may have to change, drop, or add letters in some cases.

Suffix From Meaning Example

-ess Greek feminine lioness, patroness

-ee French one who employee, payee

-ism Greek state, condition socialism, colloquialism

-ive Latin quality of detective, captive

A

B

A

B

1. narrate –

11. duchy –

2. emperor –

12. material –

3. explode –

13. legate –

4. critic –

14. direct –

5. train –

15. bail –

6. govern –

16. vandal –

7. object –

17. feudal –

8. prince –

18. baron –

9. refuge –

19. devote –

10. patriot –

20. commune –

Exercise 2.4. Four Suffixes

Of these four suffixes, two form verbs, one forms adverbs, and one forms nouns. Study them carefully and the examples. Add these suffixes to the words in column A and write your new word in column B. You may have to change, drop, or add letters in some cases.

Suffix

Parts of Speech

From

Meaning

Example

-en

verb

Old English

made of

darken, lighten

-ize

verb

Greek

make into

sterilize, satirize

-ly

adverb

Old English

in a specific way

softly, kindly*

-ity

noun

Latin

state, condition

civility, acidity

*(Kindly is sometimes an adjective also: The clergyman spoke in a kindly fashion.)

A

B

A

B

1. certain –

11. versatile –

2. theory –

12. bad –

3. careless –

13. senile –

4. idol –

14. major –

5. fright –

15. weak –

6. minor

16. sudden

7. complex

17. strength

8. late

18. critic

9. sympathy

19. tight

10. less

20. harmony

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